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A tale of two islands 2011b

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A tale of two islands 2011b

  1. 1. <ul><li>What do you think these people are thinking in this photograph? </li></ul>
  2. 6. <ul><li>14 Million between 1860-1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for a new life </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Born </li></ul><ul><li>1870- 32,676,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1880- 42,869,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1890- 52,919,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1900- 64,344,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Born </li></ul><ul><li>1870- 5,480,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1880- 6,499,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1890- 9,198,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1900- 10,263,000 </li></ul>
  3. 9. <ul><li>U.S. had plenty of new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Few immigration restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid military service </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish population fled from religious persecution </li></ul>
  4. 12. <ul><li>Processing Center for many immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Most passed through in about a day </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of inspections </li></ul>
  5. 18. You carried you entire life.
  6. 20. <ul><li>About 1 in 5 newcomers were marked with chalk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ H” heart problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ K” for hernias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ X” for mental disability </li></ul></ul>
  7. 21. Eye Test.
  8. 22. The Button Hook
  9. 23. Waiting to see if they have passed.
  10. 24. Registry Room
  11. 25. Waiting their turn
  12. 26. Registry Room
  13. 27. You thought lines at Disneyland were bad!
  14. 28. Inspection Card Showing you have no diseases
  15. 30. <ul><li>Immigrants often settled in large cities </li></ul><ul><li>New York, Chicago, Milwaukee, and Detroit </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhoods were often separated into ethnic groups </li></ul>
  16. 32. Life was nearly as good as they were told it would be.
  17. 33. Buildings were often sub-standard.
  18. 34. <ul><li>How well immigrants adapted depended on how well they learned: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adapted better if they had: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection to own ethnic group </li></ul></ul>
  19. 35. <ul><li>China was suffering from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Famine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discovery of gold in California brought new immigrants </li></ul>
  20. 36. <ul><li>Central Pacific Railroad hired on Chinese immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Settled in Western cities </li></ul><ul><li>Laborers, servants, or merchants </li></ul>
  21. 37. <ul><li>San Francisco Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Barracks opened to process Asian Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Most were young males in teens or early 20’s </li></ul><ul><li>Could be housed for months waiting process </li></ul>
  22. 38. Arrival in Angel Island
  23. 39. Same types of exams
  24. 40. And More Tests…
  25. 41. Detention Building…while you waited
  26. 42. <ul><li>&quot;Ellis Island was created to let Europeans in,&quot; said Robert Barde, deputy director of the Institute of Business and Economic Research at the University of California, Berkeley, who is writing a book on immigration. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Angel Island was created to keep the Chinese out.&quot; </li></ul>

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