The development of a marine reserve in Galicia Juan Freire Recursos Marinos y Pesquerías Universidade da Coruña A workshop...
<ul><li>Objetives of the marine reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Process of project development. A bottom-up approach </li></ul><...
LIRA CEDEIRA
Coastal ecosystems in Galicia: Multiples uses, multiple perturbations
Management systems in Galician fisheries (until  1990-) Government Legal <ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>In charge ...
Management systems in Galicia for some invertebrate fisheries (“recursos específicos”) Fishers + Government Social (+ lega...
COFRADÍA DE LIRA-CARNOTA MARINE RESERVE OF OS MIÑARZOS
<ul><li>A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MARINE RESERVE OF OS MIÑARZOS </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVERS. October 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Bio...
<ul><li>OBJETIVES OF THE MARINE RESERVE </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of over-exploited stocks </li></ul><ul><li>“ Troyan ...
<ul><li>IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops with fishers, scientists,...
<ul><li>IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working group including organizatio...
<ul><li>IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussions and decission-making ca...
<ul><li>FINAL PROPOSAL OF THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION. 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented officially in April 2007 as a </li...
No-take zones (79 Ha N + 61 Ha S) MPA (2074 Ha) Open-access
AN ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT APPROACH. OS MIÑARZOS AS AN EXPERIMENT NO-TAKE RESERVES MPA OPEN-ACCESS AREAS Spillover? Spillover?...
ALTERNATIVE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT Only  spillover from no-take reserves  to MPAs RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE...
<ul><li>MONITORING SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of the  pre-reserve status  of stocks and acosystems </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>HIDROACUSTIC MAPPING OF BENTHIC HABITATS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acoustic surveys </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>HIDROACUSTIC MAPPING OF BENTHIC HABITATS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data analysis to map functional habitats in a GIS <...
<ul><li>BIODIVERSITY, ABUNDANCE AND COMMUNITY ESTRUCTURE OF BIOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sampling design: ...
<ul><li>VEGETATION AND DEMERSAL ASSEMBLAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Census and mapping using scuba diving. </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>MACROBENTHIC BIODIVERSITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faunal samplings using suction pumps </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>MACROBENTHIC BIODIVERSITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faunal samplings using suction pumps </li></ul></ul>
MAPPING BENTHIC VEGETATION Area (%) Station Z2 Station   Z2 Station   C1 Station   C2
DEMERSAL FISH ASSEMBLAGES Density (ind. / m 2 ) Census stations
<ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishery data : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effort, captures, ...
<ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field observations </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping fishing effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMALL VESSELS ...
<ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping fishing effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MEDIUM VESSELS...
<ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping fishing effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LARGE VESSELS ...
<ul><li>DEVELOPMENTN OF A GEOGRAPHICAL  INFORMATION SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infraestructure of cartographic  data : b...
FUTURE?. SCALING UP A MANAGEMENT APPROACH BASED IN MARINE RESERVES 1. ALTERNATE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT RE...
2. NEW ONGOING PROJECTS BORN FROM THE INTEREST OF OTHER FISHERS ORGANIZATIONS. The case of CEDEIRA Proposal of no-take zon...
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Marine Reserve Galicia (May07)

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The development of a marine reserve in Galicia

A workshop on the strategies for stock enhancement of clawed lobsters. IGAFA, Galicia, 29-31 May 2007

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Marine Reserve Galicia (May07)

  1. 1. The development of a marine reserve in Galicia Juan Freire Recursos Marinos y Pesquerías Universidade da Coruña A workshop on the strategies for stock enhancement of clawed lobsters IGAFA, Galicia, 29-31 May 2007
  2. 2. <ul><li>Objetives of the marine reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Process of project development. A bottom-up approach </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental approach to management </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring the performance of the marine reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Future?. Scaling up a management approach based in marine reserves </li></ul>
  3. 3. LIRA CEDEIRA
  4. 4. Coastal ecosystems in Galicia: Multiples uses, multiple perturbations
  5. 5. Management systems in Galician fisheries (until 1990-) Government Legal <ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>In charge of surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Effort: gears, closed seasons, minimum sizes (sexes, ovigeorus females) </li></ul><ul><li>[Captures: daily quotas per vessel/fisher] </li></ul>Technical regulations Scientific Knowledge Top-down Autonomous government <ul><li>Decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Flows </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul>Government No access restrictions Property rights COMMAND-AND-CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS
  6. 6. Management systems in Galicia for some invertebrate fisheries (“recursos específicos”) Fishers + Government Social (+ legal) <ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>In charge of surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Effort: minimum sizes, seasons </li></ul><ul><li>Captures: TACs (using daily quotas per fisher and total annual effort) </li></ul><ul><li>Rotations </li></ul>Technical regulations Traditional (+ scientífic) Knowledge Bottom-up Fishers’ organizations <ul><li>Decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Flows </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul>Communitary (territories) Access limits Property rights COMMUNITY-BASED CO-MANAGEMENT CHARACTERISTICS
  7. 7. COFRADÍA DE LIRA-CARNOTA MARINE RESERVE OF OS MIÑARZOS
  8. 8. <ul><li>A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MARINE RESERVE OF OS MIÑARZOS </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVERS. October 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Biological crisis due to over-exploitation affecting the artisanal fleet of the fishers’ organization (Cofradía de Pescadores) of Lira-Carnota. Marine reserves are an alternative? </li></ul><ul><li>Success of the new community-based management systems implemented for some shellfisheries. Why not to expand to artisanal fleets and mobile resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Previous experience in the development of projects to improve the status of the fishing sector. Active collaboration with research groups. Lonxanet , Mar de Lira , Fishing tourism, … </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>OBJETIVES OF THE MARINE RESERVE </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of over-exploited stocks </li></ul><ul><li>“ Troyan horse” for a change in the fishery management system : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limiting effectively access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing territorial users’ rights for fishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving from command-and-control to co-management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some future scenarios ?: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From community-based to market-based mechanisms (individual transfereable quotas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finnancial support derived from the reserve activity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops with fishers, scientists, governement officiers and NGOs, … </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working group including organization leaders, fishers and scientists </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>IDEA AND PROPOSAL DEVELOPED BY THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussions and decission-making carried out at the general assembly of the organization </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>FINAL PROPOSAL OF THE FISHERS’ ORGANIZATION. 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented officially in April 2007 as a </li></ul><ul><li>“ Marine Reserve of fishery interest” </li></ul><ul><li>ZONING : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No-take reserves : nursery habitats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine protected area : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>increases in minimum sizes, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>new quotas for main resources, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fleet census (future access restriction) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open-access areas : “business-as-usual” </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. No-take zones (79 Ha N + 61 Ha S) MPA (2074 Ha) Open-access
  15. 15. AN ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT APPROACH. OS MIÑARZOS AS AN EXPERIMENT NO-TAKE RESERVES MPA OPEN-ACCESS AREAS Spillover? Spillover? ALTERNATIVE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
  16. 16. ALTERNATIVE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT Only spillover from no-take reserves to MPAs RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE Both spillovers (from no-take reserves to MPAs and from MPAs to open access areas) RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE
  17. 17. <ul><li>MONITORING SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of the pre-reserve status of stocks and acosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring key parameters related to fishing performance, stock status and biodiversity: </li></ul><ul><li>BACI framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before / After + Control / Impact (reserve) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of infraestructure of geographical, environemntal and fishery data to be implemented in a Geographical Information System </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>HIDROACUSTIC MAPPING OF BENTHIC HABITATS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acoustic surveys </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>HIDROACUSTIC MAPPING OF BENTHIC HABITATS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data analysis to map functional habitats in a GIS </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>BIODIVERSITY, ABUNDANCE AND COMMUNITY ESTRUCTURE OF BIOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sampling design: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Before / After + Control / Reserve </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>VEGETATION AND DEMERSAL ASSEMBLAGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Census and mapping using scuba diving. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now, automatic videocameras and autonomous vehicles </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>MACROBENTHIC BIODIVERSITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faunal samplings using suction pumps </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>MACROBENTHIC BIODIVERSITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faunal samplings using suction pumps </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. MAPPING BENTHIC VEGETATION Area (%) Station Z2 Station Z2 Station C1 Station C2
  25. 25. DEMERSAL FISH ASSEMBLAGES Density (ind. / m 2 ) Census stations
  26. 26. <ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishery data : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effort, captures, spatial location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous GPS tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Daily data for each vessel and tow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complimentary data from landings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration between fishers and scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information from fishers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Onboard observers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional ecological knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating information in a GIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OBJETIVE: Analysis of reserve efect on captures and fleet distribution: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spillover from no-take reserves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spillover from marine protected area </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field observations </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping fishing effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMALL VESSELS </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping fishing effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MEDIUM VESSELS </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>MONITORING FISHING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping fishing effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LARGE VESSELS </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>DEVELOPMENTN OF A GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infraestructure of cartographic data : bathymetry, topography, satellite images, aerial photography, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental information : oceanography, benthic habitat mapping, biotic communities, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishery information [monitoring]: spatial and temporal distribution of captures and effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool for information management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment of regulations (especially, reserve effect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for discussions and decision making </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. FUTURE?. SCALING UP A MANAGEMENT APPROACH BASED IN MARINE RESERVES 1. ALTERNATE MODELS FOR COASTAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE RESERVE ?
  33. 33. 2. NEW ONGOING PROJECTS BORN FROM THE INTEREST OF OTHER FISHERS ORGANIZATIONS. The case of CEDEIRA Proposal of no-take zones Shellfish grounds

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