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JSON: The Basics

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JSON: The Basics

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A slide presentation detailing the basics of JSON and it's uses. Presented at the BIFC Front End Developers Meetup in Stamford CT on May 14, 2013.

A slide presentation detailing the basics of JSON and it's uses. Presented at the BIFC Front End Developers Meetup in Stamford CT on May 14, 2013.

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JSON: The Basics

  1. 1. BUILT IN FAIRFIELD COUNTY: FRONT END DEVELOPERS MEETUP TUES. MAY 14, 2013 JSON: The Basics
  2. 2. About Jeff Fox (@jfox015)  16 year web development professional  (Almost) entirely self taught  Has used various Ajax-esque data technologies since 2000, including XML, MS data islands and AMF for Flash  Develops JavaScript based web apps that rely on JSON for data workflow
  3. 3. Overview  What is JSON?  Comparisons with XML  Syntax  Data Types  Usage  Live Examples
  4. 4. What is JSON?
  5. 5. JSON is…  A lightweight text based data-interchange format  Completely language independent  Based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language  Easy to understand, manipulate and generate
  6. 6. JSON is NOT…  Overly Complex  A “document” format  A markup language  A programming language
  7. 7. Why use JSON?  Straightforward syntax  Easy to create and manipulate  Can be natively parsed in JavaScript using eval()  Supported by all major JavaScript frameworks  Supported by most backend technologies
  8. 8. JSON vs. XML
  9. 9. Much Like XML  Plain text formats  “Self-describing“ (human readable)  Hierarchical (Values can contain lists of objects or values)
  10. 10. Not Like XML  Lighter and faster than XML  JSON uses typed objects. All XML values are type- less strings and must be parsed at runtime.  Less syntax, no semantics  Properties are immediately accessible to JavaScript code
  11. 11. Knocks against JSON  Lack of namespaces  No inherit validation (XML has DTD and templates, but there is JSONlint)  Not extensible  It’s basically just not XML
  12. 12. Syntax
  13. 13. JSON Object Syntax  Unordered sets of name/value pairs  Begins with { (left brace)  Ends with } (right brace)  Each name is followed by : (colon)  Name/value pairs are separated by , (comma)
  14. 14. JSON Example var employeeData = { "employee_id": 1234567, "name": "Jeff Fox", "hire_date": "1/1/2013", "location": "Norwalk, CT", "consultant": false };
  15. 15. Arrays in JSON  An ordered collection of values  Begins with [ (left bracket)  Ends with ] (right bracket)  Name/value pairs are separated by , (comma)
  16. 16. JSON Array Example var employeeData = { "employee_id": 1236937, "name": "Jeff Fox", "hire_date": "1/1/2013", "location": "Norwalk, CT", "consultant": false, "random_nums": [ 24,65,12,94 ] };
  17. 17. Data Types
  18. 18. Data Types: Strings  Sequence of 0 or more Unicode characters  Wrapped in "double quotes“  Backslash escapement
  19. 19. Data Types: Numbers  Integer  Real  Scientific  No octal or hex  No NaN or Infinity – Use null instead.
  20. 20. Data Types: Booleans & Null  Booleans: true or false  Null: A value that specifies nothing or no value.
  21. 21. Data Types: Objects & Arrays  Objects: Unordered key/value pairs wrapped in { }  Arrays: Ordered key/value pairs wrapped in [ ]
  22. 22. JSON Usage
  23. 23. How & When to use JSON  Transfer data to and from a server  Perform asynchronous data calls without requiring a page refresh  Working with data stores  Compile and save form or user data for local storage
  24. 24. Where is JSON used today?  Anywhere and everywhere! And many, many more!
  25. 25. Simple Example
  26. 26. Simple Demo  Build a JSON data object in code  Display raw output  Display formatted output  Manipulate via form input
  27. 27. Questions?
  28. 28. Resources  Simple Demo on Github: https://github.com/jfox015/BIFC-Simple-JSON- Demo  Another JSON Tutorial: http://iviewsource.com/codingtutorials/getting- started-with-javascript-object-notation-json-for- absolute-beginners/  JSON.org: http://www.json.org/

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