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The Second Great AwakeningThe Second Great Awakening
Mid-1790s to 1840Mid-1790s to 1840
The AwakeningThe Awakening
War with the
Barbary Pirates
War of 1812
Monroe
Doctrine
Financial Panic
World Wide
Mission
Mov...
Did You Know?Did You Know?
●
Half of those who took up circuit ridingHalf of those who took up circuit riding
died before ...
Awakenings in the WestAwakenings in the West
●
Revival at CaneRevival at Cane
RidgeRidge
●
Piercing ScreamsPiercing Scream...
Revival at Cane RidgeRevival at Cane Ridge
●
By the year 1800 nearly 1 million people had movedBy the year 1800 nearly 1 m...
●
    
●
A LETTER FROM A GENTLEMAN, TO HIS FRIENDA LETTER FROM A GENTLEMAN, TO HIS FRIEND
IN BALTIMORE, BOURBON-COUNTY, AU...
●
"The noise was like the roar of Niagara. The vast "The noise was like the roar of Niagara. The vast 
sea of human beings...
Piercing Screams and Heavenly SmilesPiercing Screams and Heavenly Smiles
●
FallingFalling
●
The JerksThe Jerks
●
DancingDa...
James McGreadyJames McGready
●
Presbyterian MinisterPresbyterian Minister
●
Pastored three churches Pastored three churche...
Peter CartwrightPeter Cartwright
●
One of the greatest frontier preachers andOne of the greatest frontier preachers and
ci...
Peter CartwrightPeter Cartwright
Awakenings in the EastAwakenings in the East
●
Gloom, Doom,Gloom, Doom,
and Deismand Deism
●
Timothy DwightTimothy Dwight
...
Gloom, Doom, and DeismGloom, Doom, and Deism
●
Romance of the West depletedRomance of the West depleted
populations in the...
Timothy Dwight and YaleTimothy Dwight and Yale
●
Grandfather was Jonathan EdwardsGrandfather was Jonathan Edwards
●
Chapli...
Revival at YaleRevival at Yale
●
Dwight earned admiration for his concern overDwight earned admiration for his concern ove...
Charles Grandison FinneyCharles Grandison Finney
●
Described as tall and handsome withDescribed as tall and handsome with
...
Finney’s MinistryFinney’s Ministry
●
Traveled New YorkTraveled New York
seeing hundreds ofseeing hundreds of
converts in e...
●
Although Finney’s preaching is said toAlthough Finney’s preaching is said to
have converted many, his personal beliefsha...
In the Wake of the Second GreatIn the Wake of the Second Great
AwakeningAwakening
●
Finney’sFinney’s Benevolent EmpireBene...
Second great-awakening
Second great-awakening
Second great-awakening
Second great-awakening
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Second great-awakening

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Second great-awakening

  1. 1. The Second Great AwakeningThe Second Great Awakening Mid-1790s to 1840Mid-1790s to 1840
  2. 2. The AwakeningThe Awakening War with the Barbary Pirates War of 1812 Monroe Doctrine Financial Panic World Wide Mission Movement Camp Meeting Revivals Circuit Riders
  3. 3. Did You Know?Did You Know? ● Half of those who took up circuit ridingHalf of those who took up circuit riding died before the age of 33died before the age of 33 ● The focal point of early camp meetingsThe focal point of early camp meetings was receiving communionwas receiving communion ● Peter Cartwright, long-time circuit rider inPeter Cartwright, long-time circuit rider in Illinois, was defeated in a congressionalIllinois, was defeated in a congressional race by the lanky Abraham Lincolnrace by the lanky Abraham Lincoln
  4. 4. Awakenings in the WestAwakenings in the West ● Revival at CaneRevival at Cane RidgeRidge ● Piercing ScreamsPiercing Screams and Heavenlyand Heavenly SmilesSmiles ● James McGreadyJames McGready ● Peter CartwrightPeter Cartwright
  5. 5. Revival at Cane RidgeRevival at Cane Ridge ● By the year 1800 nearly 1 million people had movedBy the year 1800 nearly 1 million people had moved WestWest (Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee)(Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee) ● Religion seemed to be fading in the rough wildernessReligion seemed to be fading in the rough wilderness ● McGready, a fearless preacher, reminded his peopleMcGready, a fearless preacher, reminded his people that they had not left the eternal God behind themthat they had not left the eternal God behind them ● McGready planned a camp meeting at Cane Ridge afterMcGready planned a camp meeting at Cane Ridge after some success with his pioneerssome success with his pioneers ● Over 25,000 people attendedOver 25,000 people attended ● The people were divided into congregations and greatThe people were divided into congregations and great revival took placerevival took place
  6. 6. ●      ● A LETTER FROM A GENTLEMAN, TO HIS FRIENDA LETTER FROM A GENTLEMAN, TO HIS FRIEND IN BALTIMORE, BOURBON-COUNTY, AUGUST 7,IN BALTIMORE, BOURBON-COUNTY, AUGUST 7, 1801.1801.  My dear friend,"I am on my way to one of theMy dear friend,"I am on my way to one of the greatest meetings of the kind perhaps ever known; it isgreatest meetings of the kind perhaps ever known; it is on a sacramental occasion. Religion has got to such aon a sacramental occasion. Religion has got to such a height here, that people attend from a great distance;height here, that people attend from a great distance; on this occasion I doubt not but there will be 10,000on this occasion I doubt not but there will be 10,000 people, and perhaps 500 wagons. The people encamppeople, and perhaps 500 wagons. The people encamp on the ground, and continue praising God, day andon the ground, and continue praising God, day and night, for one whole week before they break up."night, for one whole week before they break up."
  7. 7. ● "The noise was like the roar of Niagara. The vast "The noise was like the roar of Niagara. The vast  sea of human beings seemed to be agitated as if sea of human beings seemed to be agitated as if  by a storm. I counted seven ministers, all by a storm. I counted seven ministers, all  preaching at one time, some on stumps, others preaching at one time, some on stumps, others  in wagons and one standing on a tree which in wagons and one standing on a tree which  had, in falling, lodged against another. ... The had, in falling, lodged against another. ... The  scene that  presented itself to my mind was scene that  presented itself to my mind was  indescribable. At one time I saw at least indescribable. At one time I saw at least fivefive hundredhundred swept down in a moment as if a battery  swept down in a moment as if a battery  of a thousand guns had been opened upon of a thousand guns had been opened upon  them, and then immediately followed shrieks them, and then immediately followed shrieks  and shouts that rent the very heavens." - and shouts that rent the very heavens." - JamesJames Finley, later a Methodist circuit riderFinley, later a Methodist circuit rider
  8. 8. Piercing Screams and Heavenly SmilesPiercing Screams and Heavenly Smiles ● FallingFalling ● The JerksThe Jerks ● DancingDancing ● BarkingBarking ● LaughingLaughing ● RunningRunning ● SingingSinging
  9. 9. James McGreadyJames McGready ● Presbyterian MinisterPresbyterian Minister ● Pastored three churches Pastored three churches  ● This area was full of “Murderers, horse-thieves, This area was full of “Murderers, horse-thieves,  highway robbers, and counterfeiters.”highway robbers, and counterfeiters.” ● His fearless preaching gained him many His fearless preaching gained him many  converts.converts.
  10. 10. Peter CartwrightPeter Cartwright ● One of the greatest frontier preachers andOne of the greatest frontier preachers and circuit riderscircuit riders ● Grew up on the western frontierGrew up on the western frontier ● Baptized almost 10,000 convertsBaptized almost 10,000 converts ● Preached almost 15,000 sermonsPreached almost 15,000 sermons ● Left Kentucky and Tennessee because of hisLeft Kentucky and Tennessee because of his distaste for slavery and went to Illinoisdistaste for slavery and went to Illinois ● Elected for legislature and ran for congressElected for legislature and ran for congress only to lose to Abraham Lincolnonly to lose to Abraham Lincoln
  11. 11. Peter CartwrightPeter Cartwright
  12. 12. Awakenings in the EastAwakenings in the East ● Gloom, Doom,Gloom, Doom, and Deismand Deism ● Timothy DwightTimothy Dwight and Yaleand Yale ● CharlesCharles GrandisonGrandison FinneyFinney
  13. 13. Gloom, Doom, and DeismGloom, Doom, and Deism ● Romance of the West depletedRomance of the West depleted populations in the Eastpopulations in the East ● Deism- God is not involved and humanDeism- God is not involved and human reason is the ultimate authorityreason is the ultimate authority ● Thomas Jefferson, a strong Deist, viewedThomas Jefferson, a strong Deist, viewed religion as simply a moral codereligion as simply a moral code ● Thomas Paine andThomas Paine and The Age of ReasonThe Age of Reason
  14. 14. Timothy Dwight and YaleTimothy Dwight and Yale ● Grandfather was Jonathan EdwardsGrandfather was Jonathan Edwards ● Chaplin in the RevolutionChaplin in the Revolution ● Before Dwight, Yale had very little use forBefore Dwight, Yale had very little use for the Christian faith.the Christian faith. ● As a new president, Dwight drew veryAs a new president, Dwight drew very strict battle lines, Christianity or infidelity.strict battle lines, Christianity or infidelity.
  15. 15. Revival at YaleRevival at Yale ● Dwight earned admiration for his concern overDwight earned admiration for his concern over the students’ soulsthe students’ souls ● Two students were converted an made publicTwo students were converted an made public professions of faithprofessions of faith ● 10 days before vacation 50 men declared10 days before vacation 50 men declared themselves eager for Christianitythemselves eager for Christianity ● Over time Dwight witnessed the conversions ofOver time Dwight witnessed the conversions of 80 of the 160 students at Yale80 of the 160 students at Yale ● The new atmosphere at the college was one ofThe new atmosphere at the college was one of concern for spiritual mattersconcern for spiritual matters
  16. 16. Charles Grandison FinneyCharles Grandison Finney ● Described as tall and handsome withDescribed as tall and handsome with hypnotic blue eyes and a majestic voice.hypnotic blue eyes and a majestic voice. ● In a day of formal preaching, FinneyIn a day of formal preaching, Finney offended some with his direct, personaloffended some with his direct, personal style.style. ● Finney used the reasoning he learned asFinney used the reasoning he learned as a courtroom lawyer to convince people ofa courtroom lawyer to convince people of their need for Christ.their need for Christ.
  17. 17. Finney’s MinistryFinney’s Ministry ● Traveled New YorkTraveled New York seeing hundreds ofseeing hundreds of converts in each town.converts in each town. ● New techniques and beliefs wereNew techniques and beliefs were criticized-criticized-  Praying for persons by namePraying for persons by name  Allowing women to pray and testifyAllowing women to pray and testify  Encouraging people to come forwardEncouraging people to come forward  Revival is simply human choiceRevival is simply human choice  Man-centered religionMan-centered religion
  18. 18. ● Although Finney’s preaching is said toAlthough Finney’s preaching is said to have converted many, his personal beliefshave converted many, his personal beliefs may have done just the opposite.may have done just the opposite.  Denied original sin (Psalm 51:5)Denied original sin (Psalm 51:5)  Claimed man was his own saviorClaimed man was his own savior  Described Jesus as a moral example of whatDescribed Jesus as a moral example of what we should do if we really love God (Matthewwe should do if we really love God (Matthew 20:28).20:28).  Believed in a works based salvationBelieved in a works based salvation (II Timothy 3:16).(II Timothy 3:16).
  19. 19. In the Wake of the Second GreatIn the Wake of the Second Great AwakeningAwakening ● Finney’sFinney’s Benevolent EmpireBenevolent Empire ● Social ReformSocial Reform ● Antislavery agitationAntislavery agitation

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