Construction Self-
Inspection Guide
Inspection Guide
Most frequently
cited violations
which cause a
majority of fatalities
& injuries in
construction
Most Commonly Cited
• Written programs
– Accident prevention
– Fall protection work plan
– HazCom
– Respirators
– Lockout/...
Most Commonly Cited
• Direct hazards
– Fall protection
– PPE
– Excavation & shoring
– Eye/body wash
– Live electrical part...
Powerlines
Minimum 10’ clearance
Powerlines
• Under 50 kv - 10’
• Over 50 kv - 0.4”
per kv above 50
• Access by
qualified
electrical utility
workers only
Electrical Hazards
Improper
Grounding
No cage
around bulb
Exposed live
circuits
Electrical Hazards
• GFCI-protected
• Approved circuits &
connections
Trenching
Any trench 4’ deep or more must
be protected
Guardrails
Openings with
drop of 4’ must
be guarded
Guardrail Specification
• Top rail 39–45” with mid-rail
• 200 pound load requirement
Scaffolding
Fully planked & with guardrails
Stairways
Four or more
risers must
have handrails
Fall Protection
Provided at elevations of 10’ or
greater
Fall Restraint
• Prevents you from leaving roof
• Includes either a belt, harness
or guardrails
• Belt or harness anchor p...
Fall Arrest
• Catches you in a fall
• Full body harness
• Maximum 6’ fall allowed
• 5000 lb lanyard, lifeline &
anchor str...
Fall Protection Work Plan
A complete
work plan This work plan
is too sketchy
Guarding
• Most common offenders
– Table saw motor belt &
pulley
– Air compressor motor
belt & pulley
– Cement mixer chain...
Guarding
All power saws guarded
Incomplete guard
• Front
• Blade periphery
– Right side
– Left side
• Guarded against
contact from all
directions
Radial arm saw
• Upper & lower
blade guard
• Gentle return
upon release
• Blade cannot
extend beyond
table edge
Angle Grinders
180° Guard Required
Ladders
• Extend 36” above landing
• Secured
Yes No
Articulating Boom Lift
Harness required at all times
Holes & Openings
Covered & secured with no
tripping hazards
Minimum Clothing
At least a short-sleeve shirt, long
pants & substantial footwear
Yes No
Hard Hats
• Readily accessible
• When overhead hazards exist
Compressed Gas
Properly stored
No chainsChained, but can’t store
acetylene next to oxygen
Vehicular Traffic Hazards
High-visibility apparel on road
projects
Housekeeping
Continuous cleanup required to
eliminate tripping hazards
First Aid
First aid supplies readily
available
Accident Prevention
• Written in outline format
• Tailored to particular operation
• Weekly safety meetings
• Walk-around ...
Crew-Leader Meetings
Document meetings &
attendance
PPE
• Deficiencies in PPE include:
– Failure to use
– Improper use
– Lack of maintenance
– Not replaced when worn out
Noise Protection
• Workers suffer
mild to severe
hearing loss
• No “getting used
to it”
• Muffs or plugs
worn at all times
HazCom
• Labels
• MSDS
• Training
Emergency Wash
• Corrosives
–Destroy tissue & eyes
–Acids & caustics
–Ph < 2.5 or > 11
• Strong irritants -
–Inflammatory ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Construction self inspection guide

797 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
797
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • This short list of “Direct Hazards” are items that should be found on you Safety Inspection Checklist. This is not a complete list, ONLY a start.
  • This short list of “Direct Hazards” are items that should be found on you Safety Inspection Checklist. This is not a complete list, ONLY a start.
  • This is one of the items on the Construction Attitudes Checklist.
  • Normally, the ground pin doesn’t carry current. When a fault develops in the tool such that a power lead touches the body of the tool, then current can flow through an employee who touches the tool. A ground wire attached to the body of the tool will cause a short circuit and trip the breaker shutting off power when 15-20 amps are passing through the circuit. GFCI is better. It senses the current flow through the hot and neutral. If it detects a 5 ma difference between the two, it will shut off the power. On construction sites, where moisture is frequently present and cords are easily subjected to damage, employers are required to implement an assured grounding program that tests the ground on cords and tools periodically and color codes the cords. Alternatively, GFCIs can be used on the construction site. Some tools are “double insulated” so that there is no possibility of touching energized metal parts in a malfunctioning tool. These tools specifically state that they are double insulated or have a double insulated symbol:
  • The standard requires the the point of operation be guarded against contact from all directions. This guard has a missing component. Some manufacturers do make inadequate guards.
  • Remember that BOTH side of the blade MUST be guarded. Blade guards bust be checked regularly to ensure that they are operating as designed and NOT pinned up. Radial saw doesn’t have lower guard on blade Standard guard is not always convenient for production use. Clear Lexan guard extends 8” from blade in all directions. Adjusted to ride above stock. Fabricated guard. Gentle return upon release Saw must not travel beyond the end of the table.
  • Of the special programs we’ve talked about, the hazard chemical communication program is the most commonly needed. If you use a coded system of labeling such as shown in the slide, your program must contain an explanation of the system or include explanatory material from the manufacturer of a commercial system.
  • Construction self inspection guide

    1. 1. Construction Self- Inspection Guide
    2. 2. Inspection Guide Most frequently cited violations which cause a majority of fatalities & injuries in construction
    3. 3. Most Commonly Cited • Written programs – Accident prevention – Fall protection work plan – HazCom – Respirators – Lockout/tagout
    4. 4. Most Commonly Cited • Direct hazards – Fall protection – PPE – Excavation & shoring – Eye/body wash – Live electrical parts – Noise exposure – Machine guarding
    5. 5. Powerlines Minimum 10’ clearance
    6. 6. Powerlines • Under 50 kv - 10’ • Over 50 kv - 0.4” per kv above 50 • Access by qualified electrical utility workers only
    7. 7. Electrical Hazards Improper Grounding No cage around bulb Exposed live circuits
    8. 8. Electrical Hazards • GFCI-protected • Approved circuits & connections
    9. 9. Trenching Any trench 4’ deep or more must be protected
    10. 10. Guardrails Openings with drop of 4’ must be guarded
    11. 11. Guardrail Specification • Top rail 39–45” with mid-rail • 200 pound load requirement
    12. 12. Scaffolding Fully planked & with guardrails
    13. 13. Stairways Four or more risers must have handrails
    14. 14. Fall Protection Provided at elevations of 10’ or greater
    15. 15. Fall Restraint • Prevents you from leaving roof • Includes either a belt, harness or guardrails • Belt or harness anchor point rated for 4 times intended load
    16. 16. Fall Arrest • Catches you in a fall • Full body harness • Maximum 6’ fall allowed • 5000 lb lanyard, lifeline & anchor strength • 3000 lb strength when deceleration devices used & fall distance is limited to 2’
    17. 17. Fall Protection Work Plan A complete work plan This work plan is too sketchy
    18. 18. Guarding • Most common offenders – Table saw motor belt & pulley – Air compressor motor belt & pulley – Cement mixer chain, sprocket & auger
    19. 19. Guarding All power saws guarded
    20. 20. Incomplete guard • Front • Blade periphery – Right side – Left side • Guarded against contact from all directions
    21. 21. Radial arm saw • Upper & lower blade guard • Gentle return upon release • Blade cannot extend beyond table edge
    22. 22. Angle Grinders 180° Guard Required
    23. 23. Ladders • Extend 36” above landing • Secured Yes No
    24. 24. Articulating Boom Lift Harness required at all times
    25. 25. Holes & Openings Covered & secured with no tripping hazards
    26. 26. Minimum Clothing At least a short-sleeve shirt, long pants & substantial footwear Yes No
    27. 27. Hard Hats • Readily accessible • When overhead hazards exist
    28. 28. Compressed Gas Properly stored No chainsChained, but can’t store acetylene next to oxygen
    29. 29. Vehicular Traffic Hazards High-visibility apparel on road projects
    30. 30. Housekeeping Continuous cleanup required to eliminate tripping hazards
    31. 31. First Aid First aid supplies readily available
    32. 32. Accident Prevention • Written in outline format • Tailored to particular operation • Weekly safety meetings • Walk-around safety inspections
    33. 33. Crew-Leader Meetings Document meetings & attendance
    34. 34. PPE • Deficiencies in PPE include: – Failure to use – Improper use – Lack of maintenance – Not replaced when worn out
    35. 35. Noise Protection • Workers suffer mild to severe hearing loss • No “getting used to it” • Muffs or plugs worn at all times
    36. 36. HazCom • Labels • MSDS • Training
    37. 37. Emergency Wash • Corrosives –Destroy tissue & eyes –Acids & caustics –Ph < 2.5 or > 11 • Strong irritants - –Inflammatory effect –At point of contact • Toxic chemicals - –

    ×