Impacts of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.    on American Workers,  Families and Communities  

A living wage is “a wage sufficient to provide     the necessities and comforts essential                 Reference: Livin...
A living wage is “a wage sufficient to provide     the necessities and comforts essential     to an acceptable standard of...
A living wage is “a wage sufficient to provide     the necessities and comforts essential     to an acceptable standard of...
In 2008, I took a job at a busy Walmart storein the U.S. Rocky Mountain region,where I was hired at $9.50 per hour.       ...
Neither my college degreenor my professional experience was relevant. The “level 3” wage of $9.50 was generous.          ...
I moved into a below-market-rent apartment,but I barely earned enough to affordthe smallest available “low-rent” unit in t...
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.   is the largest corporation in the United States   and the third largest employer on the planet.Ref...
In its size as an employer,Wal-Mart follows only two military forces:Those of the U.S. and China.         3.5             ...
Wal-Mart has made                       four of the 11 wealthiest Americans                                 more than $20 ...
Combined,the net worth of these four Waltonsamounts to $87 billion.                                                       ...
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.profited nearly $16.4 billion in 2010,               despite the recession.Reference and image: Fortu...
Wal-Mart’s $16.4 billion profitranked third for the world’s corporations,following Exxon Mobil and Chevron.      30      2...
The Wal-Mart corporationemploys “almost 1.4 million   in the United States.”      Reference: Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 2011
Wal-Mart’s 1.4 million U.S. employeesamount to the population of Phoenix, Arizona,     the sixth most populous U.S. city. ...
“Walmart, the world’s largest retailer,sets industry standards for wages, benefitsand corporate responsibilitiesthat impac...
To date Walmart has used           its dominant position in the market place                                              ...
“Walmart workers earnan estimated 12.4 percent lessthan retail workers as a whole,and 14.5 percent lessthan workers in lar...
A Walmart Associate                         working full-time,                                                            ...
These poverty jobs do more harm than good,lowering the bar and hurting other employers,                                   ...
“You could move into a department head positionand supervise several people, … but you’re still notin a managerial, career...
“As a result of lower compensation,Walmart workers make greater useof public health and welfare programscompared to retail...
Earning Wal-Mart’s level-three $9.50 per hour,    I qualified for my state’s medical program      and a locally sponsored ...
“A significant number of Walmart associatesare on the Medicaid rolls.In 2009, Walmart had the greatest numberof employees ...
          Inadequate benefits are just the beginningof the stresses endured by Wal-Mart associates.          Work sche...
‘The stores follow a computerized scheduling system,which has generated,in the words of a personnel manager,“grief and hea...
Associates we interviewed                noted the excessive workload                                                     ...
My department was combined with anotherthat had been sorely neglected for years.We were assigned to repair its inventory r...
“Walmart’s vision for the futureof the American workforceis one where the employer has all the power.No company matches Wa...
Every week, 133 million shoppers                  make purchases          at U.S. Walmart stores.              Reference: ...
In other words, 36% of the U.S. population        makes purchases at Walmart stores                               every we...
“Shopping has becomethe most important thing we doto keep America’s $14 trillion economy afloat.”Reference: Lichtenstein a...
The $14 trillion market value of U.S. productsis more than double that of China,while our population is less than a quarte...
It is the retailers, Walmart first among them,             who have become the key players                                ...
“Some Americans are resigned to the ideathat the dominance of dead-end jobsis an inevitable fact of our economy.Reference:...
                      We believe it’s important                         to take a brief look back                        ...
“It is time to begin a dialogue                                              about what is possible for Walmart jobsand f...
Walmart associates                     “          could address these problems                          at the companyif ...
“It will take community leaders and consumers          to support Walmart associates             Reference: Lichtenstein a...
“It will take community leaders and consumers          to support Walmart associates               and demand change.     ...
“It will take community leaders and consumers          to support Walmart associates               and demand change.     ...
As American citizens and consumers,we’re each obligated to seek out and disseminate    truthful information about Walmart’...
“WALMART WATCH exists to challenge Walmart tomore fully embrace its corporate responsibilitiesand live up to its positiona...
As American citizens and community leaders,we’re each obligated to support Walmart workersin their demands for living wage...
MAKING CHANGE AT WALMART’s    “vision for American workers—in grocery, retail,      and in our communities—is respect and ...
 As American citizens and retail workers,       we’re each obligated to stand up                       for our legal righ...
OURWALMART:ORGANIZATION UNITED FOR RESPECT AT WALMARTis “an independent, not-for-profit organizationfor hourly Associates....
“         Forming unions and speaking out      isn’t about declaring war on Walmart,it’s about demonstrating that you are ...
It’s about living wages, “sufficient to provide     the necessities and comforts essential                 Reference: Livi...
It’s about living wages, “sufficient to provide     the necessities and comforts essential      to an acceptable standard ...
It’s about living wages, “sufficient to provide     the necessities and comforts essential      to an acceptable standard ...
It’s about 1.4 million American workers,   their families and our communities
It’s about 1.4 million American workers,   their families and our communities     earning money and living better.
It’s about 1.4 million American workers,   their families and our communities     earning money and living better.     

walmartwatch.orgmakingchangeatwalmart.org      forrespect.org
ReferencesBadkar, M. (2011, March 24). The worlds 15 biggest economies and the risks they face. Business Insider: Money Ga...
References, continuedUnited Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011c). Making Change at Walmart: Our commun...
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Learn more: walmartwatch.org | Get involved: makingchangeatwalmart.org | Sign up: forrespect.org

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  • http://walmartwatch.org/files/2011/11/Walton-Fact-Sheet.pdfLast year, the Waltons made an estimated $2.4 billion in dividends from their Walmart stock holdings.8 With their annual dividends alone, they could ensure that a million U.S. Walmart employees make at least $12/hour.9 Walmart is the world’s largest private employer, with more than 2.1 million employees. (1.4 million associates in the US alone)13Despite the struggling economy, the company continues to be extremely profitable, with $16.4 billion15 in net income in the last fiscal year.Poverty Wages: Although the company will often claim they pay more, independent research has shown an average wage of just $8.81/hour16 in the United States for Walmart sales associates. Meanwhile, company CEO Mike Duke’s compensation in 2010 was more than 1,200 times that. He made $18.7 million. 17
  • http://walmartwatch.org/files/2011/11/Walton-Fact-Sheet.pdfLast year, the Waltons made an estimated $2.4 billion in dividends from their Walmart stock holdings.8 With their annual dividends alone, they could ensure that a million U.S. Walmart employees make at least $12/hour.9 Walmart is the world’s largest private employer, with more than 2.1 million employees. (1.4 million associates in the US alone)13Despite the struggling economy, the company continues to be extremely profitable, with $16.4 billion15 in net income in the last fiscal year.Poverty Wages: Although the company will often claim they pay more, independent research has shown an average wage of just $8.81/hour16 in the United States for Walmart sales associates. Meanwhile, company CEO Mike Duke’s compensation in 2010 was more than 1,200 times that. He made $18.7 million. 17
  • Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.'s Impacts stand-alone presentation

    1. Impacts of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. on American Workers, Families and Communities 
    2. 
    3. A living wage is “a wage sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential Reference: Living wage, n.d.
    4. A living wage is “a wage sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential to an acceptable standard of living.” Reference: Living wage, n.d.
    5. A living wage is “a wage sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential to an acceptable standard of living.”  Reference: Living wage, n.d.
    6. In 2008, I took a job at a busy Walmart storein the U.S. Rocky Mountain region,where I was hired at $9.50 per hour.  
    7. Neither my college degreenor my professional experience was relevant. The “level 3” wage of $9.50 was generous.  
    8. I moved into a below-market-rent apartment,but I barely earned enough to affordthe smallest available “low-rent” unit in town.  
    9. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is the largest corporation in the United States and the third largest employer on the planet.Reference and image: The Economist online, 2010 Number of employees in millions
    10. In its size as an employer,Wal-Mart follows only two military forces:Those of the U.S. and China. 3.5 Largest Employers 3 (in millions) US Department of 2.5 Defence Chinese Peoples 2 Liberation Army* 1.5 Walmart 1 McDonalds** 0.5 China National Petroleum Corporation 0Reference: The Economist online, 2010
    11. Wal-Mart has made four of the 11 wealthiest Americans more than $20 billion each.Reference and image:The Forbes 400: Therichest people inAmerica, 2011
    12. Combined,the net worth of these four Waltonsamounts to $87 billion. Richest Americans Gates Buffet Ellison Koch Koch Walton Soros Adelson Walton Walton WaltonReference: The Forbes 400: The richest people in America, 2011
    13. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.profited nearly $16.4 billion in 2010, despite the recession.Reference and image: Fortune 500: Our annualranking of America’s largest corporations, 2011
    14. Wal-Mart’s $16.4 billion profitranked third for the world’s corporations,following Exxon Mobil and Chevron. 30 25 Profits (in billions) Exxon Mobil 20 Chevron Wal-Mart Stores 15 Berkshire Hathaway 10 General Electric ConocoPhillips 5 General Motors 0Reference: Fortune 500: Our annual ranking of America’s largest corporations, 2011
    15. The Wal-Mart corporationemploys “almost 1.4 million in the United States.” Reference: Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 2011
    16. Wal-Mart’s 1.4 million U.S. employeesamount to the population of Phoenix, Arizona, the sixth most populous U.S. city. Image: Phoenix, Arizona, n.d. Reference: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010
    17. “Walmart, the world’s largest retailer,sets industry standards for wages, benefitsand corporate responsibilitiesthat impact millions of retail workers,their families and communities. Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011a
    18. To date Walmart has used its dominant position in the market place “only to lower standards for American retail workers, offering what amounts to poverty jobs for most of its Associates. Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011a
    19. “Walmart workers earnan estimated 12.4 percent lessthan retail workers as a whole,and 14.5 percent lessthan workers in large retail in general.1 Large retail in general Percentage of wages Retail as a whole Wal-Mart Retail as a whole Large retail in general Wal-MartReference: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011 75 80 85 90 95 100
    20. A Walmart Associate working full-time, “earning the average Walmart hourly wage, earns less than the federal poverty level for a family of four.2011 Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines Persons in 48 Contiguous Alaska Hawaii Family States and D.C. 1 $10,890 $13,600 $12,540 2 $14,710 $18,380 $16,930  3 $18,530 $23,160 $21,320 4 $22,350 $27,940 $25,710 Reference: Kusumoto, S.L., 2011
    21. These poverty jobs do more harm than good,lowering the bar and hurting other employers, “ including small businesses in the communities where Walmart stores exist. Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011b
    22. “You could move into a department head positionand supervise several people, … but you’re still notin a managerial, career-track position.Department heads only make a few dollarsmore per hour than brand new associates.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    23. “As a result of lower compensation,Walmart workers make greater useof public health and welfare programscompared to retail workers as a whole,transferring costs to taxpayers.3”Reference: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011
    24. Earning Wal-Mart’s level-three $9.50 per hour, I qualified for my state’s medical program and a locally sponsored dental program. I wasn’t eligible for Walmart’s benefitsfor six months, not even discounted purchases.  
    25. “A significant number of Walmart associatesare on the Medicaid rolls.In 2009, Walmart had the greatest numberof employees and dependents on Ohio’s plan,and 41 percent of the company’s workforcein Massachusettsused publicly-subsidized healthcare.19Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    26.   Inadequate benefits are just the beginningof the stresses endured by Wal-Mart associates. Work schedules are subject to change without input from employees, as are daily workloads and assigned areas.
    27. ‘The stores follow a computerized scheduling system,which has generated,in the words of a personnel manager,“grief and heartbreak for people” who must manageunpredictable, fluctuating hours.15Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    28. Associates we interviewed noted the excessive workload ‘ at the stores where they worked.21 … One associate is currently responsiblefor completing the tasks previously performed by multiple associates. … “Every day it is getting worse.”23 ’ Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    29. My department was combined with anotherthat had been sorely neglected for years.We were assigned to repair its inventory ruin,gaining only two part-time associates.Several weeks later one of my coworkerssurvived a heart attack on the job.Eventually, another suffered a mental breakdown.  
    30. “Walmart’s vision for the futureof the American workforceis one where the employer has all the power.No company matches Walmart’s longstandingopposition to allowing its workers a voice.Reference: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011b
    31. Every week, 133 million shoppers make purchases at U.S. Walmart stores. Reference: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011
    32. In other words, 36% of the U.S. population makes purchases at Walmart stores every week. Weekly Walmart shoppers U.S. Population References: Jacobs, Graham-Squire, and Luce, 2011; U.S. Census Bureau, 2011
    33. “Shopping has becomethe most important thing we doto keep America’s $14 trillion economy afloat.”Reference: Lichtenstein andJohansson, 2011
    34. The $14 trillion market value of U.S. productsis more than double that of China,while our population is less than a quarter. Gross Domestic Product Population United States United States China China United Kingdom United Kingdom Russia Russia Canada Canada India India Mexico MexicoReferences: Badkar, M., 2011; Central Intelligence Agency, 2011
    35. It is the retailers, Walmart first among them, who have become the key players “ in today’s worldwide marketplace. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    36. “Some Americans are resigned to the ideathat the dominance of dead-end jobsis an inevitable fact of our economy.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    37.  We believe it’s important to take a brief look back “ at the decline of the hourly career. …The bright spots in our past and recent history… offer hope for a turnaround in job standards. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    38. “It is time to begin a dialogue about what is possible for Walmart jobsand for our economy as a whole.As history informs us, there is nothing inevitableabout our current situation.Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    39. Walmart associates “ could address these problems at the companyif they had a collective voice and venue to demand better job standards. Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    40. “It will take community leaders and consumers to support Walmart associates Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    41. “It will take community leaders and consumers to support Walmart associates and demand change. ” Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    42. “It will take community leaders and consumers to support Walmart associates and demand change. ”  Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    43. As American citizens and consumers,we’re each obligated to seek out and disseminate truthful information about Walmart’s impacts on millions of retail workers, their families and our communities. 
    44. “WALMART WATCH exists to challenge Walmart tomore fully embrace its corporate responsibilitiesand live up to its positionas the largest corporation in the United States.”Learn more at walmartwatch.org. Reference and image: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011a
    45. As American citizens and community leaders,we’re each obligated to support Walmart workersin their demands for living wages and fair benefits—and those for Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.to meet its corporate responsibilities.
    46. MAKING CHANGE AT WALMART’s “vision for American workers—in grocery, retail, and in our communities—is respect and dignityat jobs that pay fairly and guarantee workers a voice.” Get involved at makingchangeatwalmart.org.Reference and image: United Food and Commercial Workers International Union, 2011c
    47.  As American citizens and retail workers, we’re each obligated to stand up for our legal rights, in order to support each other,our families and America’s communities.
    48. OURWALMART:ORGANIZATION UNITED FOR RESPECT AT WALMARTis “an independent, not-for-profit organizationfor hourly Associates.”Sign up at forrespect.org.Reference and image: Organization United for Respect at Walmart, 2011
    49. “ Forming unions and speaking out isn’t about declaring war on Walmart,it’s about demonstrating that you are committed to staying with the company and making ita better place to shop and a better place to work. ”  Reference: Lichtenstein and Johansson, 2011
    50. It’s about living wages, “sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential Reference: Living wage, n.d.
    51. It’s about living wages, “sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential to an acceptable standard of living.” Reference: Living wage, n.d.
    52. It’s about living wages, “sufficient to provide the necessities and comforts essential to an acceptable standard of living.”  Reference: Living wage, n.d.
    53. It’s about 1.4 million American workers, their families and our communities
    54. It’s about 1.4 million American workers, their families and our communities earning money and living better.
    55. It’s about 1.4 million American workers, their families and our communities earning money and living better. 
    56. 
    57. walmartwatch.orgmakingchangeatwalmart.org forrespect.org
    58. ReferencesBadkar, M. (2011, March 24). The worlds 15 biggest economies and the risks they face. Business Insider: Money Game. Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/the-15-biggest-economies-in-the-world-2011-3##ixzz1enHBAzFvCentral Intelligence Agency. (2011, July). The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.htmlFortune 500: Our annual ranking of America’s largest corporations. (2011). CNNMoney: A service of CNN, Fortune & Money. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2011/full_list/index.htmlJacobs, K., Graham-Squire, D., & Luce, S. (2011, April). Living wage policies and big box retail: How a higher wage standard would impact Walmart workers and shoppers. Retrieved from UC Berkeley Labor Center website: http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/index.shtmlKusumoto, S.L. (2011, January 20). Federal register: Notices. (Vol. 76, No. 13). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/11fedreg.pdfLichtenstein, N., & Johansson, E. (2011, January). Creating hourly careers: A new vision for Walmart and the country. Retrieved from American Rights at Work website: http://www.americanrightsatwork.org/dmdocuments/ARAWReports/creatinghourlycareers_jan2011.pdfLiving wage. (n.d) Merriam-Webster: m-w.com. Retrieved from http://www.merriam- webster.com/dictionary/living%20wageOrganization United for Respect at Walmart. (2011). Welcome! [Website page]. Retrieved from http://forrespect.org/about-us/The Economist Online. (2010). Daily chart: Who are the world’s biggest employers? [Weblog post]. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/employmentThe Forbes 400: The richest people in America. (2011, September). Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/forbes-400/list/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011a). About [Website page]. Retrieved from http://walmartwatch.org/about/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011b). Learn More: I’m Concerned about Walmart in my Community. [Website page]. Retrieved from http://makingchangeatwalmart.org/learnmore/community/
    59. References, continuedUnited Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011c). Making Change at Walmart: Our communities. Our future. [Website]. Retrieved from http://makingchangeatwalmart.org/U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). United State Census 2010: Interactive Population Map. [Website page]. Retrieved from http://2010.census.gov/2010census/popmap/U.S. Census Bureau. (2011, November 26). U.S. POPClock Projection. [Website page]. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/www/popclockus.htmlWal-Mart Stores, Inc. (2011, August). Corporate and financial facts. Retrieved from http://walmartstores.com/pressroom/factsheets/ImagesFortune 500: Our annual ranking of America’s largest corporations. (2011). CNNMoney: A service of CNN, Fortune & Money. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2011/full_list/index.htmlMicrosoft Corporation. (2011). Images and More. Retrieved from http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/?CTT=97Organization United for Respect at Walmart. (2011). Welcome! [Website page]. Retrieved from http://forrespect.org/about-us/Phoenix, Arizona. (n.d.). In Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_ArizonaThe Economist Online. (2010). Daily chart: Who are the world’s biggest employers? [Weblog post]. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/09/employmentThe Forbes 400: The richest people in America. (2011, September). Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/forbes-400/list/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011a). About [Website page]. Retrieved from http://walmartwatch.org/about/United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (2011c). Making Change at Walmart: Our communities. Our future. [Website]. Retrieved from http://makingchangeatwalmart.org/

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