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Europe and beyond: an appropriate scale for
Open Archives (repositories)

Paris, 2 April 2009
                            ...
Topics

  Why do we need repositories?
  Repository ddevelopment: where d we stand?
                                     d...
The „Berlin Declaration“ requests…


          Free and unrestricted access
          F      d      ti t d
to sciences and...
Repository Development: where do we stand?


• “R
  “Research R
           h Repositories i E
                  i i in Eur...
Research Repositories in Europe

  Topics
    Growth, t t l number and situation
         th total
    G                 b...
Conclusions content, coverage and depositing
More flexibility in access forms
Trend to more OA
Version of deposited full t...
Technical issues
 Various technical issues                                                2008       2006
 persistent iden...
Repository Development: where do we stand?


•O
 OpenDOAR – a comprehensive register of di it l
      DOAR              h ...
OpenDOAR

Repository Type
   p       y yp
=>1072
institutional and
177 disciplinary

Content Type
=>815 hold
journal artic...
OpenDOAR

=>Disciplines
763 Multidisciplinary
86 Science General
…
99 Health and
medicine
…
98 History and
Archaeology
Ah ...
DRIVER: The implementation of
                 a cross-country, repository
                 infrastructure
               ...
General Information: DRIVER II
  Duration: 24 months                                            cont…
  Budget: 2.7 m EUR ...
DRIVER II activity areas and outcomes

                             Confederation
   Organization of Digital
   Repository...
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License
  Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany      14
The DRIVER Portal




             www.driver-community.eu                               15
     This work is licensed und...
D-NET Software: DRIVER Network-Evolution-Toolkit

Version 1.0 released under the Open Source Apache License
   in June 200...
DRIVER Infrastructure
  First implementation in operation: “European
  Information Space
              Space”
  Moved to p...
Repository
 Map
 210
 harvested
 repositories
   p

 23
 countries

 1,000,000+
 documents




             This work is l...
Service Open Infrastructure (SOI)


                                                                                    Fu...
Service Map

9
hosting
nodes

25+
Functionality
typologies
(services)


36
service
Instances

3
applications: DRIVER Main,...
DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel I




                                    Monitor repository landscape I

      This...
DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel II




                                   Monitor repository landscape II

      Thi...
DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel III




                                                               Repository D
...
DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel V




                                                               index profil up...
Interoperability: DRIVER Guidelines
-   Chapter          1:     Use        of    OAI-PMH
                                 ...
DRIVER Guidelines in various languages




      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License
        Attributio...
Guidelines
From the inventory study:
  Does your repository follow the DRIVER guidelines?                            n    ...
How does DRIVER relate to international
repository communities?
  DRIVER sees it’s mission as
              it s
    Catal...
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License
  Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany      29
Some challenges - and initiatives to address
th
them
   Filling repositories with content
   Automated transfer from conte...
An introduction to:




February 2009
Fb
Supported by the EC eContentplus programme

PEER Publishing and the Ecology of Eu...
Stakeholders in scholarly communication

There are four key stakeholder groups:
• Publishers
• Researchers – authors and u...
Purpose of PEER
   p
Publishing & the Ecology of European Research


• Publishers and research community collaborate

• De...
Objectives

• Dt
  Determine h
           i how l  large-scale d
                                l deposit of stage-two ou...
Consortium & other participants

The PEER consortium:
• International Association of Scientific, Technical and
  Medical P...
Publishers at January 2009

•   BMJ Publishing Group
•   Cambridge University Press
•   Elsevier
•   IOP Publishing
•   Na...
Content

• Participating publishers collectively volunteer 300
  journals (Life Sciences, Medicine, Physical Sciences, Soc...
User Involvement & Feedback

Authors
A th
• Deposit their stage-two outputs
• Participate in the behavioural research
• Re...
PEER Workflow
OAPEN – Open Access Publishing in
European Networks
<Scientific Board Meeting
Amsterdam 2009-03-02
The Consortium

    Partners: Amsterdam University Press, Georg-
    August-Universität Götti
    A     tU i      ität Göt...
Expected Results
Publication Model
      OA funding model for e-books based on scientific
      studies
      (user needs,...
Website: www.oapen.net
DRIVER – Enhanced Publications
  The most important requirements for this demonstrator are:
  Cover multiple scientific di...
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License
  Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany      45
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License
  Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany      46
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License
  Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany      47
Technical issues
  Is your repository technically prepared for
  Enhanced Publications?

                                n...
The need for an independent International
R
Repositories O
      it i Organisation (IRO)
                   i ti
  To buil...
Confederation or an International Repositories
O
Organisation (IRO)
     i ti                           tl     i
         ...
What you can do to promote the development
of repositories i F
 f      it i in France?
                      ?
1. Build in...
Thank you for your
attention!



                                                                           Photos: Ronald...
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L'Europe et au-delà

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L'Europe et au-delà

  1. 1. Europe and beyond: an appropriate scale for Open Archives (repositories) Paris, 2 April 2009 Dr. Dr Norbert Lossau Lossau, Director Göttingen State and University Library & Scientific Coordinator DRIVER This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 1
  2. 2. Topics Why do we need repositories? Repository ddevelopment: where d we stand? do R it l th t d? DRIVER: from local repositories to an international repositories infrastructure Some challenges - and initiatives to address them g (PEER, OAPEN, datatsets in „enhanced p publications“)) The need for an independent International Repositories Organisation (IRO) What you can do to promote the development of repositories in France This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License 2 Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 2
  3. 3. The „Berlin Declaration“ requests… Free and unrestricted access F d ti t d to sciences and human knowledge representation worldwide (October 2003) Needs a global, interoperable trusted long-term global interoperable, trusted, long term repository infrastructure This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 3
  4. 4. Repository Development: where do we stand? • “R “Research R h Repositories i E i i in Europe: the 2008 DRIVER Inventory study”, Maurits van der Graaf (on behalf f SURF, d G f ( b h lf of SURF DRIVER) =>… This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 4
  5. 5. Research Repositories in Europe Topics Growth, t t l number and situation th total G b d it ti Contents, coverage and depositing T h i li dt dd Technical issues and standards Services on top of repositories Steady increase of number of Digital Repositories Total of 280, yearly increase by 25-30 Large part of universities in half of European countries This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 5
  6. 6. Conclusions content, coverage and depositing More flexibility in access forms Trend to more OA Version of deposited full text articles Trend towards depositing postprint stage Work processes for depositing No harmonisation Growing (partly) mandatory d G i ( tl ) dt depositing iti 32% in 2008, while 25% in 2006 (Still) Coverage of a third 33% of Researchers delivering in repositories 35% of Research output of an institution deposited This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 6
  7. 7. Technical issues Various technical issues 2008 2006 persistent identifier 84% 75% long-term availability secured 52% 73% statistical data on access and usage 72% 70% some form of subject indexing 86% 93% author identifier 31% 33% locally developed OPUS CDSware DIVA Fedora iTOR ARNO GNU DSpace MyCoRe VITAL other Digitool EPrint t This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 7
  8. 8. Repository Development: where do we stand? •O OpenDOAR – a comprehensive register of di it l DOAR h i it f digital repositories worldwide − More than 1300 repositories listed =>… This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 8
  9. 9. OpenDOAR Repository Type p y yp =>1072 institutional and 177 disciplinary Content Type =>815 hold journal articles articles, 318 Multimedia, audiovisual …. 69 datasets, 27 software etc. … This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 9
  10. 10. OpenDOAR =>Disciplines 763 Multidisciplinary 86 Science General … 99 Health and medicine … 98 History and Archaeology Ah l … 75 Social Sciences General This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 10
  11. 11. DRIVER: The implementation of a cross-country, repository infrastructure ast uctu e DRIVER This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 1 11
  12. 12. General Information: DRIVER II Duration: 24 months cont… Budget: 2.7 m EUR Univ. of Bath (UK) Timeplan: 12/’07 -11/’09 Univ. of Warszawski Main Deliverables: (PO) Digital Repository Infrastructure Univ. Univ of Gent (BE) European Digital Repository Confederation Univ. of Goettingen Funded by the European Commission, (GE) “Research Infrastructure” Unit FP 7 Research Infrastructure Unit, Danish Technical Consortium Partners University (DK) Univ.of Athens (GR) Universidade do Univ. of Bielefeld (GE) Minho (PT) CNR-ISTI (IT) Narodna in STICHTING SURF (NL) univerzitetna knijznica j (SLO) Univ. of Nottingham (UK) 12 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 1 12
  13. 13. DRIVER II activity areas and outcomes Confederation Organization of Digital Repository Infrastructure Providers DRIVER Portal & Helpdesk Hld k Community Building & Support D-NET Software D NET S ft Open Source Software “European Information European Digital Repository Space” Infrastructure (Services & Data) Studies & Focused Studies & Demonstrators Discovery (e.g. enhanced publications”) (e g “enhanced publications ) 13 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 13 DRIVER Midterm Review Pisa 30 January
  14. 14. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 14
  15. 15. The DRIVER Portal www.driver-community.eu 15 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 15
  16. 16. D-NET Software: DRIVER Network-Evolution-Toolkit Version 1.0 released under the Open Source Apache License in June 2008; Version 2.0 scheduled for June 2009 The DRIVER Infrastructure Software includes: Repository network administration software (such as the Repository Network Manager, Resource Monitoring) epos o y e o a age , esou ce o o g) Support service to local repository managers and aggregators (Validation Tool) gg g ( ) Demonstrate end-user services (Search, Browse, Profiling) 16 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 16
  17. 17. DRIVER Infrastructure First implementation in operation: “European Information Space Space” Moved to production mode on the 20 June 2008 Today 210+ repositories from 23 countries Supports three groups of users: S t th f 1. The repository manager 2. The 2 Th service provider i id 3. The researcher, reader, public (demonstration of the infrastructure) 17 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 17
  18. 18. Repository Map 210 harvested repositories p 23 countries 1,000,000+ documents This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 18 18 18
  19. 19. Service Open Infrastructure (SOI) Functionality Layer User Interface Recomm. Community Service Service Service on et Informatio ResulSe Service e Service e Search User User Service Service Service Repositorie OAI-PMH Index Browse uthn Service Service Service Manager Service Service Authz&Au Store Aggregator Text Engine Service Service Service Validator Collection Service Service Enabling Data Layer y Layer This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 19
  20. 20. Service Map 9 hosting nodes 25+ Functionality typologies (services) 36 service Instances 3 applications: DRIVER Main, Belgium, Spain-Recolecta This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 20
  21. 21. DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel I Monitor repository landscape I This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 21
  22. 22. DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel II Monitor repository landscape II This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 22
  23. 23. DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel III Repository D R Monitor & Pr M r Data rocess s This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 23
  24. 24. DRIVER Admin (Internal) Control Panel V index profil upd Chec repo ck x ository le dates y This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 24
  25. 25. Interoperability: DRIVER Guidelines - Chapter 1: Use of OAI-PMH OAI PMH - Chapter 2: Use of Metadata OAI_DC - Chapter 3: Use of Best Practices for OAI DC OAI_DC - Chapter 4: Use of Compound Object Wrapping - Chapter 5: Use of Vocabularies and Semantics - Chapter Ch t 6: 6 Use U of f Quality labels Q lit l b l - Chapter 7: Use of Persistent Identifiers - Chapter 8: Use of Usage Statistics Exchange - Chapter 9: Use of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 25
  26. 26. DRIVER Guidelines in various languages This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 26
  27. 27. Guidelines From the inventory study: Does your repository follow the DRIVER guidelines? n % We do not know about the DRIVER guidelines 49 27.5 We know about the DRIVER guidelines, 32 18.0 18 0 but do not follow them We know about the DRIVER guidelines and 97 54.5 (make every effort) to follow them 72.5% knows DRIVER Guidelines; 54.5% tries to follow them This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlikeThis Germany 2.0 is as optional footer 27
  28. 28. How does DRIVER relate to international repository communities? DRIVER sees it’s mission as it s Catalyst for a global repository infrastructure Develop and maintain the European repository p p p y infrastructure node DRIVER liaises already with institutions and initiatives from the U S Latin America China U.S., America, China, Japan, India and Africa DRIVER collaborates with eIFL, the library support organisation for developing countries DRIVER liaises with the Object Reuse and Exchange (ORE) project and SPARC, U S SPARC U.S. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 28
  29. 29. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 29
  30. 30. Some challenges - and initiatives to address th them Filling repositories with content Automated transfer from content to and among repositories Open Access in the Humanities & Social Sciences Si Combining publications and datasets „enhanced publications“ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 30
  31. 31. An introduction to: February 2009 Fb Supported by the EC eContentplus programme PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  32. 32. Stakeholders in scholarly communication There are four key stakeholder groups: • Publishers • Researchers – authors and users • Libraries and repositories • Funding agencies – All of the above stakeholder groups are represented within PEER, both within the consortium & an advisory board – PEER will look at the effects of the systematic archiving of ‘stage two’ outputs: the version of the author’s manuscript accepted for publication PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  33. 33. Purpose of PEER p Publishing & the Ecology of European Research • Publishers and research community collaborate • Develop an “observatory” to monitor the impact of systematically depositing stage-two outputs on a large scale • Gather hard evidence to inform future policies PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  34. 34. Objectives • Dt Determine h i how l large-scale d l deposit of stage-two outputs it f t t tt will affect journal viability • Determine whether it increases access • Determine whether it affects the broader ecology of European research • Determine the factors affecting readiness to deposit and associated costs •D Develop model(s) t show h l d l( ) to h how t diti traditional publishing can l bli hi coexist with self-archiving PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  35. 35. Consortium & other participants The PEER consortium: • International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (STM) ( ) • European Science Foundation (ESF) • Göttingen State and University Library (UGOE) • M Pl Max Planck Gk Gesellschaft (MPG) ll h ft • Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique ( u o a que (INRIA) ) Plus technical partners: SURF & Universität Bielefeld With other participants including: • 11 STM publishers; Koninklijke Bibliotheek; Research Teams and Expert Advisors from all stakeholder groups PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  36. 36. Publishers at January 2009 • BMJ Publishing Group • Cambridge University Press • Elsevier • IOP Publishing • Nature Publishing Group • Oxford University Press • Portland Press • Sage Publications • Springer • Taylor & Francis Group • Wiley-Blackwell PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  37. 37. Content • Participating publishers collectively volunteer 300 journals (Life Sciences, Medicine, Physical Sciences, Social Sciences & Humanities & other professional publications) • Selection criteria – European content – 20% or greater – Quality – good quality, but reflecting a range by impact factor ft – Subject – wide range • Publishers set embargo periods appropriate for journal PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  38. 38. User Involvement & Feedback Authors A th • Deposit their stage-two outputs • Participate in the behavioural research • Representative authors participate in Author/User group Repository Users • Participate in the behavioural research • Representative users participate in Author/User group PEER Publishing and the Ecology of European Research www.peerproject.eu
  39. 39. PEER Workflow
  40. 40. OAPEN – Open Access Publishing in European Networks <Scientific Board Meeting Amsterdam 2009-03-02
  41. 41. The Consortium Partners: Amsterdam University Press, Georg- August-Universität Götti A tU i ität Göttingen, M Museum T Tusculanum l Press, Manchester University Press, Presses Universitaire de Lyon, Firenze University Press, University of A t d Ui it f Amsterdam, U i University of L id it f Leiden Seven university presses as content providers Two universities, as technology and research partner Aimed at Academic publishers in Humanities and Social Sciences Building a network around OA publishing for stakeholders within the academic community
  42. 42. Expected Results Publication Model OA funding model for e-books based on scientific studies (user needs, publication cultures OA models) needs cultures, Services and business plan for OA books and services Contract for licensing content Agreement for OAPEN partnerships Publishing Pl tf P bli hi Platform dedicated to monograph content in HSS in all its dimensions (text, multimedia, data, reader interaction) supplemented by tools and services for e-publication, digital printing (PoD) (PoD), marketing and digitization Networked Online-Library y Aggregated collection of OA books Multi-lingual search
  43. 43. Website: www.oapen.net
  44. 44. DRIVER – Enhanced Publications The most important requirements for this demonstrator are: Cover multiple scientific disciplines. The enhanced publications for the demonstrator are chosen to cover typical material from the three scientific disciplines: a hebrew database from the Alpha-studies, measurements from the Beta-studies and survey data from the Gamma-studies. Use OAI-ORE. OAI-ORE, as suggested in the report about Object Models, and RDF are used to aggregate and serialize enhanced publications publications. Display data. Data is too often just a compressed archive of files. This demonstrator should present the data behind a publication. Navigation. Users can browse through all objects of the enhanced publication. Identification. All elements of the enhanced publications are atomic and citable web resources that are identified by a persistent identifier. Show interrelations. E h Sh it l ti Enhanced publications connect existing resources. d bli ti t i ti Seen from the other side: existing resources will connect two enhanced publication. Enhanced publications can create flocks of related research activities www.driver-community.eu This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 44 Lossau
  45. 45. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 45
  46. 46. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 46
  47. 47. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 47
  48. 48. Technical issues Is your repository technically prepared for Enhanced Publications? no, no but we have plans to prepare our repository no, no plans YES No, but N bt NO 46 1% 32 6% 21 3% 46.1% 32.6% 21.3% Metadata standards on the rise: DIDL, MODS and OAI-ORE This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 48
  49. 49. The need for an independent International R Repositories O it i Organisation (IRO) i ti To build a collective, powerful international voice in promoting OA repositories and appropriate ti it i d it infrastructures To make regional and national repository efforts visible on a global scale To create a network of expertise; broker & connect the people and stakeholders To help develop industry-like interoperability standards industry like To provide a seal for quality To support professional education for repository managers To facilitate funding for repository infrastructures (for beneficiaries outside of the actual IRO) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 49
  50. 50. Confederation or an International Repositories O Organisation (IRO) i ti tl i current planning Initial stimulus by the DRIVER project („Confederation“) Group of founding members prepares statutes, p g pp , governance & finance model etc. Membership and partners/allies Wider call for participation goes out in the beginning of June Launch scheduled for October 2009 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 50
  51. 51. What you can do to promote the development of repositories i F f it i in France? ? 1. Build informed communities within France, , address various stakeholders 2. 2 Introduce OA-components in your licencing OA components agreements with publishers 3. 3 Support technical interoperability 4. Connect to international initiatives, e.g. 1. As (founding) member in the upcoming International Repositories organistion 2. Through active participation i th i t 2 Th h ti ti i ti in the international O ti l Open Access and repositories infrastructure development (cf. (cf OpenAIRE proposal to the EC) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 51
  52. 52. Thank you for your attention! Photos: Ronald Schmidt, Schmidt Göttingen Contact: lossau@sub.uni-goettingen.de @ g g This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Attribution Non-commercial ShareAlike 2.0 Germany 52

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