Nationalism : Japanese People: Dehumanization in Propaganda. View them as inhuman to achieve end result. Supremacy of A Nation, Race, Ideologies. Structure of Japanese Society Intensely Patriarchal – Emperor is your god, and that is all you need to know. Role of Father Unwavering faith early on in the return of the father, avenging the world for Seita's family. Effect of an absent Father Recognition in Society Starvation! Death as a result of Starvation: Metabolism + Catabolism, body breaking down fat, then protein eventually eating yourself alive to survive. Family – Self reliance : Military Age of service. Seita's role in the fire brigade (failure in his part to stop the fires.) Self preservation vs Community (Country). Brian Mcveigh on: Japanese School Uniforms “seifuk seido” Comradeship (Firebrigade) : “nakama shiki” Seiken “ The normalizing gaze”. Effect of War on Children Innocence, understanding absent R
Firebombing : Location Kobe, Japan World War II. (Specific to movie) Examples of psychological effects of firebombing on civilian population Military Strategy involved : General MacArthur in the Pacific Theater. Generally viewed as the son of a bitch that sent many a young men to their deaths in the South Pacific. See Island Hopping Tactics. USAF : General Curtis E. LeMay – Absolutely brutal. Decisions to attack civilian populations to weaken moral, war effort. Widespread psychological effects on population. Cost of Island hopping, Effectiveness of Firebombing. Decision to drop the bomb. Every Purple Heart issued in Vietnam, Korea, Iraq, Kuwait, Afghanistan Overstock from expected casualties as a result of a mainland Japan invasion. Use of Bombing First use of Atomic Weapons - in Nagasaki and Hiroshima Firebombing Cities : Targets Aircraft Carriers. Naval – Air Warfare : Game changing. Reasons why we have the highest number of Aircraft carriers than any other country. Allied : London, Coventry, Chongqing Axis : Dresden, Berlin, Tokyo, Kobe – Almost every major Japanese city. See: Location of the US Pacific Fleet – Considering length of missions, pilots crews effect on. Western : Kurt Vonnegut – Slaughterhouse Five “Everything was Beautiful and nothing hurt”.
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The Grave of The Fireflies | Hotaru no Haka Director: Isao Takahata | Author: Akiyuki Nosaka Presentation: Matthew Bosworth, Carrie Elmore, Mitchell Koblitz, Griffith Avery and Jodi Marshall.Portland State University - 2012. For Educational Purposes Only
Grave of The Fireflies Film. (Isao Takahata, 1988) Produced by Toru Hara.
Hotaru no Haka.BookAkiyuki, Nosaka | 10/8/1930 |Also known as Yukio Aki.Additional novels:The PornographersAuthors Homepage:http://nosakaakiyuki.com/index.html
Japanese Empire Cultural. Emperor Hirohito Born: April 29, 1901 Died: January 7, 1989 Royal Patriarchal ruler of Japan during World War II. Objectively known as an “Opportunist”. See: Unit 731
Japanese Empire Cultural. Brian McVeigh on Japanese Culture Japanese School Uniforms “seifuk seido” Comradeship (Firebrigade) : “nakama shiki” Seiken “The normalizing gaze”. Intensely Patriarchal – Emperor is your god, and that is all you need to know. Role of Father in Japanese Society. Essential for recognition associated with status in World War II society, as Seitas father was absent and most likely dead as a result of the war, subsequently Seita and Setsuko were hardly recognized as little more than baggage to be rescued in time of dire need. Unwavering faith early on in the return of the father, avenging the world for Seitas family. Effect of an absent Father Recognition in Society
Studio GhibliProduction.Takahata Isao Recalling separation from family during firebombing.Akiyuki Nosaka death of a little sister.Empathy in Audience : Adjusting the age of Setsuko relative to Authors sister age.(Sixteen months old vs a four year old )"Transcending the Victims History" - Wendy Golberg
Studio GhibliProduction. Studio Ghibli: the film is visually stylistically characteristic of the studio, its scenery and human characters reminiscent of those seen in Spirited Away. American influence on Japan : The animation of the film is also a great example of the results of the American Occupation of Japan. The characteristic style seen in anime films (such as Grave of the Fireflies) can be traced back to American animated shorts and films (early Disney) brought over during the occupation. Historical Japanese influence: The detailed yet compressed landscapes that make up as much of a part Grave of the Fireflies as the characters are reminiscent of those seen in classical prints by Hokusai.
History War On it. "Everything was Beautiful and nothing hurt." (Slaughterhouse Five, Kurt Vonnegut). Firebombing and the severe toll it can take on a civilian population was a abominable product of World War II. Population bombed included residents of Dresden, Berlin, Tokyo and Kobe in both Germany and Japan and in the tragic air raids involved in the great Blitz of London. Further reading: Gravitys Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon.
History WarFirebombing : Location Kobe, Japan First use of Atomic Weapons - in Nagasaki World War II. (Specific to movie) and HiroshimaExamples of psychological effects of Firebombing Cities : Targets firebombing on civilian population Aircraft Carriers.Military Strategy involved : General MacArthur in the Pacific Theater. Naval|Air Warfare : Game changing. Reasons why we have the highest number ofGenerally viewed as the man that sent Aircraft carriers than any other country many a young men to their untimely and why Japan was second highest. deaths in the South Pacific. Allied: London, Coventry, ChongqingSee Island Hopping Tactics. Axis: Dresden, Berlin, Tokyo, Kobe –USAF: General Curtis E. LeMay Almost every major Japanese city. See: :Absolutely brutal commander. Location of the US Pacific Fleet – Threatened to court martial crews Considering length of missions, pilots that missed targets. crews effect on.Decisions to attack civilian Western : Kurt Vonnegut – Slaughterhouse populations to weaken moral, war Five “Everything was Beautiful and effort. Widespread psychological nothing hurt”. effects on population. Nationalism : Japanese People:Cost of Island hopping, Effectiveness Dehumanization in Propaganda. View them
Bibliography.“Film and Video Programs.” MoMA 2.7 (September, 1999): 15-30. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4420385 Greenberg, Raz. “The Animated Text: Definition.” Journal of Film and Video 63.2 (Summer, 2011): 3-10. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/jfilmvideo.63.2.0003Imamura, Taihei. “Japanese Art and the Animated Cartoon.” The Quarterly of Film, Radio and Television 7.3 (Spring, 1953): 217-222. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1209818Newitz, Annalee. “Magical Girls and Atomic Bomb Sperm: Japanese Animation in America.” Film Quarterly 49.1 (Autumn, 1995): 2-15. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1213488Roger Ebert on why anime was an effective choice for the film version of Grave of the Fireflies: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yU3mZT0a9RwWendy Goldberg. “Transcending the Victim’s History: Takahata Isao’s Grave of the Fireflies”. 2009 Mechademia Vol 4 Project MUSE http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/mec/summary/v004/4.goldberg.htmlHotaru no Haka, dir. Takahata Isao (1988); translated as Grave of the Fireflies, subtitled DVD (Central Park Media, 2002).Nosaka Akiyuki, “A Grave of Fireflies,” translated by James R. Abrams, Japan Quarterly 25, no. 4 (1978).Brian McVeigh, Wearing Ideology (New York: Oxford, 2000), 86–87.