Bio Construction


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Bio Construction

  1. 1. Bio construction Bio-construction
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>Bio building materials </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The brick </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hemp </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lime </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Method of construction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground’s building </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wood’s building </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hemp’s building </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Bio building materials </li></ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul><ul><li>alive and beautiful plant which last in time. </li></ul><ul><li>most material employed in the house </li></ul><ul><li>in all forms </li></ul>
  4. 4. The brick <ul><li>a mixture of ground, air, water and fire </li></ul><ul><li>used mainly in the majority of the European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>good phonic insulator </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hemp <ul><li>Hemp is a plant, we use fibre and the wood of the trunk in form of straw </li></ul><ul><li>Hemp is a very general-purpose material </li></ul><ul><li>it has great qualities of heat insulation or phonic. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ground <ul><li>The ground is the simplest material and the most ecological </li></ul><ul><li>We can make walls , coatings and grounds </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lime <ul><li>Lime is a natural material, limestone </li></ul><ul><li>it is used to make coatings and paints of various colors inside like outside </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Method of construction </li></ul><ul><li>House made of ground </li></ul>3 main technics of wall’s building : THE COB THE ADOBE “ TORCHIS”
  9. 9. l'Isle d'Abeau (Grenoble) Casa Mojanda à Otavalo hotel in equator <ul><li>( m3 of cob weighs 2 tons) </li></ul><ul><li>Successive layers by packing this wet clay in a timber shuttering </li></ul><ul><li>These walls must be at least 60 cm thickness to resist crushing </li></ul>THE COB
  10. 10. <ul><li>THE ADOBE </li></ul><ul><li>bricks or blocks </li></ul><ul><li>bricks : The brick consists of clay mixed per half with sand and water </li></ul><ul><li>blocks : The blocks are made of a mixture of clay,sand and various vegetable fibres </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ TORCHIS” </li></ul><ul><li>mortar of a mixture of clay and oats straw </li></ul><ul><li>it is used to fill the intervals of the walls in wood sides </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>house made of wood </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTRY COTTAGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>log </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>beam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FRAMEWORK </li></ul>2 main types of construction:
  13. 13. country cottage mountainous zones woodland pine, spruce or larch cut in plane face rough log
  14. 14. The low coefficient of thermal transmission (K) of the log does not require doubling the interior walls Only a wool insulation of sheep, stone or of glass between each log
  15. 15. The country cottage in log is built and assembled in a workshop or directly on the site <ul><li>Scandinave method </li></ul><ul><li>with a slicer </li></ul><ul><li>output and machined </li></ul><ul><li>in workshop </li></ul>
  16. 16. Framework’s house ideal for the seismic zones LINTEL SMOOTHES LOW AMOUNT SMOOTHES HIGH AMOUNT
  17. 17. The panels of wind-bracing are nailed with the framework The wind-bracing will be a panel of the laminated type resinous from 8 to 12 mm or triply type
  18. 18. <ul><li>House made of hemp </li></ul><ul><li>The construction of houses in hemp is carried out around a framework </li></ul><ul><li>out of wooden, then comes the concrete from hemp and,finally, </li></ul><ul><li>rough-casting </li></ul><ul><li>The wood of hemp uses the composition of a &quot;concrete of hemp“ </li></ul><ul><li>with natural binders. </li></ul><ul><li>This concrete is used in new buildings or restorations </li></ul>