Infection control presentation

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  • The topic for discussion today is Infection control
  • In order for and infection to occur curtain factors must be in place, there must be:
  • We All have a basic understanding of hygiene and cleanliness because we all perform some routine of hygiene in our daily lives. From washing our hands before and after we eat, change a child's diapers or using the restroom, to disinfecting the kitchen counters before and after we prepare food , we also know that when we get a cut we should clean it to avoid infection. So as a healthcare professional we are expected to perform these same duties but only to the power of 10 to prevent the spread of infection in the healthcare facility from patient to patient but also from patient to caregiver and vise versa.
  • Helping to prevent the spread of infection does not start and end at the work place, it starts with practicing certain techniques at home and sharing the knowledge to our close friends and family, people we see every day. I think that the society we live in today empowers people to be more proactive in understanding their health and ways they can prevent illness. So sharing our knowledge can help the community around us to be safe.
  • I believe that in order to appreciate infection control we have to understand Universal Precaution. Consider all patients, their samples and any object that has come into contact with the patient infectious, this way you do not have to think about which patient is infected and if you should use your PPE. Your PPE will protect you against Droplet Precautions, Airborne Precautions and Contact Precautions. You will need to choose the proper PPE for the correct type of precaution you will encounter.
  • Alcohol based cleansers have been proven to be much more effective at killing germs than soap and water. But if your hands are visibly contaminated then you should use soap and water to clean your hands.When washing your hands you should wet them first, massage vigorously to work up a lather with soap for 15-30 seconds and rinse thoroughly.
  • There are a whole host of hospital acquired organisms that cause infection but there are a few in particular that we must be concerned about.They are:
  • Infection control presentation

    1. 1. Infection Control
    2. 2. • Define Infection Control • Understand the Chain of Infection • Identify Infection Control Practices • Become familiar with different types of PPE • Define Universal Precaution Learning Objectives
    3. 3. What is Infection Control? Infection Control is the prevention of the spread of clinically significant micro organisms that cause infection; or the prevention of the spread of pathogenic micro organisms that have the potential to cause disease.
    4. 4. Chain of Infection • An infectious agent- Virus, Bacteria, Parasite, Fungus • Reservoir Host- Infected Individual or animal • Portal of exit- contact with body fluid and secretions, as well as broken skin • Mode of Transmission- Skin to Skin contact, Droplets, Airborne/aerosol • Portal of entry- Mucus membranes of the eye, nose and mouth, broken skin, respiratory tract and reproductive organs • Susceptible host- Immune-deficient patient, Pregnant woman, children the elderly and wounded
    5. 5. Infection Control In Our Daily Lives Washing Hands Before and after : • Eating • Changing a diaper • Using the restroom • Preparing food in the kitchen Knowing when to: • Disinfect a wound • Cover your mouth when you sneeze • Never shear personal grooming tools ( combs, tooth brushes, makeup)
    6. 6. Infection Control in our Daily Lives Being healthcare professionals allow us an opportunity to also educate and empower the people you come into contact with on a daily basis. We can encourage our friends and families to practice infection control. Small exercises like these can help to re-enforce your own knowledge, so that it becomes second nature to practice infection control on the job.
    7. 7. Infection Control Practices Standards have been developed by the (CDC) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to help healthcare facilities educate their employees on how to prevent healthcare associated infections (Nosocomial Infections)
    8. 8. Infection Control Practices Cont’d • Universal Precaution- Consider all patients, patient samples and any object that has come into contact with the patient infected. • PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) – Safety Goggles, Face Shield, Gloves, Lab Coat, and Rubber Shoes • Hand Hygiene- Cleansing hands with an alcohol based foam, gel or wipe that is approved by your healthcare facility before and after direct contact with a patient, patient sample or any object that has come into contact with the patient is a MUST DO!
    9. 9. Infection Control Practices Cont’d •Wash hands for 15-30 seconds under warm flowing water if they are visibly contaminated with blood or any type of body fluid •Change gloves between patients and also when the glove has been compromised •Clean phones, keyboards and any surface that may have come into contact with biohazard material
    10. 10. Hospital Acquired Infections •MRSA ( Methacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) •VRE (Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus) •C.Diff (Clostridium Difficile) •Hepatitis- (A, B & C) •HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus) •Influenza ( A, B & H1N1)
    11. 11. Assignment Research each organism and explain the mode of transmission, which system/s of the body they affect and the type of PPE you would use to prevent contracting and spreading that particular type of infection. •MRSA, VRE, C.Diff, Hepatitis (A, B & C), HIV, Influenza ( A, B & H1N1) ***Be thorough and Specific***
    12. 12. Pop Quiz 1. How long should you wash you hands with soap and water? 2. List two types of infectious organisms. 3. When moving from patient to patient when should you change you gloves? 4. Define infection control. 5. Define Universal Precaution.

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