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Commons-society / Commonism
/ Ecommony / Commonie …
A radical debate beyond the Ostroms
Johannes Euler
Nov. 8, 2013 at Rosa-Luxemburg
Foundation Berlin
Contents








Main protagonists
What are Commons?
Beyond markets and states
Counterpart of commodity form
Free software as seed / cell form
Commons-based Peer-production
Conclusion
Main protagonists
•
•
•
•
•

Friederike Habermann
Silke Helfrich
Brigitte Kratzwald
Stefan Meretz
Christian Siefkes

(alphabetical order of last names)
What are Commons?
Substractability High
/ Excludability
High
Private good
Low
Common good

Low
Club / Toll good
Public good

• Triangle: Resources, commoning, products
• Social form of livelihood production
• Focus on
• Relationships
• Societal public, not the state-public
Beyond markets and states
• Critique: markets
• Externalization
• Unidimensionality
• ‘Market failures’

• Critique: states
• Herrschaft (domination)
• Centralized, hierarchical power
• ‘Government failures’
Free software as seed / cell form
Contribution vs. Exchange
• Reputation vs. Status
• Possession vs. Property
• Self-organization and free association vs.
Command and control


„If the cell form of capitalism is the commodity,
the cellular form of a society beyond capital is
the common.“ (Nick Dyer-Witherford, 2007)
Counterpart of commodity form
Logic of exclusion
Ex post production and
allocation
Externalization
Alien end
One-dimensionality
Saving time as necessity
Expulsion and separation
Competitive logic

Logic of inclusion
Ex ante production and
allocation
Internal resolution of
conflicting aims
End in itself
Multi-dimensionality
Spending time as quality of
life
Positive reciprocity
Cooperative logic

http://keimform.de/2013/perspektiven-jenseits-der-geldlogik/
Commons-based
Peer-Production (Benkler 2006)
•
•
•
•
•
•

Policentricity, networks, (in-) direct reciprocity
Stigmergy
Outperforming commodity production
Focus on stakeholders
(Re)production
Needs-orientedness

• Commons in today‘s society vs. in Commonism
Conclusion
• Aims at envisioning a world, modes of
production and of society that transcend
today's liberal democracy and capitalist
production as dominant features of society
• Basis: we live in a limited world, not one of
„natural“ scarcity
• Commons as enabling and empowering form
based on structural solidarity

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Presentation at RLS Berlin Nov. 8, 2013

  • 1. Commons-society / Commonism / Ecommony / Commonie … A radical debate beyond the Ostroms Johannes Euler Nov. 8, 2013 at Rosa-Luxemburg Foundation Berlin
  • 2. Contents        Main protagonists What are Commons? Beyond markets and states Counterpart of commodity form Free software as seed / cell form Commons-based Peer-production Conclusion
  • 3. Main protagonists • • • • • Friederike Habermann Silke Helfrich Brigitte Kratzwald Stefan Meretz Christian Siefkes (alphabetical order of last names)
  • 4. What are Commons? Substractability High / Excludability High Private good Low Common good Low Club / Toll good Public good • Triangle: Resources, commoning, products • Social form of livelihood production • Focus on • Relationships • Societal public, not the state-public
  • 5. Beyond markets and states • Critique: markets • Externalization • Unidimensionality • ‘Market failures’ • Critique: states • Herrschaft (domination) • Centralized, hierarchical power • ‘Government failures’
  • 6. Free software as seed / cell form Contribution vs. Exchange • Reputation vs. Status • Possession vs. Property • Self-organization and free association vs. Command and control  „If the cell form of capitalism is the commodity, the cellular form of a society beyond capital is the common.“ (Nick Dyer-Witherford, 2007)
  • 7. Counterpart of commodity form Logic of exclusion Ex post production and allocation Externalization Alien end One-dimensionality Saving time as necessity Expulsion and separation Competitive logic Logic of inclusion Ex ante production and allocation Internal resolution of conflicting aims End in itself Multi-dimensionality Spending time as quality of life Positive reciprocity Cooperative logic http://keimform.de/2013/perspektiven-jenseits-der-geldlogik/
  • 8. Commons-based Peer-Production (Benkler 2006) • • • • • • Policentricity, networks, (in-) direct reciprocity Stigmergy Outperforming commodity production Focus on stakeholders (Re)production Needs-orientedness • Commons in today‘s society vs. in Commonism
  • 9. Conclusion • Aims at envisioning a world, modes of production and of society that transcend today's liberal democracy and capitalist production as dominant features of society • Basis: we live in a limited world, not one of „natural“ scarcity • Commons as enabling and empowering form based on structural solidarity