Four Decades of Position Announcements for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Librarians in U.S. Academic & Research Libraries: 1970-2009


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  • Four Decades of Position Announcements for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Librarians in U.S. Academic & Research Libraries: 1970-2009

    1. 1. Four Decades of Position Announcements for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Librarians in U.S. Academic & Research Libraries: 1970-2009 Jesús Alonso-Regalado University at Albany, SUNY SALALM LV, Providence, RI July 25, 2010
    2. 2. <ul><li>Update of the research article: “Librarian for Latin American and Caribbean Studies in U.S. Academic and Research Libraries: A Content Analysis of Position Announcements, 1970-2007.” Full text available at: </li></ul><ul><li>Object of study: 100 job announcements mentioning collection development as a duty and Latin American Studies as a subject responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: C&RLNews, SALALM Newsletter, and LALA-L </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology: Content analysis </li></ul>Summary of the Study
    3. 3. Variables: 121 (73 analyzed in detail) Variables divided into the following categories: Position description characteristics Academic background & knowledge Work experience Technology skills Language skills Personal traits Duties Subject responsibilities
    4. 4. <ul><li>Period: </li></ul><ul><li>Job title: The most common title was “librarian” </li></ul><ul><li>Institution type: public Universities (64%), private (21%), research/specialized libraries (15%) </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic location : The Northeast and South accounted for 80% of the jobs offered in 2000-2009 </li></ul>Position Description Characteristics 1970-1989 1990-1999 2000-2009 25 35 40
    5. 5. <ul><li>Master of Library Science: 80% of the job ads required it. 63% required an ALA-accredited MLS. 28% would accept an MLS equivalent. </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced degree in a related field: </li></ul><ul><li>Adv. degree in LACS or emphasis in this subject: 40% </li></ul><ul><li>PhD: 19% preferred; but only 1 required. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of area publishing trade: Increase as required from 12% in 1970-1989 to 42.5% in 2000-2009. </li></ul>Academic Requirements & Background Knowledge 1970-1989 2000-2007 14 required or preferred (56% of ads) 28 required or preferred (70% of ads)
    6. 6. Type of Required Prior Experience by Time Period
    7. 7. Language (Required + Preferred) by Time Period
    8. 8. Personal Traits by Time Period
    9. 9. Top 10 Most Demanded Duties by Time Period
    10. 10. <ul><li>Latin American and Caribbean Studies: 88% of the jobs require it. An additional 12% list specific countries. </li></ul>Subject Responsibilities <ul><li>Iberian Studies over time : </li></ul>Most common subject with LACS % of job ads Iberian Studies 43% Spanish language and literature 20% Portuguese language and literature 19% U.S Latino Studies 12% 1970-1989 1990-1999 2000-2009 8 18 17
    11. 11. <ul><li>Evolution of the position from being narrowly specialized to being more diversified </li></ul>Changing Role - Duties The average number of duties per announcement has increased over time
    12. 12. <ul><li>Increased vagueness in subject responsibilities: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li> ▪“ will support the curriculum of assigned departments ” </li></ul><ul><li> ▪“ will serve as liaison with faculty in assigned subject areas ” </li></ul><ul><li> ▪“ outreach to faculty/students in academic units as needed ” </li></ul><ul><li>Growing number of subjects: </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Modern Lang. and Cultures Librarian “to collaborate with faculty in programs for Spanish, Chinese, German, Italian, and Japanese.” </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing number of positions not filled after r etirements and librarians leaving jobs . Some of these jobs are distributed among librarians who were already in the institution, adding more duties into their job profiles. </li></ul>General Trends in Job Ads for Subject Librarians
    13. 13. <ul><li>Limitations of the study: Job ads do not necessarily reflect the actual work experience of individuals employed in this field. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject responsibilities can be later. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Survey study of those librarians hired would provide a more accurate picture of the current profile. </li></ul><ul><li>As globalization studies gains recognition in academic programs, how this would affect the scope of area studies positions? </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Global Studies & Foreign Languages Liaison Librarian” </li></ul>Current & Future Studies
    14. 14. <ul><li>Latin American Studies in the U.S. has grown significantly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of academic programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From 120 in 1970 to 202 in 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of degrees conferred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From 431 in 1970-71 to 825 in 2007-08 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Volume of dissertation and theses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From 954 in the 70’s to 4,705 in the 00’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LACS library subject expertise still needed but growing number of librarians responsible for Latin American Studies WITHOUTbackground in this subject. </li></ul>Are LACS librarians still needed?
    15. 16. © © © Ruby Gutiérrez © ©
    16. 17. © Anne Barnhart