The world of work


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The world of work

  1. 1. The World of Work
  2. 2. What do you want to be when you grow up? Craft Worker Miner Farmer Teacher Doctor Astronaut Baker Builder Hairdresser Fisherman When I grow up I want to be…..
  3. 3. Why do we need a job?
  4. 4. We need a job because… We need to earn money. We call this a salary. With our salary we can buy… Food Clothes a House a Car
  5. 5. We can classify jobs into three sectors… PRIMARY SECONDARY TERTIARY 
  6. 6. The three job sectors… Primary sector jobs: obtain or process natural products Secondary sector jobs transform natural products into manufactured products Tertiary sector jobs provide a service
  7. 7. Primary Sector  The primary sector obtain or process natural products.  These natural resources can come from livestock, crops, the sea or from the Earth.  These jobs include: Livestock Farmer Fisherman Arable Farmer Miner
  8. 8. Arable Farming  Arable farmers are farmers who grow crops.  Once farmed, crops are used for food and other products. This is important.  Dry crops, like olive trees, wheat and grapes only need rainwater to grow and can grow in poor soil (Andalucía!)  Irrigated crops, like tomatoes, potatoes and rice need a form of watering called ‘irrigation’ to grow. The farmers do this.
  9. 9. The Irrigation of Crops
  10. 10. Livestock Farming Livestock farmers rear animals such as cows, pigs, sheep and chickens. Rear (verb) to look after animals From these animals, we get products like meat, milk or skins. Intensive farming means the animals live and eat in small spaces. Free-range farming means the animals live outside and have space to move and eat grass.
  11. 11. Can you match up the types of Livestock Farming? Pig Farming Cattle Farming Poultry Farming Sheep Farming 1) 2) 3) 4)
  12. 12. Secondary Sector: Craft and Industry Manufactured products are made by transforming natural products into other things. So natural products like flour or wood are farmed by farmers and then used by secondary sector jobs to make into products. This can be done by craft or by industry.
  13. 13. Craft Workers Craft workers use their hands or simple tools to make unique products.   Carpenter Cake baker
  14. 14. Industrial Workers Industrial workers mass-produce products. Mass-production is very quick and makes lots of the same thing. This usually happens in factories using machines.  Cake Factory Toy Factory
  15. 15. Tertiary Sector: provides a service Many people have jobs that provide a service. We can classify these jobs into different groups like: education, health care, tourism, transport and retail. Can you think of a job in the education sector? Can you think of a job in the retail sector?
  16. 16. Tertiary Sector: provides a service Doctor Waiter Pilot Teacher
  17. 17. In which sector do you think the majority of Spanish people work?  Primary Secondary Tertiary
  18. 18. Spain In Spain, about 5% of people work in the primary sector, 30% in the secondary sector, and 65% in the tertiary sector.
  19. 19. Activity Think of an adult in your life who has a job. In English, tell your partner what job your adult has and consider which sector that job is in. Eg. ‘He/She is a nurse. A nurse is in the tertiary sector.