First Principles of Instruction- David Merrill


Published on

EDIT 451 Group Theory Project

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • e
  • First Principles of Instruction- David Merrill

    1. 1. Jessica Rodriguez Michelle Santos Yuri Zepeda Fall 2010
    2. 2. 1. ...learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. 2. ...existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. 3. knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. 4. ... new knowledge is applied by the learner. 5. ... new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.
    3. 3.  Engagement in solving real world problems  Are learners engaged in finding a solution/knowledge by providing real world problems?
    4. 4.  Activate existing knowledge to create new knowledge.  What is the existing knowledge of the learners?  Does the instruction try to activate prior knowledge ?
    5. 5.  Actual usage of, presentation, or experimentation of the objects, software, information to be learned.  In Class Demonstrations  Allow Students to Make Mistakes  Does the instruction show learners what to learn or simply tell them?
    6. 6.  Does instruction move too fast for the learners to absorb the material, learn to apply it, or understand?  Smaller amounts of in depth material vs. Too many shallow lessons  Do learners have enough opportunity to learn without feeling overwhelmed or lost?
    7. 7.  Does the instruction end by allowing the students to apply their newly learned skills into their real world lives?  Do the learners have the opportunity to demonstrate their new knowledge?
    8. 8.  Information is not Instruction.  Without guidance, people do not learn.  Technology can be a tool of learning but needs to be changed from being seen as simply machines that allow software usage.  Others have added to Merrill’s 5 principles, so theories will always be evolving and developing.
    9. 9.  New models of learning are developing, especially for those for use in multinational corporations.  Instructional design needs to addressed more often so that it can be taken into account by professionals in IT.  Instructional Technology focus more on the design (framework) of instructional programs, courses, lessons, etc., rather than the use and production of instructional materials.
    10. 10.   David Merrill speaking about learning methods and his theory   Biographical Information on Merrill    Online Slideshow   British Journal of Educational Technology Design criteria for work-based learning: Merrill's First Principles of Instruction expanded Betty Collis and Anoush Margaryan   Molenda Micheal’s A New Framework for Teaching in the Cognitive Domain (ERIC Database)