Chapter 3 Presentation


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Chapter 3 Presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Presentation By: Jessica Olsofka
  2. 2. What is a Dermatologist? <ul><li>A dermatologist understands the structure and function of skin.
  3. 3. Takes care of diseases, as well as some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair and nails.
  4. 4. Diagnose and treat people with disorders affecting hair and nails.
  5. 5. Have expertise in the care of normal skin as well as the prevention and treatment of a variety of skin conditions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cosmetic Dermatologist <ul><li>Cosmetic Dermatologists are trained to complete botox, fillers, and laser surgery.
  7. 7. Also complete cosmetic procedures such as liposuction and face lifts.
  8. 8. Most dermatologists limit their cosmetic practice to minimally invasive procedures. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is Melanoma? <ul><li>Most serious type of skin cancer.
  10. 10. Begins in skin cells also known as melanocytes.
  11. 11. If the skin receives too much ultraviolet light , the melanocytes may begin to grow abnormally and become cancerous. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treating Melanoma <ul><li>Surgery is the first treatment for all stages of melanoma.
  13. 13. If the melanoma is spread to the nearby lymph nodes they are then removed surgically.
  14. 14. Immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy may also be needed for later stages. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is Scleroderma? <ul><li>An autoimmune disease of the connective tissue.
  16. 16. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses which occur when the body's tissues are attacked by it's own immune system.
  17. 17. Two major forms: Limited systemic sclerosis/scleroderma and Diffuse systemic sclerosis/scleroderma. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Scleroderma Treatment <ul><li>There is no treatment for underlying process of Scleroderma, however, certain drugs and treatments help combat the different mechanisms and consequences of this disease.
  19. 19. Some medications keep the blood vessels open.
  20. 20. Other drugs reduce inflammation and block damaging immune factors. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Scleroderma Treatment Continued <ul><li>Doctors also use other treatments for specific complications.
  22. 22. Various approaches exist such as stem cell transplants. </li></ul>
  23. 23. What is Onychomycosis? <ul><li>Fungal infection of the nail.
  24. 24. Also known as ring worm of the nail.
  25. 25. Most common disease of nails.
  26. 26. Constitutes about one half of all nail abnormalities.
  27. 27. May affect toenails or fingernails, however toenail infections are more common. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Treatment of Onychomycosis <ul><li>Topical antifungals are a type of medicine applied to the skin and nail area that kill fungus.
  29. 29. Newer oral medications are now available which are more effective because they go through the body to penetrate the nail plate within days of starting therapy. </li></ul>