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Edith Hamilton’s Mythology Part 1: The Gods


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Edith Hamilton’s Mythology Part 1: The Gods

  1. 1. Edith Hamilton’s MythologyPart I: The Gods<br />English I Honors<br />Mrs. Pilgreen<br />
  2. 2. The Gods<br />Gods did not create the universe<br />Heaven & Earth were formed (first parents)<br />Gaea & Uranus<br />Their children were the Titans<br />Titans were parents of the gods<br />
  3. 3. The Titans<br />Cronus (Saturn)<br />Father of Zeus<br />Rhea (mother of Zeus)<br />Ocean<br />Hyperion<br />Atlas<br />Prometheus<br />They were all very large <br /> & very strong<br />
  4. 4. Mt. Olympus<br />Place of perfect peace<br />Not the same as Heaven<br />Where the 12 Olympians live<br />Eat ambrosia<br />Drink nectar<br />
  5. 5. Zeus (Jupiter)<br />Pronounced: zoos<br />Lord of the Sky<br />Rain-God & Cloud-gatherer<br />Wields the Thunderbolt<br />Bird-eagle<br />Tree-oak<br />Married to Hera, but had<br /> Many affairs<br />
  6. 6. Zeus (Jupiter)<br />His shield is the aegis<br />He is neither omnipotent (all-powerful) or omniscient (all-knowing)<br />He is often tricked<br />Father of many children<br />
  7. 7. Hera (Juno)<br />Wife & Sister of Zeus<br />Goddess of Marriage<br />Often punishing Zeus’s mistresses<br />Bird-peacock<br />Animal-cow<br />
  8. 8. Poseidon<br />Brother of Zeus<br />Lord of the Sea<br />“Earth-Shaker”<br />Violent temper<br />Trident: 3-pronged spear<br />Created horses<br />
  9. 9. Hades (Pluto)<br />King of the Dead, but Death himself<br />Ruled the Underworld<br />God of Wealth<br />Helmet of Invisibility<br />
  10. 10. Athena (Minerva)<br />Goddess of Justified War & Wisdom<br />Daughter of Zeus alone<br />Sprang from his head wearing armor<br />Protector of city life <br />Goddess of handicrafts (weaving) <br />“gray-eyed”<br />Carries the aegis for Zeus<br />Bird-owl<br />Tree-olive<br />City-Athens<br />
  11. 11. Apollo<br />Son of Zeus<br />“Most Greek” of the gods<br />God of music, poetry, light, truth, medicine<br />Plays the lyre<br />Oracle at Delphi<br />Sun god<br />
  12. 12. Artemis (Diana)<br />Twin sister of Apollo<br />Virgin goddess<br />Goddess of the hunt<br />“protectress of dewy youth”<br />Goddess of the moon<br />Silver arrows<br />Animal-deer<br />
  13. 13. Aphrodite (Venus)<br />Goddess of Love & Beauty<br />Born from sea foam<br />Laughter-loving goddess<br />Married to Hephaestus (ugly & lame god)<br />Bird-dove<br />
  14. 14. Hermes (Mercury)<br />Messenger of the gods<br />Winged sandals & hat<br />Caduceus: magic wand<br />Shrewd & cunning (trickster)<br />Master Thief<br />Created the lyre & gave it to Apollo<br />Guide of the dead<br />
  15. 15. Ares (Mars)<br />God of War<br />Son of Zeus & Hera (both hate him)<br />Adulteress relationship with Aphrodite<br />Bird-vulture<br />Animal-dog<br />
  16. 16. Hephaestus (Vulcan)<br />God of Fire<br />Ugly & lame god<br />Hera or Zeus threw him down Mt. Olympus<br />Makes armor for the gods<br />His forge is under a volcano<br />
  17. 17. Hestia (Vesta)<br />Virgin goddess, along with Artemis & Athena<br />Goddess of the Hearth & Home<br />Every city had a hearth sacred to Hestia, where the fire was never allowed to go out<br />Meals began & ended with an offering to her<br />