Dependent & subordinate clauses

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Dependent & subordinate clauses

  1. 1. Dependent & Subordinate Clauses English I
  2. 2. What is a Clause? <ul><li>Clause : a group of words with a subject & a verb </li></ul><ul><li>A clause is used as part of a sentence </li></ul>
  3. 3. Independent Clause <ul><li>AKA main clause </li></ul><ul><li>Expresses a complete thought </li></ul><ul><li>Can stand by itself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. I love grammar! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent clauses can be written as separate sentences or joined using a semicolon (;) or a comma and a conjunction (, and) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Subordinate Clause <ul><li>AKA dependent clause </li></ul><ul><li>Does not express a complete thought </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot stand by itself in a sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. When you get to my house. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Because I said so. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Before the football game started. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>If a group of words begins with a subordinating conjunction, then it probably cannot stand alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. It started to rain. (independent) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. After it started to rain. (subordinate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. I watched a scary movie. (independent) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. While I watched a scary movie. (subordinate) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Independent or Subordinate? <ul><li>If you are unsure if a clause is independent or subordinate, try this… </li></ul><ul><li>“ I believe that…” </li></ul>Sounds Good Independent ( Sentence ) Sounds Bad Dependent ( Fragment )

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