The films genre refers to the similarities in the narrative from
which films are constructed.
The basic genres are fiction and documentary
Film genres often branch out from the main genre to the sub
genres. They can sometimes be combined to create hybrid
genres. For example putting a romantic genre with a
comedy genre = romcom.
The genre of a film can be categorized by the settings and
locations of a film, however films with the same settings can
also be very different and this does not always relate to the
Main Film Genres
Crime and gangster
Genre categories are broad enough to
fit any film ever made into. All films have
atleast one major genre to them
For example all horror films fit the same
critaria of being dark scary and jumpy
however they don’t always all share the
same location characters or overall
Horror films want to create a primal fear for the audience. The
aim is to create tension and a dramatic atmosphere which
leads to the viewers being scared. The use of serial killers,
zombies and curses are very common in most horrors which
makes them important in the horror genre. One of the most
successful horror films psycho which was released in the 60’s
was considered to be “mother of horror suspense films.
Halloween was also another horror which became an all time
classic, the film follows the return of a psychotic murder. The
successful franchise final destination shows teenagers trying to
get away from death, released in 2000.
Technical Codes Used
Many technical codes are used in order for the producer to create what he/she
set out to do. Many use very high key lighting or very low key lighting. This
focuses in on the feeling of fear. When normal lighting is used it is to represent
safety to both audience and characters. In traditional horrors the protagonist is
often out of the frame, however they then suddenly appear. This acts as a
hiding place for them. Objective shots are used from the view of the victim on
the scene, they show the confusion of the victim and brings the audience into
that confusion, therefore the audience feels that fear portrayed by the victim.
The use of long shots also help to protray the victim as being alone and
useless. The high angle shots are used to protray victims as helpless and
inferior. Fast editing increases the speed of the film and indicates to the
audience that something will happen, the speed of shots can impact on how
the audience feel. Music is also very important, the right style can make the
movie have more impact on the audience and also gets them to feel the
tension along with the character.
Although, with technologies becoming increasingly more advanced movie
creators are able to incorporate new effects, such as 3D elements and special
The plot and how the story develops is very important
in creating a successful horror.
The narrative for the horror film “scream” shows the
conflicts and dilemmas the main character and her
social group endure. This film shows the evil vs
innocence. The sequencing of events helps the
audience understand what is happening and what will
Choosing the right character is very important. Each
horror has their own types of villain/s
The main character is usually someone very innocent
and helpless, however throughout the film the audience
sees how they develop to become stronger characters.
Chosen Genre- Horrors
I have chosen to do a horror film trailer because through my
research I have found that they seem to be the easiest I
produce within the time I have. Also because I do not have
the expenses that professional film makers would have.
Horrors are also very popular with my age so I feel like I am
able to produce something which would be appropriate for
my target audience and consumer as I am of similar age.
I would like to produce a film like paranormal activity. I think
that it is very exciting and it isn’t like other horrors where the
viewer knows what will happen, it is almost like you your self
are in the film, you are unaware of what will happen next.