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BEHIND THE VEIL:
Islamic Women of Iran
Jessica Moreau
CMS 298
Professor Ebben
THE

RELIGION OF ISLAM

Islam is a monotheistic religion (belief in one God) that
originated in the Middle East over 1400...
“

Speak to the believing women that they refrain their
eyes, and observe continence; and that they display not
their orna...
THE QUR’AN and WOMEN
According to the Qur’an, women are supposed to avert their eyes and cover their
bodies in public, bu...
THE

DRESS CODE
HIJAB: The traditional Islamic dress for women in public.
• Women are required to cover their entire body, excluding their...
THE

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

• In 1979, the Islamic Republic passed a law that made the practice
of hijab mandatory.
• E...
WOMEN OF IRAN
What do these images mean?

HMM . . .
EAST VS. WEST
From all the media coverage of Iran, Westerns don’t understand why
these women allow men to dominate them a...
CHOICE???
Do Iranian women have a choice
in the practice of hijab?
Currently they do not, because the
law in Iran requires...
UNIVERSITY LIFE
WOMEN AND EDUCATION
In Iran, approximately 60% of current university graduates are women
and the number continues to rise...
RISE IN FEMINISM
NO LONGER SILENT
Iranian law states that one man equal two women
Many women are fighting this and many other submissive ...
CONTINUING TO FIGHT FOR THEIR
RIGHTS THROUGH . . .
. . . EDUCATION
. . . CAREERS

. . . ACTIVISM
LOOKING FORWARD . . .
Men have twice as much power as women do, which has created a
feeling of disempowerment among Irani...
THE

ARTIFACT OF HIJAB

As Iranian women fight for inequality, they can change the
perceptions of what hijab symbolizes.
...
References
Hughes, T. P. (1965). A Dictionary of Islam. Clifton: Reference Book Publishers, Inc.

Islam. (2013, December 1...
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Behind the veil

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Behind the veil

  1. 1. BEHIND THE VEIL: Islamic Women of Iran Jessica Moreau CMS 298 Professor Ebben
  2. 2. THE RELIGION OF ISLAM Islam is a monotheistic religion (belief in one God) that originated in the Middle East over 1400 years ago. It traces its origin back to Abraham. Muhammad, a messenger and prophet of God, unified the religion. The Qur’an is the religious book of Islam. Muslims consider it to be the literal word of God (Allah), with teachings and normative examples from Muhammad.
  3. 3. “ Speak to the believing women that they refrain their eyes, and observe continence; and that they display not their ornaments; except those which are external; and that they throw their veils over their bosoms, and not display their ornaments… Qur’an, Surah xxiv. 31 THE QUR’AN and WOMEN ”
  4. 4. THE QUR’AN and WOMEN According to the Qur’an, women are supposed to avert their eyes and cover their bodies in public, but it does not exclusively require it. In fact, the tradition of hijab comes from the religious doctrine of the Hadith of Sahih Bukhari. The Hadith interprets the teachings of Mohammed to Muslims and Bukhari’s readings of the Qur’an are considered the standard.  According to his interpretation, the veiling of women was required and the custom of hijab began in the Muslim world.
  5. 5. THE DRESS CODE
  6. 6. HIJAB: The traditional Islamic dress for women in public. • Women are required to cover their entire body, excluding their face, hands, and feet. Headscarf  Some women chose to cover their bodies with regular clothes along with a scarf. Chador  Other women chose to cover their entire bodies with a long-sleeved cloak.
  7. 7. THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN • In 1979, the Islamic Republic passed a law that made the practice of hijab mandatory. • Even now in 2013, this is still the law, and all women in Iran must abide by it. If any woman violates this law, Article 683 says– “Those women…shall be sentenced from ten days to two months’ imprisonment or fined from fifty thousand to five hundred thousand Rials”
  8. 8. WOMEN OF IRAN
  9. 9. What do these images mean? HMM . . .
  10. 10. EAST VS. WEST From all the media coverage of Iran, Westerns don’t understand why these women allow men to dominate them and dictate how they dress. The hijab symbols to Westerns that these women are oppressed, uneducated, and submissive. Iranian women know the media cannot tell their whole story. It’s a complicated story and one must look deeper . . .
  11. 11. CHOICE??? Do Iranian women have a choice in the practice of hijab? Currently they do not, because the law in Iran requires hijab in public. Even though they don’t have a choice, it doesn’t mean they’re oppressed. In the Qur’an and the Hadith, hijab is stated as a woman’s religious duty. Therefore they feel that they’re following the word of Allah.
  12. 12. UNIVERSITY LIFE
  13. 13. WOMEN AND EDUCATION In Iran, approximately 60% of current university graduates are women and the number continues to rise. These graduates account for more than 12% of the Iranian women population. Women acquiring a bachelor’s or master’s degree are over 25% more likely to want a career and be able to enter the labor force. Unfortunately, only 25% of these graduates join the labor force. The other threequarters become wives and stay-at-home mothers. . . . . . There are women working to change that
  14. 14. RISE IN FEMINISM
  15. 15. NO LONGER SILENT Iranian law states that one man equal two women Many women are fighting this and many other submissive laws. This has become much bigger than simply the practice of hijab. Currently the women’s movement in Iran is strong, which includes the Million Signatures Campaign. This campaign aims to collect one million signatures in support for the purpose of legalizing women as equal to men under the law.
  16. 16. CONTINUING TO FIGHT FOR THEIR RIGHTS THROUGH . . . . . . EDUCATION . . . CAREERS . . . ACTIVISM
  17. 17. LOOKING FORWARD . . . Men have twice as much power as women do, which has created a feeling of disempowerment among Iranian women. The rise in feminism has created a movement to change the current status quo. As women continue to fight, Allah will guide them, along with their belief that hijab is a religious symbol and a woman’s choice.
  18. 18. THE ARTIFACT OF HIJAB As Iranian women fight for inequality, they can change the perceptions of what hijab symbolizes. In the future, hijab can be associated with strength, independence, and intelligence. What do you think???
  19. 19. References Hughes, T. P. (1965). A Dictionary of Islam. Clifton: Reference Book Publishers, Inc. Islam. (2013, December 14). Retrieved from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam Nayyeri, M. H. (2013, December 12). Gender Inequality and Discrimination: The Case of Iranian Women. Retrieved from Iran Human Rights Documentation Center: http://www.iranhrdc.org/english/publications/legal-commentary/1000000261-genderinequality-and-discrimination-the-case-of-iranian-women.html O'Flynn-Magee, S. (2013, December 13). Hijab Politics in Iran. Retrieved from Digital Journal: http://digitaljournal.com/article/288297 Parker, K. (2013, December 12). Postcolonial Studies at Emory. Retrieved from Women, Islam, and Hijab: http://postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/women-islam-and-hijab/ Sham, W. K. (2013, December 14). Journal of History. Retrieved from Armstrong Undergraduate: http://www.armstrong.edu/Initiatives/history_journal/history_journal_womens_higher _education_and_the_brain_drain_in_iran

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