SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 38
Download to read offline
The Value of Imperfection:

the Wabi-Sabi Principle
in Aesthetics and Learning
   Jutta Treviranus
   FLOE Project

   Inclusive Design Institute
   OCAD University
   Toronto, Canada
“Crossing the Chasm” of adoption

• More participation


   • implementing


   • contributing


• Greater diversity of participation


   • to meet law and policy
     requirements regarding learners


   • recruit a large untapped group of
     participants
Virtuous Cycle

• greater diversity of contributors


• greater diversity of resources


• meeting the needs of a greater
  diversity of learners
“Support Deep Learning”
• fundamental departure from
  conventional or comfortable educational
  practices


• complete retooling of habitual
  educational quality judgments
Wabi-Sabi
            • Japanese worldview and aesthetic
              that recognizes the beauty in the
              imperfect, impermanent and
              incomplete


            • “nurtures all that is authentic by
              acknowledging three simple realities:
              nothing lasts, nothing is finished, and
              nothing is perfect”


            • encompasses the beauty of things
              modest, humble and unconventional
Wabi-Sabi and learning design




                          VS
We know that....

• incomplete invites completion,

• the broken invites fixing,

• mistakes invite correction,

• a partial collection of examples invites more examples,

• humans call forth the greatest resourcefulness and creativity when there is
  an immediate and urgent unsolved problem

• the best arguments and explanations arise from disagreement and debate,

• cognitive dissonance and exposure to the counterintuitive spurs growth,

• the value of constructivist learning.
Learning using..
• The mistake
• The intended flaw
• The inaccurate
Learning using:
• The gap
• The incomplete
• The imperfect
Learning using..
• Antagonism
• Argument
• Dissent
Learning Using...
• Counter-factual
• Tension
• Contrast
We know...
• “The perils of like-mindedness”


• “Leave room for divergent thinking”


• “Photo-realism can hinder understanding”


• Provoking meaningful input in evaluations through the
  intended flaws
And yet....

• “mom I don’t have to think about it, the textbook gives me the right
  answer.”


• “I’ll never do it as perfectly as the teacher so why should I try”




• “All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten,” for teachers
Most Current OER
• create the digital equivalent of the “sage on the stage,”


• focus our energy on polished delivery not learner engagement,


• use inflexible proprietary file formats that confound the creation of
  derivatives,


• fail to support bidirectional communication,


• do not support peer learning,


• ignore the need for critical thinking, and


• fail to accommodate translation into other languages and other modalities
  and delivery on diverse platforms.
Wabi-Sabi - Standards and Quality in Education

• recognize that everything is imperfect and everything changes, even our
  notion of perfection


• benchmarks for perfection in our curriculum as impediments to continuous
  improvement?


• “the perfect is the enemy of the good” (Voltaire)


• what is perceived as perfect repels efforts to improve and becomes
  outdated and impoverished
Yes but...

• OER the “new kid on the block”


• must try harder to be perceived as worthy to overcome skepticism, inertia
  and distrust




• but will mimicking the status quo advance education?
Learning in a Digital Economy..
a Knowledge Economy

• education even more critical


• prosperity of a society rests in
  large part on the educational
  development of its members


• major shift in learning and
  education
We no longer need to produce:
We no longer need to produce:
We no longer need to produce:
We need...

• creativity, resourcefulness,


• flexibility,


• collaboration, communication,


• critical thinking and independent thought
Bigger problem...
Marginalized Learner

• feel disenfranchised,


• do not see education as relevant,


• see the system as too inflexible
  and


• do not feel that their needs are
  being recognized or met
Learners learn differently

• “Learning breakdown and drop out occurs when students face barriers to
  learning, feel disadvantaged by the learning experience offered or feel that
  their personal learning needs are ignored” ~2009 Report
OER and diverse learning

• OER “born digital”


• digital is plastic and mutable




• but we constrain this flexibility
More contributors...

• OER about pooling and sharing
  educational resources, about cumulative
  production and collaborative effort?


• invite participation or contributions


• encourage derivatives, tinkering or
  refinement


• encourage sense of ownership and
  inclusion in the process


• shared responsibility that only comes from
  providing valued contributions
Accessibility, inclusive learning

• yes, it is the law, the policy, a right, an obligation...


• it’s at the core and the epitome of OER culture
Why not in OER now ...

• Accessibility seen to constrain creativity and innovation in both
  technological and pedagogical approaches,


• counter to interactivity or more engaging learning experiences,


• “there aren’t any learners with disabilities using my resources”


• voluntary participation - less responsive to enforced standards


• guidelines for complying too complex and confusing or impossible to
  achieve
The problem with One-Size-Fits-All and
Qualifying for Service
• excludes learners that do not fit the categories

• treats learners with disabilities as a homogeneous
  group

• ignores the multiplicity of needs and skills that affect
  learning,

• constrains the design of learning resources - less
  leeway to address minority needs and non-normative
  learning styles or approaches

• compromises the learning experience for many of the
  learners the services are intended to serve

• ghettoizes education for students with disabilities -
  less sustainable, more costly
Notion of Disability

• Disability = a mismatch
  between the needs of the
  learner and the educational
  environment and experience
  offered


• Not a personal trait


• A relative condition
Accessibility =

• Ability of the learning
  environment to adjust to the
  needs of all learners


• Flexibility of education
  environment, curriculum and
  delivery


• To optimize the learning
  environment for each
  individual learner


• A relative quality
Doubly-marginalized learner

• not served by mainstream education nor by service
  enhancements and programs intended to serve learners with
  disabilities


• without financial resources, administrative savvy or advocacy
  skills to enable the child to qualify for special services


• do not fit the narrow classifications of disability


• only receive attention once it is too late, once they have
  become a “disciplinary” or “behavior problem.”
One-Size-Fits-One Education

• optimizing learning for each learner


• Learning needs that affect learning include:


  • sensory, motor, cognitive, emotional and social
    constraints,


  • individual learning styles and approaches,


  • linguistic or cultural preferences,


  • technical, financial or environmental
    constraints.
Flexible Resources and Making the Match

• Large pool of diverse, flexible resources




• To make the match:


   • transform the resource (e.g., through styling mechanisms),


   • augment the resource (e.g., by adding captioning to video), or


   • replace the resource with another resource that addresses the same
     learning goals but matches the learner’s specific access needs.
Requires...

1. information about each learner’s access needs,


2. information about the learner needs addressed by each resource,


3. resources that are amenable to transformation, and a pool of alternative
  equivalent resources, and


4. a method of matching learner needs with the appropriate learning
  experience
FLOE Project

• Flexible Learning for Open Education


• AccessForAll standard


• designing for diversity


• make it possible to meet diverse learner needs




• http://floeproject.org
It’s good for you
It gets you where you want to go

• ease of internationalization and translation,


• OER portability across operating systems and browsers,


• ease of reuse, repurposing, and updating,


• improved discovery and selection of appropriate OER,


• and ease of delivery through a variety of mobile devices whether phones,
  smart phones, tablets or laptops


• greater resilience
It’s easy to implement

• embedded in workflow


• automatic wherever possible
To a more inclusive Wabi-Sabi OER community...

• to cross the chasm


• create deep learners

More Related Content

What's hot

Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...
Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...
Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...Elizabeth Dolinger
 
Preparing for USC - Session 8 Orientation
Preparing for USC - Session 8 OrientationPreparing for USC - Session 8 Orientation
Preparing for USC - Session 8 OrientationJosephDelvecc84
 
Enrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st Century
Enrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st CenturyEnrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st Century
Enrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st CenturyMichelle Eckstein
 
Unh il lesson plan design & assessment
Unh il lesson plan design & assessment Unh il lesson plan design & assessment
Unh il lesson plan design & assessment Elizabeth Dolinger
 
Leaving the one shot behind . sustainability final
Leaving the one shot behind . sustainability finalLeaving the one shot behind . sustainability final
Leaving the one shot behind . sustainability finalElizabeth Dolinger
 
More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...
More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...
More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...ePortfolios Australia
 
NAC&U Innovators: Innovation Summit November 2013
NAC&U Innovators:  Innovation Summit November 2013NAC&U Innovators:  Innovation Summit November 2013
NAC&U Innovators: Innovation Summit November 2013Robin Heyden
 
Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...
Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...
Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...Elizabeth Dolinger
 
PLU: Baby Steps to Blended Learning
PLU: Baby Steps to Blended LearningPLU: Baby Steps to Blended Learning
PLU: Baby Steps to Blended LearningEsteban (Steve) Sosa
 
Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?
Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?
Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?Derek Wenmoth
 
The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...
The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...
The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...ePortfolios Australia
 
CVA presentation, Melbourne
CVA presentation, MelbourneCVA presentation, Melbourne
CVA presentation, MelbourneDerek Wenmoth
 
Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14
Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14
Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14Lamar University
 
Introduction to blended learning
Introduction to blended learningIntroduction to blended learning
Introduction to blended learningSylvia Suh
 
OER Benefits and Challenges
OER Benefits and ChallengesOER Benefits and Challenges
OER Benefits and ChallengesSally Heilstedt
 
Arc571 intro slides 2020-21
Arc571 intro slides 2020-21Arc571 intro slides 2020-21
Arc571 intro slides 2020-21Daniel Jary
 

What's hot (20)

Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...
Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...
Liberal Education & America's Promise (LEAP) Initiative's Impact on Informati...
 
Preparing for USC - Session 8 Orientation
Preparing for USC - Session 8 OrientationPreparing for USC - Session 8 Orientation
Preparing for USC - Session 8 Orientation
 
Enrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st Century
Enrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st CenturyEnrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st Century
Enrichment 2.0 Gifted Education For The 21st Century
 
Unh il lesson plan design & assessment
Unh il lesson plan design & assessment Unh il lesson plan design & assessment
Unh il lesson plan design & assessment
 
Leaving the one shot behind . sustainability final
Leaving the one shot behind . sustainability finalLeaving the one shot behind . sustainability final
Leaving the one shot behind . sustainability final
 
More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...
More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...
More than just what you have learnt: Your ePortfolio=learnt + love+created-Ch...
 
Nacu.si talk
Nacu.si talkNacu.si talk
Nacu.si talk
 
Cbam outline
Cbam outlineCbam outline
Cbam outline
 
NAC&U Innovators: Innovation Summit November 2013
NAC&U Innovators:  Innovation Summit November 2013NAC&U Innovators:  Innovation Summit November 2013
NAC&U Innovators: Innovation Summit November 2013
 
Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...
Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...
Where’s the Librarian? Expanding Beyond the Library Through Research & Techno...
 
PLU: Baby Steps to Blended Learning
PLU: Baby Steps to Blended LearningPLU: Baby Steps to Blended Learning
PLU: Baby Steps to Blended Learning
 
Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?
Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?
Modern Learning Environments - where's the innovation?
 
The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...
The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...
The ‘evidence of experience’: Using ePortfolios to stand out in the crowd Tra...
 
CVA presentation, Melbourne
CVA presentation, MelbourneCVA presentation, Melbourne
CVA presentation, Melbourne
 
Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14
Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14
Learner interaction in_elearning_lamar_research_institute_3-21-14
 
Introduction to blended learning
Introduction to blended learningIntroduction to blended learning
Introduction to blended learning
 
Nzeals2012 web
Nzeals2012 webNzeals2012 web
Nzeals2012 web
 
Gavin global slides
Gavin global slidesGavin global slides
Gavin global slides
 
OER Benefits and Challenges
OER Benefits and ChallengesOER Benefits and Challenges
OER Benefits and Challenges
 
Arc571 intro slides 2020-21
Arc571 intro slides 2020-21Arc571 intro slides 2020-21
Arc571 intro slides 2020-21
 

Viewers also liked

WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)
WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)
WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)wabi-sabi lab
 
Hewlett presentation OER 2011
Hewlett presentation OER 2011Hewlett presentation OER 2011
Hewlett presentation OER 2011Jess Mitchell
 
Physicality is a language — a brief introduction
Physicality is a language — a brief introductionPhysicality is a language — a brief introduction
Physicality is a language — a brief introductionARTOMATIC
 
Shapes of 21st Century Stories
Shapes of 21st Century StoriesShapes of 21st Century Stories
Shapes of 21st Century StoriesErika Ilves
 
Wabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfection
Wabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfectionWabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfection
Wabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfectionRachel Nabors
 

Viewers also liked (9)

Japan 1
Japan 1Japan 1
Japan 1
 
Re/wiring Brains · Andres Colmenares
Re/wiring Brains · Andres ColmenaresRe/wiring Brains · Andres Colmenares
Re/wiring Brains · Andres Colmenares
 
WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)
WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)
WABI-SABI inspiration lab (English)
 
Hewlett presentation OER 2011
Hewlett presentation OER 2011Hewlett presentation OER 2011
Hewlett presentation OER 2011
 
Physicality is a language — a brief introduction
Physicality is a language — a brief introductionPhysicality is a language — a brief introduction
Physicality is a language — a brief introduction
 
Wabi sabi.pptx
Wabi sabi.pptxWabi sabi.pptx
Wabi sabi.pptx
 
Shapes of 21st Century Stories
Shapes of 21st Century StoriesShapes of 21st Century Stories
Shapes of 21st Century Stories
 
Wabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfection
Wabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfectionWabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfection
Wabi-sabi: the beauty of imperfection
 
Aesthetics ppt
Aesthetics pptAesthetics ppt
Aesthetics ppt
 

Similar to Wabi Sabi OER Barcelona

Nothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growth
Nothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growthNothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growth
Nothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growthFrederic Fovet
 
The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...
The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...
The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...Andreas Meiszner
 
Dealing with educational change malaysia-c2
Dealing with educational change   malaysia-c2Dealing with educational change   malaysia-c2
Dealing with educational change malaysia-c2Eduardo Chaves
 
Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...
Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...
Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...Frederic Fovet
 
Active learning for the adult classroom dg naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom dg naeycActive learning for the adult classroom dg naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom dg naeycStella Baker
 
Active learning for the adult classroom final naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom final naeycActive learning for the adult classroom final naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom final naeycStella Baker
 
MEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategiesMEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategiesAndrea Bohn
 
MEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategiesMEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategiesMEAS
 
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER InitiativesLibrarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER InitiativesRegina Gong
 
Which eLearning Model is Right For You?
Which eLearning Model is Right For You?Which eLearning Model is Right For You?
Which eLearning Model is Right For You?Michael Coghlan
 
UDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable way
UDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable wayUDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable way
UDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable wayFrederic Fovet
 
Hybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsiveness
Hybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsivenessHybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsiveness
Hybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsivenessDerek Wenmoth
 
Values Exchange and the Ethics Challenge
Values Exchange and the Ethics ChallengeValues Exchange and the Ethics Challenge
Values Exchange and the Ethics ChallengeUniversity of Derby
 
Supporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of Arkansas
Supporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of ArkansasSupporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of Arkansas
Supporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of ArkansasMichelle Reed
 
2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels
2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels
2018keynote - ATS2020 BrusselsHelen Barrett
 
Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.
Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.
Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.mStoner, Inc.
 

Similar to Wabi Sabi OER Barcelona (20)

Nothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growth
Nothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growthNothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growth
Nothing about them without them: Authentically engaging students in UDL growth
 
Training the clil_trainer
Training the clil_trainerTraining the clil_trainer
Training the clil_trainer
 
The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...
The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...
The Emergence of Open Courses: Understanding Open Education by drawing on the...
 
Dealing with educational change malaysia-c2
Dealing with educational change   malaysia-c2Dealing with educational change   malaysia-c2
Dealing with educational change malaysia-c2
 
Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...
Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...
Frederic Fovet Presentatin at the UDL and Inclusive Practice Symposium: Reach...
 
Active learning for the adult classroom dg naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom dg naeycActive learning for the adult classroom dg naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom dg naeyc
 
Active learning for the adult classroom final naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom final naeycActive learning for the adult classroom final naeyc
Active learning for the adult classroom final naeyc
 
MEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategiesMEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
 
MEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategiesMEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
MEAS Course on E-Learning: 3 Effective online teaching strategies
 
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER InitiativesLibrarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
 
Which eLearning Model is Right For You?
Which eLearning Model is Right For You?Which eLearning Model is Right For You?
Which eLearning Model is Right For You?
 
UDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable way
UDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable wayUDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable way
UDL in Further Education: Addressing learner diversity in a sustainable way
 
Chapter 6 and 11
Chapter 6 and 11Chapter 6 and 11
Chapter 6 and 11
 
Hybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsiveness
Hybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsivenessHybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsiveness
Hybrid Learning: equity, inclusion and responsiveness
 
Values Exchange and the Ethics Challenge
Values Exchange and the Ethics ChallengeValues Exchange and the Ethics Challenge
Values Exchange and the Ethics Challenge
 
Pedagogy
PedagogyPedagogy
Pedagogy
 
Ideate
IdeateIdeate
Ideate
 
Supporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of Arkansas
Supporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of ArkansasSupporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of Arkansas
Supporting Open Textbook Adoptions at University of Arkansas
 
2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels
2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels
2018keynote - ATS2020 Brussels
 
Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.
Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.
Brand Strategy for the Real World. Making Your Brand Relevant to Key Audiences.
 

More from Jess Mitchell

Everything Matters: Inclusive Design
Everything Matters: Inclusive DesignEverything Matters: Inclusive Design
Everything Matters: Inclusive DesignJess Mitchell
 
Mitten Open Education
Mitten Open EducationMitten Open Education
Mitten Open EducationJess Mitchell
 
Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...
Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...
Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...Jess Mitchell
 
Cambrian College Inclusive Design
Cambrian College Inclusive DesignCambrian College Inclusive Design
Cambrian College Inclusive DesignJess Mitchell
 
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive
Creative Mornings TO InclusiveCreative Mornings TO Inclusive
Creative Mornings TO InclusiveJess Mitchell
 
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)Jess Mitchell
 
OpenStax 19 Creator Fest
OpenStax 19 Creator FestOpenStax 19 Creator Fest
OpenStax 19 Creator FestJess Mitchell
 
Digital Pedagogy Lab Toronto Keynote
Digital Pedagogy Lab Toronto KeynoteDigital Pedagogy Lab Toronto Keynote
Digital Pedagogy Lab Toronto KeynoteJess Mitchell
 
The Revolution is Now
The Revolution is NowThe Revolution is Now
The Revolution is NowJess Mitchell
 
Inclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategies
Inclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategiesInclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategies
Inclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategiesJess Mitchell
 
The Problem with Assessment
The Problem with Assessment The Problem with Assessment
The Problem with Assessment Jess Mitchell
 
The Ethical Edges We Build
The Ethical Edges We BuildThe Ethical Edges We Build
The Ethical Edges We BuildJess Mitchell
 
Tolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical Edges
Tolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical EdgesTolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical Edges
Tolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical EdgesJess Mitchell
 
Keynote at the CIBC XX Design Challenge
Keynote at the CIBC XX Design ChallengeKeynote at the CIBC XX Design Challenge
Keynote at the CIBC XX Design ChallengeJess Mitchell
 
What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)
What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)
What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)Jess Mitchell
 
What You Measure is What You Value
What You Measure is What You ValueWhat You Measure is What You Value
What You Measure is What You ValueJess Mitchell
 
Inclusive Design: A Change in Perspective
Inclusive Design: A Change in PerspectiveInclusive Design: A Change in Perspective
Inclusive Design: A Change in PerspectiveJess Mitchell
 

More from Jess Mitchell (20)

AllofitMatters.pptx
AllofitMatters.pptxAllofitMatters.pptx
AllofitMatters.pptx
 
Everything Matters: Inclusive Design
Everything Matters: Inclusive DesignEverything Matters: Inclusive Design
Everything Matters: Inclusive Design
 
Assessment Keynote
Assessment KeynoteAssessment Keynote
Assessment Keynote
 
Mitten Open Education
Mitten Open EducationMitten Open Education
Mitten Open Education
 
Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...
Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...
Binaries, boxes, the grid and sorting—an exploration through habit, form, fun...
 
Cambrian College Inclusive Design
Cambrian College Inclusive DesignCambrian College Inclusive Design
Cambrian College Inclusive Design
 
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive
Creative Mornings TO InclusiveCreative Mornings TO Inclusive
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive
 
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)
Creative Mornings TO Inclusive (notes)
 
OpenStax 19 Creator Fest
OpenStax 19 Creator FestOpenStax 19 Creator Fest
OpenStax 19 Creator Fest
 
Digital Pedagogy Lab Toronto Keynote
Digital Pedagogy Lab Toronto KeynoteDigital Pedagogy Lab Toronto Keynote
Digital Pedagogy Lab Toronto Keynote
 
The Revolution is Now
The Revolution is NowThe Revolution is Now
The Revolution is Now
 
Inclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategies
Inclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategiesInclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategies
Inclusive Design: Tools, technologies + strategies
 
The Problem with Assessment
The Problem with Assessment The Problem with Assessment
The Problem with Assessment
 
The Ethical Edges We Build
The Ethical Edges We BuildThe Ethical Edges We Build
The Ethical Edges We Build
 
Tolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical Edges
Tolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical EdgesTolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical Edges
Tolerance for Failure: Open Education and the Ethical Edges
 
Keynote at the CIBC XX Design Challenge
Keynote at the CIBC XX Design ChallengeKeynote at the CIBC XX Design Challenge
Keynote at the CIBC XX Design Challenge
 
What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)
What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)
What is our tolerance for failure (in healthcare)
 
What You Measure is What You Value
What You Measure is What You ValueWhat You Measure is What You Value
What You Measure is What You Value
 
OMA form & function
OMA form & functionOMA form & function
OMA form & function
 
Inclusive Design: A Change in Perspective
Inclusive Design: A Change in PerspectiveInclusive Design: A Change in Perspective
Inclusive Design: A Change in Perspective
 

Recently uploaded

6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroomSamsung Business USA
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipKarl Donert
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Osopher
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Jason Potel In Media Res Media Component
Jason Potel In Media Res Media ComponentJason Potel In Media Res Media Component
Jason Potel In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEMISSRITIMABIOLOGYEXP
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest EntranceFarrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrancejulius27264
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptxmary850239
 

Recently uploaded (20)

6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERPAn Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
An Overview of the Calendar App in Odoo 17 ERP
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
Plagiarism,forms,understand about plagiarism,avoid plagiarism,key significanc...
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Jason Potel In Media Res Media Component
Jason Potel In Media Res Media ComponentJason Potel In Media Res Media Component
Jason Potel In Media Res Media Component
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest EntranceFarrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
Farrington HS Streamlines Guest Entrance
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
 
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
 

Wabi Sabi OER Barcelona

  • 1. The Value of Imperfection: the Wabi-Sabi Principle in Aesthetics and Learning Jutta Treviranus FLOE Project Inclusive Design Institute OCAD University Toronto, Canada
  • 2. “Crossing the Chasm” of adoption • More participation • implementing • contributing • Greater diversity of participation • to meet law and policy requirements regarding learners • recruit a large untapped group of participants
  • 3. Virtuous Cycle • greater diversity of contributors • greater diversity of resources • meeting the needs of a greater diversity of learners
  • 4. “Support Deep Learning” • fundamental departure from conventional or comfortable educational practices • complete retooling of habitual educational quality judgments
  • 5. Wabi-Sabi • Japanese worldview and aesthetic that recognizes the beauty in the imperfect, impermanent and incomplete • “nurtures all that is authentic by acknowledging three simple realities: nothing lasts, nothing is finished, and nothing is perfect” • encompasses the beauty of things modest, humble and unconventional
  • 7. We know that.... • incomplete invites completion, • the broken invites fixing, • mistakes invite correction, • a partial collection of examples invites more examples, • humans call forth the greatest resourcefulness and creativity when there is an immediate and urgent unsolved problem • the best arguments and explanations arise from disagreement and debate, • cognitive dissonance and exposure to the counterintuitive spurs growth, • the value of constructivist learning.
  • 8. Learning using.. • The mistake • The intended flaw • The inaccurate
  • 9. Learning using: • The gap • The incomplete • The imperfect
  • 10. Learning using.. • Antagonism • Argument • Dissent
  • 12. We know... • “The perils of like-mindedness” • “Leave room for divergent thinking” • “Photo-realism can hinder understanding” • Provoking meaningful input in evaluations through the intended flaws
  • 13. And yet.... • “mom I don’t have to think about it, the textbook gives me the right answer.” • “I’ll never do it as perfectly as the teacher so why should I try” • “All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten,” for teachers
  • 14. Most Current OER • create the digital equivalent of the “sage on the stage,” • focus our energy on polished delivery not learner engagement, • use inflexible proprietary file formats that confound the creation of derivatives, • fail to support bidirectional communication, • do not support peer learning, • ignore the need for critical thinking, and • fail to accommodate translation into other languages and other modalities and delivery on diverse platforms.
  • 15. Wabi-Sabi - Standards and Quality in Education • recognize that everything is imperfect and everything changes, even our notion of perfection • benchmarks for perfection in our curriculum as impediments to continuous improvement? • “the perfect is the enemy of the good” (Voltaire) • what is perceived as perfect repels efforts to improve and becomes outdated and impoverished
  • 16. Yes but... • OER the “new kid on the block” • must try harder to be perceived as worthy to overcome skepticism, inertia and distrust • but will mimicking the status quo advance education?
  • 17. Learning in a Digital Economy.. a Knowledge Economy • education even more critical • prosperity of a society rests in large part on the educational development of its members • major shift in learning and education
  • 18. We no longer need to produce:
  • 19. We no longer need to produce:
  • 20. We no longer need to produce:
  • 21. We need... • creativity, resourcefulness, • flexibility, • collaboration, communication, • critical thinking and independent thought
  • 22. Bigger problem... Marginalized Learner • feel disenfranchised, • do not see education as relevant, • see the system as too inflexible and • do not feel that their needs are being recognized or met
  • 23. Learners learn differently • “Learning breakdown and drop out occurs when students face barriers to learning, feel disadvantaged by the learning experience offered or feel that their personal learning needs are ignored” ~2009 Report
  • 24. OER and diverse learning • OER “born digital” • digital is plastic and mutable • but we constrain this flexibility
  • 25. More contributors... • OER about pooling and sharing educational resources, about cumulative production and collaborative effort? • invite participation or contributions • encourage derivatives, tinkering or refinement • encourage sense of ownership and inclusion in the process • shared responsibility that only comes from providing valued contributions
  • 26. Accessibility, inclusive learning • yes, it is the law, the policy, a right, an obligation... • it’s at the core and the epitome of OER culture
  • 27. Why not in OER now ... • Accessibility seen to constrain creativity and innovation in both technological and pedagogical approaches, • counter to interactivity or more engaging learning experiences, • “there aren’t any learners with disabilities using my resources” • voluntary participation - less responsive to enforced standards • guidelines for complying too complex and confusing or impossible to achieve
  • 28. The problem with One-Size-Fits-All and Qualifying for Service • excludes learners that do not fit the categories • treats learners with disabilities as a homogeneous group • ignores the multiplicity of needs and skills that affect learning, • constrains the design of learning resources - less leeway to address minority needs and non-normative learning styles or approaches • compromises the learning experience for many of the learners the services are intended to serve • ghettoizes education for students with disabilities - less sustainable, more costly
  • 29. Notion of Disability • Disability = a mismatch between the needs of the learner and the educational environment and experience offered • Not a personal trait • A relative condition
  • 30. Accessibility = • Ability of the learning environment to adjust to the needs of all learners • Flexibility of education environment, curriculum and delivery • To optimize the learning environment for each individual learner • A relative quality
  • 31. Doubly-marginalized learner • not served by mainstream education nor by service enhancements and programs intended to serve learners with disabilities • without financial resources, administrative savvy or advocacy skills to enable the child to qualify for special services • do not fit the narrow classifications of disability • only receive attention once it is too late, once they have become a “disciplinary” or “behavior problem.”
  • 32. One-Size-Fits-One Education • optimizing learning for each learner • Learning needs that affect learning include: • sensory, motor, cognitive, emotional and social constraints, • individual learning styles and approaches, • linguistic or cultural preferences, • technical, financial or environmental constraints.
  • 33. Flexible Resources and Making the Match • Large pool of diverse, flexible resources • To make the match: • transform the resource (e.g., through styling mechanisms), • augment the resource (e.g., by adding captioning to video), or • replace the resource with another resource that addresses the same learning goals but matches the learner’s specific access needs.
  • 34. Requires... 1. information about each learner’s access needs, 2. information about the learner needs addressed by each resource, 3. resources that are amenable to transformation, and a pool of alternative equivalent resources, and 4. a method of matching learner needs with the appropriate learning experience
  • 35. FLOE Project • Flexible Learning for Open Education • AccessForAll standard • designing for diversity • make it possible to meet diverse learner needs • http://floeproject.org
  • 36. It’s good for you It gets you where you want to go • ease of internationalization and translation, • OER portability across operating systems and browsers, • ease of reuse, repurposing, and updating, • improved discovery and selection of appropriate OER, • and ease of delivery through a variety of mobile devices whether phones, smart phones, tablets or laptops • greater resilience
  • 37. It’s easy to implement • embedded in workflow • automatic wherever possible
  • 38. To a more inclusive Wabi-Sabi OER community... • to cross the chasm • create deep learners

Editor's Notes

  1. \n
  2. \n
  3. \n
  4. \n
  5. \n
  6. \n
  7. \n
  8. \n
  9. \n
  10. \n
  11. \n
  12. \n
  13. \n
  14. \n
  15. \n
  16. \n
  17. \n
  18. The good news is we no longer need to create:\nhuman calculators\n
  19. create human hard drives\n
  20. Most importantly we no longer need to mass produce standardized human robots for factory or office jobs\n
  21. \n
  22. \n
  23. \n
  24. \n
  25. \n
  26. \n
  27. \n
  28. \n
  29. \n
  30. \n
  31. \n
  32. \n
  33. \n
  34. \n
  35. \n
  36. \n
  37. \n
  38. \n