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OpenStax 19 Creator Fest


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A quick introduction to the contextual barriers preventing instructors from using OER because of 'accessibility policing.'

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OpenStax 19 Creator Fest

  1. 1. Lisa Liskovoi Jess Mitchell @Liskovoi @jesshmitchell Bending Some of you are wondering who we are. This is my colleague Lisa Liskovoi and I am Jess Mitchell and we are from Toronto, Canada. We work at the Inclusive Design Research Centre — at OCAD University. And we’d like to talk to you today about accessibility and inclusion…
  2. 2. Places to Inject Open • OER • Open-Access Publishing • Open Textbooks • Open Science • Open Pedagogy • *Open Assessments • *Open Dialogue • Minds These are all different spaces where Open Education is having an impact. At the IDRC we try to have an impact on all of them. Today we’re going to drill down into accessibility and inclusion. OER Open-Access Publishing Open Textbooks Open Science Open Pedagogy *Open Assessments *Open Dialogue Minds
  3. 3. Accessibility PoPo Now, some of you are wondering if we’re the Accessibility Police. I’ve heard you talking about these folks — they’re the ones that keep you from using content, tell you that your content needs massive changes, and they serve as a MAJOR barrier to adopting many OERs… And here’s who the PoPo want to stick in the Pokey… Photo by Matt Popovich on Unsplash
  4. 4. Wanted This is the criminal…
  5. 5. I didn’t do it! Esperanza Zenon from River Parishes Community College in Louisiana, which incidentally is not too far from Plaquemines Louisiana — that’s where, during the great flood of 1927 the levees were dynamited to let the Mississippi loose upriver so the folks in New Orleans didn’t flood. It displaced families, they lost their homes, no compensation. There’s a great Randy Newman song about it — Louisiana 1927… I digress… Our criminal says she didn’t do it. What we know is this: SHE DID CREATE A COURSE FOR PHYSICAL SCIENCES ENTIRELY FROM OPEN RESOURCES. SHE DID CHOOSE THE RESOURCES FROM VARIOUS LOCATIONS. She’s a sleuth — she used libratexts, openstax, OER commons, Lumen… basically she used the Web. And she checked the resources for accessibility — she used the WAVE accessibility checker. She even used the Developer Tools in her browser to look at the HTML to see if there was alt text for the images. She had a PDF version, an ePub version, a DAISY version, and the Web. She is OER-woke. Her campus accessibility popo said no… they said you have 3 options: - find the original author and maybe they’ll fix it - Fix it yourself — edit the HTML, caption the videos - Abandon it — we call this subtractive accessibility This is the context you’re working in…
  6. 6. Check Yourself • WAVE accessibility checker • AChecker • Colour Contrast Checker • USE the best checker around: Your MIND Bew are the Checker You should be familiar with these resources for checking your content. If you make any content (text, audio, video or any combination) please be familiar with these checkers… Some of you are thinking — thank goodness, someone is finally telling us how to make sure we’re making accessible content… But you’re thinking we’re the accessibility police again — FOLLOW THE LAW. We are not… There is no checklist — the accessibility police are checking you against something that is changing and moving and requires interpretation and thinking. Beware the checker
  7. 7. She DIDN’T do it! It’s true… she didn’t do it. She used all the resources available to her. We have a lack of clarity about who is responsible, who must have the skills. So the Popo look at the checker, but the checker isn’t always super smart… It shows errors that aren’t errors in the content but of the “container” or in some cases errors that aren’t significant and do not degrade the experience for the user who uses a screen reader.
  8. 8. Why are we doing this? Why are we doing it so badly? Taxonomies and Sorting… Inclusive Design is design that considers the full range of human diversity with respect to ability, language, culture, gender, age and other forms of human difference. But how do we know everything about everybody and all this difference is overwhelming! First, you have to think differently…
  9. 9. Disability And it is often associated with the medical model of 4 main categories of disabilities: mobility impaired cognitively impaired hearing impaired seeing impaired But at the IDRC we completely redefine disability. It isn’t a medical condition to us…>>>
  10. 10. The UN redefined disability
  11. 11. The Problem with One-Size-Fits-ALL • People are not categories • People deserve agency; have different needs + preferences • Us versus Them • Are we really treating them as people?? • treats people with different abilities as a homogeneous group • ignore the multiplicity of needs and preferences — right to dignity • marginalizes with one-off solutions for particular populations • Who is us? who is them??
  12. 12. • Pace, Path, Content, Delivery Method • text, visual, sonification, video… • individual, group, didactic, participatory • Motivation – external, internal, positive, negative • Social support – peer, instructor, other • Degree of structure What is personalization in inclusive spaces?
 It is all of these things — and this is a lot. We have a lot of opportunities to let the individual decide.
  13. 13. Disability is Mismatch Mismatch is Solvable Design can solve Mismatch All experience Mismatch When my hands are full and I walk up to my car — can I open the door without my hands? Making content available to those with cognitive disabilities often means simplifying the content — you know who else benefits from that? What about the executive 2-pager? In some cases it’s become a 1- pager — they’re busy, they don’t have time or energy to focus. They are cognitively impaired at that moment. I was sitting in a lecture and I got a video from a friend — I wanted to watch it right away (i assure you it was relevant to the lecture) but it had no captions and I had the volume off. Putting earbuds or headphone on would have been too disrespectful so i couldn’t watch it. I wanted to work on this slide deck in the park yesterday — it was so beautiful out — but the sun was shining directly onto my screen making it impossible for me to read my monitor. I can change the brightness and contrast though — this simple solution also helps the sight impaired user who has partial sight but needs slight modifications. Context Ability within the context Needs
  14. 14. The magic at the margins • the edge case and the edge scenario • innovation • benefits the majority • supports the spectrum • resiliency & adaptability Instead of fearing the edges or trying to forget them we should be focusing on them. Closed Captions Email Text messaging
  15. 15. One-size-fits-one • Flexible • Accessible • Meet people where they are FLEXIBLE (levels of complexity) – ecosystem of tools? One adaptable tool? Give user ability to choose from multiple ways to interact. E.g. keyboard vs mouse interaction, iphone provides multiple ways to take a photo ACCESSIBLE – avoiding assumptions about comfort with tech, ability, environment MEET USERS WHERE THEY ARE ((comfort level, environment, context)
  16. 16. Diversity is a number; 
 Inclusion is a process; 
 Equity is an outcome Barbara Chow beware the cycles of exclusion
  17. 17. Met someone from Tulsa, Oklahoma here this week and we talked about the Gathering Place.
  18. 18. We aren’t the a11y popo. My esteemed college described us yesterday as the accessibility batpeople. Put the symbol in the air, raise your hand, ask for help, participate in a community that discusses how to make this stuff happen and PRACTICE. The work of making education accessible and inclusive will not ever be complete — because it’s a practice, not a task. We have to keep bathing every day — we also have to keep thinking about what works and for whom — everyday.
  19. 19. Lisa Liskovoi - Batman Jess Mitchell - Robin @jesshmitchell Now, my colleague