If you want to change the world - look to themarginsJutta TreviranusFLOE ProjectInclusive Design Research CentreOCAD University
Renovations ...• the doable task• that uncovers the need to rebuild the foundations
Our doable task:• make OER accessible to students with disabilities• ensure that OER will meet accessibility legislation globally so this won’t be an impediment to adoption
Straightforwardapproach:• fix all the resources• but....• how many resources are there?• how many can be fixed?• is fixing them a good thing?• will this serve the learners?
This is not just aboutOER Connected to:• how digital technologies are designed• accessibility legislation and policy• special service delivery processes globally
How digital technologiesare developed• standard digital technology design goes as far as the typical or average user• assistive technologies are meant to bridge the gap• but assistive technology is crumbling • not technically viable • not a viable business model • cannot keep up with development• cost, availability, functionality, reliability
Legislation and Policy• accessibility interpreted as an absolute binary issue• “one-size-fits-all” requirements• laws are an inflexible and blunt instrument for a complex domain• hard to update and keep current• constraining innovation in curriculum and delivery
Special ServiceDelivery• Spending more on excluding individuals from service and policing service than on service delivery• Only eligible individuals for only authorized resources• Criteria tightened to contain costs- then squeezed-out group advocates for new eligibility categories• even fewer funds to deliver service
But this is not arenovation nightmarestory.....There is a bright side.
The bright side...• What we have developed to “fix” the doable task is very useful for addressing the foundations - and then some• There is a growing community that like the idea and want to pitch in
• every learner learns differently• digital resources and delivery mechanisms can be easily reconfigured• we all learn better if the education environment and content matches our individual needs• disability is relative• we can deliver “one-size-fits- one” learning
• a matching service for learning Three main parts:1. Pluggable utilities to enable learners to discover and express individual needs2. A service that transforms resources, augments resources or finds alternative resources to match the individual needs3. A demand-supply pipeline of possible “producers” to meet the demands and fill the gaps
In our toolkit ..• An extensible, common, machine- readable language for expressing learner needs and preferences• A system for cumulatively labelling resources with information about what needs are met by the resource• Supports for creating flexible, reconfigurable resources• Supports for translating resources - to other modes and languages
Powered by ...• Expanded, diverse community of producers• Peer producers• Derivatives, reuse and sharing
Why does itresonate...• completely in line with OER principles and goals• encourages innovation and diversification of OER• learners don’t need to qualify for special services, fit into categories, or compromise their learning needs• invites broader, more diverse engagement in OER
Helping to fix thefoundations...• Addressing the problems of digital technology development• Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure• Applying the FLOE concept to address Digital Inclusion• See: gpii.org
Good for inclusive prosperity andsustainable economic growth..• We are in an extreme push market• Large barrier to entry for any new idea• Must focus on selling, not producing or innovating• Provide a direct pipeline between diverse demand and diverse supply• Supports inclusive prosperity
The margins are notmarginal...They encompasseverything we do.
How can you help?1. Remember, all learners learn differently - we need to stop designing for the average or typical learner and help learners discover and express their individual learner needs.2. Create reconfigurable, flexible OER and encourage a diversity of derivatives.3. Collect information about the usefulness of each resource.
How can you be part of this?Looking for partners for pilots:• OER developers and producers• OER delivery projects• OER implementers See: floeproject.org