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Floe Project - Hewlett

Floe is a project of the Inclusive Design Research Centre at OCAD University, funded by a grant from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Floe is creating tools and techniques for enabling inclusive, flexible learning for open education.

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Flexible Learning for Open Education
  Jutta Treviranus / Director / Inclusive Design Research Centre / OCAD University / Toronto


                        Hewlett Grantees Meeting / March 29-31, 2011


                                      http://floeproject.org




                                                                    A project funded by
                                                         The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Problem: Learners learn differently...
But Learning Materials Don’t
    Adapt to Learner Needs

• currently most OERs (and their delivery
  platforms) are not designed to be accessible
• currently most OER content producers don’t
  have techniques for producing accessible,
  inclusive content
• materials that provide a one-size-fits-all
  solution leave many learners behind
A New Definition of Disability



Mismatch between the needs and preferences
 of the user and the system or environment
Individual Needs & Preferences Matter

                  reasons for mismatch

• sensory, motor, cognitive, emotional and social
  constraints
• individual learning styles and approaches
• linguistic or cultural preferences
• technical, financial or environmental constraints
We All Experience Mismatch

• Cultural (don’t speak the language)
• Contextual (hard to concentrate in noisy class)
• Environmental (hard to learn without materials)
• Temporary (an iPod and no earbuds)
• Persistent (vision impairment)
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Floe Project - Hewlett

  • 1. Flexible Learning for Open Education Jutta Treviranus / Director / Inclusive Design Research Centre / OCAD University / Toronto Hewlett Grantees Meeting / March 29-31, 2011 http://floeproject.org A project funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  • 2. Problem: Learners learn differently...
  • 3. But Learning Materials Don’t Adapt to Learner Needs • currently most OERs (and their delivery platforms) are not designed to be accessible • currently most OER content producers don’t have techniques for producing accessible, inclusive content • materials that provide a one-size-fits-all solution leave many learners behind
  • 4. A New Definition of Disability Mismatch between the needs and preferences of the user and the system or environment
  • 5. Individual Needs & Preferences Matter reasons for mismatch • sensory, motor, cognitive, emotional and social constraints • individual learning styles and approaches • linguistic or cultural preferences • technical, financial or environmental constraints
  • 6. We All Experience Mismatch • Cultural (don’t speak the language) • Contextual (hard to concentrate in noisy class) • Environmental (hard to learn without materials) • Temporary (an iPod and no earbuds) • Persistent (vision impairment)
  • 7. We All Experience Mismatch • Some examples of sensory contexts and states: • Can see well. Susan wears corrective lenses so she can see near 20/20 • Can’t see at all. Casey is blind; Haylee doesn’t have power at home • Can’t see colors well. Gilbert is wearing sunglasses; Jami is color blind • Can’t hear well. Galen is studying at a loud coffee shop; Marty has a hearing impairment
  • 8. A New Definition of Accessibility Ability of the system or environment to accommodate the needs and preferences of each individual user
  • 9. Solution: One-Size-Fits-One Flexible Learning for Open Education • User experiences that adjust to specific needs, preferences, contexts, environment, and culture • Transform content to accommodate needs and preferences • UI: layout, color, size, contrast, complexity • Device: mobile, tablet, desktop Web • Alternatives: audio, video, images, transcript
  • 10. One-Size-Fits-One Making Learning Tools Inclusive Teach Transform Derive for content creators, consumers, and platforms
  • 11. One Size Fits One Making Learning Tools Inclusive Teach Transform Derive Text, audio, Crowd- Mobile, video, sourcing Easier-to-read captions, alternatives + transcripts Inclusive Learning Accessibility Handbook Checking Tool AccessForAll Individual User Metadata Profiles Preference Matching
  • 12. Teach techniques for making content inclusive
  • 13. Simplification/reduction Teach content alternatives, transformations, and customizations [Skimming/skipping] Font style Notation narration Smartphone 'net browser Mobile Larger text Structured text content SMS Black-and-white Word spacing Text White-on-black Telephone audio Slower/faster motion/an Text spacing Character spacing Higher contrast Phone service Interaction Switch frien Automated telephone system Line spacing Larger (input) targets Table of contents Yellow-on-black Keyboard Simplified/single column Layout Self-voicing Underlined/highlig Single/multiple pages OER content Language Closed caption audio ePub Regionality me adjustment Audio Export Slowdown Closed captioned video Audio transcript Description bient noise filtering Print PDF Transcript Image Size Video Structured transcript Structured transcript Audio descriptions Contrast Size Transcript Video transcript Slowdown Interactive transcript [Skimming/skipping] [Skimming/skipping] Interactive transcript Contrast
  • 16. Derive embed tools for contributing and choosing derivatives
  • 18. Flexible Learning for Open Education partnerships OER COMMONS IPTI - Instituto de Pesquisas em Tecnologia e Inovação OpenCourseWare Consortium Connexions Monterey Institute Mozilla Drumbeat
  • 19. Photo Credits From “Learners learn differently slide,” starting in top left, then clockwise: Desk with learning materials. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tulanesally/5105980284/ Learner with books. http://www.flickr.com/photos/carmichaellibrary/1259989935/ Learner with laptop. http://www.flickr.com/photos/25373834@N08/2475580517/ Learner with camera and mic. http://www.flickr.com/photos/bike/2263921484/ Learner with equipment. http://www.flickr.com/photos/brookhavenlab/4996720880/ Learning scene in coffee shop. http://www.flickr.com/photos/wonderlane/37531816/
  • 20. Contact Jutta Treviranus, Principal Investigator / Director and Professor / Inclusive Design Research Centre / OCAD University Jess Mitchell, Senior Manager / Research and Development Colin Clark, Lead Software Architect

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