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Floe Project - Hewlett


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Floe is a project of the Inclusive Design Research Centre at OCAD University, funded by a grant from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Floe is creating tools and techniques for enabling inclusive, flexible learning for open education.

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Floe Project - Hewlett

  1. 1. Flexible Learning for Open Education Jutta Treviranus / Director / Inclusive Design Research Centre / OCAD University / Toronto Hewlett Grantees Meeting / March 29-31, 2011 A project funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  2. 2. Problem: Learners learn differently...
  3. 3. But Learning Materials Don’t Adapt to Learner Needs• currently most OERs (and their delivery platforms) are not designed to be accessible• currently most OER content producers don’t have techniques for producing accessible, inclusive content• materials that provide a one-size-fits-all solution leave many learners behind
  4. 4. A New Definition of DisabilityMismatch between the needs and preferences of the user and the system or environment
  5. 5. Individual Needs & Preferences Matter reasons for mismatch• sensory, motor, cognitive, emotional and social constraints• individual learning styles and approaches• linguistic or cultural preferences• technical, financial or environmental constraints
  6. 6. We All Experience Mismatch• Cultural (don’t speak the language)• Contextual (hard to concentrate in noisy class)• Environmental (hard to learn without materials)• Temporary (an iPod and no earbuds)• Persistent (vision impairment)
  7. 7. We All Experience Mismatch• Some examples of sensory contexts and states: • Can see well. Susan wears corrective lenses so she can see near 20/20 • Can’t see at all. Casey is blind; Haylee doesn’t have power at home • Can’t see colors well. Gilbert is wearing sunglasses; Jami is color blind • Can’t hear well. Galen is studying at a loud coffee shop; Marty has a hearing impairment
  8. 8. A New Definition of Accessibility Ability of the system or environment toaccommodate the needs and preferences of each individual user
  9. 9. Solution: One-Size-Fits-One Flexible Learning for Open Education• User experiences that adjust to specific needs, preferences, contexts, environment, and culture• Transform content to accommodate needs and preferences • UI: layout, color, size, contrast, complexity • Device: mobile, tablet, desktop Web • Alternatives: audio, video, images, transcript
  10. 10. One-Size-Fits-One Making Learning Tools InclusiveTeach Transform Derivefor content creators, consumers, and platforms
  11. 11. One Size Fits One Making Learning Tools Inclusive Teach Transform Derive Text, audio, Crowd- Mobile, video, sourcing Easier-to-read captions, alternatives + transcriptsInclusive Learning Accessibility Handbook Checking Tool AccessForAll Individual User Metadata Profiles Preference Matching
  12. 12. Teachtechniques for making content inclusive
  13. 13. Simplification/reduction Teach content alternatives, transformations, and customizations [Skimming/skipping] Font style Notation narration Smartphone net browser Mobile Larger text Structured text content SMS Black-and-white Word spacing Text White-on-black Telephone audio Slower/faster motion/an Text spacing Character spacing Higher contrast Phone service Interaction Switch frien Automated telephone system Line spacing Larger (input) targets Table of contents Yellow-on-black Keyboard Simplified/single column Layout Self-voicing Underlined/highlig Single/multiple pages OER content Language Closed caption audio ePub Regionalityme adjustment Audio Export Slowdown Closed captioned video Audio transcript Descriptionbient noise filtering Print PDF Transcript Image Size Video Structured transcript Structured transcript Audio descriptions Contrast Size Transcript Video transcript Slowdown Interactive transcript [Skimming/skipping] [Skimming/skipping] Interactive transcript Contrast
  14. 14. Transformcustomize text & layout
  15. 15. Deriveembed tools for contributing and choosing derivatives
  16. 16. Derivesupporting global infrastructure
  17. 17. Flexible Learning for Open Education partnerships OER COMMONS IPTI - Instituto de Pesquisas em Tecnologia e Inovação OpenCourseWare Consortium Connexions Monterey Institute Mozilla Drumbeat
  18. 18. Photo CreditsFrom “Learners learn differently slide,” starting in top left, then clockwise:Desk with learning materials. with books. with laptop. with camera and mic. with equipment. scene in coffee shop.
  19. 19. ContactJutta Treviranus, Principal Investigator / Director andProfessor / Inclusive Design Research Centre / OCAD UniversityJess Mitchell, Senior Manager / Research and DevelopmentColin Clark, Lead Software Architect