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Floe Project


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What is the Flexible Learning for Open Education project?

Published in: Education, Technology
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Floe Project

  1. 1. Flexible Learning for Open Education Inclusive Design Research Centre / OCAD University / Toronto A project funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  2. 2. Most Current OERs• create the digital equivalent of the “sage on the stage”• focus on polished delivery not learner engagement• use inflexible proprietary file formats that confound the creation of derivatives• do not support peer learning• fail to accommodate translation into other languages and other modalities and delivery on diverse platforms
  3. 3. More Contributors• OER about pooling and sharing educational resources, about cumulative production and collaborative effort• invite participation or contributions• encourage derivatives, tinkering or refinement• encourage sense of ownership and inclusion in the process• shared responsibility that only comes from providing valued contributions
  4. 4. Why not in OER now• Accessibility seen to constrain creativity and innovation in both technological and pedagogical approaches• counter to interactivity or more engaging learning experiences• “there aren’t any learners with disabilities using my resources”• guidelines for complying too complex and confusing or impossible to achieve
  5. 5. The problem with One-Size-Fits-All • excludes learners that do not fit the categories -- treated as a homogeneous group • ignores the multiplicity of needs and skills that affect learning • compromises the learning experience for many of the learners the services are intended to serve • ghettoizes education for students with disabilities - less sustainable, more costly
  6. 6. A New Definition of DisabilityMismatch between the needs and preferences of the user and the system or environment
  7. 7. Individual Needs & Preferences Matter reasons for mismatch• sensory, motor, cognitive, emotional and social constraints• individual learning styles and approaches• linguistic or cultural preferences• technical, financial or environmental constraints
  8. 8. We All Experience Mismatch• Cultural (don’t speak the language)• Contextual (hard to concentrate in noisy class)• Environmental (hard to learn without materials)• Temporary (an iPod and no earbuds)• Persistent (vision impairment)
  9. 9. We All Experience Mismatch• Some examples of sensory contexts and states: • Can see well. Susan wears corrective lenses so she can see near 20/20 • Can’t see at all. Casey is blind; Haylee doesn’t have power at home • Can’t see colors well. Gilbert is wearing sunglasses; Jami is color blind • Can’t hear well. Galen is studying at a loud coffee shop; Marty has a hearing impairment
  10. 10. A New Definition of Accessibility Ability of the system or environment toaccommodate the needs and preferences of each individual user
  11. 11. Solution: One-Size-Fits-One• User experiences that adjust to specific needs, preferences, contexts, environment, and culture• Transform content to accommodate needs and preferences • UI: layout, color, size, contrast, complexity • Device: mobile, tablet, desktop Web • Alternatives: audio, video, images, transcript
  12. 12. One-Size-Fits-One Making Learning Tools InclusiveTeach Transform Augmentfor content creators, consumers, and platforms
  13. 13. One Size Fits One Making Learning Tools Inclusive Teach Transform Augment Text, audio, video, Crowd- Mobile, Accessibility captions, sourcing Checking Tool Easier-to-read transcripts alternatives +Inclusive Learning Handbook find AccessForAll Individual User transform Metadata Profiles Preference replace Matching contribute
  14. 14. Teachtechniques for making content inclusive
  15. 15. Simplification/reduction Teach content alternatives, transformations, and customizations [Skimming/skipping] Font style Notation narration Smartphone net browser Mobile Larger text Structured text content SMS Black-and-white Word spacing Text White-on-black Telephone audio Slower/faster motion/an Text spacing Character spacing Higher contrast Phone service Interaction Switch frien Automated telephone system Line spacing Larger (input) targets Table of contents Yellow-on-black Keyboard Simplified/single column Layout Self-voicing Underlined/highlig Single/multiple pages OER content Language Closed caption audio ePub Regionalityme adjustment Audio Export Slowdown Closed captioned video Audio transcript Descriptionbient noise filtering Print PDF Transcript Image Size Video Structured transcript Structured transcript Audio descriptions Contrast Size Transcript Video transcript Slowdown Interactive transcript [Skimming/skipping] [Skimming/skipping] Interactive transcript Contrast
  16. 16. Transformcustomize text & layout
  17. 17. Augmentembed tools for contributing and choosing derivatives
  18. 18. Augmentsupporting global infrastructure