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  1. 1. Panamá Jessica Gwiazdowski
  2. 2. The Geography of Panamá: <ul><li>This country is located in central America, just between Costa Rica and Colombia. </li></ul><ul><li>It has a total area of 74,340 sq km which is estimated to be a little smaller than the state of South Carolina. </li></ul><ul><li>74,340 sq km of that total is land, and the other 1,080 sq km is water. </li></ul><ul><li>Panamá has a coast line of 2,490 km. </li></ul><ul><li>Along with an extended rainy period, it has many hot and humid periods. </li></ul><ul><li>With a mostly steep and rugged mountain landscape, Panamá also has upland plains. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The natural resources of this country include: Copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, and hydropower. </li></ul><ul><li>Major Agricultural Resources include: bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables, livestock, and shrimp. </li></ul><ul><li>The Darien area has natural dangers, which include: Serve storms and forest fires. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with water pollution from runoff has been threatening fishery resources in Panamá. Being that shrimp is one of their natural resources, this has become an environmental issue. </li></ul><ul><li>There also has been deforestation taking place in the tropical rain forest. </li></ul><ul><li>In urban areas there has been much air pollution. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The People of Panamá: <ul><li>Panamá has a population of 3,360,474 people. </li></ul><ul><li>29.3% of the population is within the ages of 0-14 years. </li></ul><ul><li>63.9% of the population is within the ages of 15-64 years. </li></ul><ul><li>6.8% of the population is older than the age of 65. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 20,000 people living with HIV in Panamá, fewer than 1,000 deaths have occurred because of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Major infectious diseases such as, Bacterial diarrhea, Dengue fever, and Malaria, take place often through out Panamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Bacterial diarrhea is considered to be a food or waterborne disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Dengue fever and Malaria are considered to be vector borne diseases. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Among the population, 85% are of the Roman Catholic religion and 15% are Protestant. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish is the official language of Panamá even though many Panamanians are bilingual. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the 2000 census, 91.9% of the population can read and write. </li></ul><ul><li>Females have a school life expectancy of 14 years. Males have a school life expectancy of 13 years. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Government of Panamá: <ul><li>Panamá's government is a constitutional democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence Day is celebrate November 3rd for they independence from Colombia in 1903. </li></ul><ul><li>Their constitution was arranged on October 11, 1972. It was then revised in 1978, 1983, 1994, and 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>The legal system of Panamá is based on a civil law system. </li></ul><ul><li>Their Executive branch includes the Chief of State, the Head of Government (the President and Vice President), and the Cabinet. </li></ul><ul><li>Since July 1, 2009, the President has been Ricardo Martineli Berrocal and the Vice President has been Juan Carlos Varela. </li></ul><ul><li>Each term is five years long. The president and vice president are not eligible for reelection consecutively after their term, they must wait two terms before a reelection. </li></ul><ul><li>The next election is to be held in 2014. </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Economy of Panamá: <ul><li>7.1% of this country is listed as unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>28.6% of the population falls below the poverty line. </li></ul><ul><li>Major Industries within Panamá include construction, brewing, and sugar milling. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1904, Panamá introduced their first coins which followed the separation of Panamá from Colombia in 1903. </li></ul><ul><li>The currency of Panamá is referred to as the Balboa. </li></ul><ul><li>1 US dollar is equal to 1 balboa. </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Military Aspect of Panamá: <ul><li>Panamá has no regular military forces although it does have the Panamanian National Police, the National Air-Naval Service, and the National Border Service. </li></ul><ul><li>The population is available for military service if needed throughout the ages of 16-49. </li></ul><ul><li>In February of 1990, the President had discontinued the military and reformed the security by creating public forces. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Tourist Attractions: <ul><li>The Panamá Canal is a heavily populated tourist attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>The canal dates back to the 16 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>A Spanish official suggest creating a canal route in 1534. At first the government had lost interest in the canal after several plans for it. </li></ul><ul><li>Early in the 18th century, a book of a German scientist sparked sudden interest in the canal project. In 1819, the Spanish government allowed construction of the canal to begin. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans began to dig through the canal in the search of gold in 1848. </li></ul><ul><li>Panamá signed a treaty with the United States stating that the United States had guaranteed Panamá's independence and gave them full access to the canal. </li></ul><ul><li>The canal is about 51 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>The dangers of landslides had been ignored during the construction of the canal. The construction caused many landslides. </li></ul><ul><li>Gatun's dam along the canal is able to generate enough electricity to power everything needed in the canal. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Another tourist attraction of Panamá is Balboa Avenue. </li></ul><ul><li>Balboa Avenue runs along side the bay and many sky scrapers and stores. </li></ul><ul><li>El Cope National Park is located in central Panama. </li></ul><ul><li>This attraction is also known as the Park of Major General Omar, who was an officer of Panama. </li></ul><ul><li>The park reaches about 15,000 acres. </li></ul><ul><li>This national park is known for its mists and fogs. This park protects certain watersheds and birds, such as the Golden-Olive Woodpecker and the Red-Fronted Parrot. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Well known dishes of Panamá : <ul><li>Tamales: A popular dish made from boiled ground corn and spices with either chicken or pork inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Empanadas: A Cornish pastry that is made from flour pastry and corn flour. They are usually filled with chicken and cheese. </li></ul><ul><li>Patacones: A fried green plantain that has salt added to it and is fried. </li></ul><ul><li>Tajadas: A ripe plantain that's cute into slices and baked with cinnamon. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 15. Work Cited <ul><li>&quot;CIA - The World Factbook -- Panama.&quot; Welcome to the CIA Web Site Central Intelligence Agency . Web. 30 Mar. 2010. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Panama History.&quot; American History and World History at the Largest and Most Complete History Site on the Web . Web. 30 Mar. 2010. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Typical Food, Panamanian Food, Panama Food || Focus Panama.&quot; Home Page || Focus Publications Int . Web. 12 Apr. 2010. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Panama Currency History.&quot; AT&T . Web. 11 Apr. 2010. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;The Panama Canal.&quot; Business Broadband Services | Home Broadband Packages- Eclipse Internet . Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <>. </li></ul><ul><li> jpg </li></ul><ul><li> jpg </li></ul><ul><li> jpg </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>