Water Resource Demand and Supply: Hawaii’s Statewide Planning and Land Use Framework


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Presentation to the 2013 Hawaii Water Works Association
Annual Conference, October 23 – 25, 2013, at Makena Beach and Golf Resort.

The presentation gives an overall look at Hawaii's statewide land use and planning law and specifically where water resource is considered by decision-makers.

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Water Resource Demand and Supply: Hawaii’s Statewide Planning and Land Use Framework

  1. 1. Water Resource Demand and Supply: Hawaii’s Statewide Planning and Land Use Framework 2013 Hawaii Water Works Association Annual Conference October 23 – 25, 2013 Makena Beach and Golf Resort S
  2. 2. Statewide Land Use and Planning State Planning Act HRS Chapter 226 State Land Use Law HRS Chapter 205 Coastal Zone Management Act HRS Chapter 205A
  3. 3. A STATEWIDE PLANNING SYSTEM Part I: Overall Theme, Goals, Objectives and Policies Population Part III: Priority Guidelines Economy Economic Physical environment Population Growth Crime and criminal justice Affordable housing Facility systems Education Sustainability Socio-cultural advancement Climate Change Adaptation Part II: Statewide planning system Functional plans County general plans State programs • Define and implement Parts I and II • Identify priority issues • Implementing actions • Desired population • Physical development patterns • Further define Parts I and II • State budget • Land Use Commission • Board of Land and Natural Resources
  4. 4. Statewide Plan Water Objectives and Policies S Physical Environmental S S S S Promote the proper management of Hawaii's land and water resources. Promote effective measures to achieve desired quality in Hawaii's surface, ground, and coastal waters. Foster recognition of the importance and value of . . . water resources to Hawaii's people, their cultures and visitors. Facility Systems S S S S S S Coordinate development of land use activities with existing and potential water supply. Support research and development of alternative methods to meet future water requirements well in advance of anticipated needs. Reclaim and encourage the productive use of runoff water and wastewater discharges. Assist in improving the quality, efficiency, service, and storage capabilities of water systems for domestic and agricultural use. Support water supply services to areas experiencing critical water problems. Promote water conservation programs and practices in government, private industry, and the general public to help ensure adequate water to meet long-term needs.
  5. 5. Statewide Plan Priority Guidelines S Sustainability S Balanced economic, social, community, and environmental priorities S Planning that respects and promotes living within the natural resources and limits of the State S Decisions based on meeting the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations S Climate Change Adaptation S Prepare the State to address the impacts of climate change, including impacts to . . . water resources S Promote sector resilience in areas such as water . . . by encouraging the identification of climate change threats, assessment of potential consequences, and evaluation of adaptation options
  6. 6. Population Growth 1,800,000 1,600,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 Total Hawaii Honolulu Kauai Maui
  7. 7. Statewide Visitor Arrivals (1,000s) 10,000 9,500 9,000 8,500 8,000 7,500 7,000 6,500 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 Visitors 6,917 7,750 8,090 8,440 8,810 9,200 9,600
  8. 8. State Land Use Law To “preserve, protect and encourage the development of the lands in the State for those uses to which they are best suited for the public welfare.” See L. 1961, c 187, § 1.
  9. 9. State Land Use Commission S Nine Members S Appointed by the Governor, Confirmed by the State Senate S District Boundary Amendments S Special Permits S Important Agricultural Lands Designations
  10. 10. State Land Use Commission District Boundary Amendments S The “commission shall specifically consider” S State Plan Conformity S Impact on “areas of state concern” S Important natural systems S Valued natural resources S Natural resources relevant to Hawaii's economy S Commitment of State resources S County General/Community/Development Plans
  11. 11. State Land Use Commission State District Boundaries 1969 2011 0% 3% 0% 5% 48% 47% 49% 48% U C A R
  12. 12. State Land Use Commission Special Permits S County planning commission S May permit certain unusual and reasonable uses S Within agricultural/rural districts S Not allowed by right in the agricultural/rural districts S Protective restrictions may be applied S Greater than fifteen acres, approved by the LUC
  13. 13. State Land Use Commission Important Agricultural Lands S Eight Criteria to be Weighed by the LUC S “Land with sufficient quantities of water to support viable agricultural production[.]” S “Land with or near support infrastructure conducive to agricultural productivity, such as . . . Water[.]” S LUC may remove IAL designation S “if a sufficient supply of water is no longer available to allow profitable farming[.]”
  14. 14. County Plans Comprehensive long-range plan or development plan adopted by ordinance or resolution by a county council.
  15. 15. County Plans S Content Requirements S S S S S Consistent with State Planning Act Consideration statewide objectives, policies, and programs Data, analyses, and input from state agencies and the general public Population density, land use, transportation system location, public and community facility locations, water and sewage system locations, visitor destinations, urban design Implementation actions to carry out policies S S S S S S Land use maps Programs Projects Regulatory measures Standards and principles Interagency coordination provisions
  16. 16. Coastal Zone Management Program To “provide for the effective management, beneficial use, protection, and development of the coastal zone.” See L. 1977, c 188, § 1.
  17. 17. CZM Program Permitting, Planning, Guidanc e S SMA Permitting S Development shall cause minimum adverse effect to water resources S Minimize development which would adversely affect water quality S Federal Consistency Review S Planning and Guidance S Coastal Non-Point Source Pollution Control Program S Low Impact Development Guidance S Hawaii Watershed Guidance S Cumulative & Secondary Impact: Stormwater Impact Assessment
  18. 18. References S Population and Economic Projections for the State of Hawaii to 2040, http://goo.gl/x4GQyZ S Hawaii Revised Statutes Chapters 205, 205A, 225, and 226, www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent S Office of Planning, planning.hawaii.gov S Hawaii Land Use Law and Policy, hilanduse.blogspot.com