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Attack From All Directions
Building Educational Games with Multiple Paths of Transformation
Jesse Schell
Meaningful Play 2...
SG Transformational Game Design Process
1. Start with High Level Outcome
2. Establish Domain Resources- People and/or Mate...
Problem:
• Inner city teens can be at-risk for HIV
Transformational Goal:
• Get them to make safer choices
PlayForward: Transformational Methods
1) Get them to visualize their ideal future
2) Expose them to the consequences of da...
1) Get them to visualize their ideal future
2) Expose them to the consequences of
dangerous behavior
3) Expose them to facts about what is and isn’t
dangerous
4) Give them practice examining situations to
identify the danger
4) Give them practice examining situations to
identify dangers
5) Give them practice hearing the language of
seduction, and using the language of refusal
6) Give them practice examining their social
networks, and evaluating them for safety
7) Give them practice taking risks and
experiencing the consequences
8) Give them the rewarding feeling of stopping
a dangerous event before it happens
PlayForward: Transformational Methods
1) Get them to visualize their ideal future
2) Expose them to the consequences of da...
Problem:
• Many kids start opting out of reading in middle school.
Transformational Goal:
• Get them to become lifelong re...
Lexica: Transformational Methods
1. Immerse them in an engaging story about mindset theory
2. Let them become friends with...
1) Immerse them in an engaging story about
mindset theory
2) Let them become friends with intriguing and
engaging characters from the world of literature
3) Help them build vocabulary, syntax
knowledge, and reading fluency
4) Engage them in a story that
exercises their reading skills
5) Lead them to gateway books
6) Help them make time to read
7) Incentivize reading (gently)
7) Incentivize reading (gently)
8) Show them their classmates read
9) Let them experience the joy of writing
Lexica: Transformational Methods
1. Immerse them in an engaging story about mindset theory
2. Let them become friends with...
Three Transformational Questions
1. What problem am I solving?
2. What are the many ways it can be addressed?
3. What coll...
Thanks!
Slides: jesseschell.com
Twitter: @jesseschell
Email: jesse@schellgames.com
Attack From All Directions
Attack From All Directions
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Attack From All Directions

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An explanation of the Schell Games "Attack from All Directions" method of educational game design, using examples from Lexica and PlayForward.

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Attack From All Directions

  1. 1. Attack From All Directions Building Educational Games with Multiple Paths of Transformation Jesse Schell Meaningful Play 2014
  2. 2. SG Transformational Game Design Process 1. Start with High Level Outcome 2. Establish Domain Resources- People and/or Materials 3. Exchange Expertise between dev team & domain experts o Vocabulary of games and domain o Concepts of games, domain, teaching, & learning methods 4. Define Transformational Goal(s) o Understand the Problems & Barriers to player change o Understand desired Evaluation criteria 5. Agree on key Theory, Knowledge, Experience, & Skills to achieve each player transformation goal 6. Establish Game Application Strategies to support transformation 7. Develop, Playtest, Evaluate, & Iterate o This may include iteration of Transformational Goals
  3. 3. Problem: • Inner city teens can be at-risk for HIV Transformational Goal: • Get them to make safer choices
  4. 4. PlayForward: Transformational Methods 1) Get them to visualize their ideal future 2) Expose them to the consequences of dangerous behavior 3) Expose them to facts about what is and isn’t dangerous 4) Give them practice examining situations to identify dangers 5) Give them practice hearing the language of seduction, and using the language of refusal 6) Give them practice examining their social networks, and evaluating them for safety 7) Give them practice taking risks and experiencing the consequences 8) Give them the rewarding feeling of stopping a dangerous event before it happens
  5. 5. 1) Get them to visualize their ideal future
  6. 6. 2) Expose them to the consequences of dangerous behavior
  7. 7. 3) Expose them to facts about what is and isn’t dangerous
  8. 8. 4) Give them practice examining situations to identify the danger
  9. 9. 4) Give them practice examining situations to identify dangers
  10. 10. 5) Give them practice hearing the language of seduction, and using the language of refusal
  11. 11. 6) Give them practice examining their social networks, and evaluating them for safety
  12. 12. 7) Give them practice taking risks and experiencing the consequences
  13. 13. 8) Give them the rewarding feeling of stopping a dangerous event before it happens
  14. 14. PlayForward: Transformational Methods 1) Get them to visualize their ideal future 2) Expose them to the consequences of dangerous behavior 3) Expose them to facts about what is and isn’t dangerous 4) Give them practice examining situations to identify dangers 5) Give them practice hearing the language of seduction, and using the language of refusal 6) Give them practice examining their social networks, and evaluating them for safety 7) Give them practice taking risks and experiencing the consequences 8) Give them the rewarding feeling of stopping a dangerous event before it happens
  15. 15. Problem: • Many kids start opting out of reading in middle school. Transformational Goal: • Get them to become lifelong readers.
  16. 16. Lexica: Transformational Methods 1. Immerse them in an engaging story about mindset theory 2. Let them become friends with intriguing and engaging characters from the world of literature 3. Help them build vocabulary, syntax knowledge, and reading fluency 4. Engage them in a story that exercises their reading skills 5. Lead them to gateway books 6. Help them make time to read 7. Incentivize reading (gently) 8. Let them see that their classmates read 9. Let them experience the joy of writing
  17. 17. 1) Immerse them in an engaging story about mindset theory
  18. 18. 2) Let them become friends with intriguing and engaging characters from the world of literature
  19. 19. 3) Help them build vocabulary, syntax knowledge, and reading fluency
  20. 20. 4) Engage them in a story that exercises their reading skills
  21. 21. 5) Lead them to gateway books
  22. 22. 6) Help them make time to read
  23. 23. 7) Incentivize reading (gently)
  24. 24. 7) Incentivize reading (gently)
  25. 25. 8) Show them their classmates read
  26. 26. 9) Let them experience the joy of writing
  27. 27. Lexica: Transformational Methods 1. Immerse them in an engaging story about mindset theory 2. Let them become friends with intriguing and engaging characters from the world of literature 3. Help them build vocabulary, syntax knowledge, and reading fluency 4. Engage them in a story that exercises their reading skills 5. Lead them to gateway books 6. Help them make time to read 7. Incentivize reading (gently) 8. Let them see that their classmates read 9. Let them experience the joy of writing
  28. 28. Three Transformational Questions 1. What problem am I solving? 2. What are the many ways it can be addressed? 3. What collection of harmonious solutions makes the best game?
  29. 29. Thanks! Slides: jesseschell.com Twitter: @jesseschell Email: jesse@schellgames.com

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