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  2. 3. Irish history can be summed up: Ireland was far from Europe, close to England,and now it´s torn between two. No snakes in Ireland. 10.000 years in one line!
  3. 4. Farmers The first inhabitants of Ireland were farmers and metal Workers(celts). They built Newgrange. The Celts The Vikings
  4. 5. Farmers NEWGRANGE
  5. 6. The English The Normads invaded Ireland and their castles began to dot the countryside . Due to the Normads were protestants, the catholic churches were forbidden .
  6. 7. A nation once again The population was reduced dramaticly by the wars And the Irish Femine (1979) .
  7. 8. A nation once again Finally the Irish people could release of the british Power. For that they lost one part of their nation “the Ulster” .
  8. 9. Europe and Beyond In 1973, Ireland joined to the European Union. The result has been dramatic. In the 90´s Ireland trans- formed into the “Celtic Tiger”. The most rapidly gro- wing economy in Europe. .
  9. 10. The flag of Ireland GREEN: Roman Catholics ORANGE: Protestants WHITE: The desired peace between them
  10. 12. Ireland is sometimes known as the "Emerald Island" because of its green scenery. Since 1921 the island has been divided politically into two parts, t he state, Ireland, with jurisdiction over about five sixths of the island; and Northern Ireland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom
  11. 13. <ul><li>Dublin </li></ul><ul><li>Wicklow </li></ul><ul><li>Wexford </li></ul><ul><li>Carlow </li></ul><ul><li>Kildare </li></ul><ul><li>Meath </li></ul><ul><li>Louth </li></ul><ul><li>Monaghan </li></ul><ul><li>Cavan </li></ul><ul><li>Longford </li></ul><ul><li>Westmeath </li></ul><ul><li>Offaly </li></ul><ul><li>Laois </li></ul><ul><li>Kilkenny </li></ul><ul><li>Waterford </li></ul><ul><li>Cork </li></ul><ul><li>Kerry </li></ul><ul><li>Limerick </li></ul><ul><li>Tipperary </li></ul><ul><li>Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Galway </li></ul><ul><li>Mayo </li></ul><ul><li>Roscommon </li></ul><ul><li>Sligo </li></ul><ul><li>Leitrim </li></ul><ul><li>Donegal </li></ul>CITIES
  12. 14. Rivers The lowland is drained by numerous slow- flowing streams, the largest of which is the River Shannon, 340 km in length. This is the location of Ireland's earliest hydro-electric power scheme.
  13. 15. Climate I reland's mild and equable climate is a reflection of the fact that its shores are bathed by the relatively warm ocean waters of the North Atlantic Drift.
  14. 16. People I reland has been inhabited since Stone-Age times and for more than five thousand years has been the recipient of peoples moving westwards across the European continent.
  15. 18. Languages <ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Irish </li></ul><ul><li>Polish </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese </li></ul>
  16. 19. Food Traditional breakfast Irish stew
  17. 20. Holidays and festivals <ul><li>St Stephen´s day </li></ul><ul><li>Holloween </li></ul><ul><li>All saints´ day </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Patrick´s day </li></ul>
  18. 21. Pubs Typically pubs are important meeting places, where people can gather and meet their neighbours and friends in a relaxed atmosphere. Pubs vary widely according to the clientele they serve, and the area they are in.
  19. 22. Sport Sport in Ireland is popular and widespread. Throughout the country a wide variety of sports are played, the most popular being Gaelic football, hurling, rugby union, soccer and hockey.
  20. 23. Education There are three distinct levels of education in the Republic of Ireland: primary, secondary and higher (often known as third-level or tertiary) education. In recent years further education has grown immensely.
  21. 24. Music
  22. 25. Films set in Ireland