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Relative clauses in English

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  1. 1. Relatives
  2. 2. Oraciones de relativo Las oraciones de relativo dan información sobre uno de los sustantivos que aparecen en la oración principal: The woman who lives in apartment No.34 has been arrested.
  3. 3. Pronombres relativosPara personas: Who: The girl who is sitting next to you. Whom: A man whom I dont know. Cuando se refiere al Objeto de la oración Whose: The film is about a man whose wife disappears Posesión
  4. 4. Pronombres relativosPara cosas:Which: A company which is going to mergePara ambos:That: The novels that he writes do not sell. I saw the woman that stole your bag
  5. 5. Adverbios relativosAdverbio = pronombre + preposicionWhen in/on which the day when we met himWhere in/at which the place where we met himWhy for which the reason why we met him
  6. 6. Tipos de oraciones relativas1. Defining (especificativas): identifican a la persona o cosa de la que estamos hablando, indican a quién o qué nos referimos: She spoke to the man who painted the house Se usan en definiciones: A seaman is a man who works in a ship
  7. 7. Defining relative clauses* Podemos sustituir who y which por that:Do you know anyone who/that speaksEnglish?* Cuando el pronombre relativo (who,which, that) NO es el sujeto de la oración,se puede omitirIs that the book (that) I lent you?
  8. 8. Tipos de oraciones relativas1. Non-Defining (explicativas) : dan información adicional sobre una persona o cosa. La oración de relativo va separada por comas: My mother, who lives in Madrid, is 65 years old
  9. 9. Non-Defining relative clauses* No podemos utilizar that* John, who speaks French and Italian, works as a toursit guide.*No podemos omitir who o whichWe stayed at the Grand Hotel, which Ann recommended to us.