Chapter 3 EMERGENCE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC
Ragtime <ul><li>Introduced more complex African rhythms to popular music </li></ul><ul><li>Made the rhythms available thro...
Scott Joplin  1868-1917  <ul><li>Name most associated with genre </li></ul>
Example: Maple Leaf Rag <ul><ul><ul><li>March – feeling of 2 beats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Syncopation – displ...
Syncopated Dance Music <ul><ul><ul><li>Ragtime dance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WC Handy Memphis Blues – to James...
Foxtrot <ul><li>Most popular dance </li></ul><ul><li>Irene and Vernon  </li></ul><ul><li>Castle </li></ul><ul><li>http://w...
Blues <ul><li>Developed during 19 th  Century </li></ul><ul><li>Rural South  </li></ul>
Classic Blues   <ul><li>Early blues singers were women  </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville  </li></ul><ul><li>Full band/pianist ...
Ma Rainy/Bessie Smith <ul><li>Example: Empty Bed Blues </li></ul>
Mississippi Delta <ul><li>200 mile area in NW Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme poverty </li></ul>
Levee <ul><li>Embankment built to prevent the overflow of a river </li></ul><ul><li>Created very fertile land </li></ul>
Sharecropping <ul><li>Post-Civil War (Postbellum) </li></ul><ul><li>Farming on credit </li></ul><ul><li>Southern  Blacks u...
Country Blues  <ul><li>Simple - compared to Classic Blues  </li></ul><ul><li>Guitar accompaniment  </li></ul>
Robert Johnson  (1911-1938)
<ul><li>Synthesized earlier styles  </li></ul><ul><li>Influential to white blues rock players </li></ul><ul><li>Example: H...
EARLY JAZZ <ul><li>New Orleans – birthplace of jazz  </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of 20 th  century </li></ul>
New Orleans <ul><li>Rich cultural mix  </li></ul><ul><li>Whites - English/French  </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans  </l...
Creoles <ul><li>Person of mixed European and Black descent </li></ul><ul><li>Creoles of color were  </li></ul><ul><li>more...
Jim Crow Laws  <ul><li>Before – relatively hospitable toward blacks </li></ul><ul><li>Before Emancipation Proclamation - M...
Jim Crow advanced music <ul><li>Black and Creole musicians began to mingle and exchange ideas  </li></ul><ul><li>Result - ...
Storyville <ul><li>Alderman Sydney Story – proposed legislation to confine promiscuity </li></ul><ul><li>Created jobs for ...
Effect of closing Storyville <ul><li>Musicians sought work elsewhere – Chicago </li></ul>
New Orleans Jazz Band <ul><li>Frontline – horns  </li></ul>
New Orleans jazz band <ul><li>Rhythm section – drums, banjo, piano, tuba </li></ul>
Blending of genres to form jazz <ul><li>Marching band – clarinet, trombone, coronet, tuba, drum </li></ul>
Blending of genres to form jazz <ul><li>Minstrel show – banjo </li></ul>
Blending of genres to form jazz <ul><li>Ragtime – piano </li></ul>
Collective improvisation <ul><li>All instruments play simultaneously, no one instrument is dominant </li></ul>
King Oliver  (1885-1938)  <ul><li>Major figure of early jazz – band leader/coronet player </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago – King...
Jelly Roll Morton  (1890-1941)  <ul><li>First great jazz composer and pianist </li></ul><ul><li>More swinging  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Describe the minstrel show; describe its origins, how it came to be and what it was. </li></ul><ul><li>Who were ma...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

MUS118 Ch 3

1,846 views

Published on

Outline of Chapter 3 from The Beat Goes On: Popular Music in America

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,846
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

MUS118 Ch 3

  1. 1. Chapter 3 EMERGENCE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSIC
  2. 2. Ragtime <ul><li>Introduced more complex African rhythms to popular music </li></ul><ul><li>Made the rhythms available through sheet music </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst for change – shaped jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Never dominant form of popular music </li></ul>
  3. 3. Scott Joplin 1868-1917 <ul><li>Name most associated with genre </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example: Maple Leaf Rag <ul><ul><ul><li>March – feeling of 2 beats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Syncopation – displacing the accent to a weaker beat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European harmony and form (multi-sectional) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Syncopated Dance Music <ul><ul><ul><li>Ragtime dance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WC Handy Memphis Blues – to James Europe who did an arrangement for Irene and Vernon Castle who invented the Fox-trot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This led to acceptance by the public – dancing to African rhythms </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Foxtrot <ul><li>Most popular dance </li></ul><ul><li>Irene and Vernon </li></ul><ul><li>Castle </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyOWM6S1ITA </li></ul>
  7. 7. Blues <ul><li>Developed during 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Rural South </li></ul>
  8. 8. Classic Blues <ul><li>Early blues singers were women </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville </li></ul><ul><li>Full band/pianist </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ma Rainy/Bessie Smith <ul><li>Example: Empty Bed Blues </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mississippi Delta <ul><li>200 mile area in NW Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme poverty </li></ul>
  11. 11. Levee <ul><li>Embankment built to prevent the overflow of a river </li></ul><ul><li>Created very fertile land </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sharecropping <ul><li>Post-Civil War (Postbellum) </li></ul><ul><li>Farming on credit </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Blacks unable to break free </li></ul>
  13. 13. Country Blues <ul><li>Simple - compared to Classic Blues </li></ul><ul><li>Guitar accompaniment </li></ul>
  14. 14. Robert Johnson (1911-1938)
  15. 15. <ul><li>Synthesized earlier styles </li></ul><ul><li>Influential to white blues rock players </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Hellhound on My Trail </li></ul>
  16. 16. EARLY JAZZ <ul><li>New Orleans – birthplace of jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of 20 th century </li></ul>
  17. 17. New Orleans <ul><li>Rich cultural mix </li></ul><ul><li>Whites - English/French </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed races </li></ul>
  18. 18. Creoles <ul><li>Person of mixed European and Black descent </li></ul><ul><li>Creoles of color were </li></ul><ul><li>more privileged than ex-slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Better educated, </li></ul><ul><li>more like white culture, </li></ul><ul><li>classical music </li></ul>
  19. 19. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>Before – relatively hospitable toward blacks </li></ul><ul><li>Before Emancipation Proclamation - More free blacks in New Orleans than any other place in US </li></ul><ul><li>After Jim Crow – black or white. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Jim Crow advanced music <ul><li>Black and Creole musicians began to mingle and exchange ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Result - improvisation combined with traditional virtuosity </li></ul>
  21. 21. Storyville <ul><li>Alderman Sydney Story – proposed legislation to confine promiscuity </li></ul><ul><li>Created jobs for musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Birthplace of jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Closed in 1917 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Effect of closing Storyville <ul><li>Musicians sought work elsewhere – Chicago </li></ul>
  23. 23. New Orleans Jazz Band <ul><li>Frontline – horns </li></ul>
  24. 24. New Orleans jazz band <ul><li>Rhythm section – drums, banjo, piano, tuba </li></ul>
  25. 25. Blending of genres to form jazz <ul><li>Marching band – clarinet, trombone, coronet, tuba, drum </li></ul>
  26. 26. Blending of genres to form jazz <ul><li>Minstrel show – banjo </li></ul>
  27. 27. Blending of genres to form jazz <ul><li>Ragtime – piano </li></ul>
  28. 28. Collective improvisation <ul><li>All instruments play simultaneously, no one instrument is dominant </li></ul>
  29. 29. King Oliver (1885-1938) <ul><li>Major figure of early jazz – band leader/coronet player </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago – King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band </li></ul><ul><li>Blues form/style </li></ul><ul><li>Sliding in and out </li></ul><ul><li>of notes </li></ul><ul><li> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efaTlg2XsTI </li></ul>
  30. 30. Jelly Roll Morton (1890-1941) <ul><li>First great jazz composer and pianist </li></ul><ul><li>More swinging </li></ul><ul><li>ragtime feel </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ntSoxSXO9k </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Describe the minstrel show; describe its origins, how it came to be and what it was. </li></ul><ul><li>Who were major composers and important songs? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it evolve after the Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it affect American popular song? </li></ul>

×