Ch 6 PowerPoint

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Chapter 6 outline from The Beat Goes On: Popular Music in America

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Ch 6 PowerPoint

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Musical Theatre
  2. 2. Popular song as a dramatic tool <ul><li>Accessible and artful </li></ul><ul><li>Not only appealing/dramatically effective </li></ul><ul><li>Although it projects the message of the text – it slows the action </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dramatically effective song fulfills one of three functions <ul><li>Helps establish a mood </li></ul><ul><li>Advances the plot </li></ul><ul><li>Gives audience insight into the character </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early 20 th century songs had little dramatic connection to plot <ul><li>Did not sound particularly American </li></ul>
  5. 5. George Cohan (1878-1942) <ul><li>People’s music </li></ul><ul><li>Created a body of songs/distinctly American character/song at service of story </li></ul><ul><li>Patriotic songwriter </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l1iWNdS1Kfg </li></ul>
  6. 6. Example: “Yankee Doodle Boy” <ul><li>Best kind of theater song </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances action </li></ul><ul><li>Life apart from theater </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlPR97oYOBA </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jerome Kern (1885-1945) Oscar Hammerstein II (1895-1960) <ul><li>Kern wanted to integrate music and drama more thoroughly </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1920s stage show were mostly fluff - lighthearted
  9. 9. Show Boat <ul><li>Departed from standard musical theater </li></ul><ul><li>Addressed serious themes – prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>1 st of the great modern musicals </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example: “Ol’ Man River” <ul><li>Dialect </li></ul><ul><li>Lyrics blend themes </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Like operetta it began long ago but it was American/ more than entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eh9WayN7R-s </li></ul>
  11. 11. Talking films and Great Depression ended the popularity of the musical theater.
  12. 12. “ Oklahoma” (1943) Rodgers and Hammerstein <ul><li>Landmark musical </li></ul><ul><li>Critics/audience loved it </li></ul><ul><li>2,248 performances </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example: “Oh, What a Beautiful Morning” <ul><li>Song as dramatic tool </li></ul><ul><li>Sets mood of story </li></ul><ul><li>We like Curly by the end of the song </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAi6buuLwWA </li></ul>
  14. 14. Show Boat/Oklahoma <ul><li>Stories set in America (far removed from NYC) </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of character portrayal </li></ul><ul><li>Seriousness of plot </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of song into storyline </li></ul>
  15. 15. Many of Rogers&Hammerstein’s musicals became successful films <ul><li>Subjects/drama/music were good </li></ul>
  16. 16. Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) <ul><li>Successful composer/jazz/theater </li></ul><ul><li>New energy to theater </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ West Side Story” (1957) <ul><li>Landmark musical of 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative plot, music, and dance </li></ul><ul><li>Bernstein’s musical language was up to date – jazz, Latin, Tin Pan Alley, classical </li></ul>
  18. 18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xkdP02HKQGc
  19. 19. Films, records, radio, nightclubs, and TV provided cheaper entertainment, THEREFORE Musical Theatre became elite, or alternative entertainment.
  20. 20. Original cast recordings dominated pop charts through the early 1960s

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