Ch 5 PowerPoint

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Power Point outline of Chapter 5 from The Beat Goes On: Popular Music in America.

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Ch 5 PowerPoint

  1. 1. CHAPTER 5 SWING AND SWEET
  2. 2. “ Cheek to Cheek” <ul><li>Written by Irving Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular song of 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Longer, more melodious </li></ul><ul><li>Less syncopated </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Dancing Cheek to Cheek” <ul><li>Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYHZh-xnqhE </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Cheek to Cheek” <ul><li>Confirms integration of song and dance </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated how socially acceptable dancing with close contact had become </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of energy of Charleston – Elegance </li></ul><ul><li>This type of music helped people dream, escape harsh reality of Depression </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fletcher Henderson (1897-1952) <ul><li>Born in GA – moved north – educated </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for shaping sound of Big Band </li></ul><ul><li>Led one of the top bands in NYC </li></ul><ul><li>Song plugger </li></ul>
  6. 6. Example: “Wrappin’ It Up” <ul><li>Fletcher Henderson Band </li></ul>
  7. 7. Swing – syncopation over a steady four-beat rhythm
  8. 8. Hallmark of Big Band Swing <ul><li>Creating a melody by repeating a riff, rather than developing it </li></ul>
  9. 9. Two Styles of Popular Music: Swing and Sweet <ul><li>Swing as a noun = style of music </li></ul><ul><li>Swing as a verb = way of playing </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet – also a style and manner of playing </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1930s – a wave of slow, romantic ballads <ul><li>Soothing voice </li></ul><ul><li>Subdued style </li></ul>
  11. 11. Main component of Sweet Melody <ul><li>Sweet flowed </li></ul>
  12. 12. Main component of Swing Rhythm <ul><li>Swing jumped </li></ul>
  13. 13. Swing Era 1935 – 1945
  14. 14. Big Band swing w/o vocals was relatively small part of the market
  15. 15. <ul><li>Few instrumental Big Band hits </li></ul><ul><li>More common were popular songs played in a swing style </li></ul>
  16. 16. Glenn Miller (1904-1944) <ul><li>Led most popular band of the era </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to shift </li></ul><ul><li>between swing/sweet </li></ul>
  17. 17. Example: “Chatanooga Choo Choo” <ul><li>From an obscure movie (Sun Valley Serenade) </li></ul><ul><li>Sold over million copies </li></ul><ul><li>Riff based tune – train sounds – walking bass </li></ul><ul><li> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIQq1j1-AQU </li></ul>
  18. 18. Music in the opposite direction from Swing was Sweet <ul><li>Sweet = More conservative and comfortable style </li></ul>
  19. 19. Example: “Heart and Soul” – Hoagy Carmichael <ul><li>More than AABB form (this was most popular song form at the time) </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to “Cheek to Cheek” – romantic ballad </li></ul><ul><li>Despite use of pronouns ( I’m in heaven) – no clear sense of who these people are </li></ul>
  20. 20. Faithful performances of these songs distance us from sense of identity because they emphasize the song over the singer. the song over the singer
  21. 21. Sweet connected to the past
  22. 22. Swing looked to the future
  23. 23. MAINSTREAMING THE BLUES
  24. 24. Pop singing focuses on the melody – impersonal
  25. 25. Blues singing focuses on the singer
  26. 26. Billie Holiday (1915-1959) <ul><li>Very difficult life </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs, alcohol led to her death </li></ul><ul><li>One of the great song interpreters </li></ul>
  27. 27. Example: “All of Me” (1931) <ul><li>Standard written by Seymour Simons/Gerald Marks </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday projects herself through the song </li></ul><ul><li>We are less concerned with the words than how she delivers them </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-PvRFGwreBI </li></ul>
  28. 28. Jazz in the Swing Era <ul><li>Jazz not considered pop music </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-popular attitudes by jazz musicians – musicians want to play for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>This is at odds with those who ran pop music – they want $ </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Armstrong transformed from jazz as art to pop – “Cheek to Cheek” </li></ul>
  29. 29. Duke Ellington <ul><li>Considered jazz’ greatest composer – perhaps America’s greatest </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6ApogZRsag </li></ul>
  30. 30. Example: “Ko-Ko” (1940) <ul><li>Big band style </li></ul><ul><li>Uses creative/unconventional sound combinations </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the band developed signature sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Uses riffs – less predictable/more varied – high/low registers – more like art </li></ul>
  31. 31. Most standards appeared before 1945
  32. 32. Most memorable performances after 1945 <ul><li>Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday– put personal stamp on songs </li></ul><ul><li>Use their own sound, inflection, phrasing </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to blues – they share personal feelings/life experiences </li></ul>
  33. 33. Example: Tony Bennett “Taking a Chance on Love” <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMStRERJNsM </li></ul><ul><li>This is a video of Tony and Stevie Wonder singing “For Once in My Life.” </li></ul>

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