Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT


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By Jeromy-Yu Maximilian Chan for MIT6108, CUHK, on 30-May-2007

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  • Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT

    1. 1. WIKIMEDIA, MEDIAWIKI & EDUCATION IN IT By J érômy Chan for MIT6108, CUHK 30-May-2007 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License (3.0, by-nc-nd).
    2. 2. <ul><li>The Honorary Guest </li></ul><ul><li>LAM King Man, Encyclopædist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrator (Sysop) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President, PC of Wikimedia Hong Kong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working in Social Welfare Sector </li></ul></ul>Wikipedians in front of You 30-May-2007
    3. 3. <ul><li>The Speaker </li></ul><ul><li>J érômy Maximilien Yu CHAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior Chief Editor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrator (Sysop) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPC, Wikimedia Hong Kong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Year 1 Student of HKSYU </li></ul></ul>Wikipedians in front of You 30-May-2007
    4. 4. <ul><li>A wiki-15/16 </li></ul>A small quiz first… 30-May-2007
    5. 5. <ul><li>15. The Wikipedia Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>16. The Wikimedia Foundation </li></ul>Wikipedia is run by…. 30-May-2007
    6. 6. <ul><li>15. a wiki </li></ul><ul><li>16. a mediawiki </li></ul>John set up…for his students 30-May-2007
    7. 7. <ul><li>15. It’s true </li></ul><ul><li>16. It’s false </li></ul>All words on Wikipedia are always NPOV. 30-May-2007
    8. 8. <ul><li>15. All Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>16. Some wikis </li></ul>… are non-profit making & NPOV. 30-May-2007
    9. 9. <ul><li>15. There may be </li></ul><ul><li>16. There’s always </li></ul>… a wikipedian in any country. 30-May-2007
    10. 10. <ul><li>15. All of the </li></ul><ul><li>16. Most of the </li></ul>… Wikipedians are male creatures. 30-May-2007
    11. 11. <ul><li>15. Collectors </li></ul><ul><li>16. Creators </li></ul>Wikipedians are knowledge… 30-May-2007
    12. 12. <ul><li>15. Have </li></ul><ul><li>16. Haven’t </li></ul>Administrators … excessive powers on editing. 30-May-2007
    13. 13. THE WORDPLAY OF THE TITLE Let’s start the talk……. 30-May-2007
    14. 14. Wikimedia & MediaWiki <ul><li>Wikimedia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration of projects that runs by Wikimedia Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like Wikipedia, Wikiquote, Wikinews, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>software which Wikimedia Projects runs on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A typical Software that powers a wiki </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    15. 15. <ul><li>By KaurJmeb , used under CC 2.0 (by-sa) </li></ul>30-May-2007
    16. 16. WIKIMEDIA 101 Wikipedians, Wikipedia & Wikimedia 30-May-2007
    17. 17. <ul><li>海納百川,有容乃大 </li></ul><ul><li>The Motto of Chinese Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>語出林則徐贈廣州越華書院之對聯 </li></ul><ul><li>Mar-1839 </li></ul>Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    18. 18. Wikipedia <ul><li>Wiki+encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>The so-called “Free” Encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia containing more than 7 million articles in 250 languages </li></ul><ul><li>English edition launched 5-Jan-2001 </li></ul><ul><li>as a complement to Nupedia, an expert-written and now defunct encyclopedia </li></ul>30-May-2007
    19. 19. <ul><li>English Version </li></ul>Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    20. 20. <ul><li>One of the founders of Wikipedia, while he talked for CWMC 2006 in CUHK, by Theodoranian Tang, used under CC 2.0 (by-sa-nc) </li></ul>Jimmy Donal &quot;Jimbo&quot; Wales 30-May-2007
    21. 21. Chinese Wikipedia <ul><li>Established along with 12 other Wikipedias in May 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>did not support Chinese characters </li></ul><ul><li>24-Oct-2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User:Mountain created the first page, Main Page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>27-Oct-2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A software update for Chinese input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>domain  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>17-Nov-2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fir st real article: Computer science ( 計算機科學 ) </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    22. 22. <ul><li>Main page of Chinese Wikipedia </li></ul>維基百科 30-May-2007
    23. 23. Wikipedians’ Community <ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First gathering 18-Sept-2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CWMC 2006 Aug-2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathering & Expedition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikimedia Hong Kong </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Worldwide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Wikimania in 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikimania 2007 in Taipei </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    24. 24. <ul><li>Held in CUHK last year, the first global conference for Chinese Wikimedians around the globe. (Own Work) </li></ul>Chinese Wikimedia Conference 2006 30-May-2007
    25. 25. Usage of Wikipedia <ul><li>Re ference </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive reading </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment & Infotainment </li></ul><ul><li>Writing & Translating Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Community & Socializing </li></ul>30-May-2007
    26. 26. Gollum Browser <ul><li>A browser designed for Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>By Harald Hanek </li></ul><ul><li>Originally for kids reading the site </li></ul><ul><li>Hide the tools for editing & administration </li></ul><ul><li>Might be good for presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Link: </li></ul>30-May-2007
    27. 27. Normal View 30-May-2007
    28. 28. With Golllum Browser 30-May-2007
    29. 29. Compare with counterparts <ul><li>Britannica online, MSN Encarta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have to pay for premium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citizendium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>opened in Mar-2007 by Larry Sanger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article will be reviewed by experts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Baidu Baike ( 百度百科 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hosted by search engine Baidu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-CCP point of view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plagiarism of content on Chinese Wikipedia </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    30. 30. <ul><li>The mission of the Wikimedia Foundation is to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally . </li></ul><ul><li>From Article II of Bylaws of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. </li></ul>Wikimedia 30-May-2007
    31. 31. Wikimedia Timeline 30-May-2007 Jan-2001 Jun-2003 Mar-2000
    32. 32. Wikimedia Projects 30-May-2007
    33. 33. <ul><li>Dictionary cataloging meanings, synonyms, etymologies and translations. </li></ul>Wiktionary 30-May-2007
    34. 34. <ul><li>Collection of free educational textbooks and learning materials </li></ul>Wikibooks 30-May-2007
    35. 35. <ul><li>Collection of quotations structured in numerous ways. </li></ul>Wikiquote 30-May-2007
    36. 36. <ul><li>Project to provide and translate free source documents, such as public domain texts. </li></ul>Wikisource 30-May-2007
    37. 37. <ul><li>Repository of images, sounds, videos and general media, containing more than 1,000,000 files. </li></ul>Wikimedia Commons 30-May-2007
    38. 38. <ul><li>Directory of species data on animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, protista and all other forms of life. </li></ul>Wikispecies 30-May-2007
    39. 39. <ul><li>News source containing original reporting by citizen journalists from many countries </li></ul>Wikinews 30-May-2007
    40. 40. <ul><li>Courses, course materials, tests. Announced to go into beta testing, little has been officially decided on its structure </li></ul>Wikiversity 30-May-2007
    41. 41. <ul><li>Meta-Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Wikimedia Incubator </li></ul>Administrative Wikis 30-May-2007
    42. 42. <ul><ul><li>Coordination between different Wikimedia projects </li></ul></ul>Meta-Wiki 30-May-2007
    43. 43. <ul><ul><li>Used to test possible new Wikimedia projects and new languages for existing projects. </li></ul></ul>Wikimedia Incubator 30-May-2007
    44. 44. Wiki m edia Foundation <ul><li>Not Wiki p edia Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>The Resolution of it affects everyone </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot actually change anything in Wikipedia... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of the rules set up by the Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>La présidente : Florence Nibart-Devouard </li></ul>30-May-2007
    45. 45. <ul><li>What changes that Wikimedia Brings to us?? </li></ul>Have a Break & Think about it…….. 30-May-2007
    46. 46. MEDIAWIKI & EDUCATION IN IT MediaWiki, Wiki 30-May-2007
    47. 47. <ul><li>MediaWiki is a web-based wiki software application used by all projects of the Wikimedia Foundation, all wikis hosted by Wikia, and many other wikis, including some of the largest and most popular ones. Originally developed to serve the needs of the free content Wikipedia encyclopedia, today it has also been deployed by companies as an internal knowledge management solution, and as a content management system. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, 2007 </li></ul>MediaWiki 30-May-2007
    48. 48. Key facts <ul><li>written in the PHP </li></ul><ul><li>can use MySQL or PostgreSQL Database </li></ul><ul><li>Original Designed for Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Now used by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikimedia Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the most popular Wiki System </li></ul>30-May-2007
    49. 49. Key Features 30-May-2007 Features Example Interlinks [[John Smith]] Namespaces Talk: Subpages A/B Categories Category: Sections ==Section== Templates {{template}} Media Content Editable interface
    50. 50. <ul><li>Showing thumbnails of pictures & other media files, like Audios & Videos (Usually in Icons) </li></ul>MediaWiki Gallery 30-May-2007
    51. 51. Interface of English Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    52. 52. <ul><li>Pay attention to the tools for Chinese Punctuations </li></ul>Interface of Chinese Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    53. 53. <ul><li>Pay attention to tools below & Advertisements on the right hand side </li></ul>Wikia Itnerface 30-May-2007
    54. 54. <ul><li>A wiki is a website that allows visitors to add, remove, and edit content. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, 2007 </li></ul>Wiki 30-May-2007
    55. 55. Brief History <ul><li>WikiWikiWeb , the first wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Ward Cunningham, Its founder </li></ul><ul><li>Started development in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>installed it online 25-Mar-1995 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;wiki&quot; is a Hawaiian word for &quot;quick&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Cunningham name the system after a shuttle bus line that runs between the terminals in Honolulu International Airport </li></ul>30-May-2007
    56. 56. <ul><li>Which inspired Ward Cunningham to use Wiki to name his new system, by Andrew Laing , used under CC 2.0 (by-sa) </li></ul>The Wiki-Wiki Shuttle bus 30-May-2007
    57. 57. Types of Wikis 30-May-2007 By KaurJmeb, used under CC 2.0 (by-sa)
    58. 58. Why wikis are so special <ul><ul><li>Mass collaboration (D. Tapscott 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acting Globally </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Logs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revision History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Full of Interlinks </li></ul><ul><li>New Style of Mark-up language </li></ul>30-May-2007
    59. 59. Current Usage <ul><li>External Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information sharing in Global scale like Wikimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal Use (Content management system) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Team/committee planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing a class outline/presentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advisory Council </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Dorner of NCSU, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>New Trends…… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some wikis developed their own communities-of-practice…….. </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    60. 60. <ul><li>A glimpse into the wiki-future in education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partly Adapted from Student Journalists Acceptance on Collaborative Writing Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>W.K. Ma & J. Y. Chan, IRMA, 2007 </li></ul></ul>Wikis in Education 30-May-2007
    61. 61. Wiki is……. <ul><li>Described as one of the most promising and rapidly emerging innovations in knowledge management (Gordon 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Basically a type of website that allows users to add, remove, or otherwise edit and change all content very quickly and easily, sometimes without the need for registration. (Wikipedia, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>An information resource centralized online database nature and a powerful collaboration tool because of its open editing characteristics (Naish, 2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While good e-learning is about informing, collaborating and meeting Online, Wikis do all these things well </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    62. 62. Wiki can…. <ul><li>Help in Classroom instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Allow both teachers & students to create content online </li></ul><ul><li>Help in development of cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Help in Project Base d Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria A Davis, 2007 Westwood Schools in Camilla, GA </li></ul>30-May-2007
    63. 63. Advantages of Wiki in Education <ul><li>Easy & Flexible to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple commands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anyone can edit </li></ul><ul><li>Collective intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Build-up a culture of sharing & teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Gabriela Grosseck, 2007 West University of Timisoara, Romania </li></ul>30-May-2007
    64. 64. <ul><li>Running by Journalism & Communication Department, Hong Kong Shue Yan University, setup in Feb-2006 </li></ul>HKNews of HKSYU 30-May-2007
    65. 65. Problems of HKNews <ul><li>Shared resources are not rich enough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to create value for students to help the different writing stages in planning, generating ideas, and taking references </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The contents are very similar, because students are asked to write about the weekly assembly on the site, mostly. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>resistance to using wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A really new technology for the most </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complains about the strange mark-up-language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complains about the not user-friendly interface </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    66. 66. Drawbacks of Wikis in Education <ul><li>Openness, Lack of control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vandalism & Spam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disorganized contents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copyright & Legal issue on regarding collaborative works </li></ul><ul><li>Gabriela Grosseck, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Similarity of the work </li></ul>30-May-2007
    67. 67. Considerations on introducing Wiki <ul><li>How many people… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will be willing to use it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have already mastered it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have already known something about it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do you have... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>time to watch out for vandalism? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enough content for development? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a technician to maintain it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enough storage to run a wiki? </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    68. 68. Considerations on introducing Wiki <ul><li>Be sure that your audience are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explainers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Solvers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Victoria A. Davis, 2007 </li></ul>30-May-2007
    69. 69. <ul><li>A wiki farm is a server or a collection of servers that provides wiki hosting, or a group of wikis hosted on such servers. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, 2007 </li></ul>Wiki-farm 30-May-2007
    70. 70. Major Wikifarms <ul><li>PeanutButterWiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>runs by 3 graduates of Stanford since 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs on their own software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socialtext </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perl-Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wetpaint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs on their own software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 2005, originally named Wikisphere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PTTWiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under a Taiwanese BBS system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powered by WikkiTikkiTavi, PHP Based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikia </li></ul>30-May-2007
    71. 71. Wikia <ul><li>One of the Major wikifarms in the world </li></ul><ul><li>For Free, support multi-Language </li></ul><ul><li>runs on MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><li>founded in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>by Jimmy Wales & Angela Beesley </li></ul><ul><li>under the name Wikicities </li></ul>30-May-2007
    72. 72. <ul><li>One of the Major wikifarms in the world </li></ul><ul><li>runs on MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><li>founded in 2004 by Jimmy Wales and Angela Beesley under the name Wikicities </li></ul>Wikia 30-May-2007
    73. 73. CONCLUSIONS Give me a few more minutes please…… 30-May-2007
    74. 74. Glossary <ul><li>Wikipedia (and not The Wikipedia) is the encyclopedia project by Wikimedia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Wikimedia Foundation , based in the United States, is the nonprofit corporation that maintains the project </li></ul><ul><li>A wiki is the generic term for web site that anyone can edit, which may run MediaWiki or any of many dozens of other wiki software packages. </li></ul><ul><li>MediaWiki is the name of the software that runs Wikipedia, and many other independent sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikia is a commercial service, with headquarters in San Mateo, California. </li></ul>30-May-2007
    75. 75. Examples of proper usage <ul><li> &quot;The university started a wiki for its students to collaborate.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li> &quot;The university started a Wikipedia for its students to collaborate.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li> &quot;The Wiki m edia Foundation announced a new project today.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li> &quot;The Wiki p edia Foundation announced a new project today.“ </li></ul>30-May-2007
    76. 76. Changes brings by Wikis <ul><li>Instant Reference VS traditional Looking up </li></ul><ul><li>Commons Sense VS Expertise </li></ul><ul><li>2-Way-Learning VS Single-Way </li></ul><ul><li>Mass collaboration VS Individual labour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acting Globally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(D. Tapscott 2006) </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007
    77. 77. Special Thanks <ul><li>Prof. Hung FS </li></ul><ul><li>Ms Grace Wong </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Will WK MA </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Shizhao </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Encyclopedist </li></ul><ul><li>Ms KaurJmeb </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Jimmy Wales </li></ul>30-May-2007
    78. 78. Reference <ul><li>V.A. Davis , Wikis in the Classroom , College of William and Mary, Williamsburg VA , 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>J. Dorner, Wikis , NCSU, Raleigh, NC, 2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>G. Grosseck , A Successful Pedagogical Experiment: Using Wikis in Academic Lectures , Bucharest, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KaurJmeb, 維基百科 -- 共創的網路協作時代 , for National Chung Cheng University, Chia-yi, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KaurJmeb , 維基百科攻略 : 分享知識最前線 , Pcuser, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>W.K. Ma & J. Y. Chan, Student Journalists Acceptance on Collaborative Writing Wikis , IRMA, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Tapscott & A. D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything , Portfolio , 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials on, Wikimedia project Sites &, 2007 </li></ul></ul>30-May-2007 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License (3.0, by-nc-nd).
    79. 79. THANKS FOR LISTENING!!! & your patience……Q&A Section  30-May-2007