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Early literacy night 2007


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Presentation for parents on how they can help their early readers at home.

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Early literacy night 2007

  1. 1. Early Literacy: Helping Children on the Path to Reading Success Presented by: First Grade Teachers: Melissa Hembrey, Amy Lederer, Whitney Malone, Jenny Pendleton Reading Specialist: Jeri Powers
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Welcome and Introductions </li></ul><ul><li>Why Early Literacy is Crucial </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of Early Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Fun Activities: Break-Out Sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Questions and Answers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Worry About Basic Early Literacy Skills? <ul><li>Reality: </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Trajectories are Established Early </li></ul><ul><li>“ Overall, national longitudinal studies show that more than 17.5% of the nation’s children – about 10 million children – will encounter reading problems in the crucial first three years of their schooling .” </li></ul><ul><li>--National Reading Panel Progress Report, 2000 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Good, R. H., Simmons, D. C., & Smith, S. B. (1998). Effective academic interventions in the United States: Evaluating and enhancing the acquisition of early reading skills. School Psychology Review, 27 , 740-753.
  5. 5. Reality: Established Reading Trajectories are Difficult to Change. “Approximately 75% of students identified with reading problems in the third grade are still reading disabled in the 9 th grade.” --Shaywitz, et al., 1993; Francis et al., 1996
  6. 6. Good, R. H., Simmons, D. C., & Smith, S. B. (1998). Effective academic interventions in the United States: Evaluating and enhancing the acquisition of early reading skills. School Psychology Review, 27 , 740-753.
  7. 7. Reality: Traditional Direct Measures of Reading Identify Trajectories Too Late <ul><li>The best solution to the problem of reading failure is to allocate resources for early identification and prevention . It is a tragedy of the first order that while we know clearly the costs of waiting too long, few school districts have in place a mechanism to identify and help children before failure takes hold. Indeed, in the majority of cases, there is no systematic identification until third grade, by which time successful remediation is more difficult and more costly . ---Joseph K. Torgeson, 1998 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Goal: All Proficient
  9. 9. How do Children Acquire Essential Early Literacy Skills? <ul><li>Family is the Root of a </li></ul><ul><li>Child’s Early Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>(IRA, 2003) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Characteristics of Families Whose Children Do Well in School <ul><li>Establish a daily family routine </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor and set limits on out-of-school activities </li></ul><ul><li>Model the value of learning, self discipline, hard work </li></ul><ul><li>Express high but realistic expectations for achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage children’s development and progress in school </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage reading, writing, and </li></ul><ul><li>discussions at home </li></ul><ul><li>View reading as an enjoyable activity </li></ul><ul><li>– not homework </li></ul><ul><li>Use community resources </li></ul>
  11. 11. Time Spent Reading Each Day
  12. 12. The Power of Parents… <ul><li>What young children learn…are </li></ul><ul><li>deeply affected by their relationships </li></ul><ul><li>with parents, the behavior of parents, </li></ul><ul><li>and the environment of the homes in which they live.” (Primavera, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Helping children recognize letters </li></ul><ul><li>Reading to children </li></ul><ul><li>Assisting children with reading and writing assignments </li></ul>
  13. 13. How Do We Make Sure Children Don’t Fall Behind? <ul><li>The best solution to the problem of reading failure is to allocate resources for early identification and prevention… </li></ul><ul><li>---Joseph K. Torgeson, 1998 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Parents and Teachers Working Together… <ul><li>When schools work together with families to support learning, children tend to succeed not just in school but throughout life. </li></ul><ul><li>--Henderson Research Study, 1997 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Findings from the National Reading Panel: Big Ideas for Reading Instruction Phonemic Awareness Phonics Vocabulary Text Comprehension Fluency
  16. 16. Literacy Assessments: An Ongoing Process <ul><li>Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic Word Study Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Informal Teacher Assessments </li></ul>
  17. 17. How Do You Systematically Identify Struggling Readers Early? <ul><li>DIBELS </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic: Measures are administered on frequent, ongoing basis </li></ul><ul><li>Indicators: Measures represent target skills that indicate progress </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Early Literacy Skills: Skills that are directly related to/facilitate later reading competence </li></ul>
  18. 18. Purpose of DIBELS <ul><li>Identify children at-risk for reading difficulty EARLY </li></ul><ul><li>Target early literacy skills that can be developed by instruction and learning opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the effects of interventions to reduce risk </li></ul>
  19. 19. Initial Sound Fluency <ul><li>This is a mouse, flowers, pillow, letters (point to each picture while saying its name). </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse begins with the sound /m/ (point to the mouse). Listen: /m/, mouse. Which one begins with the sounds /fl/? </li></ul>
  20. 21. Phoneme Segmentation Fluency I am going to say a word. After I say it, you tell me all the sounds in the word. So, if I say, “sam,” you would say /s/ /a/ /m/. Let’s try one. (one second pause). Tell me the sounds in “mop” Ok. Here is your first word.
  21. 22. DIBELS Nonsense Word Fluency <ul><li>Here are some more make-believe words (point to the student probe). Start here (point to the first word) and go across the page (point across the page). When I say, “begin”, read the words the best you can. Point to each letter and tell me the sound or read the whole word. Read the words the best you can. Put your finger on the first word. Ready, begin. </li></ul>
  22. 23. DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency <ul><li>Please read this (point) out loud. If you get stuck, I will tell you the word so you can keep reading. When I say, “stop” I may ask you to tell me about what you read, so do your best reading. Start here (point to the first word of the passage). Begin. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Benchmark Reading Assessment Authentic assessment that guides instruction. *Helps to identify the specific strengths our students have and the skill areas where they need support *Helps to monitor students' growth and development over time. *Ensure your teaching strategies are at the appropriate level
  24. 25. Analyzing Errors for Instructional Direction
  25. 26. Word Study <ul><li>The best differentiator between good and poor readers is repeatedly found to be their knowledge of spelling patterns and their proficiency with spelling-sound translations. </li></ul><ul><li>Marilyn Adams, </li></ul><ul><li> Beginning to Read </li></ul>
  26. 27. Diagnostic Word Study Assessment <ul><li>Administered 3 times per year </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to track students’ progress and guide instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for error analysis – determine what a child knows and doesn’t know </li></ul>
  27. 28. Word Study Stages There is remarkable consistency between the stages of spelling development and the stages of reading acquisition. (Ehri, 1997; Frith, 1985; Juel, 1991)
  28. 29. 5 Big Ideas of Literacy <ul><li>Phonics </li></ul>Phonological Awareness Comprehension Vocabulary Fluency
  29. 30. Phonological Awareness “Playing with the Sounds of our Language” <ul><li>Ability to recognize and manipulate sounds in words without attaching printed letters. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhymes and alliterations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Syllables </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sounds within words </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Phonics <ul><li>The relationship between written letters and the sounds they produce </li></ul><ul><li>Decode words when reading </li></ul><ul><li>Encode words when spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Sight words </li></ul>
  31. 32. Fluency <ul><li>Ability to read a text accurately, effortlessly, and with good expression. </li></ul>
  32. 33. Vocabulary <ul><li>Understanding what words mean when we see them in written materials, like books, or understanding words that people use when talking. </li></ul>
  33. 34. Comprehension <ul><li>Understanding what you read and the ability to communicate it to others. It is the reason for reading! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Predicting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main Idea </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Answering and Generating Questions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prior knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mental imagery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inferencing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 35. Break-Out Sessions <ul><li>Designated tables are set up around the cafeteria. </li></ul><ul><li>If you signed up for vocabulary, go to that station first. </li></ul><ul><li>Other stations may be attended in any order. </li></ul><ul><li>Timer will sound when time to rotate to next center. </li></ul>