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  • Philosophical movement at that time. They were the rationalists.
  • Express erotic fantasies through vivid imagination. The Incubus, preying on sleeping women. Human sub-consciousness. Nightmare. “mare” “Mara” spirit in North European mythology known to torment and suffocate people in their sleep.
  • Poetry speaks to the soul
  • Michelangeloesque painting. Classical anatomy merges with inner dark dreams. “When he set a compass upon the face of the deep” Proverbs 8:27. Blake used this painting in his book, Europe: A Prophesy. Wisdom---TRUTH. GOYA- Depicted asleep with threatening creatures. Unleashing of imagination, emotion, and nightmares.
  • Lots of emotion and expression. French invasion. Anonymous murderous French soldiers executing unarmed Spanish peasants. Horrified expressions. Has a cruciform gestures- symbol of Christ here.Lots of darks and lights. Men about to be executed. Bloody Bodies and dead people. Resistance and patriotism.
  • Saturn in Greek is Kronos, which is similar to the word for time.
  • Freedom, passion, endless pursuit of the unattainable.
  • Heroic and epic like Neoclassicism, yet dramatic, complex, and emotional like Romanticism.
  • Romanticism

    1. 1. Romanticism Roughly 1750-1850 Flourished 1800-1840
    2. 2. Romanticism…… Truth could and should be found throughA big contrast to feelings and emotion.Neoclassicism: Not just reason alone.Art based on reason. Sound familiar?People wanted to find thetruth.And reason was the way to Thus:find truth.And then it changed…. The foundation forIt was a challenge to the art, music, and literatureEnlightenments notion of was nowrationality. emotion, drama, imaginat ion, adventure.
    3. 3. Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare
    4. 4. Romanticism•Imagination is crucial.•Focuses on erotic pleasures.•High Drama•Movement•Bringing dreams and nightmares to thesurface.•Idea that science was cold andalienated people•Poetry was the valued literature.
    5. 5. Romanticism Continued About the identity and the self Lots of enthusiasm for the: strange. Remote. Solitary. Mysterious. Primitive.Exotic. Dreams. Nightmares. Magic. intuition. awe. Escapism.
    6. 6. Spain and France Francisco Goya, The Sleep ofWilliam Blake, Ancient of Days Reason Produces Monsters
    7. 7. Goya, Family of Charles IV
    8. 8. Goya, Third of May, 1814
    9. 9. Saturn is associated withtime. Maybe Goya is upset Theodore Gericault, over the passage of time. Insane Woman Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children
    10. 10. Let’s compare this to the music at the time…..Compare Bach’s cello suite of the classical era to the French Composer, Saint Saen’s The Swan German ComposerDie Walküre Composer and pianist
    11. 11. Theodorre Gericault,Raft of the Medusa, 1818-1819
    12. 12. Eugene Delacroix,Death of Sardanapalus
    13. 13. Eugene Delacroix,Death of Sardanapalus
    14. 14. Landscape Painting and Realism Realism started to take place. Reaction to Romanticism. Due to scientific evolution.
    15. 15. Darwin• Origin of the Species• Organic Evolution• Natural Selection• Look at the world the way it should be viewed, Realistically.
    16. 16. Casper David FriedrichAbby in the Oak Forest
    17. 17. Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Slave Ship
    18. 18. Thomas Cole, The Oxbow
    19. 19. Comparing LiteratureFrankenstein, Mary Shelley 1818 Charles Dickens
    20. 20. Realism• Looking at everyday people doing everyday, ordinary things.• Conveying the dismal life.• No need for romantic heroes or dramatic scenes.
    21. 21. The Stonebreakers, Courbet