Philosophical movement at that time. They were the rationalists.
Express erotic fantasies through vivid imagination. The Incubus, preying on sleeping women. Human sub-consciousness. Nightmare. “mare” “Mara” spirit in North European mythology known to torment and suffocate people in their sleep.
Poetry speaks to the soul
Michelangeloesque painting. Classical anatomy merges with inner dark dreams. “When he set a compass upon the face of the deep” Proverbs 8:27. Blake used this painting in his book, Europe: A Prophesy. Wisdom---TRUTH. GOYA- Depicted asleep with threatening creatures. Unleashing of imagination, emotion, and nightmares.
Lots of emotion and expression. French invasion. Anonymous murderous French soldiers executing unarmed Spanish peasants. Horrified expressions. Has a cruciform gestures- symbol of Christ here.Lots of darks and lights. Men about to be executed. Bloody Bodies and dead people. Resistance and patriotism.
Saturn in Greek is Kronos, which is similar to the word for time.
Freedom, passion, endless pursuit of the unattainable.
Heroic and epic like Neoclassicism, yet dramatic, complex, and emotional like Romanticism.
Romanticism…… Truth could and should be found throughA big contrast to feelings and emotion.Neoclassicism: Not just reason alone.Art based on reason. Sound familiar?People wanted to find thetruth.And reason was the way to Thus:find truth.And then it changed…. The foundation forIt was a challenge to the art, music, and literatureEnlightenments notion of was nowrationality. emotion, drama, imaginat ion, adventure.
Romanticism•Imagination is crucial.•Focuses on erotic pleasures.•High Drama•Movement•Bringing dreams and nightmares to thesurface.•Idea that science was cold andalienated people•Poetry was the valued literature.
Romanticism Continued About the identity and the self Lots of enthusiasm for the: strange. Remote. Solitary. Mysterious. Primitive.Exotic. Dreams. Nightmares. Magic. intuition. awe. Escapism.
Spain and France Francisco Goya, The Sleep ofWilliam Blake, Ancient of Days Reason Produces Monsters
Saturn is associated withtime. Maybe Goya is upset Theodore Gericault, over the passage of time. Insane Woman Goya, Saturn Devouring One of His Children
Let’s compare this to the music at the time…..Compare Bach’s cello suite of the classical erahttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DwHpDOWhkGk to the French Composer, Saint Saen’s The Swanhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNbXuFBjncwWagner- German ComposerDie Walküre http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1aKAH_t0aXABeethoven-German Composer and pianisthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79gzdskOGu4
Theodorre Gericault,Raft of the Medusa, 1818-1819