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Jeremy Waite's Climate Change Keynote

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This is the slideshow that Al Gore helped me to put together as part of his Climate Reality Project. It is a 3 day workshop squashed into a 1 hour presentation!

It was recorded on Monday 4th November in preparation for my THINK Climate event at IBM London on 20th November; a day where 20,000 leaders who were personally trained by Al Gore will give a presentation on the climate crisis for "24 Hours of Reality". https://www.24hoursofreality.org/

Looking at the science, exploring climate models and looking at future projections, this presentation is split into 3 simple parts asking the only questions which we need to ask ourselves at this point.

1. Must we change?
2. Can we change?
3. Will we change?

The answer to the first question gets a little depressing, but looking just at the science (and not opinions) I explain exactly what is causing climate change and why it is happening faster than anyone expected.

The answers to the second and third parts are incredibly optimistic though. If you have the time, I'd love you to listen to all of it.

If you worry about climate change but don't fully understand it, and especially if you want to do something about it but don't know where to start, this may be just the thing. Because as Greta Thunberg said not long ago... "No one is too small to make a difference".

Published in: Environment

Jeremy Waite's Climate Change Keynote

  1. 1. The greatest threat to our planet is believing that someone else will save it. Robert Swan
  2. 2. @JeremyWaite
  3. 3. Source: NASA
  4. 4. Source: NASA
  5. 5. Source: NASA
  6. 6. Some energy is radiated back into space by the earth in the form of infrared waves Most of this radiation is absorbed by the Earth and warms it Solar radiation in the form of lightwaves passes through the atmosphere Some of this outgoing infrared radiation is trapped by the earth’s atmosphere and warms it
  7. 7. We are now spewing 110 million tons of manmade global warming pollution into the thin shell of our atmosphere every 24 hours, as if it were an open sewer. © Peter Weber/Shutterstock
  8. 8. The energy trapped by man-made global warming pollution is now “…equivalent to exploding 
 Hiroshima atomic bombs 
 per day 365 days per year.” 500,000 James Hansen Former Director, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  9. 9. 500,000 Times per day Source: U.S. Government
  10. 10. As the CO2 concentration increases, more of the outgoing infrared radiation is trapped.
  11. 11. THAWING PERMAFROST COAL MINING LANDFILLS © 2017 Don Foley
  12. 12. The Largest Source of Global Warming Pollution Is the Burning of Fossil Fuels 2 4 6 8 10 1850 1875 1900 1925 1950 1975 2000 2018 Data: U.S. Department of Energy/CDIAC BillionMetricTonsofCarbon
  13. 13. The 3 Most Important Charts in Climate Change…
  14. 14. CO2 is being released into the atmosphere faster than at any time in at least the last 66 million years. Source: RE Zeebe, et al., Nature Geoscience, March 2016
  15. 15. 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (years BP) 300 180 200 220 240 260 280 CO2Concentration CO2(ppmv) Source: National Climatic Data Center/NOAA
  16. 16. 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (years BP) 300 180 200 220 240 260 280 CO2Concentration CO2(ppmv) Source: National Climatic Data Center/NOAA Temperature
  17. 17. 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (years BP) 300 180 200 220 240 260 280 CO2Concentration CO2(ppmv) Source: National Climatic Data Center/NOAA Temperature 400 320 340 360 380 2019 CO2 Concentration: 415 420
  18. 18. 2019 CO2 Concentration: 415 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (years BP) 300 180 200 220 240 260 280 CO2Concentration CO2(ppmv) Temperature 400 320 340 360 380 420 After 40 more years at the current rate of increase Source: National Climatic Data Center/NOAA
  19. 19. -0.5° 0.0° 0.5° 1.0° 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Global Surface Temperature – Departure from Average 1880 – 2018 Data: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Anomaly(°C)
  20. 20. 2010 2005 2007 2013 2006 1998 2002 2003 2011 2014 2012 2015 2009 2016 18 of the 19 Hottest Years on Record Have Occurred Since the Year 2001 The Hottest of All Have Been the Last Five Years Data: NASA/GISS 2004 2001 2017 2018
  21. 21. Cambridge, UK July 25th, 2019 The UK’s highest ever temperature was recorded at Cambridge University measuring 38.5° C (101.3° F).
  22. 22. Berkshire, England July 5, 2018 © Wessex News Agency
  23. 23. Paris, France June 28, 2019 © 2019 AP Photo/Lewis Joly France broke its 
 all-time heat record, reaching 115° F (46° C) on June 28th.
  24. 24. Photo © 2019 AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh Prayagraj, India June 15, 2019 At least 36 people 
 died as temperatures in India reached 123° F (50.5° C) in mid-June.
  25. 25. Karachi, Pakistan May 20, 2016 © 2016 Screenocean/Reuters
  26. 26. At least 224 locations around 
 the world set all-time heat records in 2018. Background Map © James Hastings-Trew
  27. 27. Siberia Arctic Ocean High temperatures in Northern Siberia were up to 22° C (40° F) higher than normal in early July 2018. 34° C Map Data © OpenStreetMap contributors; Rendering: GIScience Research Group at Heidelberg University cc by sa 2.0
  28. 28. © Tom Van Sant
  29. 29. The temperature at the North Pole was 28° C (50° F) hotter than normal on February 25, 2018. © Marketa Jirouskova via Getty Images
  30. 30. © Tom Van Sant/Geosphere Project, Santa Monica/Science Photo Library
  31. 31. ? ? ? ? +1 C˚ 3x © Tom Van Sant/Geosphere Project, Santa Monica/Science Photo Library
  32. 32. Asia U.S.A. Europe Split Polar Vortex Stratospheric Warming Polar Vortex In mid-February 2018, the Polar Vortex split in two, bringing bitter cold to parts of North America and Europe, and record warmth to the Arctic. © 2018 IBCAO Landsat/Copernicus INEGI U.S. Geological Survey; Data: SIO, NOAA, U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO
  33. 33. North Pole “Split” Jet Stream“Normal” Jet Stream February 25, 2018December 5, 2017 © 2017 Cameron Beccario/earth.nullschool.net
  34. 34. Rome, Italy February 26, 2018 © 2018 Reuters/Remo Casilli
  35. 35. © earth.nullschool.net January 3, 2019 North Pole
  36. 36. 32° 33°© 2008 iStockphoto/Hyzop; © 2014 iStockphoto/Tadeusz Wejkszo
  37. 37. 500 800 1100 1400 1700 2000 SeaIceExtent(km2) Data: Kinnard, C., C.M. Zdanowicz, D.A. Fisher, E. Isaksson, A. de Vernal and L.G. Thompson. (2011). Reconstructed change in Arctic sea ice over the last 1,450 years. Nature letter, DOI:10.1038/nature10581, Fig. 3 1.1x107 1.0x107 9.0x106 8.0x106 Year Arctic Sea Ice Extent, Last 1,500 Years
  38. 38. The North Pole has now experienced 
 mid-winter heatwaves three years in a row: 2016 2017 2018
  39. 39. Temperature Anomaly °F °C Greenland April 11, 2016 Jakobshavn 
 Glacier Data and Image obtained using Climate Reanalyzer (http://cci-reanalyzer.org), Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, USA
  40. 40. © 2016 Mikael Ezekiassen© 2016 Mikael Ezekiassen
  41. 41. Summer 1935Summer 2013 Images courtesy Anders Bjørk, © Natural History Museum of Denmark/Tholstrup (2013) and Danish Geodata Agency (1935) Unnamed Glacier, Southwest Greenland
  42. 42. -4,000 -3,500 -3,000 -2,500 -2,000 -1,500 -1,000 -500 0 500 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 ChangeinIceMass(Gigatonnes) Data: NASA Images courtesy Anders Bjørk, © Natural History Museum of Denmark/Tholstrup (2013) and Danish Geodata Agency (1935) Declining Ice Mass in Greenland
  43. 43. Steffen M. Olsen, Danish Meteorological Institute Northwest Greenland June 13, 2019
  44. 44. Greenland Melt Extent July 31, 2019 Data: Polar Portal (DMI, GEUS, DTU) On July 31st, 60% of the surface of Greenland’s ice sheet experienced melting, losing more than 10 billion tons of ice in a single day.
  45. 45. Kangerlussuaq, Greenland August 1, 2019 Video © 2019 Laurie Garrett
  46. 46. Source: 2017 NASA
  47. 47. Photo © 2017 AP Photo/David Goldman Canadian Arctic The Arctic’s oldest and thickest sea ice has never been observed breaking up. It happened twice in 2018.
  48. 48. 0 5 10 15 Top 10 Cities at Risk from Sea Level Rise in 2070 By Population at Risk Data: Nichols, et al., OECD Environment Working Paper No. 1 (ENV/WKP(2007)1) 2070PopulationatRisk(inMillions) Kolkata Mumbai Dhaka Guangzhou HoChiMinhCity Shanghai Bangkok Rangoon Miami HaiPhong
  49. 49. US$0.0 US$1.0 US$2.0 US$3.0 US$4.0 Top 10 Cities at Risk from Sea Level Rise in 2070 By Assets at Risk Data: Nichols, et al., OECD Environment Working Paper No. 1 (ENV/WKP(2007)1) EstimatedExposedAssets(TrillionUSD) Miami Guangzhou NewYork/Newark Kolkata Shanghai Mumbai Tianjin Tokyo HongKong Bangkok
  50. 50. Miami Beach, Florida November 14, 2016 © 2016 Richard Conlin
  51. 51. 93% of the extra Heat trapped by manmade global warming pollution goes into the Ocean © Tom Van Sant/Geosphere Project, Santa Monica/Science Photo Library
  52. 52. -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2015 Global Ocean Heat Content Change Since 1960 Surface to 300 m 300 to 700 m 700 to 2,000 m Data: P. Gleckler, et al., Industrial-era global ocean heat uptake doubles in recent decades, Nature Climate Change 6, 394–398 (2016) fig. 4. 50% 2,000 m and more OceanHeatContent(1022J) 0–2000mDepth Half of this increase has occurred in the last twenty years.
  53. 53. 20 40 60 80 100 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 Annual Ocean “Heat Wave” Days Data: Smale et al., Nature Climate Change, 2019. Heat Wave days per one degree (area) square of ocean. GloballyAveragedNumberofHeatWaveDays
  54. 54. Data: National Geographic, NOAA Image: ©Dudarev Mikhail/Shutterstock The world’s oceans are now 
 30% more acidic, 
 on average, than they were before the industrial revolution.
  55. 55. Data: The Ocean Agency via National Geographic Video © DISCOVOD via Pond 5 Coral reefs support up to a million species, on which nearly one billion people depend for food and livelihoods.
  56. 56. Bleached Coral, Great Barrier Reef Photo © Australia Research Council Centre of Excellence, Coral Reef Studies The Great Barrier Reef has lost half its coral cover in the last 30 years—and 30% just since 2016.
  57. 57. Source: World Wildlife Fund, 2015 Photo: © 2008 Brocken Inaglory/Wikicommons CC BY-SA 3.0 At the northern edge of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, 
 99% of young green sea turtles are now female. Sea turtle sex is determined by temperature.
  58. 58. Source: World Wildlife Fund, 2015 Photo: © Igor Kruglikov via Shutterstock Populations of marine vertebrates declined 49% on average from 1970 to 2012.
  59. 59. Source: Nicholas Stern, The Economics of Climate Change Photo: © Dirk Ercken/Shutterstock We now risk losing up to 50% of all land-based species in this century
  60. 60. Evaporation Precipitation Water Returns to the Sea The Hydrological Cycle Sources: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy; © Getty Images; © Pond5
  61. 61. Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Center for Computational Sciences As Temperatures Increase, the Oceans Evaporate More Moisture into the Sky
  62. 62. Warmer air can hold a lot more water vapor With each additional 1° (C) of temperature, the atmosphere’s capacity to hold 
 water vapor increases by 7% There is already 5% more water vapor over the oceans than there was only 30 years ago Source: K. Trenberth, “Changes in Precipitation with Climate Change,” Climate Research, March 2011
  63. 63. © 2010 Sean R. Heavey
  64. 64. Tucson, Arizona August 8, 2015 © 2015 Bryan Snider / Live Storms Media
  65. 65. -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Global Record-Breaking Precipitation Anomalies Data: Jascha Lehmann, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Numberofrecord-breakingevents comparedtostationaryclimate(%) 2016
  66. 66. Ellicott City, Maryland May 27, 2018 © 2018 Jennifer Royal/Storyful
  67. 67. Photo © 2019 Jacob King/Press Association via AP Images June 17, 2019 Worcestershire Cricket Ground, England
  68. 68. Photo © 2019 Joe Giddens/Press Association via AP Images Wainfleet All Saints, Lincolnshire, England June 14, 2019 The town received two months’ worth of rain in two days.
  69. 69. York, England April 4, 2018 On April 3, 2018, Britain issued 58 flood warnings and more than 250 flood alerts. © 2018 John Giles/PA Wire (Press Association via AP Images)
  70. 70. York, England December 28, 2015 © 2015 Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images
  71. 71. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2018 Worldwide Extreme Weather CatastrophesNumberofEvents Data: 2017 Munich Re, Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE. As of January 2018. Extreme temperatures, droughts, fires Floods, mudslides Storms 1980 – 2018
  72. 72. Economic losses from extreme weather totaled £504 billion over the past two years alone.
  73. 73. Noah’s Ark Replica Williamstown, Kentucky Photo © 2016 AP Photo/John Minchillo, File The Insurers were sued in May 2019 for recovery of $1,000,000 in damages from historic rainfall event.
  74. 74. The same extra heat that evaporates more water from the ocean, causing bigger downpours and floods… An Inconvenient Truth © 2006 by Paramount Classics, a Division of Paramount Pictures. All Rights Reserved. …pulls moisture even more quickly from the soil, causing longer and deeper droughts.
  75. 75. Photo © 2019 Arun Sankar/AFP/Getty Images Chembarambakkam Lake, Chennai, India May 21, 2019 Chennai, India’s sixth largest city, is nearly out of water as its reservoirs have run dry.
  76. 76. Sources: Colin Price, “Lightning and global temperature change,” 2014.
 Romps, et al., “Projected increase in lightning strikes in the United States due to global warming,” Science, 2014. Video: © Elmwood/Pond5 For every 1° C of warming, lightning strikes increase 10 – 12%
  77. 77. 61.0° 62.0° 63.0° 64.0° 65.0° 66.0° 67.0° 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2018 Hotter Years Typically Have More Fires Western U.S. Large Fires and May – September Temperatures 150 100 50 NumberofLargeFires 0 AverageTemperature(°F) Temperature Fires Data: NOAA, USFS/Climate Central
  78. 78. Toledo, Spain June 28, 2019 © 2019 Reuters/Juan Medina The European heatwave made conditions ideal for wildfires.
  79. 79. Stalybridge, England June 26, 2018 © 2018 Anthony Devlin/Getty Images
  80. 80. Karbole, Sweden Sweden experienced over 60 wildfires in 2018, including at least 8 above the Arctic Circle. © 2018 Mats Andersson/AFP/Getty Images July 15, 2018
  81. 81. Paradise, California November 8, 2018 © 2018 Josh Edelson/AFP/Getty Images The Camp fire killed 86 people and burned over 14,000 homes and businesses.
  82. 82. North Bonneville, Washington September 4, 2017 © 2017 Reuters/Kristi McCluer
  83. 83. The three most expensive wildfires in world history have happened in the last two years: 2018 Camp Fire California 2017 Tubbs Fire California 2018 Woolsey Fire California “Expensive” in terms of insured losses Photo © 2018 AP Photo/Noah Berger Data: Aon Benfield Camp Fire Damage, Paradise, California
  84. 84. The Cost of Carbon $ Storm Damage $ Wildfires $ Drought $ Floods & Mudslides $ Melting Glaciers $ Ocean Acidification $ Infrastructure Loss $ Climate Refugees $ Political Instability $ Sea Level Rise $ Famine $ Water Scarcity $ Ecosystem Loss $ Species Extinction $ Infectious Diseases $ Our Way of Life $ “The #1 Threat to the 
 Global Economy” $$$$$$ … And much, much more© 2005 iStockphoto/themoog
  85. 85. “The vast majority of [carbon] reserves are unburnable.” Mark Carney Governor, Bank of England October 2014
  86. 86. 2795 Gt CO2 The “Subprime Carbon” Bubble Unburnable
 $22 Trillion Burnable* All Fossil Fuels Burned from 1850 – 2010 Remaining Proven 
 Fossil Fuel Reserves 1821 Gt CO2 Data: Think Progress * To preserve the possibility of limiting the heat increase to 2° C Burned since 2000
  87. 87. In July 2019, 
 BP’s head of strategy 
 admitted that some of 
 its unextracted resources 
 “won’t see the light of day.”
  88. 88. $0.0 T $0.5 T $1.0 T $1.5 T $2.0 T $2.5 T $3.0 T $3.5 T $4.0 T $4.5 T $5.0 T $5.5 T Global Energy Subsidies Renewables Fossil Fuels Sources: International Energy Agency, International Monetary Fund $5.2 Trillion $143 Billion 36x
  89. 89. We have the solutions at hand...
  90. 90. Green Energy Progress How Do Projections Compare With Reality? Data: International Energy Agency; Global Wind Energy Council; Bloomberg New Energy Finance 2000 Projection By 2018 that goal was exceeded by a factor of Worldwide wind capacity will reach 30 GW by 2010 Reality 20 x
  91. 91. 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2018 Global Wind Energy Capacity 1980 – Present WindCapacity(Megawatts) Data: Earth Policy Institute/Bloomberg New Energy Finance
  92. 92. Globally, wind could supply worldwide electricity consumption 40 times over
  93. 93. Sieversdorf, Germany April 13, 2018 Photo © 2018 Patrick Pleul/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images Data: Fraunhofer Institute, 2018 In 2018, renewables provided more power in Germany than coal.
  94. 94. Sobral de Monte Agraço, Portugal© 2015 AP Photo/Armando Franca In March 2018, Portugal produced 104% of its electricity from renewable sources.
  95. 95. Stirling, Scotland© 2007 Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images In the first half of 2019, Scotland produced enough wind energy to power all of its households almost twice over.
  96. 96. Royds Farm, Yorkshire, England © 2015 Graham/Rex Features via AP Images The United Kingdom generated more than three times as much energy from wind as from coal in 2018.
  97. 97. Bloomberg New Energy Finance New Energy Outlook 2019 “Today more than two-thirds of the global population lives in countries where solar and wind are the cheapest sources of new bulk generation.”
  98. 98. Solar Energy Progress How Do Projections Compare With Reality? Source: Fresh-Energy; Bloomberg New Energy Finance 2002 Projection The solar energy market will grow one gigawatt per year by 2010 Reality 17 x The reality is that goal was exceeded by 109 x In 2018 it was exceeded by
  99. 99. 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2018 World Solar PV Installations 1980 – 2018 Data: Earth Policy Institute/BP, Statistical Review of World Energy June 2014 (London: 2014); Bloomberg New Energy Finance Gigawatts(Cumulative)
  100. 100. $0 $10 $20 $30 $40 $50 $60 $70 $80 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 Cost of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Modules $CostperWatt(InflationAdjusted) 1976 $79.40/watt 2019 $0.25/watt Data: Bloomberg New Energy Finance
  101. 101. In June 2018, 
 Nevada’s NV Energy 
 signed an agreement to 
 purchase solar electricity at 
 2.4 cents per kilowatt hour, 
 the lowest price paid so far 
 in the United States.
  102. 102. © 2017 EKB-TV, CC-BY
  103. 103. Kentucky Coal Mining Museum
 Benham, Kentucky April 2017 © 2017 Bluegrass Solar The museum estimates they will save $8,000 to $10,000 per year in energy costs.
  104. 104. The share of Germany’s electricity from renewables peaked at 100% on both January 1 and May 1, 2018. Leipzig, Germany© 2014 Hendrik Schmidt/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images
  105. 105. More than two million residential properties in Australia now have solar systems installed. one in five houses.That’s more than Sydney, AustraliaPhoto © 2009 Reuters/Tim Wimborne
  106. 106. Dunhuang City, Gansu, China December 25, 2018 © 2018 Imaginechina via AP Images This solar thermal power plant—the largest in Asia —was completed in December 2018.
  107. 107. New Electricity Capacity in China, 2018 Solar Wind Hydro Coal Nuclear Data: China Energy Portal 53% of new capacity was from solar and wind.
  108. 108. New Electricity Capacity in India, 2018 Solar Wind Hydro Coal Data: Mercom India Research Other Renewables 65% of new capacity was from solar and wind.
  109. 109. New Electricity Capacity in Europe, 2018 Solar Wind Natural Gas Data: WindEurope Other Renewables 88% of new capacity was from solar and wind. Coal
  110. 110. Is there any precedent for such a rapid adoption of a new technology?
  111. 111. In 1980 AT&T commissioned a study to forecast cell phone use by the year 2000 They projected 900,000 users The actual figure was 109 million 120 x higher
  112. 112. There are now
 8.7 Billion 
 cell-phone connections
  113. 113. So why were they not only wrong, but WAY wrong?
  114. 114. The Cost Dropped Sharply, as The Quality Improved Dramatically, and All the Low-Income Nations With No Land-Line Grids Leap-frogged the Old Technology. 1. 2. 3.
  115. 115. 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2008 2011 2014 2017 Mobile Phone Subscriptions (Billions)Subscriptions Developed Countries Developing Countries 6 B 5 B 4 B 3 B 2 B 1 B Data: World Bank
  116. 116. © 2011 AP Photo/Sunday Alamba Lagos, Nigeria
  117. 117. Pay-as-you-go Solar Power Photo courtesy Azuri Technologies Low initial costs make small solar systems affordable in developing countries Nimule, South Sudan
  118. 118. Cost of Clean Energy Technologies in the U.S. -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Data: Natural Resources Defense Council Residential PV Utiilty-scale PV Wind EV Batteries LED Lightbulbs - 59% - 75% - 82% - 74% - 94%
  119. 119. Copiapó, Chile © SunEdison
  120. 120. 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 End of 2013 End of 2016 End of 2018 In Process InstalledCapacity(GW) Data: La Comisión Nacional de Energía, Chile 11 MW 1.1 GW 2.3 GW Chile has an additional 
 16.67 GW 
 of solar projects approved or under construction. The Chilean Solar Market
  121. 121. Enough solar energy reaches Earth every hour to fill all the world’s energy needs for a full year
  122. 122. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Global Cumulative Storage CapacityGigawatts Data: Bloomberg New Energy Finance Historical
  123. 123. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022202320242025202620272028202920302031203220332034203520362037203820392040 Global Cumulative Storage CapacityGigawatts Projected to 2040 Data: Bloomberg New Energy Finance Energy storage deployments doubled from 2017 to 2018 and are projected to double again in 2019.
  124. 124. Lithium-ion Battery Prices Data: Bloomberg New Energy Finance (volume-weighted averages) $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1,000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 USDPerKilowattHour
  125. 125. Hornsdale, South Australia September 29, 2017 © 2017 Reuters/Sonali Paul Tesla has built the world’s largest lithium ion battery at a wind farm in South Australia
  126. 126. Manatee County, Florida Florida Power and Light just announced it will replace two natural gas-fired power plants with solar farms and a new battery system four times larger than the now largest.From Bradenton Herald. ©2019 McClatchy. All rights reserved. Used under license.
  127. 127. In the 2015 Paris Agreement, every nation in the world agreed 
 to work together to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by mid-century. © SevArt/Pond5 The U.S. cannot legally withdraw until the day after the 2020 Presidential election.
  128. 128. U.S. Coal Plants 2005 – 2017 Proposed and Defeated Retired New Plants Existing Plants Retirement announced Data: The Sierra Club
  129. 129. 30 countries have joined the 
 Powering Past Coal
 alliance, a group dedicated to “taking action to accelerate clean growth and climate protection through the rapid phase-out of traditional coal power.” Angola Austria Belgium Canada Costa Rica Denmark El Salvador Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Ireland Tuvalu Senegal Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom Vanuatu Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Luxembourg Israel Lithuania Marshall Islands Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Portugal Niue
  130. 130. © 2017 Reuters/Nerijus Adomaitis Stord, Norway Norway’s sovereign wealth fund has begun 
 divesting 
 from its oil and gas investments.
  131. 131. 112 global financial institutions have announced they will stop financing coal-fired power plants.
  132. 132. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Global Corporate Clean 
 Energy Purchase Agreements Data: Bloomberg New Energy Finance AnnualVolume(Gigawatts)
  133. 133. Over 190 global companies have made a commitment to go 100% renewable
  134. 134. 29th JULY, 2019 Ethiopia plants 350M Trees in 12 Hours
  135. 135. UK Drone Startup BioCarbon Can Plant 400,000 Trees a Day
  136. 136. © 2014 People’s Climate March
  137. 137. 1st MAY 2019 UK Becomes First Country To Declare A Climate Emergency
  138. 138. 1st NOVEMBER, 2019 UK Government Bans Fracking
  139. 139. 2nd NOVEMBER, 2019 UK Government Gives £520,000 To Create Citizens Assembly
  140. 140. 7th OCTOBER, 2019 UK Government Approves Drax Gas Fired Power Station
  141. 141. Join those who are using 
 their voicestheir votestheir choices to fight the climate crisis
  142. 142. Take action now Use your voiceyour voteyour choices Go to ThinkClimate.Earth
  143. 143. Source: NASA
  144. 144. After the final no comes a yes. And on that yes, the future world depends. Wallace Stevens
  145. 145. Thank you for listening. ThinkClimate.earth

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