Named after Henry Turner, the endocrinologist who
described this condition in 1938.
He described 7 patients between the ages of 15 and 23, who
were referred to him for dwarfism and lack of sexual
What is Tuner’s Syndrome?
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How does it Occur?
The human cells have 22 pairs of chromosomes and 1
pair of sex chromosomes (called X &Y). A female
usually has XX chromosomes whereas a male has XY
These sex chromosomes determine the gender of a
person, the height as well as development of sexual
During mitosis only one X chromosome transfers to
the egg for a female baby.
Amniocentesis the prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal
abnormalities during pregnancy.
Finding the specific chromosome problem of the syndrome is
the only definitive diagnosis.
Learning problems that lead to difficulty with math and spatial
relationships between objects.
Blood Hormone levels
Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)
MRI of Chest
Ultrasound of reproductive organs and kidneys
short stature (affects almost all girls with Turner, to different degrees)
failure of ovaries to develop (90-95% of girls)
webbed neck (25%) or short neck (40%)
abnormal fingernails and toenails (70%)
low hairline at neck (40%)
heart defect (30%)
kidney or urinary tract defect (30%)
hearing disorders (50-90%)
frequent ear infections in childhood (75%)
shortening of bones in the hands (35%)
lower jaw smaller than normal (60%)
drooping eyelids (ptosis), wandering eyes (strasbismus)
Women with Turner syndrome are more likely to develop high blood
pressure, diabetes and thyroid disorders
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Some may have Children (rare cases)
Suggestions that can help you cope:
Join a support group for girls with Turner syndrome.
Ask your doctor or parents for more information.
Stay active in sports or hobbies that you enjoy.
Consider doing volunteer work. Helping other people can
boost your self-esteem and your confidence, too.
Consider talking to a professional therapist. A qualified
counselor or other mental health professional can help you
build your self-esteem and address your concerns about living
with Turner syndrome.
Discuss this with your parents if you think you might need
Keep a journal or diary in which you can record your thoughts
and feelings about the challenges you're dealing with.
Talk to school counselors if you are having problems at school.
Growth Hormone Treatment of Women With Turner Syndrome
Condition: Turner Syndrome Interventions:
Drug: Growth Hormone; Drug: Placebo;
Other: Healthy controls
Estrogen Dosing in Turner Syndrome: Pharmacology and Metabolism
Conditions: Turner Syndrome; Hypogonadism;
Premature Ovarian Failure
Interventions: Drug: 17 B estradiol orally; Drug: 17 B estradiol
Dry Eye in Women With Turner Syndrome and Women With Prema
Conditions: Turner Syndrome; Ovarian Failure, Premature;
Sex Chromosome Aberrations; Menopause; Perimenopause
Sex Differences in Early Brain Development; Brain Development in
Condition: Turner Syndrome
Long-Term Growth and Skeletal Effects of Early Growth Hormone T
Condition: Turner Syndrome Intervention: Drug: Somatropin
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