Student Work Sickle Cell

4,771 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,771
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
12
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
206
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Student Work Sickle Cell

  1. 1. SICKLE CELL ANEMIA By: Yasmin Korra, Ariana Dominquez, and Britney Bernard
  2. 2. WHAT IS IT? <ul><li>Sickle Cell Anemia is a blood disorder where red blood cells are C shaped. </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal forms of hemoglobin ( which are oxygen carrying proteins) in red blood cells are what cause them to have a sickle or crescent like shape. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Terms You Need Know <ul><li>Anemia: decrease in number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemoglobin: chemical substance of the red blood cells that carry oxygen to the tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>Emia: Blood </li></ul>
  4. 4. SICKLE CELL TRAITS <ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle cell conditions are inherited form parents just like the way blood type, hair color and texture, eye color and other physical traits are inherited. The types of hemoglobin a person makes in the red blood cells. Like most genes, hemoglobin genes are inherited in two sets….one from each parent. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. SICKLE CELL INHERITANCE <ul><ul><li>Sickle Cell is a disease optained by genes. A person is born with sickle cell disease and can not be cured. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If one parent has Sickle Cell Anemia and the other is Normal, all of the children will have sickle cell trait. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If one parent has Sickle Cell Anemia and the other has Sickle Cell Trait, there is a 50% chance (or 1 out of 2) of having a baby with either sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait with each pregnancy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When both parents have Sickle Cell Trait, they have a 25% chance (1 of 4) of having a baby with sickle cell disease with each pregnancy. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. WHY IS THIS HARMFUL? <ul><li>Sickle Cell Anemia makes the cells very fragile and they don’t survive for a long period of time, or as long as normal cells do. </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle cell also makes the cells inflexible which make them more able to block small blood vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle cell disease is inherited, but symptoms only occur after four months of age. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MEDICAL PROBLEMS <ul><li>Sickle cells are destroyed in the body of people with the disease that causes anemia, jaundice and the formation of gallstones. </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle Cell Anemia makes the cells very fragile and they don’t survive for a long period of time, or as long as normal cells do. </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle cell also makes the cells inflexible which make them more able to block small blood vessels. </li></ul>
  8. 8. LONG TERM SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Attacks of Abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Bone pain </li></ul><ul><li>Breathlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed growth and puberty </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Jaundice </li></ul><ul><li>Paleness </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>vulnerability to infections </li></ul><ul><li>Ulcers on the lower legs </li></ul>
  9. 9. COMPLICATIONS WITH THE BODY <ul><li>Higher risk of stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Acute Chest Syndrome: chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Organ damage: usually kidneys, liver and spleen </li></ul><ul><li>Blindess </li></ul>
  10. 10. HOW SICKLE CELL DIFFERS FROM NORMAL CELLS
  11. 11. DIFFERENT TYPES OF SICKLE CELL <ul><li>The most common: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle cell anemia (SS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle-Hemoglobin C disease (SC) n </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle Beta-plus Thalassemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle Beta-Zero Thalassemia </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. WHAT CAN YOU DO TO STAY WELL? <ul><li>Eat well </li></ul><ul><li>Drink lots of water </li></ul><ul><li>Get adequate rest </li></ul><ul><li>protect yourself from infections </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise, but limit the amount of time and vigor </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid extreme heat or cold </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid high elevations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Some Statistics of Sickle Cell <ul><li>Sickle cell is most common in countries like Africa, South and Central America, The Islands, India and Saudi Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S: </li></ul><ul><li>1 of every 500 African American births will have sickle cell </li></ul><ul><li>1 in every 12 African Americans have sickle cell trait. </li></ul><ul><li>1 of every 1, 000 to 1, 400 Hispanic births will be affected. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 2 million Americans have sickle cell </li></ul>
  14. 14. TREATMENT <ul><li>Sickle cell treatments are available based on the different symptoms a person might have. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments of pain can be treated with over the counter medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>Bone Marrow transplant </li></ul><ul><li>Medications: Antibiotics, Hydroxyurea (cancer pain medications, only used in sever cases of sickle cell anemia). </li></ul><ul><li>Blood transfusions </li></ul>
  15. 15. CITATION <ul><li>http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Sca/SCA_Causes.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Sca/SCA_Treatments.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sicklecelldisease.org/about_scd/glossary.phtml </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.clarian.org/ADAM/doc/In-DepthReports/10/000058.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/posters/chromosome/sca.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.umm.edu/blood/sickle.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sickle-cell-anemia/DS00324/DSECTION=7 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vahealth.org/sicklecell/datasc.htm </li></ul>

×