Successfully reported this slideshow.

Wintellect - Devscovery - Portable Class Library

0

Share

Upcoming SlideShare
Software Factory - Overview
Software Factory - Overview
Loading in …3
×
1 of 20
1 of 20

More Related Content

Related Books

Free with a 14 day trial from Scribd

See all

Wintellect - Devscovery - Portable Class Library

  1. 1. Portable Class Library: Tomorrow's Apps Today Jeremy Likness (@JeremyLikness) Principal Consultant jlikness@wintellect.com Copyright © 2012 consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  2. 2. what we do consulting training design debugging who we are Founded by top experts on Microsoft – Jeffrey Richter, Jeff Prosise, and John Robbins – we pull out all the stops to help our customers achieve their goals through advanced software-based consulting and training solutions. how we do it Training • On-site instructor-led training Consulting & Debugging • Virtual instructor-led training • Architecture, analysis, and design services • Devscovery conferences • Full lifecycle custom software development • Content creation Design • Project management • User Experience Design • Debugging & performance tuning • Visual & Content Design • Video & Animation Production consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  3. 3. Building Windows 8 Apps with C# • http://bit.ly/win8design • Free source at: http://windows8applications.codeplex.com/ • Everything you need to build and deploy Windows Store apps using C# and XAML • Includes the portable project you will see today consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  4. 4. Agenda • Introduction to the Portable Class Library • Understanding Extension SDKs • Portable profiles • Chasing ICommand: PCL Under the Hood • Porting existing code • Strategies for building new applications • Comprehensive Example: Wintellog • PCL Futures consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  5. 5. Introducing PCL • Write and build managed assemblies that work (without recompiling) on more than one .NET Framework platform • Target frameworks include: – .NET Framework 4 and later (including WPF) – .NET for Windows Store apps (Windows 8) – Silverlight 4 and later – Windows Phone 7 and later – Xbox 360 • Eliminate sharing of source consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  6. 6. Supported Features Feature .NET Windows Silverlight Windows Xbox 360 Framework Store Phone Core Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes XLINQ 4.0.3+ Yes Yes Yes Yes LINQ Yes Yes Yes Yes Network Yes Yes Yes Yes Serialization Yes Yes Yes Yes WCF Yes Yes Yes Yes IQueryable Yes Yes Yes 7.5+ MVVM 4.5 Yes Yes Yes MEF Yes Yes Yes Numerics Yes Yes Yes Dynamic 4.5 Yes Yes Annotations 4.0.3+ Yes Yes consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  7. 7. PCL in MSDN Documentation consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  8. 8. PCL in MSDN Documentation consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  9. 9. PCL and Model-View-ViewModel • .NET Framework 4.5, .NET for Windows Store apps, Silverlight, and Windows Phone • Observable collections (normal and read-only) • Notify property changed • Notify collection changed • Notify data error info • ICommand consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  10. 10. PCL + VS 2012 = Extension SDK • Software Development Kit (SDK) is a collection of files that Visual Studio will treat as a single item – Platform SDK – mandatory for a target platform, i.e. "Windows 8 SDK" – Extension SDK – optional components to extend a platform • Target Platform Moniker (TPM) = Identifier (TPI) and Version (TPV) ex: "Windows, version=8.0" • References (binaries, either .WinMD or assemblies), redistributables, and design-time components • Can drop any components to a path with a TPM and Visual Studio will substitute that path • Easy to see what the target profile is • Each combination of target platforms creates a unique profile consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  11. 11. PCL Under the Covers • Use ILDASM to inspect portable assemblies • ICommand lives in System.Windows.dll for Silverlight, but System.dll in .NET 4.5 and Windows.UI.Xaml.Input.dll in Windows Store apps ("retargetable") consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  12. 12. PCL Under the Covers (cont.) • Classic type forwarders route to the appropriate assembly consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  13. 13. PCL Under the Covers (cont.) • Windows Store apps forward to System.ObjectModel and language projections maps them to the WinRT framework consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  14. 14. demo Basic MVVM with PCL consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  15. 15. Porting Existing Code • Always easier when implementing MVVM, but are your ViewModels tied to views (i.e. do you include XAML namespaces?) • Decoupled code is key • Identify key APIs that are platform-specific and implement façade • Common areas to refactor out include UI, networking, and storage • Convert an existing class library to a PCL assembly consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  16. 16. Porting Existing Code • You can convert an existing class library to a PCL • First, unload the project • Second, change the settings: <Import Project="$(MSBuildToolsPath)Microsoft.CSharp.targets" /> to <Import Project="$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)MicrosoftPortable$(Target FrameworkVersion)Microsoft.Portable.CSharp.targets" /> • Next, add the following project GUIDs to the end of the first property group – this adds the library tab and dialog to change the targets: <ProjectTypeGuids>{786C830F-07A1-408B-BD7F- 6EE04809D6DB};{FAE04EC0-301F-11D3-BF4B- 00C04F79EFBC}</ProjectTypeGuids> • Finally, reload the project and select the target frameworks consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  17. 17. Strategies for Building New Apps • Follow S.O.L.I.D. Principles – they do make it easier – Single responsibility – a class should only do one thing and change for one reason – Open/closed principle – open for extension, closed for modification – Liskov substitution principle – no side effects/unexpected behaviors when cast to a base class – Interface segregation – interfaces should be focused on specific, targeted functionality – Dependency Injection – keep dependencies external from your class and inject them • Use MVVM and keep view-specific code in the view, not the view model • Target the smallest number of frameworks possible in your portable assemblies to ensure the widest surface area of APIs to choose from, i.e. don't include Xbox if you're not going to write for it • Pick a target platform to run your unit tests and only write tests for PCL assemblies in that target • Don't forget to write unit tests for the classes that are specific to target platforms consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  18. 18. demo Wintellog: Windows Store and WPF consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  19. 19. Recap • PCL is native to VS 2012 and uses Extension SDKs • PCL maps target frameworks to profiles that represent a "lowest common denominator" of API surface area • Under the hood, PCL takes advantage of type forwarders and Windows 8 advances to enable the portable assembly • Existing code can be ported to use the PCL • New applications should take advantage of the PCL for various core assemblies, with storage and UI abstracted away • PCL should be a solid investment as the team is actively working on updates to keep pace with the latest consulting training design debugging wintellect.com
  20. 20. Questions? Jeremy Likness (@JeremyLikness) Principal Consultant jlikness@wintellect.com consulting training design debugging wintellect.com

Editor's Notes

  • var one = 1;one;typeof one;var two = &apos;2&apos;,two;typeof two;var three = one + two;three;typeof three; var three = Number(one) + Number(two);typeof three;three;var one = [1,2,3];one;typeof one;var two = [&apos;1&apos;, &apos;2&apos;, &apos;3&apos;]two;typeof two;one[0] == two[0];one[0] === two[0];var three = one + two;typeof three;three;var three = one.concat(two);three;typeof three;
  • var one = 1;one;typeof one;var two = &apos;2&apos;,two;typeof two;var three = one + two;three;typeof three; var three = Number(one) + Number(two);typeof three;three;var one = [1,2,3];one;typeof one;var two = [&apos;1&apos;, &apos;2&apos;, &apos;3&apos;]two;typeof two;one[0] == two[0];one[0] === two[0];var three = one + two;typeof three;three;var three = one.concat(two);three;typeof three;
  • var one = 1;one;typeof one;var two = &apos;2&apos;,two;typeof two;var three = one + two;three;typeof three; var three = Number(one) + Number(two);typeof three;three;var one = [1,2,3];one;typeof one;var two = [&apos;1&apos;, &apos;2&apos;, &apos;3&apos;]two;typeof two;one[0] == two[0];one[0] === two[0];var three = one + two;typeof three;three;var three = one.concat(two);three;typeof three;
  • var one = 1;one;typeof one;var two = &apos;2&apos;,two;typeof two;var three = one + two;three;typeof three; var three = Number(one) + Number(two);typeof three;three;var one = [1,2,3];one;typeof one;var two = [&apos;1&apos;, &apos;2&apos;, &apos;3&apos;]two;typeof two;one[0] == two[0];one[0] === two[0];var three = one + two;typeof three;three;var three = one.concat(two);three;typeof three;
  • Show the original first. Run in IE8 and IE9, then show crash in IE7 – find out if students can even see where the crash is coming from.Run JSLint, note it stops after a short time and you have to keep making fixes to keep it moving. Note complaints about spaces. Show that the defect was addressed.Now configure JSHint and show that experience.
  • Show the original first. Run in IE8 and IE9, then show crash in IE7 – find out if students can even see where the crash is coming from.Run JSLint, note it stops after a short time and you have to keep making fixes to keep it moving. Note complaints about spaces. Show that the defect was addressed.Now configure JSHint and show that experience.
  • ×