Survey Results<br />117responses<br />18<br />47<br />50<br />2<br />Age<br />
Do you feel print books are sacred?<br />
How many times a year do you participate in deselection?<br />
Have you purchased or acquired library discards for your office or personal book collection?<br />56%<br />
Space: Print Collections<br />20-49%<br />50-79%<br />
<ul><li>Start a new deselection project
Remove items from library not-used
Urge to save
Discard donations & gifts
Urge to acquire free things
Avoid discarding – too overwhelming</li></ul>39%<br />18%<br />38%<br />
How stressful do you feel at the thought of your library budget shifting the majorities of money to eBooks as opposed to p...
How stressful would it be for you if 30%-40% of print books were to be deselected from your library’s collection?<br />13%...
Florida Community Colleges<br />“...monograph collections… were significantly out of date with the majority of library boo...
Florida Community Colleges<br />“..1990’s..the percentage age of older materials to newer materials had increased and that...
Non-Traditional   User<br />“With students strapped for time already; our resources must be especially efficient, convenie...
“Reading a book, however, requires concentration, endurance, the ability to disconnect from other connections.  You have t...
“….the focus is no longer in creating a comprehensive print collection but supplementing it with a vast and comprehensive ...
…[Steven J. Bell, Temple University]<br />   urged librarians to think past libraries traditional roles of gateway, archiv...
“Ranganathan deplored that many librarians seemed to be more concerned with preservation than with use, thus perpetuating ...
Meaning of Books<br />“The non-library world interprets weeding destroying of valuable materials, the treasured vessels an...
“Libraries were invented so that individuals wouldn’t have to own everything they might sometime want to read.  Our trust ...
Attachment<br />“Even though we can’t hold on to anything, clinging remains one of our strongest habits. Useless though it...
“Many librarians have an emotional attachment to their collections.  They think of books as a literal part of the library,...
Browsing<br />“When items on the first shelf or two they examine aren’t what they want and aren’t very attractive looking,...
Academic / Browsing<br />
Clutter Personality Types<br />Easily distracted<br />Procrastinator<br />Sentimental Clutterer<br />Bargain shoppers<br /...
Decision-making<br />“To weed is to make multiple decisions simultaneously, decisions based on both objective and subjecti...
“People with compulsive hoarding often feel afraid to throw things away, worry excessively, and repeatedly check to make s...
Cost Concerns<br />Will not throw out an item until we have spent the value<br />Shelving<br />Savings in <br />staff time...
Stakeholders<br />    “The benefit of involving the faculty seems to be more to prevent negative feelings rather than to i...
Case Study 2008-11<br />Tarpon Springs Campus<br />St. Petersburg College<br />2009-10<br />Lower Division: 5,070<br />not...
Library Staff<br />2 paraprofessionals<br />2 librarians (liaison areas)<br />3 student assistants<br />1 OPS –staff membe...
Mission /   Vision<br />Support Curriculum<br />Leisure Collection<br />Easy to Find<br />Space for study/ leisure/ techno...
Undecorating – Tracy Elliott<br />Remove faded posters, paintings, plants, etc.<br />Remove yellowed plastic covers from b...
Weeding Procedure<br />Librarians remove and discard items<br />Do not revisit cart – no reviewer<br />Cart given to parap...
Initial Deselection<br />Just Weed before involving faculty or other stakeholder<br />Repeat copies – if not used<br />Dam...
Multiple Rounds- Small Goals<br />Check areas multiple times throughout a period of time<br />First time: everything older...
Shelving<br />Redefine Shelving Meaning: Not only storage<br />Lay books to view item on shelf<br />Remove items from top ...
Reference Collection<br />“For most reference collections, more is not necessarily better”<br />(Matthews & Tychson, 1981)...
Reference Collection<br />Total 3,291<br />Total 1,466<br />No purchasing - replacing<br />
Reference Collection<br />Reference Collection<br />A-B<br />
Reference Collection<br />10 units<br />
General Collection<br />total 25,627<br />total 30,229<br />total 20,475<br />
Age of  Collection 2005<br />26%<br />25%<br />Total 25627<br />
Age of  Collection 2008<br />36%<br />23%<br />Total 30,229<br />
Age of  Collection 2011<br />61%<br />Total 20475<br />
Circulation 2008-11<br />
Positives<br /><ul><li>Easy to find for staff and students
Inventory – barcode in book (majority)
Give books to other campus libraries
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We are what we own: Deselection strategies for our profession's viability

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We are what we own: Deselection strategies for our profession's viability
Florida Library Association Conference 2011
Jorge Perez
St. Petersburg College

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  • Continual Update Collection Management Model: 5% percent withdrawn and 5% addition (continue to be current and a viable collection)Crew Method: Continuous, Review, Evaluation, Weeding– small to medium public libraryMustie: Misleading, Ugly, Superseded, Trivial, Irrelevant, Elsewhere (ILL) – media centersWORST: Worn out, out of date, rarely Used, System (can another supply?), TrivialWeed of the Month – media centersSlote Method – Academic Library
  • The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Guidelines for Undergraduate Libraries states: “Collection policies should include withdrawal practices. Collections should be dynamic and responsive to the needs of a changing curriculum and clientele.” (1997)
  • Brian Matthews Georgia Institute of Technology 32…”shift toward user-centered approach, where we are really trying to understand not just how we fit in the 24-hour cycle of the students. If as student comes in during the day, they are going to have certain needs, and if they come it at night, they are going to have different needs, and at the beginning of the semester it’s different than at the end of the semester, Really looking at it with an anthropological approach.” (Carlson, 2007)More prone to use online sources- digital shift in altering relationshipWith view the library? What is the impression does the collection/ space give?
  • Romano/ Chronicle of Higher Education: “the death of the book as object of study, the disappearance of “whole” books as assigned reading. (Romano, 2010, para. 9)Linda Nilson, director of the Office of Teaching Effectiveness at Clemson University, posts a piece titled “Getting Students to Do the Reading” on the Website of the National Education Association, advising: “Look for readings with graphics and pictures that reinforce the text, and pare down the required paes to the essentials. The less reading assigned, the more likely students will do it. (Romano, 2010, para. 14)My personal story
  • With students strapped for time already, our resources must be especially efficient, convenient, available during a wide variety of times, and also available remotely. (Poole,2009, p. 194)
  • Instruction is our key. Helping patron become information literate, finding information digital or print, and participating is the goal. We do not have everything. We will never have everything. Amazon, Barnes and Nobles….“It seems to me that a modern university library should be more than a study hall and a computer lab” Bruce L. Emerton, Librarian, Polytechnic University, CA
  • Five Laws of Library Science: Book are for Use
  • Destruction of books brings up images of censorship and book burningMeasured by its use, not solely by its size (Crosetto, Kinner &amp; Duhon, 2008, p.45)
  • “Perhaps our professional problem is that we measure collection development success by how large the collections grow, rather than by how much service they provide in proportion to their size.” Sheila Intner, professor, Mount Holyoke College, MA
  • In this present moment, there is nothing left of the past but memories. Our nostalgia for the good times, our fear of the bad times: that’s all that’s really left. Instead of getting hooked further by nostalgia and fear, we can simply acknowledge these tendencies and question the intelligence of continuing to harm ourselves for the sake of such transient concerns.
  • From Mathews. Weeding grows the garden:Yard Sign Project: rewarded kids who read 10 books sign read “ A Library Champion lives here”White Paper: outlined the economic benefits of the library for the community to small business (paying for library)Taxes Marketing Project: A home owner with a 100,000 house would pay tax equal to two candy bars a monthA business owner with a business valued at 600,000 would pay a rate equal to a monthly home internet connection.
  • Some value the serendipitous discovery, and the increasingly arcane art of wandering, aimlessly, in the stacks. For these readers relevance is overrated. (New York Times, October 26, 2002)Assumption: A huge amount of browsable books is a necessary component of research (Barclay, 2010, p.53)Assumption: the voluminous prescence is all that prevents an academic library from deteriorating into Starbucks (Barclay, 2010, p.53)Assumption: presence of large numbers of printed books creates something – a vibe, an ambiance, a holiness – that engenders scholarly behavior among the student bodyProblem: Browsing only shows the user what happens to be on the self (checkout, stolen, lost, misshelved, etc.) (Barclay, 2010, p.53)Needs of today: Classroom and study space: current needsPrint on Demand / Online (Barclay, 2010, p.54)
  • “Some librarians lack the assurance needed to make these complex decisions and feel their judgment may be challenged by patrons or colleagues” (Handis, 2007, 85).
  • From Mathews. Weeding grows the garden:Yard Sign Project: rewarded kids who read 10 books sign read “ A Library Champion lives here”White Paper: outlined the economic benefits of the library for the community to small business (paying for library)Taxes Marketing Project: A home owner with a 100,000 house would pay tax equal to two candy bars a monthA business owner with a business valued at 600,000 would pay a rate equal to a monthly home internet connection.
  • Mercer University Regional Academic Libraries, Georgia: collection development project improve collection development policy, and the collection itself, improve relations with stakeholders, ensure that the library’s mission is being fulfilled, and to complete Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) accreditation requirements
  • Read Objects of Our Desire by Salman Akhtar
  • We are what we own: Deselection strategies for our profession's viability

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Survey Results<br />117responses<br />18<br />47<br />50<br />2<br />Age<br />
    3. 3. Do you feel print books are sacred?<br />
    4. 4. How many times a year do you participate in deselection?<br />
    5. 5. Have you purchased or acquired library discards for your office or personal book collection?<br />56%<br />
    6. 6. Space: Print Collections<br />20-49%<br />50-79%<br />
    7. 7. <ul><li>Start a new deselection project
    8. 8. Remove items from library not-used
    9. 9. Urge to save
    10. 10. Discard donations & gifts
    11. 11. Urge to acquire free things
    12. 12. Avoid discarding – too overwhelming</li></ul>39%<br />18%<br />38%<br />
    13. 13. How stressful do you feel at the thought of your library budget shifting the majorities of money to eBooks as opposed to print books? <br />7%<br />25%<br />28%<br />
    14. 14. How stressful would it be for you if 30%-40% of print books were to be deselected from your library’s collection?<br />13%<br />33%<br />19%<br />
    15. 15.
    16. 16. Florida Community Colleges<br />“...monograph collections… were significantly out of date with the majority of library books having been published before the 1970’s”<br />(Perrault et al, 2002, p. 241)<br />
    17. 17. Florida Community Colleges<br />“..1990’s..the percentage age of older materials to newer materials had increased and that outdated materials were prevalent in all major subject divisions, including science and technology”<br />(Perrault et al, 2002, p. 241)<br />
    18. 18. Non-Traditional User<br />“With students strapped for time already; our resources must be especially efficient, convenient, available during a wide variety of times, and also available remotely”<br />(Poole, 2009, p. 194)<br />
    19. 19. “Reading a book, however, requires concentration, endurance, the ability to disconnect from other connections. You have to be there rather than not there. Hyperwired young people may be making it to age 17 without acquiring that ability, let alone losing it.”<br />(Romano, 2010, para. 19)<br />
    20. 20. “….the focus is no longer in creating a comprehensive print collection but supplementing it with a vast and comprehensive collection of electronic information sources, resources, and links”<br />(Fernandes, 2008, p. 206)<br />
    21. 21. …[Steven J. Bell, Temple University]<br /> urged librarians to think past libraries traditional roles of gateway, archive, and buyer of scholarly material.<br />…“We could really carve out a much more significant role as instructional partners”<br />(Howard, 2008, para. 10)<br />
    22. 22. “Ranganathan deplored that many librarians seemed to be more concerned with preservation than with use, thus perpetuating the image of the librarian as a custodian rather than as some skilled in the exploitation of bibliographic resources”<br />(Lancaster, 1988, para. 1)<br />
    23. 23. Meaning of Books<br />“The non-library world interprets weeding destroying of valuable materials, the treasured vessels and conveyers of our culture and society.”<br />(Intner, 2006)<br />
    24. 24. “Libraries were invented so that individuals wouldn’t have to own everything they might sometime want to read. Our trust in libraries makes it possible for us to throw things away.”<br />Nicholson BakerWriter / Advocate for library preservation<br />
    25. 25. Attachment<br />“Even though we can’t hold on to anything, clinging remains one of our strongest habits. Useless though it may be, we devote much of our energy to grasping at that which is elusive and impermanent.”<br />Pema Chodron<br />
    26. 26. “Many librarians have an emotional attachment to their collections. They think of books as a literal part of the library, as part of their family.”<br />Michael SawyerDirector of Calcasieu Parish Public LibraryLouisiana<br />
    27. 27. Browsing<br />“When items on the first shelf or two they examine aren’t what they want and aren’t very attractive looking, browsers get the vague feeling that the rest of the stock, which, on the surface, looks the same as what they’ve just seen, isn’t going to be any better.”<br />(Intner, 2006, p. 16)<br />
    28. 28. Academic / Browsing<br />
    29. 29. Clutter Personality Types<br />Easily distracted<br />Procrastinator<br />Sentimental Clutterer<br />Bargain shoppers<br />Perfectionists<br />Geralin ThomasProfessional OrganizerCary, North Carolina<br />
    30. 30. Decision-making<br />“To weed is to make multiple decisions simultaneously, decisions based on both objective and subjective criteria”<br />(Handy, 1994, para. 5)<br />
    31. 31. “People with compulsive hoarding often feel afraid to throw things away, worry excessively, and repeatedly check to make sure they’re not throwing away anything important.”<br />(Tolin, Frost & Steketee, 2007, p. 20)<br />
    32. 32. Cost Concerns<br />Will not throw out an item until we have spent the value<br />Shelving<br />Savings in <br />staff time<br />Material use<br />future acquisition decisions<br />
    33. 33. Stakeholders<br /> “The benefit of involving the faculty seems to be more to prevent negative feelings rather than to improve the weeding process.” x<br />(Slote, 1997, p. 10)<br />
    34. 34. Case Study 2008-11<br />Tarpon Springs Campus<br />St. Petersburg College<br />2009-10<br />Lower Division: 5,070<br />not including upper division<br />
    35. 35. Library Staff<br />2 paraprofessionals<br />2 librarians (liaison areas)<br />3 student assistants<br />1 OPS –staff member 20-32 hrs.<br />
    36. 36. Mission / Vision<br />Support Curriculum<br />Leisure Collection<br />Easy to Find<br />Space for study/ leisure/ technology<br />Prepare for inventory<br />
    37. 37. Undecorating – Tracy Elliott<br />Remove faded posters, paintings, plants, etc.<br />Remove yellowed plastic covers from books<br />Reduce trash can amount<br />Damaged, stained, faded furniture, study carrels<br />Old technology VCRs, computers, typewriter… <br />Paper/pathfinders<br />Signs<br />Supplies to other departments/campus libraries<br />
    38. 38. Weeding Procedure<br />Librarians remove and discard items<br />Do not revisit cart – no reviewer<br />Cart given to paraprofessional to remove from OPAC and OCLC holdings<br />OPS/student assistants mark through items - SURPLUS<br />Box for book sale or check better world books or free cart for students<br />
    39. 39.
    40. 40. Initial Deselection<br />Just Weed before involving faculty or other stakeholder<br />Repeat copies – if not used<br />Damaged material<br />Older reference copy in circ. Collection<br />Medical/Law/Technology 5 years<br />Duplication in electronic format- some removal<br />Too many in one subject – gift for other campus library<br />
    41. 41. Multiple Rounds- Small Goals<br />Check areas multiple times throughout a period of time<br />First time: everything older than 1990 and does not have historical value<br />Second: remove a section not being used<br />Etc.<br />
    42. 42.
    43. 43. Shelving<br />Redefine Shelving Meaning: Not only storage<br />Lay books to view item on shelf<br />Remove items from top and bottom shelf<br />Display books face out<br />Let there be light<br />Security<br />Be open to remove shelving<br />
    44. 44. Reference Collection<br />“For most reference collections, more is not necessarily better”<br />(Matthews & Tychson, 1981)<br />
    45. 45. Reference Collection<br />Total 3,291<br />Total 1,466<br />No purchasing - replacing<br />
    46. 46. Reference Collection<br />Reference Collection<br />A-B<br />
    47. 47.
    48. 48. Reference Collection<br />10 units<br />
    49. 49.
    50. 50. General Collection<br />total 25,627<br />total 30,229<br />total 20,475<br />
    51. 51. Age of Collection 2005<br />26%<br />25%<br />Total 25627<br />
    52. 52. Age of Collection 2008<br />36%<br />23%<br />Total 30,229<br />
    53. 53. Age of Collection 2011<br />61%<br />Total 20475<br />
    54. 54. Circulation 2008-11<br />
    55. 55. Positives<br /><ul><li>Easy to find for staff and students
    56. 56. Inventory – barcode in book (majority)
    57. 57. Give books to other campus libraries
    58. 58. Find books from other campus libraries or colleges misshelved
    59. 59. Moderate circulation rise
    60. 60. Acquisitions- future ordering projects
    61. 61. Study Space - transform layout</li></li></ul><li>Book Sale 2009<br />
    62. 62. Better World Books<br />“Do not make your weeded books a problem for someone else by just passing the buck.”<br />Free book cart<br />(Allen, 2010, p. 33)<br />
    63. 63. Policies and Procedures<br />More information- direction<br />Weeding procedures (guide for staff)<br />Donation/gift policy<br />acquisition<br />
    64. 64. Policies and Procedures<br />“A good collection development policy should be clear, concise, and easily followed since many staff members have collection development responsibilities and everyone should work toward mutual goals when making decisions”<br />(Poole, 2009, p. 199)<br />
    65. 65.
    66. 66. Library Entrance<br />
    67. 67. “(Deselection) is a process of catharsis that frees you to focus on the future”<br />(Handy, 1994, para. 25)<br />

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