Egyptian cultural heritage is of crucial importance especially in the cultural
and practical in light of its heritage of intellectual and scientific resources
are the basis of human civilizations continue to more than 7,000 in the time
when human recording heritage.
Museums are the living memory of the cultural heritage in its holdings of
various ages and eras, is the ancient Egyptian civilization that is more
interesting and diverse civilizations through prehistoric times to pharaonic,
Roman, Coptic and Islamic, until modern times.
Found ornaments in both ancient and modern civilizations and the primary
purpose of which is
1. decorations worn by men and women both to demonstrate the richness and
beauty salon and decorate his image is the same as we know that beauty and
adornment came to human instinct.
2. magical or religious purpose so I think that certain types of magic save
valuable ornaments and away evils and stopped the influence of witchcraft
against him such as amulets that give the bearer the power and blessing and
good luck as
The human has to wear jewellery since prehistoric found beads or
bracelets and rings or pendants made of simple shapes made of colored
stone or bone or ivory, or even clay in the Neolithic graves in Fayoum,
dating back to the fifth and fourth millennium BC civilization aledwa
found the head wreaths or midfielders belts made of leather and gold and
copper used in the jewellery industry.
Evolution of wearing ornaments then even become worn as an amulet and
ornamental elements entered into that show the beauty of the wearer and
drawn ornaments materials and forms from the environment.
There was dressing in costume for daily life and Amulet of guard and
protection were made of gold and semi-precious stones fame ' with clips or
locks or wire or thin strands of gold.
They are made of multiple rows of beads and endless half-circle
shaped and covered the upper chest and a second type made from
beads in rows and in separate groups each other and separated from
each other by strips of different colors, then there is a third type of
sides ornament the top Hawk rather than end a half circular metal.
There were necklaces funeral embossed on walls of tombs or Papyrus was the
mascot for the necklaces recited by priests during the put the necklace on and
here asked the priest of ISIS protecting deceased since the day of his burial
there are necklaces made of thin gold necklaces like Tutankhamen was a
hawk or Eagle Aspen nekhbet or both to protect the King as there were
necklaces of gold are inflexible are made from small pieces of yarn or wire
system Gold and fame ' semi precious stones and colored glass and other
types of necklaces in Tanis tombs of Kings 21, 22 families.
Beginning costume Cape kakolele of tree branches and sticks, flowers and
there were strips of cloth to tie the hair until the hair is hanging on the face
while working as well as for decoration then worked then from gold and
copper also made wigs and skullcaps of the wig of braids of flax or wool or
hair and decorated borides of gold inlaid with semi-precious stones or stained
glass such as alkalil which my wife rahotep, alienated daughters mahtab
khano or wreaths Queens central State era (khanomit).
Ancient Egyptian earrings sported since the era of the second transition
(circa 1650 BC) and was probably the first to wear the earrings of royalty
is Thutmose IV 1410 BC where the nipple then pierced his Mummy and
the earrings of gold or gold restaurant and the most beautiful of Royal
earrings for the King (Tutankhamun) or those of the Queen (Nefertari)
views its Necropolis in the Valley of the Queens, King SETI II earrings or
Tanis tombs of the Kings of the two families 21 , 22.
Used costume fingers since prehistory and evolved in an era of modern
States and the most beautiful examples of rings is found in the Tomb (tut)
or in the tombs of Tanis to Kings 21, 22 families
Amulets and symbols and their meanings :
Amulets wears Navy for the purpose of protection and neutralization and
unforeseen hazards and was also used to drive evil and witchcraft as bearer
and provide good luck and blessing, so the mascot makes as forms of sacred
symbols and was known in the Egyptian language (Luga) which means
healing or (Office of hau) body or protector (SA) and protection means,
tamima means nkhato could take a mascot snake Cobra to extend
protection for carrying or placing it in a piece of jewelry.
The mascot was a scarab included bearer revival and help him renew his
youth and providing it with good luck, especially if made of stone or faience
green or blue or brown.
Metals and stones used in jewelry making
It is one of the oldest metals used in Egypt and was extracted from the
eastern desert and the Sinai in particular parts of the server and the srabit
It was extracted from the eastern desert from Wadi hammamat (meeting he
reviewed collection rates) which connects the Qena region near the Red Sea
coast and the gold was brought from Sudan and West Asia.
Turquoise (light blue):
Was extracted from Sinai (srabit server and Wadi Cave) was widely used in
ancient Egyptian jewellery.
Found in large quantities in the deserts of Egypt and its types and multiple
Was extracted from Abu Simbel to Aswan quarries in Western Sahara and
the stained glass and faience mimics and replaces the stones in beads and
vaccination to the eye in human figurines.
It is a light blue stone was ystdkhm usually in jewelry especially in this era
of Central State along with the ornaments found in the tomb of
Tutankhamen was extracted from the eastern desert.