Unidad 2


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Unidad 2

  1. 1. LEARN PLAY
  2. 2. With nouns ending in a consonant and –y, the –y goes and we add –ies.To make the plural we usually country  countries baby  babiesadd –s to the noun.book  books pen  pens With nouns ending in –f or –fe, the –f or –fe goes and we addWith nouns ending in –s, -sh, –ves.-ch, -x or –o, we add thesuffix –es. knife  knives leaf  leavesclass  classesbox  boxesarch  archestomato  tomatoes
  3. 3. Irregular nouns do notfollow the rules above.We make their plurals invarious ways.child  childrenfoot  feetmouse  micefish  fishperson  peoplesheep  sheep
  5. 5.  they are used in affirmative sentences and in polite requests, offers and suggestions. “There’s somebody outside.” “Would you like something to eat?” “Can you tell me something about it?”
  6. 6.  they are used in questions and negative sentences. “Did you know anybody at the party?” “There isn’t anything to do in the town.” “They don’t want to go anywhere today.”
  7. 7.  when they mean “it doesn’t matter who, which or where” “You can sit anywhere.” “You can eat anything you like.” “You can go anywhere you want.”
  8. 8.  All the words above are used with a verb in the singular. But we use they, them, their, when we refer to somebody, anybody… “There’s someone on the phone. Take their number and tell them I’ll call later.” “Any one will tell you if you ask them.”
  9. 9.  They can be followed by an infinitive or an adjective. “I want somebody to help me.” “We couldn’t find anywhere cheap.”
  10. 10.  We can use else after something, anybody, nowhere… “Let’s talk about something else.” “Would you like something else?”
  11. 11. One-syllable adjectives and two- syllable adjectives ending in –y Comparative SuperlativeAdjective adjective + -er adjective + -estold older the oldestbig bigger the biggestlarge larger the largestfriendly friendlier the friendliest
  12. 12. Two-syllable adjectives and longer adjectivescrowded more crowded the most crowdedboring more boring the most boringinterestin more interesting the most interestinggpolluted more polluted the most polluted
  13. 13. narrow narrower the narrowestclever cleverer the clverest
  14. 14. Irregular formsgood better the bestbad worse the worstlittle less the least the furthest /far further / farther farthest
  15. 15. 1. With short vowels the final consonant doubles. thin thinner the thinnest If the adjective already ends with –e, we just add –r or –st. fine finer the finest -y changes to –i busy busier the busiest pretty prettierthe prettiest
  16. 16. If there is a large difference between two objects, we can use far, much and a lot. far a lot bigger / Russia is more beautiful much than Belgium. much, much
  17. 17. For small differences, we can use a little (bit) or slightly. a little a bit bigger than France is Spain. slightly
  18. 18. 1. by far the most … / -estBrazil is by far the largest country in South America.2. one of the most … / -estBaghdad is one of the oldest cities in the world.3. the second / third most … / -estBirmingham is the second biggest city in England.4. the leastI decided to buy the least expensive bag in the shop.