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M learning in agriculture - possibilities and barriers

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Hansen, J.P, Fog Hansen, N. 2009. M-learning in agriculture – possibilities and barriers. . In: C. Lokhorst, J.F.M Huijsmans, R.P.M de Louw (Eds.), EFITA conference '09. Proceedings of the 7th EFITA conference, Wageningen, Holland, July 6-8 2009, pp. 463-469. On DVD.

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M learning in agriculture - possibilities and barriers

  1. 1. M-learning in agriculture – possibilities and barriers Jens Peter Hansen & Nicolai Fog Hansen Danish Agricultural Advisory Service, National CentreDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  2. 2. Danish Agricultural Advisory Service • Owned by farmers – used by farmers • 35 local agricultural advisory centres and 1 national centre • Turnover: 240 mill. € • 3.500 employees • Denmarks largest consultancy • 50.000 farmersDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  3. 3. • 2007-2008 project • Goal was to develop a number of digital based prototypes, supporting m-learning in the workplace with farmers and farm employees as the target group. • Definition of M-learning • Learning that is facilitated and enhanced by the use of digital mobile devices, which can be carried and used anywhere and anytime.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  4. 4. • Potential  Content should not be a problem. An organization providing m-learning must have a steady production of content (created in advance) for other media.  Authoring tools that can smooth out the process of building and administrating learning objects. • Barriers • Bringing learning objects within reach of the farmer.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  5. 5. Conclusion • Wait for WiMax and AndroidDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  6. 6. Farmers don’t have time for learning - they are busy working and solving problemsDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  7. 7. Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  8. 8. Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  9. 9. Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  10. 10. Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  11. 11. Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  12. 12. Use of mobile devices • 99 % of farmers use a mobile phone, • 96 % read and 73 % write SMS messages, • 73 % would like to be able to get a local weather forecast on their mobile phone – 2 % do this on a regular basis, • 63 % expressed interest in receiving news, • 55 % expressed interest in receiving market information, • 17 % have a PDA but one out of three of these are not used because of problems with usability and lack of sturdiness.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  13. 13. Learning styles • Theorists like to understand the theory behind the actions. • Reflectors learn by observing and thinking about what happened. • Activists are those people who learn by doing • Pragmatists need to be able to see how to put the learning into practice in the real worldDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  14. 14. • Learning objects • Discrete elements of learning content that meet a defined learning objective, and are possibly independently assessable, which may take the form of text, graphics, video, stills, animations, diagrams audio. • Learning context • Situated learning, there the mental representation of a concept occurs not in an abstract or isolated form, but in connection with the social and material context of a specific learning situation.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  15. 15. • Bluetongue FAQ• Danish authorities implemented a number of measures including restriction zones and a vaccination campaign including more than 1.5 million animals.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  16. 16. • The castration of piglets• A general introduction to the subject followed by a 2 minute video explaining how and why. To check that the employee understands, the video is followed by a multiple choice test with 4-6 choices per question and one or several correct answersDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  17. 17. • Weed recognition• As a farmer, if you see weeds in their full grown stage, it is often an indication that you didn’t notice that weed as a seedling and therefore did not choose the right preventive spraying.• In this small game, the user shall match a picture of some weed in their full grown stage with a picture of the weed as seedling.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  18. 18. • Podcasts - listen to agriculture• Information through your ears while workingDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  19. 19. • Harvesting time for maize• Yearly decision, which means that most farmers need to brush up on their knowledge• An intelligent and location aware learning object could be createdDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  20. 20. Delivery devices • Mobile phones • MP3 player • Hearing protection ear-muffs • Internet radio • GPS car navigation • ... and moreDanish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre
  21. 21. Learning styles • Theorists like to understand the theory behind the actions. • Reflectors learn by observing and thinking about what happened. • Activists are those people who learn by doing • Pragmatists need to be able to see how to put the learning into practice in the real world It’s all about performance support.Danish Agricultural Advisory ServiceNational Centre

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