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British Children's books


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Short presentation about the history of (British) children's books and some typical aspects. Presentation given for fellow students at CLT, Leuven, 2009.

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British Children's books

  1. 1. British Children’s books <br />A historical overview and some typical aspects.<br />
  2. 2. Fables and fairy tales<br />Aesop&apos;s Fables (500 BC - 1484)<br />Tales of Mother Goose - Charles Perrault (1685/1729)<br />Grimm&apos;s Fairy Tales - Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (1812/1823)<br />Fairy Tales - Hans Christian Andersen – (1835/1846)<br />several of the classic tales are gruesome and were not originally collected for children<br />
  3. 3. Books for adults or children?<br />Robinson Crusoe - Daniel Defoe - 1719<br />Gulliver&apos;s Travels - Jonathan Swift - 1726<br />Ivanhoe - Walter Scott - 1819<br />The Three Musketeers - Alexandre Dumas, père - 1844<br />David Copperfield - Charles Dickens – 1850<br />Baron von Münchhausen – 1875<br />Black Beauty - Anna Sewell - 1877<br />Treasure Island - Robert Louis Stevenson - 1883<br />
  4. 4. First (real) children’s picture books<br />Slovenly Peter (1845) – Heinrich Hoffmann (translated by Marc Twain)<br />A Little Pretty Pocket-Book (1744) - John Newbery<br />
  5. 5. The Victorian Era<br />Reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901)<br />long period of prosperity for the British people<br />profits gained from the overseas British Empire<br />Industrialisation(Mass production of printed books)<br />Development of an educated middle class<br />Golden age for children’s books (classics)<br />(note: child labour)<br />
  6. 6. Some Classics<br />Alice&apos;s Adventures in Wonderland - Lewis Carroll – 1865<br />Through the Looking-Glass - Lewis Carroll - 1871<br />The Jungle Book - Rudyard Kipling - 1894<br />The Wonderful Wizard of Oz - L. Frank Baum - 1900<br />The Tale of Peter Rabbit - Beatrix Potter - 1902<br />King Arthur and His Knights - Howard Pyle - 1902-3<br />Peter Pan - J. M. Barrie - 1904<br />The Wind in the Willows - Kenneth Grahame - 1908<br />
  7. 7. Interbellum (1918-1939)<br />Winnie-the-Pooh (1926) and The House at Pooh Corner (1928) by A. A. Milne.<br />Little House on the Prairie (1935) by Laura Ingalls Wilder<br />The Hobbit or There and Back Again (1937) by J. R. R. Tolkien: an early example of the modern lighthearted quest fantasy<br />
  8. 8. After 1940<br />End of the English dominance on the children’s book market<br />Producing picture books becomes cheaper<br />Huge influence of the Disney Studio’s (and Hollywood)<br />The Chronicles Of Narnia (1949-1954) by C. S. Lewis <br />The Lord of the Rings (1954 - 1955) by J.R.R. Tolkien.<br />The Cat in the Hat (1957) by Dr. Seuss: First high quality limited-vocabulary book, written for early readers<br />Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964) by Roald Dahl<br />Harry Potter (1997) by J.K. Rowling<br />
  9. 9. Typical British? <br />
  10. 10. Typical British?<br />
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  12. 12. Typical British?<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Typical British?<br />
  15. 15. Typical British?<br />
  16. 16. Typical British? Nope<br />
  17. 17. Typical British… some aspects<br />Elements of the English countryside<br />The influence of a cartoon tradition<br />A lot of humour (variety)<br />Unpredictable (and nonsense stories) <br />Not afraid of scary, frightening or creepy elements or atmosphere<br />A lot of fantasy elements<br />Less arty farty (in picture books)<br />
  18. 18. Thank you<br />