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Cardiac rehabilitation


Published on

Deepa Merin Kuriakose
Govt.College of Nursing
Kottayam, Kerala, India

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Cardiac rehabilitation

  2. 2. DEFINITION Cardiac rehabilitation is the process that restores optimal medical, physiological, social & vocational performance following recovery from an acute cardiac event (AACVPR – 1995) Cardiac rehabilitation is described by the American College of cardiology as “those exercise and counseling services which reduce symptoms or improve cardiac function” Cardiac rehabilitation is defined by the U.S. Public Health Service as “comprehensive, long-term programs involving medical evaluation, prescribed exercise, cardiac risk factor modification, education and counseling.
  3. 3. Corner Stone of Cardiac Rehabilitation Reduction of Cardiac risk factors Exercise & activity guidelines & Patient education
  4. 4. Goals of Cardiac Rehabilitation (Balady etal – 1994) To improve functional capacity To alleviate or lessen activity-related symptoms To reduce disability To identify and modify coronary risk factors.
  5. 5. Indications Active myocardial infarction Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABS) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Valvular replacement Pacemaker implantation
  6. 6. Phases of Cardiac Rehabilitation Phase I : Inpatient Phase II : Immediate Outpatient Phase III : Intermediate Outpatient Phase IV : Maintenance Phase of Indefinite Length
  7. 7. Benefits of Cardiac Rehabilitation Reduce cardiac mortality Improve functional capacity Improve exercise capacity Lower serum lipid levels Enhance psychosocial well-being & stress reduction Attenuate myocardial ischemia Retard the progression & foster reversal of coronary atherosclerosis Reduce the risk of further coronary events
  8. 8. Program Components Risk factor modification Exercise training & activity prescription Psychosocial & vocational evaluation & counseling
  9. 9. Thank You Deepa Merin Kuriakose, 3rd Semester MSc Nursing Govt. College Of Nursing, Kottayam