Are Digital Audiobooks Truly Ear Resistible

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Are Digital Audiobooks Truly Ear Resistible

  1. 1. Are Digital Audiobooks Truly Ear-resistible? by Jennifer Post [email_address] December 17, 2009 Prof. J. Sanchez (17:610:550)
  2. 2. Some Audiobook History… <ul><li>Gramophones/phonographs (1870s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wax cylinders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vinyl records </li></ul><ul><li>Analog cassette tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Compact discs (CDs) </li></ul><ul><li>Digital downloads </li></ul>
  3. 3. What good are digital audiobooks? <ul><li>User-friendly & convenient! </li></ul><ul><li>Help the print-impaired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blind, visually-impaired, physically handicapped, & learning disabled (dyslexics) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Help almost everyone else! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-taskers, commuters, gym rats and mall-walkers, auditory learners and reluctant readers, those learning other languages… </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Some Stats… <ul><li>Total size of the audiobook industry is close to $1 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Direct downloads from the Internet have grown to comprise 21% of the market – and growing </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1 in 4 U.S. citizens (28%) reported having listening to an audiobook in the last year </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries are the 2 nd largest channel in the audio industry at 32% </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- (APA, 2009) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Herning, Denmark’s New Public Library’s Audiobook Station Picture from News-focused library. (2009). American Libraries , 40 (12), 31.)
  6. 6. Jen’s Motives <ul><li>“ Are we all looking the wrong way? While everyone gets obsessed with e-books, is the future of mass market books somewhere else entirely? Is the biggest impact of digital technology actually going to be the rebirth of something that has been around for years – the humble and much-maligned audiobook?” </li></ul><ul><li>- Damian Horner </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(cited in Rubery, 2008, p.64) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. OverDrive <ul><li>iPod compatible! Also with iPhones, Zunes, Sony Readers, PDAs, and more </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200,000 titles in many, many genres </li></ul><ul><li>A customizable website that blends into a library’s Integrated Library System (ILS) </li></ul>
  8. 12. 16 parts = 1 hour
  9. 13. Literature Review: Pros & Cons <ul><li>Fits in well with today’s lifestyle  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient, available 24/7 right from home, confidentiality, easy to become engaged with performance – great in-between activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encourages antisocial tendencies  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True in some cases, but can also create a book discussion group & form bonds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Less intellectual brain activity than when reading  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern neuroscience has disproved this theory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Earbuds & close listening help listeners notice nuances  </li></ul><ul><li>Not uniformly helpful, but provides an alternative medium  </li></ul>
  10. 14. More Pros & Cons <ul><li>Ironically, in the time of Plato, it was believed that reading and writing would reduce memory and attentive listening – the exact opposite of what is being argued today! </li></ul><ul><li>Digital rights management (DRM) & multiple proprietary formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing interoperability & the removal of DRM by some DAB publishers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Final Question <ul><li>When libraries have to supply technical training, troubleshooting support, money to buy and maintain DAB services (including cleaning the earwax off players loaned out by the library), is it really worth the cost? </li></ul>
  12. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>McGrory et al (2007) writes, “From a services perspective, ‘digital’ clients now have far greater choice of information resources, reading materials, and formats, more timely access, and the opportunity to manage their library service independently” (p.991). </li></ul>
  13. 17. Digital audiobooks are both irresistible and “ear-resistible.”
  14. 18. References <ul><li>ANSI/NISO. (2005). ANSI/NISO Z39.86 - Specifications for the Digital Talking Book . National Information Standards Organization. http://www.niso.org/standards/z39-86-2005/ </li></ul><ul><li>APA (Audio Publishers Association). (2008, September 15). More Americans are all ears to audiobooks . http://www.audiopub.org/pdfs/2008%20sales%20consumer%20final.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>APA (Audio Publishers Association). (2009, June 23). Audio industry holds ground in 2008 . http://www.audiopub.org/2009SalesSurveyRelease.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Coyle, K. (2001). Stakeholders and standards in the e-book ecology: or, it’s the economics, stupid!. Library Hi Tech , 19 (4), 314-324. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Accessible Information System (DAISY) website. (2009). http:// www.daisy.org </li></ul><ul><li>Egidi, L. & Furini, M. (2005, September 12-14). The Digital Restyling of Audiobook . Paper presented at the Proceedings of the Communication Systems and Networks (CSN2005), Benidorm, Spain. http://cdm.unimo.it/home/dsscq/furini.marco/2005-csn.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Freitas, D. & Kouroupetroglou, G. (2008). Speech technologies for blind and low vision persons. Technology and Disability , 20 , 135-156. </li></ul><ul><li>Harris, C. (2007). Popular author’s next book isn’t a book. School Library Journal , 53 (10), 24. </li></ul>
  15. 19. References <ul><li>Irwin, W. (2009). Reading audio books. Philosophy and Literature , 33 , 358-368. </li></ul><ul><li>Lo, P. (2009, August). Effects of online audio-book resources on library usage and reading preferences and practices of young learners in an elementary school library setting in Hong Kong . Paper presented at the World Library and Information Congress: 75th IFLA General Conference and Council, Milan, Italy. http://www.ifla.org/annual-conference/ifla75.index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>McGrory, M., Williams, M., Taylor, K. & Freeze, B. (2007). The impact of the integrated digital library system on the CNIB Library. Library Trends , 55 (4), 973-993. </li></ul><ul><li>National Endowment for the Arts. (2004). Reading at risk: A survey of literary reading in America . (Research Division Report #46). Retrieved from http:// www.nea.gov/pub/ReadingAtRisk.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>National Endowment for the Arts. (2007). To read or not to read: A question of national importance . Retrieved from http:// www.arts.gov/research/ToRead.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>News-focused library. (2009). American Libraries , 40 (12), 31. </li></ul>
  16. 20. References <ul><li>OverDrive website. (2009). www.overdrive.com (accessed December 10, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>OverDrive, Inc. (2009). Download Services for Public Libraries. (2009). http://www.overdrive.com/files/DLR.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Peters, T.A. (2007). Digital audiobook services through libraries. Library Technology Reports , 43 (1). </li></ul><ul><li>Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon , 9 (5), 1-6. </li></ul><ul><li>Rose, D. & Dalton, B. (2007). Plato revisited: Learning through listening in the digital world. Paper prepared for Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic, Princeton, NJ. www.learningthroughlistening.org/92/ </li></ul><ul><li>Rubery, M. (2008). Play it again, Sam Weller: New digital audiobooks and old ways of reading. Journal of Victorian Culture , 13 (1), 58-79. doi:10.1353/jvc.0.0019 </li></ul><ul><li>Stone, B. (2008, March 3). Publishers phase out piracy protection on audio books. The New York Times . http://www.audiopub.org/Articles/NewYorkTimes3308.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor, J.M. (2004). Serving blind readers in a digital age. American Libraries , 35 (11), 49-51. </li></ul>

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