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# Negation and Inversion

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### Negation and Inversion

1. 1. 文法整理第20章 否定句與倒裝句<br />Instructor; Jenny Chen<br />Taichung Second Senior High<br />Date: 2010/10/04<br />2010/10/4<br />1<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
2. 2. 否定<br />2010/10/4<br />2<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
3. 3. 否定句形成方式<br />否定句的基本形成方式就是在be動詞和助動詞之後加上not<br />例如：<br />This is KFC.  This is not KFC.<br />He loves me.  He doesn't love me.  He loves me.  He doesn't love me.<br />注意：<br />can + not --> cannot/ can't<br />will + not --> won't<br />shall + not --> shan't   <br />2010/10/4<br />3<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
4. 4. 否定句形成方式<br />練習：<br />The boy can reach the food on the counter.<br /> The boy can’t reach the food on the counter.<br />That machine has worked properly for years.    <br /> That machine has not worked properly for years.<br />2010/10/4<br />4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
5. 5. 祈使句的否定<br />Don’t<br />Never<br />例如：<br />Don't tell him our secret.<br />Let's not lose faith in ourselves.<br />注意：<br />Let + O + V為普通的祈使句，因此否定句為Don't let + O + V喔！<br />Don't let him escape!<br />2010/10/4<br />5<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
6. 6. 祈使句的否定<br />練習：<br />Talk to me.<br /> Don’t talk to me.<br />Let's learn English online!<br />Let’s not learn English online!<br />Let us speak our mind!<br /> Don’t let us speak our mind!<br />2010/10/4<br />6<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
7. 7. 否定的字、副詞和片語<br /><ul><li>常見帶否定意味的字包括：no, none, nothing, nobody, no one, nowhere, little(很少，後接不可數名詞), few(很少，後接可數名詞)
8. 8. 常見帶否定意味的副詞包括：seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, barely
9. 9. 常見帶否定意味的片語包括：by no means(絕不), in no way(絕不), under no circumstances(絕不), not at all(一點也不), on no account(絕不), no sooner...than...(一...就...), not until(不...直到) </li></ul>2010/10/4<br />7<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
10. 10. 否定的字、副詞和片語<br />練習：<br />Andy很少專心聽課。<br /> Andy rarely pays attention to class.<br />地球絕不會在2013年毀滅！<br /> The earth will never end in 2013.<br />The earth will end in 2013 in no way.<br />爸爸一出門，我就打開電視。<br /> He had no sooner arrived home than I turned on the TV.<br />2010/10/4<br />8<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
11. 11. 部分否定<br />Not all of the children are blonde.<br />主詞含有all, both, every等詞時，若句中出現not，則形成部分否定。若要使用全部否定，則使用none of them(三者以上), neither of them(兩者)<br />None of the children are blind.<br />2010/10/4<br />9<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
12. 12. 部分否定<br /><ul><li>例如：
13. 13. My classmates are not all coming to my birthday party.</li></ul>= No all my classmates are coming to my birthday party.(不是大家都會來)<br />=All my classmates are not coming to my birthday party.<br />None of my classmates are coming to my birthday party.(大家都不會來)<br /><ul><li>Both of my cousins didn't pass the GEPT.</li></ul>= Not both of my cousins passed the GEPT.(不是兩個都有過，只有一個有過)<br />= One of my cousins passed the GEPT. <br />Neither of my cousins passed the GEPT. (兩個都沒過)<br />2010/10/4<br />10<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
14. 14. 雙重否定<br />所謂負負得正，兩個否定就會變肯定，但通常是用來強調，且在理解上較複雜，沒必要就不要亂用。例如有人要是說：「我不是不喜歡跟你出去」，雖然你稍微想一下就可以懂他的意思，就是他可以接受跟你出去這件事，但他可能也沒有很喜歡，才會用這種複雜的講法。<br />2010/10/4<br />11<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
15. 15. 雙重否定<br />S+never + V …but 子句 每…必…<br /> without N.<br />他每次進書店一定要買些書<br />He never goes to a bookstore _________ he buys some books.<br />He never goes to a bookstore _________buying some books.<br />but<br />without<br />2010/10/4<br />12<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
16. 16. 雙重否定<br />There be no + N. + but + V 沒有…不…<br />沒有一個母親不愛他的子女<br />There is no mother but loves her children.<br />沒有勝利不是來自於辛勤付出<br />There is no victory but comes from hard work.<br />…few + Ns + but + V 幾乎每個…都 ...<br />幾乎我所認識的每個人都關心環境保護<br />I know few people but are concerned about environmental protection.<br />2010/10/4<br />13<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
17. 17. 意義上為否定的慣用語<br />請務必搭配課本p.238-239<br />He is the last man I will marry.<br />He is the last man for me to marry.<br />The team failed to perform well.<br />I never fail to keep my word.<br />I keep my word without fail.<br />We are above doing such silly things.<br />We are unwilling to do such silly things.<br />2010/10/4<br />14<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
18. 18. Jack is a habitual liar.<br />He is far from honest.<br />He is anything but honest.<br />He is by no means honest.<br />He is not honest at all.<br />He is not honest in the least.<br />He is nothing but a child.<br />He is nothing more than a child.<br />He is only a child.<br />2010/10/4<br />15<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
19. 19. The boy was all but drowned.<br />We cannot but laugh.<br />We cannot help but laugh.<br />We cannot help laughing.<br />Time was running out, so we have no choice but to call it a day.<br />2010/10/4<br />16<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
20. 20. 含有否定字的句型<br />It goes without saying that education is important.<br />Needless to say, education is important.<br />You cannot be too careful when crossing the street.<br />He was too sleepy to do his homework.<br />He is not so much diligent as clever.<br />2010/10/4<br />17<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
21. 21. 含有否定字的句型<br />There is no accounting for taste.<br />There is no denying that there are still a lot of unknown things in the universe.<br />Your work leaves nothing to be desired.<br />Little did I think we’d got lost. I should bring a map with us.<br />Little did I dream of running into you here.<br />2010/10/4<br />18<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
22. 22. Let’s have a quiz!<br />The important thing is _____ this loss reduce our confidence.(A) not to let(B) to not letting(C) don't let(D) don't to let<br />Although it's best to be cautious, ______ stranger is dangerous.(A) not any(B) not all(C) not every(D) not each<br />2010/10/4<br />19<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />A<br />C<br />
23. 23. The good and the beautiful ______ go together.(A) not necessarily(B) are not necessarily(C) do not always(D) does not always<br />There is no ______ for taste.(A) account(B) accounting(C) accounted(D) to account<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />20<br />C<br />B<br />
24. 24. John always goes to work late. He is _______ the employee that our boss likes.(A) nothing but(B) no more than(C) by all means(D) far from<br />One of the photo was taken in Seattle and the other in Chicago. ________ of them was taken in New York.(A) No(B) None(C) Nor(D) Neither<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />21<br />D<br />D<br />
25. 25. 累了嗎？我們休息一下…<br />好，休息完畢。<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />22<br />
26. 26. 倒裝<br />2010/10/4<br />23<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
27. 27. 倒裝句形成方式<br />倒裝句的形式：倒裝句原則為將助動詞或動詞移至主詞前方<br />倒裝句的功用：英文中，每句話的主題是放在句首，後面再接新的話題，若要改變英語的詞序，多半是因為<br />為談話內容的展開加上變化，也就是在一開始先製造驚奇、強調句首，或把關鍵詞彙擺在後面<br />音調的關係<br />倒裝句的分類：強調補語、強調受詞、強調副詞<br />2010/10/4<br />24<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
28. 28. 倒裝句類別介紹<br />地方副詞置於句<br />否定副詞置於句首<br />Only副詞子句/副詞片語置於句首<br />假設語氣的倒裝<br />讓步子句的倒裝<br />主詞補語的倒裝<br />2010/10/4<br />25<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
29. 29. 地方副詞提前的倒裝<br />表地方的副詞<br />here/there<br />地方副詞片語<br />S<br />V<br />表示地方的副詞包括：up, down, back, off, out, away…<br />地方副詞片語的倒裝常與動詞be, live, lie, sit, stand, come, go等搭配使用，用於描述地點、位置<br />表地方的副詞<br />here/there<br />地方副詞片語<br />V<br />S<br />2010/10/4<br />26<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
30. 30. 地方副詞提前的倒裝<br />The sun rose up. <br /> Up rose the sun.(太陽出來了！) <br />One shoe came off. <br /> Off came one shoe.(鞋子掉了)<br />The bus comes here. <br /> Here comes the bus. <br /> Here it comes. (公車來了！)<br />2010/10/4<br />27<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
31. 31. 地方副詞提前的倒裝<br />A selfish giant lives in the garden. <br /> In the garden lives a selfish giant. (花園裡住著一個自私的巨人) <br />Acruel heart was behind her sweet appearance.<br /> Behind her sweet appearance was a cruel heart. 她甜美的外表下是一顆殘酷的心)<br />2010/10/4<br />28<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
32. 32. 否定副詞至於句首<br />表示否定的副詞包括barely, hardly, scarcely, rarely, never, seldom, neither, nor, nowhere, no, few, little<br />表示否定的副詞片語包括by no means, in no way, under no circumstances, on no account, not often, not only…but also…, not until, no sooner…than…<br />否定副詞<br />否定副詞片語<br />Be動詞/助動詞<br />S<br />2010/10/4<br />29<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
33. 33. 否定副詞至於句首<br />Success isseldom easy.<br />Seldomis success easy.<br />You canrarely see so many famous people in one place.<br />Rarelycan you see so many famous people in one place.<br />I will agree with this conclusion in no way.<br />In no waywill I agree with this conclusion.<br />2010/10/4<br />30<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
34. 34. 否定副詞至於句首<br />Velvet will not only look and feel luxurious, but it will also keep you warm.<br />Not only will it look and feel luxurious, but velvet will also keep you warm.<br />A person doesnot realize the value of health until he loses it.<br />Not until a person loses his health does he realize its value.<br />2010/10/4<br />31<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />
35. 35. Only副詞子句/副詞片語倒裝<br />Only之後可接副詞、副詞片語、副詞子句、介係詞片語等，常見的有：only just, only then, only once, only in this way, only if, only after, only when, only by, only later<br />2010/10/4<br />32<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />副詞<br />副詞片語<br />副詞子句<br />介係詞片語<br />Be動詞/助動詞<br />S<br />Only<br />
36. 36. Only副詞子句/副詞片語倒裝<br />It only becomes clear later that Leo, the servant, was actually the leader all along.<br /> Only later does it become clear that Leo was actually the leader all along.<br />We canonly win by working hard.<br />Only by working hardcan we win.<br />He realized he had made a big mistake only after he had spoken.<br /> Only after he had spokendidhe realize he had made a big mistake.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />33<br />
37. 37. 假設語氣的倒裝<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />34<br />
38. 38. 「也」、「也不」<br />Terence has witnessed a UFO nearby. Dick has also witnessed a UFO nearby.<br />Terence has witnessed a UFO nearby, and Dick has, too.<br />Terence has witnessed a UFO nearby, and so has Dick.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />35<br />
39. 39. 「也」、「也不」<br />Ken will not dye his hair blue. Jeff will not dye his hair blue.<br />Ken will not dye his hair blue, and Jeff won’t, either.<br /> Ken will not dye his hair blue (and) nor will Jeff.<br /> Ken will not dye his hair blue and neither will Jeff.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />36<br />
40. 40. 你累了嗎？接下來的超級重要啊！<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />37<br />
41. 41. 讓步子句的倒裝<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />38<br />副詞<br />形容詞<br />名詞<br />Though<br />Although<br />Although he worked <br /> hard, he failed.<br /> Hard as he worked, he failed.<br />Although Jack is rich, he is not happy.<br /> Rich as he is, Jack is not happy.<br />Although she is a woman, she is brave.<br /> Woman as she is, she is brave.<br />S<br />V<br />副詞<br />形容詞<br />名詞<br />as<br />S<br />V<br />
42. 42. 讓步子句的倒裝<br />Although he was blind, the old man gazed at the painting.<br /> Blind as he was, the old man gazed at the painting.<br />Although they tried hard, Lisbeth and Anna Maria could no longer hold back their tears.<br /> Hard as they tried, Lisbeth and Anna Maria could no longer hold back their tears.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />39<br />
43. 43. 主詞補語的倒裝<br />So + Adj. + be + S + that …<br />The suggestion wasso great that the two employees were praised.<br /> So great was the suggestion that the two employees were praised.<br />His gaze and movements wereso convincing that Mr. Rackner couldn’t help but lean forward to read the inscription.<br />So convincingwere his gaze and movements that Mr. Rackner couldn’t help but lean forward to read the inscription.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />40<br />
44. 44. 主詞補語的倒裝<br />Such + be + S + that…<br />Her fright wassuch (=so great) that she closed her eyes.<br /> Suchwas her fright that she closed her eyes.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />41<br />
45. 45. 主詞補語的倒裝<br />主詞補語 +V+S+[修飾語]<br />Those who always help others are happy.<br /> Happy are those who always help others.<br />The pure in heart are blessed, for they shall see God.<br /> Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />42<br />
46. 46. 2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />43<br />
47. 47. Quiz time!<br />Out of the building ______ a great number of people because of a big fire.<br /> (A) does rush<br /> (B) did rush<br /> (C) to rush<br /> (D) rushed<br />Only after I had reached the station _______ that I had forgotten to take my ticket with me.<br /> (A) I realized<br /> (B) do I realize<br /> (C) did I realize<br /> (D) I will realize <br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />44<br />D<br />C<br />
48. 48. Jenny:Where is your homework?<br /> Anna: __________.<br /> (A) Here you are.<br /> (B) Here are you.<br /> (C) There it goes.<br /> (D) There goes it.<br />___________ as my brother is, he is afraid when ___________ death.<br /> (A) Brave; faced of<br /> (B) Doctor; faced with<br /> (C) A doctor; facing with<br /> (D) Brave; he facing with<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />45<br />A<br />B<br />
49. 49. Franz’s wife can no longer hold back her tears, __________.<br /> (A) and so can his daughter.<br /> (B) and nor can his daughter.<br /> (C) and his daughter, too.<br /> (D) neither can’t his daughter.<br />So __________ that Larry’s wife was determined to divorce him.<br /> (A) were Larry’s cruel words<br /> (B) were cruel Larry’s words<br /> (C) cruel were Larry’s words <br /> (D) cruel Larry’s words were<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />46<br />B<br />C<br />
50. 50. Choose the correct sentence.<br />(A) So rude David was that he offended that old lady.<br />(B) Diligent as Zack was, but he still failed the exam.<br />(C) Tight as the T-shirt is that I cannot put it on.<br />(D) How mysterious accidents they are!<br />(E) Calmly as he acted, Rick was actually angry about the girl’s rudeness.<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />47<br />E<br />
51. 51. Congratulations! Mission accomplished!<br />Write to me if you are interested in this slide, thanks!<br />foolishhjenny@gmail.com<br />2010/10/4<br />Instructor: Jenny Chen<br />48<br />