Rather then focusing on “what” resources student use in their information seeking I am interested in learning WHO 5th grade students use to meet an information need.The information from this study could be used guide librarians…who should their information literacy programs be focused on? Teachers, parents or students?
I am also interested in the motivation behind why students turn to particular individuals. Convenience: sitting by the smart kid in class, so why bother the teacherComfort Level: the librarian never smiles at me, so I will ask my teacher laterThe literature review made me wonder: do students consider the quality of the answers they are getting??? Do they ask the same individuals for assitance over and over again bacasue they are confidnet that the informtion they are receiveing is “good”.
These are the general characteristics of student information seeking behavior that I gleaned from the literature review. Two of these statements were very relivant to my study.Fill in the blank mentality and Seeking of most convenient source
Most important study to my research was one done by Agosto and Hughes Hassell. These individual studied urban young adults. Friends, Family and School employees in that order.
I did not mention Crow’s study inmy initial presentation of my lit review. Did not seem all that relevant at the time, I just thought it was an interesting study! Low and behold one of the students I interviewed WAS one of these kids. It threw me for a loop for a while. So glad that I had read this study so that I was prepared for this student.
Two interviews were done at school in the library the other at my kitchen table. Kids took on the “role” that they normally do with me. Two were my students the other was a neighbor girl that spends time hanging out with my family (well the dogs actually) Chose this age for develoopmental reasons… tend to be content withthemselves and the world around them. Not dealing with “hormones” untill und of school year. This age student also tends to have positive relationship with the adults in their lives…as well as their peers.
During the research project I made a few adjustment to my original plan the biggest one being my decision to intreview a 5th grader that was not my student.
This was done to help me see the information that was truly important in answwering the questions that I sset out to answer. I did try to keep it well defined and fairly simple
So, what did I discover? Each student stated a hierarchy when it came to asking people for help. In all cases this was true at school and at home.
Convenience: no surprise really…this was shown in some of the studies in the literature reviewComfort Level: there is not enough data to make a statement. I feel like the convenience outweighs the comfort level Nice surprise was Quality Level: Although I do not think that student think in terms of quality they definitely turn to individuals that they feel will be the most likely to give them the answwer that they need. My favorite example of this is the student that always asks Jordan, becaseu she is the teacehrs kid, so she is really smart
I want to learn more about Why…more information in this are wold pull the study togeter more. So…why do you ask your neighbor and not the teacher? Is it because it is the easiest, it is because the teacher is scary? Is it because the teacher said stay in your seat?I am also interested in learning WHO given the opportunity to ask anone for help (convenience set aside) sho would it be?
Who Do They Turn To? <br />Information Seeking Preferences of 5th Grade Students<br />Research Proposal<br />April 17, 2010<br />Jenny Linn<br />LIS 7920<br />
Who do students turn to when they are seeking information.<br />Teachers<br />Peers<br />Parents?<br />Others??<br />Librarian!<br />
Why do students turn to particular individuals?<br />Convenience<br />Comfort level<br />Quality of answers<br />Quality of assistance<br />
General Characteristics of Student Information Seeking Behavior<br />Fill in the blank mentality<br />Focus on “amount” of information<br />Seek most convenient sources<br />Copy rather then understand information<br />Lack of knowledge tends to affect searching<br />Common Thread in studies “Path of least resistance”<br />
Human sources of information<br />Agosto and Hughes-Hassell study<br />A majority of participants preferred human sources in their everyday information seeking.<br />Friends<br />Family<br />School Employees<br />
Crow’s study<br />Intrinsically motivated students<br />Approach information seeking differently<br />Look for challenges<br />View learning and discovering as an enjoyable endeavor<br />Willingly follow where the search leads<br />
Methodology<br />Qualitative Methods Approach<br />One on one semi structured interviews<br />20-30 minutes in length<br />5 prepared guiding question<br />Subjects were 3 - 5th grade students<br />2 female <br />1 male<br />2 students <br />1 neighbor<br />
Adjustments – mid research<br />Interviewed two students<br />Research Project<br />Role of student<br />Similar responses<br />Interviewed a neighbor<br />Used examples outside of the school setting<br />
Coding<br />My coding focused on words and/or phrases that indicated the following:<br />Resources: human and non human<br />Feelings<br />Preferences<br />Roles of human resources<br /> <br />
Who do Students most often ask for help?<br />Hierarchy<br />At school<br />Classmate before teacher<br />“If I need a little bit of information I ask a friend, if I need more then I ask the teacher.”<br />No mention of School Librarian<br />At Home<br />Certain family members preferred based on subject<br />“Dad is a computer type thing so he helps a lot with Math.”<br />
Why do students turn to particular individuals? <br />Convenience<br />Ask closest person<br />Comfort Level<br />More comfortable asking classmate then teacher?<br />Quality of information<br />Students did consider this. <br />
My thoughts<br />Focus more on the “Why” next time. <br />Would address students preferences<br />2 research questions did not get addressed<br />I failed to ask the questions in the interview<br />Important research <br />Understudied group<br />Useful information for programming decisions<br />
Adjustments for Full Study<br />Add questions about preference<br />Use three data collections methods<br />Questionnaire<br />Small group discussions<br />One on one interviews<br />Use recording devices<br />Consider timing of research<br />Consider using more than one school<br />
Discussion Questions<br />Based on what you have heard AND what you already knew <br />What is the best use of a librarians time and resources when it comes to teaching information literacy skills? Parents, students Teachers?<br />Librarians were rarely mentioned by the students interviewed. What can we do to make librarians more visible to students?<br />