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Prohibition Of Drugs And Alcohol
Popular belief holds that consumption of drugs and alcohol encourages violence and that the appropriate response is prohibition of these goods.
However, a different viewpoint is that prohibition creates illegal underground markets, which require violence and crime to remedy in–house disputes.
This paper examines the relationship between prohibition and violence using the historical data and behavior following previous U.S. drug and alcohol
laws, regulations, and enforcement on indicators of violence, e.g. homicide rates, and government enforcement expenditures. The results show that an
increase in enforcement of drug and alcohol prohibition laws have been positively associated with increases in the homicide rate. Furthermore,
supplementary evidence suggests this strong positive correlation prohibition enforcement on violence and the overall crime rate.
I. Introduction
Is Prohibition actually successful in reducing recreational drug consumption and drug–related violence? This is the question that will be analyzed in
this paper. Drug enforcement officials frequently cite drug–related violence as a reason that drugs must be eliminated from our society. A contrary
belief is that the system of drug prohibition actually causes most of the violence. Just like with alcohol prohibition in the 1920s and the rise of
organized crime, drug prohibition inspires a dangerous underground market that manifests itself with violent crime throughout the U.S. and, in fact, the
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Global Spending On Drug Law Enforcement Currently Exceeds
Global spending on drug law enforcement currently exceeds one hundred billion dollars per annum. This is said to be way over the amount spent on
foreign aid, global welfare, and climate change (CounttheCosts.org, 2016). This is also backed up by further expenditure of about 70–80 per cent of
tens of billions of cash injections from the United Nations to be spent on global drug control, through policing and military intervention, this cash is
injected with the aim of eradicating drug production facilities and farms, and the prosecution and punishment of drug traffickers and farmers (Gossop,
2013). This is all spent with one intention, the intention to create a safer drug–free world (Horsfield, 2016). Taking into consideration the... Show more
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After that it costs a further ВЈ40,000 for each year they spend incarcerated (Ministry of Justice, 2015). It can thus be suggested that as it stands current
global spending far exceeds its worth, or at least for the state and those in government. As comparatively, it could be argued it works very well in
serving a criminal industry. An illegal industry, that is eager to supply a growing global demand for drugs, with an estimated annual turnover of $320
billion (Countthecost.org, 2016).Therefore, despite all of these resources spent by the state, there has been little improvement towards the harms of
illegal substance misuse and the global drug trade is now arguably, entirely controlled by criminal organisations, street gangs and even terrorists
(Bean, 2010). It leaves you wondering, firstly, are we, as a society, going the right way in dealing with the problems of substance misuse and
secondly, how has spending on the issue increased to such unsustainable amounts, often with little positive results. 3.2 The Declaration of "War" The
answer to the latter question, it could be argued, is largely down to the fifty year global stance and the concept of the "War on drugs". A cohesive
stance against certain substances is not something which is new. Implemented measures can be deemed to go way back, even as far as the time of the
ancient Egyptians, whereby, records dating back
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Essay: Should Welfare Recipients Be Tested For Drugs
Should Welfare Recipients be Tested for Drugs? Welfare was created in 1935 by Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is the closest technique or practice of our
country to socialism. It helped families during the Great Depression, but has been abused thoroughly within our country. Many citizens would like to
do away with the system, but many resist this because it is their only income. Lots of skeptical citizens see it as the root of much of our country's debt,
but there is no easy way for it to be eliminated. Many steps have been taken to reduce the abusement and eventually do away with the system. This
includes drug testing for welfare recipients. There are multiple issues with this idea and lots of people would like keep the system. Taxpayers that
dislike what the government has come to, fear that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
We are weaker in all aspects, and are continuing down that path. The beginning of the path was from socialists growing popularity in our country.
Welfare is one of the roots of this growing issue. Our country is digging themselves a grave by creating laws that go against what our country was
founded on. Although many argue that the constitution gives citizens privacy to avoid drug tests, it never mentioned welfare. The founding fathers
produced a strong country in the beginning, and would be appalled with our country today. The country they made was strong and free, and that
must be restored. The first step in this action would be to get rid of the unneeded and abused system of welfare. Since our country would go into
another depression we can't do this at once. We must take it piece by piece and begin by cutting down the abuse of the system. This could be the first
step in getting our country back. Welfare recipients should be drug tested because American taxes should be used legally, the tests will give an
incentive to get off drugs, welfare should be used for those in need not those who need drugs, and helps reduce the national
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Persuasive Essay On The War On Drugs
The War on Drugs is a deep rooted controversial campaign of prohibition and military aid that has been debated for years. We wonder if the war
will ever come to an end, and if there's a liable solution. The "war" will never end, and the only way to maintain balance in our society is by not
letting any laws on drugs change. We can make a positive change within America as the first step. Legalization of drugs, increased taxes for military
support, and more criminals on the streets are all examples of why "The War on Drugs" is affecting us. Over a period of time now, TheUnited States
has been enabling the war, by allowing legalization of Marijuana to take place in certain states. Winning the war, seems like an impossible task. But
losing completely would diminish security and stability in our world. Applying more action and recognition will increase our awareness to stay away
from this loss, and would better our economy as a whole. To better end "The War on Drugs" as a whole, we need to focus on winning the battle here in
the United States before other countries.
The war on drugs being fought here in the United States, is the overall dependency for drugs. It is highly demanded for distribution, personal use, and
strings in other violent crimes. We can put an end to this dependency by applying some basic principles and steps. A step in the right direction is
prevention, to abolish all laws that enable the use of drugs, such as illegalization of Marijuana. The focus here is to
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The DEA: A 2005 Study
During the year 1960, only four million Americans had ever tried illegal narcotics; today that number has risen to 74 million (DEAMuseum). The
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) concluded that over the past thirty days, more than 20 million Americans over the age of twelve
have used illegal drugs (NCADD). As one of the top health–related problems facing the nation today, the prevalence of drug abuse in society strains the
economy, health care system, criminal justice system, and poses a major threat to public safety. This is because once they are hooked on a particular
drug; addicts will do whatever it takes to come into possession of more of it. To illustrate that point, a 2004 study conducted by the Department of
Justice (DoJ) ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In order to be considered for a position, an applicant must meet a few qualifying factors. These include being a United States citizen, passing a DEA
administered drug test, completion of a DEA drug questionnaire and drug–use statement, and successfully passing a background investigation (DEA).
Any applicants who have a history of using illegal narcotics are automatically excluded from the hiring process (DEA). This contrasts with the hiring
processes of some other federal agencies, including the FBI, who have begun to relax their drug use history policies (MSNBC). If the candidate is
applying for a position as a special agent, then he/she must meet some additional requirements. These requirement include passing a medical
examination, a physical task assessment, a polygraph examination, and a psychological assessment (DEA). Upon completion of the application
process, the candidate will be notified once a final decision has been made. Once an offer of employment has been made, the candidate will be sent to
the DEA training academy in Quantico, Virginia (DEA). The academy lasts nineteen weeks and provides recruits with the skills they will need to be
successful agents in the DEA (DEA). These skills include advanced firearms training, basic marksmanship training, weapons safety training, deadly
force decision training, and rigorous physical fitness training
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Illegal Drugs: Should they be? Essay
There are very few people who can honestly claim that current drug policies have been a success. Aside from being ineffective the costly current drug
policy of prohibition has created a set of unwanted consequences including; a high prison population of non–violent offenders, corruption, violence, and
whole set of health issues. Albert Einstein is quoted as saying, "Insanity: doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results." and
despite the failures of the current policy in deterring drug use that is just what the government is choosing to do. Perhaps it's time to consider a
different approach to the drug issue. An approach which will address drug use in an innovative way while solving the problems which prohibition has ...
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Furthermore according to the White House Drug Policy website the percentage of those ages 12 and over who admit to having used illegal drugs
withing the last year is 12.6%. With numbers like these it's clear that the current drug policy is not only costly but ineffective at preventing drug use
that combined with the nation's tough drug laws has helped make the US the the world's leading jailer. By the end of 2008 2,304,15 people inmates
were incarcerated according to a December 2009 report by the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, with drug offenders accounting for 25% of the US
prison population according to the . And with the cost to house an inmate at $35,000 a year, according to an New York Times article by Jennifer
Steinhauer that is a lot of money that could be better spent somewhere else.
In countries with more liberal drug policy such as the Netherlands where cannabis has been decriminalized and where drug use is seen not as a
criminal issue but as a health issue, drug use is actually much lower than the US. According to the United Nations only 5.2% of those 12 and over in
the Netherlands have used drugs in the past year. This thanks to the Netherlands approach to drug education , which sees drug experimentation as part
of normal growing up and thus aims at providing the youth with "the most accurate information possible so they will know what they're getting into."
according to Susan T Marting. Giving them honest
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Employee Drug Testing: Fair and Effective Essay
Annually in America, billions of taxpayer dollars are spent to pay for the unnecessary expenses caused by drug–impaired employees. Workers whose
performances are negatively altered by drug use contribute to losses in business productivity and assist in lowering workplace safety. On average,
according to the Community Anti–Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA), $100 billion is lost per year due to accidents, decreases in productivity, and
other related expenses caused by incompetent, drug abusing employees ("Coalitions"). However, through a thoughtful system, businesses can be
protected against the harms presented by deleterious contraband abusers. In an effort to curb staff member drug trends and to protect employee health,
public safety,... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The presence of drugged workers dramatically reduces safety levels at work (DuPont, 124). According to G. John Tysse and Garen E. Dodge, those
who consume illegal drugs are more likely to cause or be part of a work related accident than employees who do not use drugs (112). Companies
trapped in such situations rapidly lose productivity (Tysse, 111), and quickly find themselves footing the bill to pay for the consequent expenses.
However, most agree that these trends can be countered by establishing effective, lawful drug screening programs. As unfavorable as productivity loss,
increased expense, and decreased safety are, there are some who are against workplace drug inspection. These opponents claim the testing procedures
violate personal privacy and are therefore unconstitutional (Cantrell). In Drug Tests and Polygraphs, it is expressed that drug tests are invasive of
privacy because employers do not hold the right to examine the bodily fluids of employees by means of urinalysis (Jussim, 15). Furthermore,
adversaries argue that mandatory examinations allow employers to monitor off the job drug use behavior (DuPont, 126). Opponents further the
argument against testing by asserting drug testing to be inaccurate (Berrien, 122–123). These critics have cited lab and test errors as the source of
inaccuracy (Jussim, 31). Fortunately, the aforementioned concerns and deficiencies can be conquered by putting into effect carefully controlled drug
screening
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The War On Drugs And Drugs Essay
The war on drugs have been a critical issue that has repeatedly held a great debate topic. It was in the 1906 when the first act against drug was put
into effect with the Pure Food and Drug Act which required all over–the–counter medication to have label of its ingredients. Under President Nixon the
first executive branch office to coordinate drug policy was formed and the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act was put into
place. Two years following that the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) was formed. The funding for the war on drugs had greatly increased over
the decades and has reached the record of an annual budget of $17.8 billion which occurred in 1998. Much of the budget is used to intervene drug
flow on the U.S. border and for interdiction according to Cooper's 1993 War on Drugs article. Some people agree that having more man power at
the U.S. border will help eliminate the U.S. drug problem while others argue that even though having more people working the border increases drug
seizures there are still drugs continuing to enter the United States. These may be the very people that believe in using the budget to provide more
educational programs to the younger generation and having prevention programs will help those that may have become a drug user if not a addict.
The last group of American do not believe either of those programs have worked in the past and will not work in the future. With those options gone
the only thing left to do it to legalize
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Should Medical Marijuana Be Legal?
Today's society is unique to any times in history. From the legalization of gay marriage, to our increased national security of USA PATRIOT act,
we see a high contrast on personal rights as a citizen of the united states. Recently, an increasingly debated topic on marijuana legalization is widely
argued. Whether it's for medical or recreational usages, this topic is reaching boiling point. The complicity on the legalities of marijuana has
reached a point in society where legal usage has been popping up across the country. In the medical sector, studies have shown benefits, and harmful
effects in patients. Some physicians support, however some physicians do see health concerns that influence their stance on whether medical
marijuana laws are to be altered from a prior state. Addiction rate, health impact, reason to prescribe, and economic benefits are all factors needed to
take into reason whether medical marijuana usage should be prescribed or not. Medically prescribed marijuana can treat symptoms of certain
conditions and diseases, however can impact the mental health and be addictive to heavy users. In this explorative essay, topics on both sides of the
argument will be expressed, background information will be added to provide context, and will be unbiased to shed light on the depth of the topic.
The legalization of medical marijuana is a heavy topic, and legal aspects are central to its debate. Despite the potential health benefits of medical
marijuana, new
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The Shortage Of Physician Primary Care Provider
Prescriptive Authority The shortage of physician primary care provider, has created public awareness bringing about the demand of the advanced
practice registered nurses (APRNs). The APRN has the necessary training to assess, diagnose and treat patients. As the role of APRN begin to expand
the need to prescribe medications becomes very important. According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), APRN practice in
the United States is divided into three groups: full practice, reduced practice, or restricted practice. The scope of practice and prescriptive authority of
the APRN is determined according to state regulations (Gutchell, ldzik, & Lazear, 2014). Report according to Peck (2013), shows that... Show more
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However variations occurs in states regulations with regards to prescriptive authority in terms of procedures and requirements that must be met by the
APRN, relationship with a physician if any to prescribe, and the scope of the APRN prescriptive authority to prescribe controlled drug (Joel, 2013,
p.125). In other to understand the variations between states regulations with regards to prescriptive authority, a comparison is made between the state
of Texas and the state of Nevada.
State of Texas Prescriptive Authority According to the Texas board of nursing, the senate bill 406 improved the prescriptive authority for advanced
practice registered nurses (APRNs) in Texas allowing them now prescribe medications in a facility–based practice settings under a protocol and in
other practice settings under a prescriptive authority agreement. In the state of Texas an APRN who has been issued full licensure and a valid
prescription authorization number by the Board of nursing may prescribe non–prescription drugs, dangerous drugs, and devices, including durable
medical equipment. If an APRN wishes to prescribe controlled substances, he or she obtains the authority to order and prescribe certain categories of
controlled substances. Having an advanced pharmacotherapeutics education is a must. APRNs in
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Persuasive Essay On The War On Drugs
Who knew that such a product could create such destruction and chaos? Ever since Richard Nixon declared the war on drugs it would begin a chain
reaction of horrifying events to the citizens of the United States.It tears apart families due to multiple arrests made by law enforcement. Not only do
these people are separated from their loved ones but they have to suffer by spending long periods of time in prison. Due to this drug, not only does it
increase incarceration, it would be caused to skyrocket. According to the documentary, The House I live in,the United States only make up 5% of the
world's population yet it carries 25% of prison incarceration. Making the United States as the country with the highest incarceration rate. These statistics
on how high these numbers must've become that way for a reason. A simple answer to that is law enforcement. Thepolice have been responsible for
arresting these people who merely just use drugs. A corruption within law enforcement would be an understatement. The police have an incentive to
make these arrests based off drug related charges. A way to minimize these issues would be to legalize drugs. Rather than fighting this drug war, it's
clear that we have been losing for decades now. If you can't beat them then join them. Legalizing drugs would be the best option.
If the United States approved the use of drugs by the public, it would decrease the high prison population. Rather than keeping these nonviolent
offenders behind bars for
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Criminalization Of Cannabis In Canada
In Canada, cannabis use became illegal in 1923 after the Act to Prohibit the Improper Use of Opium and other Drugs added cannabis to the list of
illicit substances. Cannabis then became an illegal substance under the same category of harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin, despite lack of
scientific or criminal correlations to suggest such categorization (CAMH, 2014). An increase in illicit drug use in the 1960's and 1970's was met by
greatly increased criminalization and the associated individual and social costs. The strain on the courts, and the rising numbers of otherwise
law–abiding youth being sentenced for recreational use of cannabis created pressures for the liberalization of Canada's drug laws. As a result, the
Commission of Inquiry ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In R. v. Readhead (2008), the accused was charged with the possession of marijuana and possession of marijuana for the purpose of trafficking and
was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of two and one half years. Readhead argued that the sentencing judge erred in his decision and asked for
a fairer sentence. The British Columbia Court of Appeal stated that the sentence prescribed by the sentencing judge is within the proper scope of
his judgment but still reduced the sentence to two years less a day. As pointed out by the British Columbia Court of Appeal, Readhead's past
experience with the law, in which he has three previous charges for trafficking marijuana, did not deter or rehabilitate him in any way( R. v.
Readhead, 2008). In R. v. Evers (2011), the accused was charged with the offences of unlawfully producing a controlled substance and possessing
this substance for the purposes of trafficking. However, despite Evers's lack of remorse for producing marijuana and her explicitly stating that she
intended to continue her grow operation, the trial judge did not impose any jail time. The trial judge stated that there was no point in imprisoning
Evers as doing so would only make her a martyr for the legalization of marijuana (R. v. Evers, 2011). Both of these cases
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Persuasive Essay : Should Drug Prohibition Be Legalized?
Drug prohibition is a law that by which governments prohibit the supply, production and possession of substances classified as drugs, exempt is those
with a license. The policy is enforced internationally and for decades has come under constant scrutiny for its many impacting failures and brief but
futile successes. This has led to many advocating for the legalisation of drugs as a viable solution due to its proven success in countries like Portugal.
This essay will cover why prohibition should be abolished whilst also looking at how drug legalisation can remedy the issues caused by prohibition as
well as posing an argument against legalisation to give a rounded assessment of the issue.
Drug prohibition spawn black market corruption whilst damaging overall public health by exposing them to a variety of drugs. Drug market
participants are forced to conduct business illegally, thus resorting to bribery and extortion of various high ranking public officials. According to
(Steel, Alan, 2006), a negative spinoff from drug prohibition is the creation of an international black market 'worth over $100 billion a year'. The
black market is aided by 'corruption of governments such as Columbia' and Brazil(source) who are dominated by drug gangs and organised crime.
However, the biggest effect the black market has on the public is that the government has no control over the purity of drugs and unregulated drugs
can have dire effects. Users of low impact drugs like cannabis are forced
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The War on Drugs is Failing Essay
The War on Drugs is Failing
"Prohibition will work great injury to the cause of temperance... for it goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man's appetite
by legislation and make a crime out of things that are not a crime. A prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principle upon which our government
was founded" Abraham Lincoln
On January 16, 1920 the Eighteenth Amendment was ratified by thirty–six states and became part of the Constitution. The intention of this new
amendment was to lower alcohol consumption by Americans. At the time each American consumed on average thirty gallons of alcohol a year.[1] This
new amendment took away the license to do business from the brewers, distillers, and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The War on Drugs intends to rid America of drugs, hard and soft, just as prohibition attempted to rid America of drink. The arguments against the War
on Drugs are the same arguments that persuaded politicians sixty years ago to end Prohibition. Just as the movement to rid America of alcohol failed,
so will the War on Drugs because social engineering works no better today than it did then.
The War on Drugs has given birth to many of the modern day evils. The most widespread repercussion of the War on Drugs is the crime rate. " In
1990, the number of people sent to state and federal prisons for drug offenses exceeded the number of offenders sent to prison for violent crimes....
Drug offenders currently make up 62 percent of the federal inmate population, up from 22 percent in 1980."[3] Add to this the fact that most of these
prisoners are nonviolent offenders put there under mandatory minimum sentencing laws and the explanation for why this country is running out of
prison space should be readily apparent.
The second most prevalent, as well as disheartening, result of this movement is the death of innocent victims. The support for this result can be found
in the obituary section of the daily newspaper or on the five o'clock news. Even the smallest of towns have been afflicted with death due to drugs.
Back–alley heroin and basement–lab manufactured amphetamines present the same problem as
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Mandatory Drug Testing For Welfare Recipients Essay
The process of drug testing individuals who are applying or receiving welfare benefits has recently become the focus of a widely spread controversy.
Florida, the first state to pass the law, now requires all individuals applying for public assistance to undergo drug testing. The state of Kentucky, among
others, have considered following this trend. State lawmakers hope to prevent the squandering of taxpayer dollars on drugs by proposing similar
guidelines. Alabama's states representative Kerry Rich clearly affirmed his state's position on the matter, "I don't think the taxpayers should have to
help fund somebody's drug habit" (qtd. in Time).
A decision to implement mandatory drug testing may be an imperative step for preventing welfare ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Many question this policy. Worrying, the majority of people who are applying for state benefits may not have the ability to cover the upfront expense.
Therefore, needy families would go without food.
While there are many benefits to passing this law, we must consider the other possible problems and solutions as well. Selling food stamps for drugs
is not the sole issue at hand. Welfare abuse comes in many forms. Until recent changes in identification verification practices by physicians and
medical centers, Medicaid fraud was also an ongoing issue. People without medical coverage would often borrow the medical card of a friend or
family member, and then go to a doctor or dentist. In other words, it was not diligent auditors or highly mandated policies that reduced Medicaid fraud.
In fact, the meticulous works of insurance companies are responsible. Today, physician offices place a patient's photograph in the chart. Verifying the
patient's identity helps certify insurance claims are filed on behalf of the actual member. As a result, the state's Medicaid program benefited from this
much–needed change.
The more widely recognized form of welfare abuse, practiced for decades, occurs when people sell food stamps for cash. In the eighties food stamps
were in the form of coupons and assigned a monetary value. It was
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Essay On Drug Control In Texas
Texas has very concrete guidelines regarding how controlled medications can be handled within Texas. Controlled or Scheduled medications as defined
by the Drug Enforcement Administration are drugs, substances, or chemical compounds with potential for abuse. These scheduled drugs are divided
into categories of one through five, one having the most potential to be abused and five having the least. Schedule I drugs are considered illicit and
have no accepted uses; these include heroin, LSD, marijuana and other illegal drugs. Schedule II drugs still have high abuse potential but are still
utilized medically under stricter guidelines these include Adderall, Oxycodone and Cocaine. Schedule III–V are considered to have the least abuse
potential... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
According to the Texas State Board of Pharmacy all Schedule II prescriptions must be indited on Texas triplicate paper. Schedule II medications are the
highest regulated medications available to be dispensed at a pharmacy so having extra protections in place such as these triplicates is advantageous to
monitor Schedule II medications use. The differences that set triplicate paper apart from standard prescription pads help protect the pharmacy from
counterfeits and would be comparable to regulations the United States government used to stop counterfeit bills; the control numbers on triplicates
make it simple to keep record of them and prevent fraudulent duplicates, the watermarks allow the pharmacy to test if a prescription is fake themselves
and the changing colors make it difficult for counterfeiters to keep up. While simple in nature these limitations Texas has put in place help protect
pharmacies from filling and distributing faux perceptions for schedule II medications by making such scripts more difficult to reproduce and
counterfeit. While Texas triplicate paper laws only affect schedule II medications other limitations are placed over all the scheduled medications such
as refill restrictions.
In Texas medical doctors are allowed to authorize refills on controlled medications under certain limitations of the law. In compliance with the Texas
State
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Essay on AllenAprilME1415 Wk3 Assign Worksheet V
Before you begin, save this document to your computer. You will need to submit your answers in the area indicated below. As a member of a medical
professional team, you will work closely with many physicians. As you have read this week, guarding the physician–patient relationship is serious
business. In this assignment you will practice what you have learned in chapters 5 and 7 in the Medical Law and Ethics textbook: Federal privacy laws
that pertain to healthcare and the "Patient's Bill of Rights" Privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communications Filing birth and death certificates
Examples of communicable diseases which must be reported to local, state and/or federal authorities The Controlled Substance Act Tips for answering
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There will be no official cause of death released by this office at this time while awaiting the final findings of the Coroners office. We would like to
extend our heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Williams and ask that the public and press give them some time and space to deal with the huge
lost of Mr. Williams. Media inquiries should be directed to the medical offices of Dr. Williams at 333
–090–9876 (See next page for part 2) Question 2:
How soon after death does a death certificate have to be signed? 10 points Directions to complete Question 2: Respond to the question using your own
words Answer: It varies from state to state but usually in within 24–72 hours of the death and depending on the circumstances surrounding the death.
Type your answer here (See next page for part 3) Question 3: Match the following terms and definitions: 20 points Directions to complete Question 3:
Click on "Choose an item" and click on the down arrow to access the letter selections. You can use each letter only once. 1. Data– B 2. Coroner– E 3.
Schedule II drug– H 4. Postmortem– A 5. Schedule I drug– G 6. Addiction– C 7. Inquest– J 8. DPT– D 9. STDs– I 10. Public duty– F A. After death B.
Statistics C. Physical dependence D. Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus toxoid vaccine E. Public health official who investigates cause of death F. Report
child
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Persuasive Speech Outline On Drugs
Opening Paragraph, Thesis Statement: the government has set rules to ban drugs by enforcing the laws on drugs and intend to do everything in their
power to resolve the issues with drugs. the government has set rules to ban drugs by enforcing the laws on drugs and intend to do everything in their
power to resolve the issues with drugs.
A. Including drug policies that intended to stop production, distribution, and consumption of drugs. Plus he devoted federal resources to prevent new
addicts and rehab for those addicted to drugs. Drug policy alliance estimate that the U.S spend 51 billion dollars annually on these point of views.
B. Commonly illegal drugs include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and, marijuana. Marijuana is the most popular ... Show more content on
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Supporting Detail: By contrast, Washington's voter–approved marijuana law leaves the legislative branch largely out of the loop, and gives the State
Liquor Control Board responsibility for coming up with a system for licensing, regulating and taxing marijuana growers, processors and retail stores.
c.Supporting Detail: A key selling point for marijuana legalization in Colorado and Washington was the potential for a major new stream of revenue in
the form of licensing fees and taxes on the cultivation, processing and sale of cannabis.
Main Idea – Executive Branch: .US Attorney General Jeff Sessions said
Supporting Detail: A "I realize this may be an unfashionable belief in a time of growing tolerance of drug use. But too many lives are at stake to
worry about being fashionable. I reject the idea that America will be a better place if marijuana is sold in every corner store. And I am astonished to
hear people suggest that we can solve our heroin crisis by legalizing marijuana – so people can trade one life–wrecking dependency for another that's
only slightly less awful. Our nation needs to say clearly once again that using drugs will destroy your life." Supporting Detail: B. He also wanted to
bring back Nancy Reagan's anti–drug propaganda campaigns of the
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Controlled Substance Act
The Controlled Substances Act and the Evolutionary War on Drugs
Drugs have been used for hundreds of years for medical, religious, and psychotherapy purposes. As psychoactive drugs became more popularly used
for recreational use and were being introduced in new ways, there became a strong need for control and regulation. The Controlled Substance Act was
implemented to take a stronghold on the growing drug problem in the United States. The advancement of science and technology continuously present
a need for new ideas and legislations; to keep a strong hold on the war on drugs. Whether the United States can keep up with the changing epidemics
and tackle them head on, proves to be a main concern.
Only a few decades ago, research began to show ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This would have had a greater impact on the entire issue as it would have closed the revolving door and lowered prison capacities. Today, the focus is
on law enforcement and harsh punishments for drug crimes; which in turn fills our prisons and depletes our funding and police force. Although the
CSA took a different direction then what Nixon intended, it still provides a direct course of action towards drug control. Essentially, the legislation was
put in place because "illegal importation, manufacture, distribution, and possession and improper use of controlled substances have a substantial and
detrimental effect on the health and general welfare of the American people" (Wilson, 2004). The most significant aspect of the Controlled Substances
Act is the scheduling/classification of drugs. Not only was control of these substances desired but they needed a classification system to properly
implement laws and punishments for the abuse of drugs. The effects of drugs differ in effects on the brain, mood, behavior, dependency, and criminal
participation. In other words, some drugs are more dangerous than others and should have maximum security (Bonnie,
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Drug Testing is Not a Violation of Individual Rights Essay
Every day companies lose millions of dollars due to employee drug use. Athletes break world records with gargantuan strength, but not on a fair scale.
Drugs ruin the lives of users and cause injury to those who must work with users. Detection by officials is necessary to curb this problem. When does
the safety for others violate the rights of drug users? Drug testing, whether in the workplace or on the athletic field, is not a violation of civil rights.
"In 1988, the National Institute on Drug Abuse estimated that 12 percent of full–time employed Americans between the ages of 20 and 40 used an
illicit drug" (Goldburg 62). Twenty percent of the 14.5 million Americans who use drugs are employed. This fact has convinced many that... Show
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"Among high school seniors entering the work force, the levels of drug use were even higher; in 1988, 18 percent reported current use of marijuana
and three percent use of cocaine" (Goldburg 62). Drug use among workers costs companies anywhere from $50 to $100 billion a year in lost man
hours, damaged or destroyed equipment and property, increased insurance premiums, legal fees, and lost efficiency (Zigarelli 77).
The answer is drug testing. Drug testing is a simple, cost–effective technique for increasing the safety of others. "Tested groups have included military
personnel . . . state employees (especially those who involved in law enforcement and transportation), high school and collegiate athletes . . . " (Levy
158). Drug tests are correct 99 percent of the time (Zigarelli 78).
Richard Wornsnop explains the average drug test:
In the first stage of testing, a sample of urine is injected into a heated test tube that vaporizes the liquid into its chemical components. Each substance
takes a characteristic amount of time to reach the bottom of the tube, affording an opportunity for preliminary analysis. In the second stage, mass
spectromy, the compounds emerging from the tube are bombarded by electrons. The resulting molecular debris is then subjected to final analysis and
identification. If a
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Persuasive Essay On Drug Trafficking
Drug trafficking is the selling, distributing, and transporting of illegal substances. Involving drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and marijuana. If caught, a
person may endure jail time along with having their assets taken away. These punishments are due to the amount of risks that are involved within the
issue. Drug trafficking has become associated with addictive problems. Mostly involving young adults. This then brings up many concerning issues.
One being the increasing rate of seizures per year revolving around the use of drugs. However that is only one of the numerous problems drug
trafficking has brought to today's society. The history of drug trafficking began mostly in Columbia and has spread across to Mexico and many more
places. Because of its spreading drugs have often fallen into the wrong hands. Resulting in young adults being the highest percentage of people that
end up contributing to the chain of drug trafficking. The easily made money outweighs the cost when it comes to young adults deciding to spend
most of their time as a drug dealer. Although, it has come to a point where the federal government can decide whether they wish to claim a substance
as controlled. Meaning that the distribution and use of the substance is governed by law. The states do however have the right to state their own set of
drug laws apart from the federal government. The modern era, most people are familiar with the World Wide Web because they use it every day
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The And Federal Crimes For Smuggling Cannabis Across State...
Families relocate because they do not want to face state and federal crimes for smuggling cannabis across state lines. Or, be charged for child
endangerment similar to the Brown Family of Minnesota. However, not all families have the means to relocate to another state. Jennifer Conforti has a
daughter with severe biting habits and violent outbursts triggered by autism. The Conforti family resides in Georgia and had to smuggle cannabis oil. "I
was worried that the Department of Family Services would take my daughter away. I was worried the sheriff would show up at my door and arrest
me," she comments (Jennifer quoted in Brunker, 2016). Similar fear of being caught identified in Kate Pickert's statement of "a German shepherd
approaches your ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Marijuana has been decriminalized in Holland for over forty years. According to the 2011 United Nations World Drug Report, "the relevance of
cannabis use in Holland has been lower than in many other European countries, the United States and Canada" (Spithoff, 2015, 1211–1216). The
relevance of the drug use in Holland was at an all–time low of seventeen percent. The highest rate of the drug use was Canada, leading by twenty–eight
percent. Holland's view on marijuana is the most unique of the countries. The country focuses directly on accepting the practice rather than definite
policy. Small amounts of marijuana can be purchased at local "coffee shops." However, the coffee shops are prohibited from selling to more than
2,000 legal residents of Holland ("The," 2012, A11). In order to promote a good workplace, the "coffee shops" have to be respectful of their neighbor's
space and environment. Holland's government does not control many factors of the marijuana production. Such as, the packaging, pricing and the
taxing of the drug, which leads to a chain of illegal supply. Surprisingly, marijuana use by youth have been
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The Controversy Over the Medicinal Use of Marijuana...
The debate about marijuana in the United States is ever changing and not lacking in attention by any means. Just the topic of marijuana legalization
brings about varying opinions on many different levels and which has the potential to divide a country, a state, a county, a city and in some instances,
maybe a household. The topic of marijuana and its legalization for whatever reasons contains within it, many topics which the debate currently
revolves around. However, the debate to decriminalize marijuana for medicinal purposes is the most profound. But, many who do not know may ask
the questions. Who is involved in the debate and for what reasons? How has it affected our society or nation as a whole? Or, what is the past and what
may... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Advocates for medicinal marijuana argue that clinical tests have established that marijuana has definite and valid therapeutic values. It is the
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in marijuana that is the active chemical component for the relief o pain and symptoms. Marijuana suppresses
AIDS–related nausea and nausea in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy, along with appetite loss and abnormal pressure in the eye which leads
to glaucoma, the #1 cause of blindness. Marijuana is also believed to be a safe and inexpensive alternative in treating muscle spasms, epilepsy,
anorexia, asthma, insomnia, depression and other disorders. Marijuana is not only believed to help with physical ailments, but psychological ones as
well. A former chairman of the 1991 established Office of AlternativeMedicine's (OAM) Program Advisory Council said, "When used appropriately,
marijuana could be extremely helpful to people undergoing certain kinds of emotional crises."
Then there is the opposition who says that there is still no consensus that confirms marijuana as a legitimate medicinal agent. The opponents believe the
THC damages the brain, the heart, the lungs, the reproductive and immune systems, and that marijuana use is linked to increased aggressiveness and
violent behavior. It is also reported to reduce memory, inhibit driving ability, limit attention span, increase the risk of schizophrenia,
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Mandatory Drug Testing for Student Athletes Essay
In many high schools around the country, student athletes are using drugs. "The percent of students that have drunk alcohol is 72.5% while the number
of students who have used marijuana is 36.8%" (Report: Nearly Half of High School Students Using Drugs, Alcohol). The students believe that since
they are athletes that they do not need to abide by the rules because they feel more superior and that the narcotic will not hurt or affect them.
Implementing random drug tests for athletes will create a positive image and not hurt others or themselves. Schools need to have drug tests for student
athletes because drugs effect relationships, using drugs have consequences, and lastly they have a major effect on the body. Not drug testing student...
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In this scenario, the team member will not be friends again because trust has been broken which will cause complications when playing in a game. If
the team can not work together, then they will not be able to work together and win a game. The team members then will become furious that they are
not winning games which causes more tension and resentment on the team. If one little thing like using drugs can ruin a team, then why not have
student athletes tested for drugs so relationships on the team do not get destroyed. Not only do drugs effect relationships, but they also cause
consequences for the individual taking them. Playing a sport and using drugs are prohibited. By drug testing student athletes for prohibited drugs,
they will know not to use them or there will be consequences that will occur. Some consequences may include a warning, a detention, a suspension,
not being able to play a couple of games or not being to play sports ever again. "Maysville's plan also includes a suspension and removal process based
on how many times student–athletes violate its drug policy. That process includes counseling, which is a critical part of keeping our children off
drugs," (More Schools Should Drug–test Athletes). It may be expensive to conduct all the drug tests ,but it will prevent athletes from doing drugs and
keep the athlete away from getting addicted to using drugs. When an athlete gets addicted to using a drug they will do whatever they
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Causes and Effects of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970
In 1970 the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was put into place by the Congress of the United States Government. This Act, Title II of the
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, is the federal U.S. drug policy which regulates the possession, use, manufacturing and
importation of certain controlled substances. The substances controlled under this act fall under various classifications. These classifications are
known as schedules. The legislation created 5 schedules with different qualifications for a substance to be included in each. Schedule I includes some
of the drugs that are viewed as seriously threatening while schedule V includes drugs that are viewed as not as threatening. A Schedule I drug must fall
under one of... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Later, in the early to mid 1900's, cocaine would be linked to blacks and marijuana would be linked to Mexicans. Many people believe that many of
the drug laws put into place were done so because of racism. When the United States banned opium importation, many other nations began to have
concerns about the growing drug abuse problem throughout the world, specifically the abuse of opium in many of the nations of Asia. This concern
led to meetings of several nations whose mission was to restrict narcotics to medical use [2]. During the 1920's many mexican immigrants fled to the
United States for work. With them, many of them brought marijuana. The act of smoking marijuana was picked up on by many black and white jazz
musicians during the 1920's and 1930's, but was not used widespread until the 1960's. During the 1930's, Louis Artmstrong was arrested in California
and given a sentence of six months for possession of Marijuana [3]. In 1937, the Treasury Department established a marijuana transfer tax known as
the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, after testifying before Congress. After 1937 up until the passing of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Act of 1970,
which include the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, marijuana was legally controlled through a transfer tax. [2] During the 40's and 50's, drug use
was seen as a symbol of counterculture. Jack Kerouac and other important figures of the Beat Generation all
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Canada 's Drug Laws And Drugs
Canada 's drug regulations are covered by the Food and Drug Act and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. In relation to controlled and restricted
drug products the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act establishes eight schedules of drugs and new penalties for the possession, trafficking,
exportation and production of controlled substances as defined by the Governor–in–Council. Drug policy of Canada has traditionally favoured
punishment of the smallest of offenders, but this convention was partially broken in 1996 with the passing of the Controlled Drugs and Substances
Act.[1]
Contents
HistoryEdit
Until 1908 the use of narcotics, opiates especially, in Canada was unregulated.[2] From the 1850s onwards, Chinese immigrants came to British
Columbia in droves, establishing opium dens in their isolated communities. Canadian employers saw the Chinese immigrants as a source of cheap
labour, and the government viewed opium consumption as another way to gain revenue, imposing a tax on opium factories in 1871. However, with the
decline of the gold rush in the 1880s resentment towards the Chinese grew, as unemployed Canadians could not compete with cheap Chinese labour.[3]
Additionally, Japanese immigration to Canada began to rise sharply, resulting in demonstrations against Asian labour. In 1907, there was a particularly
large demonstration against Asian immigrants in Vancouver 's Chinatown.[4] In response to the demonstrations, Deputy Minister of Labour Mackenzie
King
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Public Policy Essay : Drug Policy
Rickey Corporan
5/2/15
Public Policy Essay: Drug Policy
Public Policy is the righteous guide to action taken by the decision–making executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues that are
reliable with law and institutional levies. The basis of public policy is self–ruled by national legal laws and guidelines. Further substrates contain both
judicial explanations and regulations in which it becomes official by legislature. While dealing with issues that concern public policies in the United
States, policymakers overlook a certain bill and have the right to enforce the law or veto it.
One particular Policy that is popular today is the Drug policy of the United States. This particular public policy is Drug Policy of the United States. It
all started when usage of drugs has increased in all categories since the beginning of the exclusion on January 20, 1920. Also. Drug usage reached a
certain peak level when the usage of Opium started after the Harrison Act of 1914 was heartened. Between 1972 and 1988, cocaine usage more than
five times the regular limit, in which it introduced two popular drugs: amphetamines and ecstasy which have shown similar improvements.
The drug policy of the United States was built by The Office of National Drug Control Policy, which came from a former cabinet–level section of the
president's Executive Office. This action led to the establishment of the Anti–Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The goals of this program are to establish
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Alternatives to Incarceration Essay
In 1996, Anderson and Dyson published a study to investigate boot camp success and offender risk assessment for CRIPP (Court Regimented
Intensive Probation Program) participants. This study was conducted on 1225 male boot camp graduates. Logistic regression was used to determine
which participants were more likely to reoffend after boot camp. Independent variables were recoded for the logistical regression model analysis
used in this study. The effect of a prior felony conviction increases the probability of failure by a significant 27%. Those found to be most likely to
recidivate are those who have prior felony convictions, prior drug offenses, prior personal offenses, prior misdemeanors, and be between the ages of
17–20. This... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The study found that more boot camp graduates successfully completed SIPP than other SIPP participants. More than 50% of non–boot camp graduate
failed SIPP. Being employed was strongly correlated with success and decreased recidivism. In 1998, Miller and Grossi published a study that
assessed the educational gains of boot camp inmates. The sample for this study was comprised of 279 individuals who completed a pre and post
TABE from 1993–1995. An overwhelming majority, 87% of the participants was male, and slightly more than half were white. Slightly less than half
of the offenders had less than a high school education, and an amazing 40% of offenders were drug related. Pre and post reading levels using a
paired–sample t–test analysis were used. They used an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test for differences between the groups for the pre and post
subject area tests. This study found that offenders who had less than a high school education were significantly lower than the scores for the
offenders who had completed high school. It was noted that regardless of education levels, offenders that completed boot camp increased their math,
reading, and language skills by at least one grade level. Minority offenders were likely to have lower pre and post test scores; however, they too
improved their skills by the end of the boot camp program. In 2003, Lattimore, Broner, Sherman, Frisman, and Shafer published a study comparing
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Steroids In Mexico
Marcus Bond
Mrs. Lawson
12th Grade English
2017 Apr, 19 Steroids are legal to sell
In Mexico where steroids are legal. Guess what. Mexico doesn 't have a steroid problem. In fact, the issue doesn 't even raise an eyebrow. Anyone,
including a 15 year–old soccer player, can walk into a pharmacy, go right up to the counter, ask for preloaded ready–jects of Sustanon 250 and Deca,
pay his 500–some–odd pesos and walk out, just as if he 'd purchased pink sugar cookies and a bottle of Gatorade. No problem. And, oddly, the news
reports in Mexico are barren of anyone dying from steroids. No teens are committing suicide. Sports are not rife with cheaters and allegations of
malfeasance. Parent groups aren 't up in arms demanding legislation. There ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
And the government took the hormones our own bodies produce, labeled them with a skull and crossbones, and made outlaws of those who possess,
use, import, and sell them. You may be thinking, steroids are illegal because they 're dangerous! Really? Compared to what? Swallow a bottle of
Tylenol and see what happens. Swallow a bottle of Vitamin C and see what happens. Drink three gallons of water in a single sitting and see what
happens. Inject an entire 10 cc bottle of testosterone and you know what 'll happen? You might get a headache. MIGHT. Inject an entire bottle of
testosterone every day for a week and you know what will happen? You 'll probably add 15 pounds to your bench, your bad cholesterol might go up a
little, and you 'll probably hold a little water.
Continue this insane dosing for a month, and your bench might go up 50 pounds, your testes will stop producing endogenous testosterone and atrophy
slightly, and you might get some acne on your shoulders and back. MIGHT. Stop taking testosterone and you know what happens? In time, everything
goes back to normal – with or without a PCT (post–cycle therapy). You can 't say that after weeks of benders on full bottles of Tylenol and Vitamin C.
The acetaminophen will probably have permanently damaged your liver or even killed you, and the vitamin C will have burned a hole in your
stomach. But steroids are illegal and Tylenol and vitamin C can be purchased over
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Essay about The Debate over the Legalization of Marijuana
The debate over whether or not marijuana should be legalized has been active throughout the United States for nearly a century with arguments from
both sides, pro and con, posing quite valid points. Research has proven that cannabis, in various forms, has been used for hundreds of years for
recreational, medicinal and industrial purposes. Contrary to common misconception, cannabis, or marijuana, is not smoked in all forms. Only the
flowers, or buds, and leaves are harvested for recreational use. Some believe that the legalization of marijuana could save the economy and would
lower crime rates in certain areas. Marijuana can also be prescribed medically in certain states across the U.S. and is a Schedule I controlled substance,
but THC, the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
There are over 25,000 other economically feasible and environmentally friendly uses for marijuana including diesel fuel, insulation, paper, paint, beauty
products and even food as its protein content is second only to soy (Mehling 11). With all of these environmentally friendly uses for hemp it seems
almost irresponsible to not take advantage of its many advantages.
It should seem odd to most that a plant with so many resources is also classified as a Schedule 1 drug. Drugs are classified within five different
categories that are based on the drugs acceptable medical use and its potential for abuse or dependency (www.justice.gov). The official DEA website
defines Schedule 1 drugs as, "The most dangerous class of drugs with a high potential for abuse and potentially severe psychological and/or physical
dependence (www.justice.gov)." Schedule 2 drugs are defined as, "Drugs with a high potential for abuse, less abuse potential than Schedule I drugs,
with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence. These drugs are also considered dangerous (www.justice.gov)" Schedule 2
drugs include substances such as: cocaine, methamphetamine, methadone, hydromorphone (Dilaudid), meperidine (Demerol), oxycodone
(OxyContin), fentanyl, Dexedrine, Adderall, and Ritalin (www.justice.gov). Each of the drugs listed above are responsible for overdoses daily and
have some of the highest death tolls that are drug–related. With this being said there has not ever been
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Psychedelic Substance Abuse
Drugs have been used for centuries. Many are legal and many are illegal. The negative stigma that is frequently associated with psychedelic substances
is not necessarily true. In this study, I identified the effects of the short–term use of alcohol, nicotine, opioid analgesics, psilocybin, LSD, and MDMA.
These effects were determined to be adverse, neutral, or beneficial. Then, I identified the punishments that the possession of these substances could
result in. These punishments were determined to result in imprisonment, potentially result in imprisonment, or not result in imprisonment. It was
discovered that the short–term use of these substances do not differ greatly in regard to their adverse, neutral, and beneficial effects. Additionally,...
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Short–term MDMA use commonly lead to the beneficial psychological effects of euphoria and increased empathy (Meyer 2013). The Neutral effects
of hallucinations and enhanced sensations were also common (Greene, Kerr, Braitberg 2008). Physically, increased heart rate and increased blood
pressure (Keane 2014) and dehydration, and hyperthermia (Carvalho, Carmo, Costa, Capela, Pontes, Remiao, Carvalho, Bastos 2012) were typical
effects. These were all assigned the category of adverse. Increased perspiration was the final typical physical side effect (Keane 2014). It was assigned
the category of
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Decriminalization Of Marijuana
The decriminalization of marijuana has been increasing in popularity on voting ballots in recent years, and for good reason. Marijuana has been used
to treat an array of symptoms associated with a variety of diseases and has many beneficial properties for prescription use. The criminalization of
marijuana in the United States has a profoundly negative impact socially, environmentally, and economically. Attempts to rectify these issues through
regulatory laws and ballot measures have created confusion among voters, law enforcement, and government branches on both a state and federal
level. This paper will discuss specifically Colorado's Amendment 64 (2012), Arizona's Proposition 205 (2016) and California's Proposition 64 (2016),
three of the most recent decriminalization policies. Included in the discussion will be an examination of their individual strengths and weaknesses in
addition to their implementation success and the observed effects (if any) of these policies. Lastly, I will explain my personal stance on the success of
government involvement attempts and the overall impact of the criminalization of marijuana.
For centuries marijuana has been cultivated for multiple purposes, most notably for medicinal uses to treat a variety of conditions and alleviate
symptoms of diseases and side effects of modern treatments. Since the legal prohibition of marijuana beginning in 1937, marijuana has increased in
usage and popularity among Americans. In 1970 The Controlled
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It's Time to Legalize Drugs Essay
No one can honestly claim that current American drug policies have been a success. To the contrary, the current policy of drug prohibition, aside from
being ineffective and costly, has created a set of unwanted consequences including: a high prison population of non–violent offenders, corruption within
law enforcement, health issues, and an erosion of civil liberties . Albert Einstein said, "Insanity is doing the same thing over and over and expecting
different results." Yet despite the failures of the current policy in deterringdrug use that is just what the government is choosing to do. It's time to
consider a different approach to the drug issue. An approach that will address drug use in an innovative way while solving the... Show more content on
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(Office of National Drug Control Policy) With numbers like these it's clear that the current drug policy is not only costly, but ineffective at
preventing drug use. The high number of drug users combined with the nation's tough drug laws has helped make the US the world's leading jailer.
By the end of 2008 2,304,115 people were incarcerated according to a December 2009 report by the US Bureau of Justice Statistics. Drug offenders
accounting for 22% of the US prison population according to an article titled "Incarcerated in America" on the Human Rights Watch Website. The
cost to house an inmate averages about $35,000 a year, according to a New York Times article by Jennifer Steinhauer. When all that money is added
up that's a lot of money which could very easily be used in better ways instead of pursuing and jailing non–violent drug offenders. In countries with
more liberal drug policies such as the Netherlands, where cannabis has been decriminalized and where drug use is seen not as a criminal issue but as
a health issue, drug use is actually much lower than the US. According to the United Nations only 5.2% of those 12 and over in the Netherlands have
used drugs in the past year. (Martin) Thanks in large part to the Netherlands' approach to drug education , which sees drug experimentation as part of
normal growing up and thus aims at providing the youth with "the most accurate information possible so they will know what they're getting into."
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Should People Who Receive Government Assistance Undergo...
Meth, marijuana, cocaine, and heroin are among the top drugs that many people use and utilized as money making tactics. As we all know, drugs are
found and they are heavily used in low income areas, not only do they pose a significant effect on one's health but they pose a significant effect on
our economy. Generally it is perceived that those who reside in low income areas are the ones who resort to drugs, evidently they are. Likewise, they
are also the ones who are utilizing government assistance programs. Some of these programs include; health care, child care, ebt benefits, and even
housing assistance programs. So the big question is "Should people who receive government assistance undergo drug tests?" Although the government
may have their suspicions on testing individuals who they give assistance to, I feel that they shouldn't drug test the individuals who are receiving
assistance. Though, drug testing the individual seems as it would be a quaint idea, the cost of the tests are quite expensive. Rosenfeld discusses in his
article that most drugs can leave a person's system in about two to three days. On the contrary, it has become quite common today that most drugs that
people utilize stay in a person's systems for a few weeks to a few months (i.e. marijuana).While taking this thought into mind; it also shows how the
drugs tests won't be accurate if this happens. Simply because, many people will try to beat the test by attempting to cleanse their
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What Will Happen After The War On Drugs
Drugs first surfaced in the United States in the 1800s. After the Civil War opium become very popular and was used medicinally. Following opium
was cocaine which was also used as a health remedy but near the end of the 19th century opium and cocaine abuse peaked and local governments
began to prohibit opium dens and importation. In 1914 the first federal drug policy, the Harrison Narcotics act, is passed and drugs are no longer seen
as harmless remedies. The act aggressively regulated the manufacturing of marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and morphine. During the 50's more federal drug
policies were passed and drugs began to become more criminalized. The 60's saw a rise in counter–culture and substances such as marijuana and LSD
saw widespread use. The demand for drugs skyrocketed in the 1960s. In 1971 President Nixon declared drug abuse America 's number one enemy
and proclaimed that we must wave a all out offensive. After President Nixon declared the War on Drugs in 1971, the United States has spent more
than a trillion dollars on this failing policy that not only has had no effect on the amount of drugs being used in the United States and has increased the
number of people incarcerated on drug charges from just 50,000 to over half a million, but also has helped fuel drug cartels and foment violence and
death through overdoses from uncontrolled drug potency and turf wars between street gangs.
The War on Drugs has an annual cost of $51 billion("Drug War Statistics." Drug Policy.
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Drug Abuse And Gender Research
There are many reasons why individuals today use drugs, but can gender and race help narrow it down? The main reasoning behind this research is
to see where the main issues arise between Drug Abuse and Gender/Race. Whether these drugs be illegal or prescription, a majority of the use is
illegal. The use of illicit drugs that is detrimental to the body could cause harm to an individual. Personally, there has been family issues of drug abuse
and is another reason as to why this topic is interesting. The news the past few months has shown many different overdoses from multiple different
drugs, although heroin seems to be more common. In reflection of trying to find a reason as to why the amount of drugs are on the streets and who is
reportedly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In accordance to Balhara (n.d), Schedule I drugs would be ecstasy, heroin, and LSD, Schedule II cocaine, fentanyl, and hydrocodone, Schedule III
steroids and ketamine, Schedule IV benzodiazepines, modafinil, and tramadol, and Schedule V diphenoxylate, lacosamide, and pregabalin. While
these classifications may be reasonably similar to the controlled substances, they are classified by their ability for one to become addicted or begin
to abuse. This classification may be one of the smartest moves the DEA has made. This allows doctors to be able to look at the classifications and
see if a drug they are looking to prescribe will result into harm. In instances before, the author of this paper has seen loved ones prescribed medications
that the doctor knowingly knew would later have that individual addicted. As they make a profit off the prescription, the Dr. was unaware that his
prescribing of fentanyl (enough to kill a horse) would result in his physician's license being under
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Social Drugs & Medicines
1. Explain the terms social drugs and medicines.
People take social drugs to help them relax or occasionally give themselves the feeling of having more energy (BBC 2013). Social drugs are also
known as recreational or non medicinal drugs. These types of drugs are used for recreational purposes and without medical justification. There are two
types of social drugs, illegal and socially acceptable drugs. Illegal social drugs include heroin, cocaine, cannabis and LSD. Examples of socially
acceptable drugs are caffeine, nicotine and alcohol. However, unlike social drugs, medicinal drugs are taken for the purpose of treating, preventing and
diagnosing a disease (Taylor and Reide 1998 p3). Examples of medicinal drugs include amitriptyline – an ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Some stores have a limit as to how many packs of medicines you can buy off the shelf to reinforce this.
Certain drugs are classed as prescription only medicines as they have more harmful effects on an individual's body. They are not available over the
counter so to prevent the misuse of these drugs as they can lead to more serious consequences if taken incorrectly. Although, general sales list
medicines can also harm an individual when taken in higher quantities, they do not run the same risk of misuse as prescription only medicines and can
be self–medicated. General sales list medicines, such as Paracetamol and Ibuprofen, in higher quantities are classed as pharmacy medicines.
4. Outline the purpose of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
"An Act to make new provision with respect to dangerous or otherwise harmful drugs and related matters, and for purposes connected therewith."
(Legislation.gov.uk 2013) The act is aimed to prevent the non–medical use of drugs, such as Amphetamines – a stimulant and Lysergic acid
diethylamide (LSD) – a hallucinogen. The act was introduced to criminalise the production, unlawful supply and possession of controlled drugs and
also the exporting or importing of these drugs. It has given police the authority to stop, detain and search people on "reasonable suspicion" that they are
carrying a controlled drug.
The act controls social drugs that are illegal, these differ from medicinal drugs as they are not taken to
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Essay about Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace
Use of Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace {draw:frame} {draw:frame} Figure 2 79% of binge drinkers are members of the workforce (Drug–Free
Workplace) {draw:frame} {draw:frame} Drug and/or Alcohol Use Seriously Threatens Organizations {draw:frame} Excessive absenteeism, which
holds a significantly percentage of occurrences of drug users as cited above, costs an organization lower productivity, damaged moral and
consequently lower product quality. The US Dept of Labor reports that annually, 500 million work days are lost solely due to alcoholism. In addition
to absenteeism lowering moral, workplace theft is an experienced and related problem. Approximately 18% of cocaine users steal at work, from either
the employer ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
These are guys who you might find at the end of a bar any given night, or might be a once occasional drug user who went bad. What is the financial
impact to this industry–wide problem? Most of all, we are saddled with high insurance rates, specifically liability and Workers Compensation rates.
There is a formula for determining rates, and those rates are based on experience modifiers, among other things. Guys who use at work in our
industry are an accident waiting to happen. You can't be safe on a construction site while you are intoxicated or high. Is the problem rampant in
your company? We are pretty lucky. We haven't had much of a problem in our company. Most of the men we have with us are family men, more
concerned with going home after work and spending time with their families. They may enjoy a beer or two from time to time, but are not the kind
of group who gets their paycheck and disappears for a few days. _Being in this vulnerable industry, how do you combat the potential employee use of
drugs and/or alcohol in your workplace?_ Like I said, we have a good group of guys working for us. But we hire smart. We screen our guys through a
drug test and extensive referrals. A lot of our workforce recommends their family or friends to us as well. Are you contractually obligated to drug test?
In some cases, yes. Several of the big
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Cesare Lombroso 's The Modern Criminal Justice System
"A drug is any chemical entity or mixture of entities, other than those required for the maintenance of normal health, the administration of which alters
biological function and possibly structure" World health organisation (1981). Cesare Lombroso's (1835) proposed that people were "born criminals"
through human development and that criminals could be identified by features such as large ears or slopping foreheads. Although this theory is not
used anymore in modern society, Cesare Lombroso's (1835) is still recognised and credited for positivism and the scientific study of crime. Cesare
Beccaria (1738) believed that criminal offences could be deterred by a form of punishment such as deterrence, and that people possessed a free will.
Cesare Beccaria (1738) "theory is the foundation of the modern criminal justice systems" (page 260). "More people are arrested each year for drug
–related offenses than any other type of crime, and taxpayers spend tens of billions on arresting, prosecuting and jailing offenders for drug crimes" In
this essay, I, will be discussing how the criminal justice system responds to drug offenders.
Offences under the misuse of drugs act can include: "possession of a controlled drug, possession with intent to supply to another person, production,
cultivation or manufacture of controlled drugs, offering to supply another person with a controlled drug, import or export of controlled drugs and
allowing premises you occupy or manage to be used for the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Prohibition Of Drugs And Alcohol

  • 1. Prohibition Of Drugs And Alcohol Popular belief holds that consumption of drugs and alcohol encourages violence and that the appropriate response is prohibition of these goods. However, a different viewpoint is that prohibition creates illegal underground markets, which require violence and crime to remedy in–house disputes. This paper examines the relationship between prohibition and violence using the historical data and behavior following previous U.S. drug and alcohol laws, regulations, and enforcement on indicators of violence, e.g. homicide rates, and government enforcement expenditures. The results show that an increase in enforcement of drug and alcohol prohibition laws have been positively associated with increases in the homicide rate. Furthermore, supplementary evidence suggests this strong positive correlation prohibition enforcement on violence and the overall crime rate. I. Introduction Is Prohibition actually successful in reducing recreational drug consumption and drug–related violence? This is the question that will be analyzed in this paper. Drug enforcement officials frequently cite drug–related violence as a reason that drugs must be eliminated from our society. A contrary belief is that the system of drug prohibition actually causes most of the violence. Just like with alcohol prohibition in the 1920s and the rise of organized crime, drug prohibition inspires a dangerous underground market that manifests itself with violent crime throughout the U.S. and, in fact, the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2. Global Spending On Drug Law Enforcement Currently Exceeds Global spending on drug law enforcement currently exceeds one hundred billion dollars per annum. This is said to be way over the amount spent on foreign aid, global welfare, and climate change (CounttheCosts.org, 2016). This is also backed up by further expenditure of about 70–80 per cent of tens of billions of cash injections from the United Nations to be spent on global drug control, through policing and military intervention, this cash is injected with the aim of eradicating drug production facilities and farms, and the prosecution and punishment of drug traffickers and farmers (Gossop, 2013). This is all spent with one intention, the intention to create a safer drug–free world (Horsfield, 2016). Taking into consideration the... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... After that it costs a further ВЈ40,000 for each year they spend incarcerated (Ministry of Justice, 2015). It can thus be suggested that as it stands current global spending far exceeds its worth, or at least for the state and those in government. As comparatively, it could be argued it works very well in serving a criminal industry. An illegal industry, that is eager to supply a growing global demand for drugs, with an estimated annual turnover of $320 billion (Countthecost.org, 2016).Therefore, despite all of these resources spent by the state, there has been little improvement towards the harms of illegal substance misuse and the global drug trade is now arguably, entirely controlled by criminal organisations, street gangs and even terrorists (Bean, 2010). It leaves you wondering, firstly, are we, as a society, going the right way in dealing with the problems of substance misuse and secondly, how has spending on the issue increased to such unsustainable amounts, often with little positive results. 3.2 The Declaration of "War" The answer to the latter question, it could be argued, is largely down to the fifty year global stance and the concept of the "War on drugs". A cohesive stance against certain substances is not something which is new. Implemented measures can be deemed to go way back, even as far as the time of the ancient Egyptians, whereby, records dating back ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. Essay: Should Welfare Recipients Be Tested For Drugs Should Welfare Recipients be Tested for Drugs? Welfare was created in 1935 by Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is the closest technique or practice of our country to socialism. It helped families during the Great Depression, but has been abused thoroughly within our country. Many citizens would like to do away with the system, but many resist this because it is their only income. Lots of skeptical citizens see it as the root of much of our country's debt, but there is no easy way for it to be eliminated. Many steps have been taken to reduce the abusement and eventually do away with the system. This includes drug testing for welfare recipients. There are multiple issues with this idea and lots of people would like keep the system. Taxpayers that dislike what the government has come to, fear that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We are weaker in all aspects, and are continuing down that path. The beginning of the path was from socialists growing popularity in our country. Welfare is one of the roots of this growing issue. Our country is digging themselves a grave by creating laws that go against what our country was founded on. Although many argue that the constitution gives citizens privacy to avoid drug tests, it never mentioned welfare. The founding fathers produced a strong country in the beginning, and would be appalled with our country today. The country they made was strong and free, and that must be restored. The first step in this action would be to get rid of the unneeded and abused system of welfare. Since our country would go into another depression we can't do this at once. We must take it piece by piece and begin by cutting down the abuse of the system. This could be the first step in getting our country back. Welfare recipients should be drug tested because American taxes should be used legally, the tests will give an incentive to get off drugs, welfare should be used for those in need not those who need drugs, and helps reduce the national ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4. Persuasive Essay On The War On Drugs The War on Drugs is a deep rooted controversial campaign of prohibition and military aid that has been debated for years. We wonder if the war will ever come to an end, and if there's a liable solution. The "war" will never end, and the only way to maintain balance in our society is by not letting any laws on drugs change. We can make a positive change within America as the first step. Legalization of drugs, increased taxes for military support, and more criminals on the streets are all examples of why "The War on Drugs" is affecting us. Over a period of time now, TheUnited States has been enabling the war, by allowing legalization of Marijuana to take place in certain states. Winning the war, seems like an impossible task. But losing completely would diminish security and stability in our world. Applying more action and recognition will increase our awareness to stay away from this loss, and would better our economy as a whole. To better end "The War on Drugs" as a whole, we need to focus on winning the battle here in the United States before other countries. The war on drugs being fought here in the United States, is the overall dependency for drugs. It is highly demanded for distribution, personal use, and strings in other violent crimes. We can put an end to this dependency by applying some basic principles and steps. A step in the right direction is prevention, to abolish all laws that enable the use of drugs, such as illegalization of Marijuana. The focus here is to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. The DEA: A 2005 Study During the year 1960, only four million Americans had ever tried illegal narcotics; today that number has risen to 74 million (DEAMuseum). The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) concluded that over the past thirty days, more than 20 million Americans over the age of twelve have used illegal drugs (NCADD). As one of the top health–related problems facing the nation today, the prevalence of drug abuse in society strains the economy, health care system, criminal justice system, and poses a major threat to public safety. This is because once they are hooked on a particular drug; addicts will do whatever it takes to come into possession of more of it. To illustrate that point, a 2004 study conducted by the Department of Justice (DoJ) ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In order to be considered for a position, an applicant must meet a few qualifying factors. These include being a United States citizen, passing a DEA administered drug test, completion of a DEA drug questionnaire and drug–use statement, and successfully passing a background investigation (DEA). Any applicants who have a history of using illegal narcotics are automatically excluded from the hiring process (DEA). This contrasts with the hiring processes of some other federal agencies, including the FBI, who have begun to relax their drug use history policies (MSNBC). If the candidate is applying for a position as a special agent, then he/she must meet some additional requirements. These requirement include passing a medical examination, a physical task assessment, a polygraph examination, and a psychological assessment (DEA). Upon completion of the application process, the candidate will be notified once a final decision has been made. Once an offer of employment has been made, the candidate will be sent to the DEA training academy in Quantico, Virginia (DEA). The academy lasts nineteen weeks and provides recruits with the skills they will need to be successful agents in the DEA (DEA). These skills include advanced firearms training, basic marksmanship training, weapons safety training, deadly force decision training, and rigorous physical fitness training ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6. Illegal Drugs: Should they be? Essay There are very few people who can honestly claim that current drug policies have been a success. Aside from being ineffective the costly current drug policy of prohibition has created a set of unwanted consequences including; a high prison population of non–violent offenders, corruption, violence, and whole set of health issues. Albert Einstein is quoted as saying, "Insanity: doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results." and despite the failures of the current policy in deterring drug use that is just what the government is choosing to do. Perhaps it's time to consider a different approach to the drug issue. An approach which will address drug use in an innovative way while solving the problems which prohibition has ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Furthermore according to the White House Drug Policy website the percentage of those ages 12 and over who admit to having used illegal drugs withing the last year is 12.6%. With numbers like these it's clear that the current drug policy is not only costly but ineffective at preventing drug use that combined with the nation's tough drug laws has helped make the US the the world's leading jailer. By the end of 2008 2,304,15 people inmates were incarcerated according to a December 2009 report by the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, with drug offenders accounting for 25% of the US prison population according to the . And with the cost to house an inmate at $35,000 a year, according to an New York Times article by Jennifer Steinhauer that is a lot of money that could be better spent somewhere else. In countries with more liberal drug policy such as the Netherlands where cannabis has been decriminalized and where drug use is seen not as a criminal issue but as a health issue, drug use is actually much lower than the US. According to the United Nations only 5.2% of those 12 and over in the Netherlands have used drugs in the past year. This thanks to the Netherlands approach to drug education , which sees drug experimentation as part of normal growing up and thus aims at providing the youth with "the most accurate information possible so they will know what they're getting into." according to Susan T Marting. Giving them honest ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. Employee Drug Testing: Fair and Effective Essay Annually in America, billions of taxpayer dollars are spent to pay for the unnecessary expenses caused by drug–impaired employees. Workers whose performances are negatively altered by drug use contribute to losses in business productivity and assist in lowering workplace safety. On average, according to the Community Anti–Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA), $100 billion is lost per year due to accidents, decreases in productivity, and other related expenses caused by incompetent, drug abusing employees ("Coalitions"). However, through a thoughtful system, businesses can be protected against the harms presented by deleterious contraband abusers. In an effort to curb staff member drug trends and to protect employee health, public safety,... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The presence of drugged workers dramatically reduces safety levels at work (DuPont, 124). According to G. John Tysse and Garen E. Dodge, those who consume illegal drugs are more likely to cause or be part of a work related accident than employees who do not use drugs (112). Companies trapped in such situations rapidly lose productivity (Tysse, 111), and quickly find themselves footing the bill to pay for the consequent expenses. However, most agree that these trends can be countered by establishing effective, lawful drug screening programs. As unfavorable as productivity loss, increased expense, and decreased safety are, there are some who are against workplace drug inspection. These opponents claim the testing procedures violate personal privacy and are therefore unconstitutional (Cantrell). In Drug Tests and Polygraphs, it is expressed that drug tests are invasive of privacy because employers do not hold the right to examine the bodily fluids of employees by means of urinalysis (Jussim, 15). Furthermore, adversaries argue that mandatory examinations allow employers to monitor off the job drug use behavior (DuPont, 126). Opponents further the argument against testing by asserting drug testing to be inaccurate (Berrien, 122–123). These critics have cited lab and test errors as the source of inaccuracy (Jussim, 31). Fortunately, the aforementioned concerns and deficiencies can be conquered by putting into effect carefully controlled drug screening ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8. The War On Drugs And Drugs Essay The war on drugs have been a critical issue that has repeatedly held a great debate topic. It was in the 1906 when the first act against drug was put into effect with the Pure Food and Drug Act which required all over–the–counter medication to have label of its ingredients. Under President Nixon the first executive branch office to coordinate drug policy was formed and the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act was put into place. Two years following that the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) was formed. The funding for the war on drugs had greatly increased over the decades and has reached the record of an annual budget of $17.8 billion which occurred in 1998. Much of the budget is used to intervene drug flow on the U.S. border and for interdiction according to Cooper's 1993 War on Drugs article. Some people agree that having more man power at the U.S. border will help eliminate the U.S. drug problem while others argue that even though having more people working the border increases drug seizures there are still drugs continuing to enter the United States. These may be the very people that believe in using the budget to provide more educational programs to the younger generation and having prevention programs will help those that may have become a drug user if not a addict. The last group of American do not believe either of those programs have worked in the past and will not work in the future. With those options gone the only thing left to do it to legalize ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. Should Medical Marijuana Be Legal? Today's society is unique to any times in history. From the legalization of gay marriage, to our increased national security of USA PATRIOT act, we see a high contrast on personal rights as a citizen of the united states. Recently, an increasingly debated topic on marijuana legalization is widely argued. Whether it's for medical or recreational usages, this topic is reaching boiling point. The complicity on the legalities of marijuana has reached a point in society where legal usage has been popping up across the country. In the medical sector, studies have shown benefits, and harmful effects in patients. Some physicians support, however some physicians do see health concerns that influence their stance on whether medical marijuana laws are to be altered from a prior state. Addiction rate, health impact, reason to prescribe, and economic benefits are all factors needed to take into reason whether medical marijuana usage should be prescribed or not. Medically prescribed marijuana can treat symptoms of certain conditions and diseases, however can impact the mental health and be addictive to heavy users. In this explorative essay, topics on both sides of the argument will be expressed, background information will be added to provide context, and will be unbiased to shed light on the depth of the topic. The legalization of medical marijuana is a heavy topic, and legal aspects are central to its debate. Despite the potential health benefits of medical marijuana, new ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10. The Shortage Of Physician Primary Care Provider Prescriptive Authority The shortage of physician primary care provider, has created public awareness bringing about the demand of the advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). The APRN has the necessary training to assess, diagnose and treat patients. As the role of APRN begin to expand the need to prescribe medications becomes very important. According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), APRN practice in the United States is divided into three groups: full practice, reduced practice, or restricted practice. The scope of practice and prescriptive authority of the APRN is determined according to state regulations (Gutchell, ldzik, & Lazear, 2014). Report according to Peck (2013), shows that... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However variations occurs in states regulations with regards to prescriptive authority in terms of procedures and requirements that must be met by the APRN, relationship with a physician if any to prescribe, and the scope of the APRN prescriptive authority to prescribe controlled drug (Joel, 2013, p.125). In other to understand the variations between states regulations with regards to prescriptive authority, a comparison is made between the state of Texas and the state of Nevada. State of Texas Prescriptive Authority According to the Texas board of nursing, the senate bill 406 improved the prescriptive authority for advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) in Texas allowing them now prescribe medications in a facility–based practice settings under a protocol and in other practice settings under a prescriptive authority agreement. In the state of Texas an APRN who has been issued full licensure and a valid prescription authorization number by the Board of nursing may prescribe non–prescription drugs, dangerous drugs, and devices, including durable medical equipment. If an APRN wishes to prescribe controlled substances, he or she obtains the authority to order and prescribe certain categories of controlled substances. Having an advanced pharmacotherapeutics education is a must. APRNs in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. Persuasive Essay On The War On Drugs Who knew that such a product could create such destruction and chaos? Ever since Richard Nixon declared the war on drugs it would begin a chain reaction of horrifying events to the citizens of the United States.It tears apart families due to multiple arrests made by law enforcement. Not only do these people are separated from their loved ones but they have to suffer by spending long periods of time in prison. Due to this drug, not only does it increase incarceration, it would be caused to skyrocket. According to the documentary, The House I live in,the United States only make up 5% of the world's population yet it carries 25% of prison incarceration. Making the United States as the country with the highest incarceration rate. These statistics on how high these numbers must've become that way for a reason. A simple answer to that is law enforcement. Thepolice have been responsible for arresting these people who merely just use drugs. A corruption within law enforcement would be an understatement. The police have an incentive to make these arrests based off drug related charges. A way to minimize these issues would be to legalize drugs. Rather than fighting this drug war, it's clear that we have been losing for decades now. If you can't beat them then join them. Legalizing drugs would be the best option. If the United States approved the use of drugs by the public, it would decrease the high prison population. Rather than keeping these nonviolent offenders behind bars for ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12. Criminalization Of Cannabis In Canada In Canada, cannabis use became illegal in 1923 after the Act to Prohibit the Improper Use of Opium and other Drugs added cannabis to the list of illicit substances. Cannabis then became an illegal substance under the same category of harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin, despite lack of scientific or criminal correlations to suggest such categorization (CAMH, 2014). An increase in illicit drug use in the 1960's and 1970's was met by greatly increased criminalization and the associated individual and social costs. The strain on the courts, and the rising numbers of otherwise law–abiding youth being sentenced for recreational use of cannabis created pressures for the liberalization of Canada's drug laws. As a result, the Commission of Inquiry ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In R. v. Readhead (2008), the accused was charged with the possession of marijuana and possession of marijuana for the purpose of trafficking and was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of two and one half years. Readhead argued that the sentencing judge erred in his decision and asked for a fairer sentence. The British Columbia Court of Appeal stated that the sentence prescribed by the sentencing judge is within the proper scope of his judgment but still reduced the sentence to two years less a day. As pointed out by the British Columbia Court of Appeal, Readhead's past experience with the law, in which he has three previous charges for trafficking marijuana, did not deter or rehabilitate him in any way( R. v. Readhead, 2008). In R. v. Evers (2011), the accused was charged with the offences of unlawfully producing a controlled substance and possessing this substance for the purposes of trafficking. However, despite Evers's lack of remorse for producing marijuana and her explicitly stating that she intended to continue her grow operation, the trial judge did not impose any jail time. The trial judge stated that there was no point in imprisoning Evers as doing so would only make her a martyr for the legalization of marijuana (R. v. Evers, 2011). Both of these cases ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Persuasive Essay : Should Drug Prohibition Be Legalized? Drug prohibition is a law that by which governments prohibit the supply, production and possession of substances classified as drugs, exempt is those with a license. The policy is enforced internationally and for decades has come under constant scrutiny for its many impacting failures and brief but futile successes. This has led to many advocating for the legalisation of drugs as a viable solution due to its proven success in countries like Portugal. This essay will cover why prohibition should be abolished whilst also looking at how drug legalisation can remedy the issues caused by prohibition as well as posing an argument against legalisation to give a rounded assessment of the issue. Drug prohibition spawn black market corruption whilst damaging overall public health by exposing them to a variety of drugs. Drug market participants are forced to conduct business illegally, thus resorting to bribery and extortion of various high ranking public officials. According to (Steel, Alan, 2006), a negative spinoff from drug prohibition is the creation of an international black market 'worth over $100 billion a year'. The black market is aided by 'corruption of governments such as Columbia' and Brazil(source) who are dominated by drug gangs and organised crime. However, the biggest effect the black market has on the public is that the government has no control over the purity of drugs and unregulated drugs can have dire effects. Users of low impact drugs like cannabis are forced ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14. The War on Drugs is Failing Essay The War on Drugs is Failing "Prohibition will work great injury to the cause of temperance... for it goes beyond the bounds of reason in that it attempts to control a man's appetite by legislation and make a crime out of things that are not a crime. A prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principle upon which our government was founded" Abraham Lincoln On January 16, 1920 the Eighteenth Amendment was ratified by thirty–six states and became part of the Constitution. The intention of this new amendment was to lower alcohol consumption by Americans. At the time each American consumed on average thirty gallons of alcohol a year.[1] This new amendment took away the license to do business from the brewers, distillers, and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The War on Drugs intends to rid America of drugs, hard and soft, just as prohibition attempted to rid America of drink. The arguments against the War on Drugs are the same arguments that persuaded politicians sixty years ago to end Prohibition. Just as the movement to rid America of alcohol failed, so will the War on Drugs because social engineering works no better today than it did then. The War on Drugs has given birth to many of the modern day evils. The most widespread repercussion of the War on Drugs is the crime rate. " In 1990, the number of people sent to state and federal prisons for drug offenses exceeded the number of offenders sent to prison for violent crimes.... Drug offenders currently make up 62 percent of the federal inmate population, up from 22 percent in 1980."[3] Add to this the fact that most of these prisoners are nonviolent offenders put there under mandatory minimum sentencing laws and the explanation for why this country is running out of prison space should be readily apparent. The second most prevalent, as well as disheartening, result of this movement is the death of innocent victims. The support for this result can be found in the obituary section of the daily newspaper or on the five o'clock news. Even the smallest of towns have been afflicted with death due to drugs. Back–alley heroin and basement–lab manufactured amphetamines present the same problem as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. Mandatory Drug Testing For Welfare Recipients Essay The process of drug testing individuals who are applying or receiving welfare benefits has recently become the focus of a widely spread controversy. Florida, the first state to pass the law, now requires all individuals applying for public assistance to undergo drug testing. The state of Kentucky, among others, have considered following this trend. State lawmakers hope to prevent the squandering of taxpayer dollars on drugs by proposing similar guidelines. Alabama's states representative Kerry Rich clearly affirmed his state's position on the matter, "I don't think the taxpayers should have to help fund somebody's drug habit" (qtd. in Time). A decision to implement mandatory drug testing may be an imperative step for preventing welfare ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Many question this policy. Worrying, the majority of people who are applying for state benefits may not have the ability to cover the upfront expense. Therefore, needy families would go without food. While there are many benefits to passing this law, we must consider the other possible problems and solutions as well. Selling food stamps for drugs is not the sole issue at hand. Welfare abuse comes in many forms. Until recent changes in identification verification practices by physicians and medical centers, Medicaid fraud was also an ongoing issue. People without medical coverage would often borrow the medical card of a friend or family member, and then go to a doctor or dentist. In other words, it was not diligent auditors or highly mandated policies that reduced Medicaid fraud. In fact, the meticulous works of insurance companies are responsible. Today, physician offices place a patient's photograph in the chart. Verifying the patient's identity helps certify insurance claims are filed on behalf of the actual member. As a result, the state's Medicaid program benefited from this much–needed change. The more widely recognized form of welfare abuse, practiced for decades, occurs when people sell food stamps for cash. In the eighties food stamps were in the form of coupons and assigned a monetary value. It was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16. Essay On Drug Control In Texas Texas has very concrete guidelines regarding how controlled medications can be handled within Texas. Controlled or Scheduled medications as defined by the Drug Enforcement Administration are drugs, substances, or chemical compounds with potential for abuse. These scheduled drugs are divided into categories of one through five, one having the most potential to be abused and five having the least. Schedule I drugs are considered illicit and have no accepted uses; these include heroin, LSD, marijuana and other illegal drugs. Schedule II drugs still have high abuse potential but are still utilized medically under stricter guidelines these include Adderall, Oxycodone and Cocaine. Schedule III–V are considered to have the least abuse potential... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... According to the Texas State Board of Pharmacy all Schedule II prescriptions must be indited on Texas triplicate paper. Schedule II medications are the highest regulated medications available to be dispensed at a pharmacy so having extra protections in place such as these triplicates is advantageous to monitor Schedule II medications use. The differences that set triplicate paper apart from standard prescription pads help protect the pharmacy from counterfeits and would be comparable to regulations the United States government used to stop counterfeit bills; the control numbers on triplicates make it simple to keep record of them and prevent fraudulent duplicates, the watermarks allow the pharmacy to test if a prescription is fake themselves and the changing colors make it difficult for counterfeiters to keep up. While simple in nature these limitations Texas has put in place help protect pharmacies from filling and distributing faux perceptions for schedule II medications by making such scripts more difficult to reproduce and counterfeit. While Texas triplicate paper laws only affect schedule II medications other limitations are placed over all the scheduled medications such as refill restrictions. In Texas medical doctors are allowed to authorize refills on controlled medications under certain limitations of the law. In compliance with the Texas State ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Essay on AllenAprilME1415 Wk3 Assign Worksheet V Before you begin, save this document to your computer. You will need to submit your answers in the area indicated below. As a member of a medical professional team, you will work closely with many physicians. As you have read this week, guarding the physician–patient relationship is serious business. In this assignment you will practice what you have learned in chapters 5 and 7 in the Medical Law and Ethics textbook: Federal privacy laws that pertain to healthcare and the "Patient's Bill of Rights" Privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communications Filing birth and death certificates Examples of communicable diseases which must be reported to local, state and/or federal authorities The Controlled Substance Act Tips for answering ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... There will be no official cause of death released by this office at this time while awaiting the final findings of the Coroners office. We would like to extend our heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Williams and ask that the public and press give them some time and space to deal with the huge lost of Mr. Williams. Media inquiries should be directed to the medical offices of Dr. Williams at 333 –090–9876 (See next page for part 2) Question 2: How soon after death does a death certificate have to be signed? 10 points Directions to complete Question 2: Respond to the question using your own words Answer: It varies from state to state but usually in within 24–72 hours of the death and depending on the circumstances surrounding the death. Type your answer here (See next page for part 3) Question 3: Match the following terms and definitions: 20 points Directions to complete Question 3: Click on "Choose an item" and click on the down arrow to access the letter selections. You can use each letter only once. 1. Data– B 2. Coroner– E 3. Schedule II drug– H 4. Postmortem– A 5. Schedule I drug– G 6. Addiction– C 7. Inquest– J 8. DPT– D 9. STDs– I 10. Public duty– F A. After death B. Statistics C. Physical dependence D. Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus toxoid vaccine E. Public health official who investigates cause of death F. Report child ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18. Persuasive Speech Outline On Drugs Opening Paragraph, Thesis Statement: the government has set rules to ban drugs by enforcing the laws on drugs and intend to do everything in their power to resolve the issues with drugs. the government has set rules to ban drugs by enforcing the laws on drugs and intend to do everything in their power to resolve the issues with drugs. A. Including drug policies that intended to stop production, distribution, and consumption of drugs. Plus he devoted federal resources to prevent new addicts and rehab for those addicted to drugs. Drug policy alliance estimate that the U.S spend 51 billion dollars annually on these point of views. B. Commonly illegal drugs include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and, marijuana. Marijuana is the most popular ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Supporting Detail: By contrast, Washington's voter–approved marijuana law leaves the legislative branch largely out of the loop, and gives the State Liquor Control Board responsibility for coming up with a system for licensing, regulating and taxing marijuana growers, processors and retail stores. c.Supporting Detail: A key selling point for marijuana legalization in Colorado and Washington was the potential for a major new stream of revenue in the form of licensing fees and taxes on the cultivation, processing and sale of cannabis. Main Idea – Executive Branch: .US Attorney General Jeff Sessions said Supporting Detail: A "I realize this may be an unfashionable belief in a time of growing tolerance of drug use. But too many lives are at stake to worry about being fashionable. I reject the idea that America will be a better place if marijuana is sold in every corner store. And I am astonished to hear people suggest that we can solve our heroin crisis by legalizing marijuana – so people can trade one life–wrecking dependency for another that's only slightly less awful. Our nation needs to say clearly once again that using drugs will destroy your life." Supporting Detail: B. He also wanted to bring back Nancy Reagan's anti–drug propaganda campaigns of the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 19. Controlled Substance Act The Controlled Substances Act and the Evolutionary War on Drugs Drugs have been used for hundreds of years for medical, religious, and psychotherapy purposes. As psychoactive drugs became more popularly used for recreational use and were being introduced in new ways, there became a strong need for control and regulation. The Controlled Substance Act was implemented to take a stronghold on the growing drug problem in the United States. The advancement of science and technology continuously present a need for new ideas and legislations; to keep a strong hold on the war on drugs. Whether the United States can keep up with the changing epidemics and tackle them head on, proves to be a main concern. Only a few decades ago, research began to show ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This would have had a greater impact on the entire issue as it would have closed the revolving door and lowered prison capacities. Today, the focus is on law enforcement and harsh punishments for drug crimes; which in turn fills our prisons and depletes our funding and police force. Although the CSA took a different direction then what Nixon intended, it still provides a direct course of action towards drug control. Essentially, the legislation was put in place because "illegal importation, manufacture, distribution, and possession and improper use of controlled substances have a substantial and detrimental effect on the health and general welfare of the American people" (Wilson, 2004). The most significant aspect of the Controlled Substances Act is the scheduling/classification of drugs. Not only was control of these substances desired but they needed a classification system to properly implement laws and punishments for the abuse of drugs. The effects of drugs differ in effects on the brain, mood, behavior, dependency, and criminal participation. In other words, some drugs are more dangerous than others and should have maximum security (Bonnie, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Drug Testing is Not a Violation of Individual Rights Essay Every day companies lose millions of dollars due to employee drug use. Athletes break world records with gargantuan strength, but not on a fair scale. Drugs ruin the lives of users and cause injury to those who must work with users. Detection by officials is necessary to curb this problem. When does the safety for others violate the rights of drug users? Drug testing, whether in the workplace or on the athletic field, is not a violation of civil rights. "In 1988, the National Institute on Drug Abuse estimated that 12 percent of full–time employed Americans between the ages of 20 and 40 used an illicit drug" (Goldburg 62). Twenty percent of the 14.5 million Americans who use drugs are employed. This fact has convinced many that... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... "Among high school seniors entering the work force, the levels of drug use were even higher; in 1988, 18 percent reported current use of marijuana and three percent use of cocaine" (Goldburg 62). Drug use among workers costs companies anywhere from $50 to $100 billion a year in lost man hours, damaged or destroyed equipment and property, increased insurance premiums, legal fees, and lost efficiency (Zigarelli 77). The answer is drug testing. Drug testing is a simple, cost–effective technique for increasing the safety of others. "Tested groups have included military personnel . . . state employees (especially those who involved in law enforcement and transportation), high school and collegiate athletes . . . " (Levy 158). Drug tests are correct 99 percent of the time (Zigarelli 78). Richard Wornsnop explains the average drug test: In the first stage of testing, a sample of urine is injected into a heated test tube that vaporizes the liquid into its chemical components. Each substance takes a characteristic amount of time to reach the bottom of the tube, affording an opportunity for preliminary analysis. In the second stage, mass spectromy, the compounds emerging from the tube are bombarded by electrons. The resulting molecular debris is then subjected to final analysis and identification. If a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 21. Persuasive Essay On Drug Trafficking Drug trafficking is the selling, distributing, and transporting of illegal substances. Involving drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and marijuana. If caught, a person may endure jail time along with having their assets taken away. These punishments are due to the amount of risks that are involved within the issue. Drug trafficking has become associated with addictive problems. Mostly involving young adults. This then brings up many concerning issues. One being the increasing rate of seizures per year revolving around the use of drugs. However that is only one of the numerous problems drug trafficking has brought to today's society. The history of drug trafficking began mostly in Columbia and has spread across to Mexico and many more places. Because of its spreading drugs have often fallen into the wrong hands. Resulting in young adults being the highest percentage of people that end up contributing to the chain of drug trafficking. The easily made money outweighs the cost when it comes to young adults deciding to spend most of their time as a drug dealer. Although, it has come to a point where the federal government can decide whether they wish to claim a substance as controlled. Meaning that the distribution and use of the substance is governed by law. The states do however have the right to state their own set of drug laws apart from the federal government. The modern era, most people are familiar with the World Wide Web because they use it every day ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22. The And Federal Crimes For Smuggling Cannabis Across State... Families relocate because they do not want to face state and federal crimes for smuggling cannabis across state lines. Or, be charged for child endangerment similar to the Brown Family of Minnesota. However, not all families have the means to relocate to another state. Jennifer Conforti has a daughter with severe biting habits and violent outbursts triggered by autism. The Conforti family resides in Georgia and had to smuggle cannabis oil. "I was worried that the Department of Family Services would take my daughter away. I was worried the sheriff would show up at my door and arrest me," she comments (Jennifer quoted in Brunker, 2016). Similar fear of being caught identified in Kate Pickert's statement of "a German shepherd approaches your ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Marijuana has been decriminalized in Holland for over forty years. According to the 2011 United Nations World Drug Report, "the relevance of cannabis use in Holland has been lower than in many other European countries, the United States and Canada" (Spithoff, 2015, 1211–1216). The relevance of the drug use in Holland was at an all–time low of seventeen percent. The highest rate of the drug use was Canada, leading by twenty–eight percent. Holland's view on marijuana is the most unique of the countries. The country focuses directly on accepting the practice rather than definite policy. Small amounts of marijuana can be purchased at local "coffee shops." However, the coffee shops are prohibited from selling to more than 2,000 legal residents of Holland ("The," 2012, A11). In order to promote a good workplace, the "coffee shops" have to be respectful of their neighbor's space and environment. Holland's government does not control many factors of the marijuana production. Such as, the packaging, pricing and the taxing of the drug, which leads to a chain of illegal supply. Surprisingly, marijuana use by youth have been ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 23. The Controversy Over the Medicinal Use of Marijuana... The debate about marijuana in the United States is ever changing and not lacking in attention by any means. Just the topic of marijuana legalization brings about varying opinions on many different levels and which has the potential to divide a country, a state, a county, a city and in some instances, maybe a household. The topic of marijuana and its legalization for whatever reasons contains within it, many topics which the debate currently revolves around. However, the debate to decriminalize marijuana for medicinal purposes is the most profound. But, many who do not know may ask the questions. Who is involved in the debate and for what reasons? How has it affected our society or nation as a whole? Or, what is the past and what may... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Advocates for medicinal marijuana argue that clinical tests have established that marijuana has definite and valid therapeutic values. It is the Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in marijuana that is the active chemical component for the relief o pain and symptoms. Marijuana suppresses AIDS–related nausea and nausea in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy, along with appetite loss and abnormal pressure in the eye which leads to glaucoma, the #1 cause of blindness. Marijuana is also believed to be a safe and inexpensive alternative in treating muscle spasms, epilepsy, anorexia, asthma, insomnia, depression and other disorders. Marijuana is not only believed to help with physical ailments, but psychological ones as well. A former chairman of the 1991 established Office of AlternativeMedicine's (OAM) Program Advisory Council said, "When used appropriately, marijuana could be extremely helpful to people undergoing certain kinds of emotional crises." Then there is the opposition who says that there is still no consensus that confirms marijuana as a legitimate medicinal agent. The opponents believe the THC damages the brain, the heart, the lungs, the reproductive and immune systems, and that marijuana use is linked to increased aggressiveness and violent behavior. It is also reported to reduce memory, inhibit driving ability, limit attention span, increase the risk of schizophrenia, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24. Mandatory Drug Testing for Student Athletes Essay In many high schools around the country, student athletes are using drugs. "The percent of students that have drunk alcohol is 72.5% while the number of students who have used marijuana is 36.8%" (Report: Nearly Half of High School Students Using Drugs, Alcohol). The students believe that since they are athletes that they do not need to abide by the rules because they feel more superior and that the narcotic will not hurt or affect them. Implementing random drug tests for athletes will create a positive image and not hurt others or themselves. Schools need to have drug tests for student athletes because drugs effect relationships, using drugs have consequences, and lastly they have a major effect on the body. Not drug testing student... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In this scenario, the team member will not be friends again because trust has been broken which will cause complications when playing in a game. If the team can not work together, then they will not be able to work together and win a game. The team members then will become furious that they are not winning games which causes more tension and resentment on the team. If one little thing like using drugs can ruin a team, then why not have student athletes tested for drugs so relationships on the team do not get destroyed. Not only do drugs effect relationships, but they also cause consequences for the individual taking them. Playing a sport and using drugs are prohibited. By drug testing student athletes for prohibited drugs, they will know not to use them or there will be consequences that will occur. Some consequences may include a warning, a detention, a suspension, not being able to play a couple of games or not being to play sports ever again. "Maysville's plan also includes a suspension and removal process based on how many times student–athletes violate its drug policy. That process includes counseling, which is a critical part of keeping our children off drugs," (More Schools Should Drug–test Athletes). It may be expensive to conduct all the drug tests ,but it will prevent athletes from doing drugs and keep the athlete away from getting addicted to using drugs. When an athlete gets addicted to using a drug they will do whatever they ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Causes and Effects of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 In 1970 the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was put into place by the Congress of the United States Government. This Act, Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, is the federal U.S. drug policy which regulates the possession, use, manufacturing and importation of certain controlled substances. The substances controlled under this act fall under various classifications. These classifications are known as schedules. The legislation created 5 schedules with different qualifications for a substance to be included in each. Schedule I includes some of the drugs that are viewed as seriously threatening while schedule V includes drugs that are viewed as not as threatening. A Schedule I drug must fall under one of... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Later, in the early to mid 1900's, cocaine would be linked to blacks and marijuana would be linked to Mexicans. Many people believe that many of the drug laws put into place were done so because of racism. When the United States banned opium importation, many other nations began to have concerns about the growing drug abuse problem throughout the world, specifically the abuse of opium in many of the nations of Asia. This concern led to meetings of several nations whose mission was to restrict narcotics to medical use [2]. During the 1920's many mexican immigrants fled to the United States for work. With them, many of them brought marijuana. The act of smoking marijuana was picked up on by many black and white jazz musicians during the 1920's and 1930's, but was not used widespread until the 1960's. During the 1930's, Louis Artmstrong was arrested in California and given a sentence of six months for possession of Marijuana [3]. In 1937, the Treasury Department established a marijuana transfer tax known as the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, after testifying before Congress. After 1937 up until the passing of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Act of 1970, which include the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, marijuana was legally controlled through a transfer tax. [2] During the 40's and 50's, drug use was seen as a symbol of counterculture. Jack Kerouac and other important figures of the Beat Generation all ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26. Canada 's Drug Laws And Drugs Canada 's drug regulations are covered by the Food and Drug Act and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. In relation to controlled and restricted drug products the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act establishes eight schedules of drugs and new penalties for the possession, trafficking, exportation and production of controlled substances as defined by the Governor–in–Council. Drug policy of Canada has traditionally favoured punishment of the smallest of offenders, but this convention was partially broken in 1996 with the passing of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act.[1] Contents HistoryEdit Until 1908 the use of narcotics, opiates especially, in Canada was unregulated.[2] From the 1850s onwards, Chinese immigrants came to British Columbia in droves, establishing opium dens in their isolated communities. Canadian employers saw the Chinese immigrants as a source of cheap labour, and the government viewed opium consumption as another way to gain revenue, imposing a tax on opium factories in 1871. However, with the decline of the gold rush in the 1880s resentment towards the Chinese grew, as unemployed Canadians could not compete with cheap Chinese labour.[3] Additionally, Japanese immigration to Canada began to rise sharply, resulting in demonstrations against Asian labour. In 1907, there was a particularly large demonstration against Asian immigrants in Vancouver 's Chinatown.[4] In response to the demonstrations, Deputy Minister of Labour Mackenzie King ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. Public Policy Essay : Drug Policy Rickey Corporan 5/2/15 Public Policy Essay: Drug Policy Public Policy is the righteous guide to action taken by the decision–making executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues that are reliable with law and institutional levies. The basis of public policy is self–ruled by national legal laws and guidelines. Further substrates contain both judicial explanations and regulations in which it becomes official by legislature. While dealing with issues that concern public policies in the United States, policymakers overlook a certain bill and have the right to enforce the law or veto it. One particular Policy that is popular today is the Drug policy of the United States. This particular public policy is Drug Policy of the United States. It all started when usage of drugs has increased in all categories since the beginning of the exclusion on January 20, 1920. Also. Drug usage reached a certain peak level when the usage of Opium started after the Harrison Act of 1914 was heartened. Between 1972 and 1988, cocaine usage more than five times the regular limit, in which it introduced two popular drugs: amphetamines and ecstasy which have shown similar improvements. The drug policy of the United States was built by The Office of National Drug Control Policy, which came from a former cabinet–level section of the president's Executive Office. This action led to the establishment of the Anti–Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The goals of this program are to establish ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28. Alternatives to Incarceration Essay In 1996, Anderson and Dyson published a study to investigate boot camp success and offender risk assessment for CRIPP (Court Regimented Intensive Probation Program) participants. This study was conducted on 1225 male boot camp graduates. Logistic regression was used to determine which participants were more likely to reoffend after boot camp. Independent variables were recoded for the logistical regression model analysis used in this study. The effect of a prior felony conviction increases the probability of failure by a significant 27%. Those found to be most likely to recidivate are those who have prior felony convictions, prior drug offenses, prior personal offenses, prior misdemeanors, and be between the ages of 17–20. This... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The study found that more boot camp graduates successfully completed SIPP than other SIPP participants. More than 50% of non–boot camp graduate failed SIPP. Being employed was strongly correlated with success and decreased recidivism. In 1998, Miller and Grossi published a study that assessed the educational gains of boot camp inmates. The sample for this study was comprised of 279 individuals who completed a pre and post TABE from 1993–1995. An overwhelming majority, 87% of the participants was male, and slightly more than half were white. Slightly less than half of the offenders had less than a high school education, and an amazing 40% of offenders were drug related. Pre and post reading levels using a paired–sample t–test analysis were used. They used an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test for differences between the groups for the pre and post subject area tests. This study found that offenders who had less than a high school education were significantly lower than the scores for the offenders who had completed high school. It was noted that regardless of education levels, offenders that completed boot camp increased their math, reading, and language skills by at least one grade level. Minority offenders were likely to have lower pre and post test scores; however, they too improved their skills by the end of the boot camp program. In 2003, Lattimore, Broner, Sherman, Frisman, and Shafer published a study comparing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. Steroids In Mexico Marcus Bond Mrs. Lawson 12th Grade English 2017 Apr, 19 Steroids are legal to sell In Mexico where steroids are legal. Guess what. Mexico doesn 't have a steroid problem. In fact, the issue doesn 't even raise an eyebrow. Anyone, including a 15 year–old soccer player, can walk into a pharmacy, go right up to the counter, ask for preloaded ready–jects of Sustanon 250 and Deca, pay his 500–some–odd pesos and walk out, just as if he 'd purchased pink sugar cookies and a bottle of Gatorade. No problem. And, oddly, the news reports in Mexico are barren of anyone dying from steroids. No teens are committing suicide. Sports are not rife with cheaters and allegations of malfeasance. Parent groups aren 't up in arms demanding legislation. There ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... And the government took the hormones our own bodies produce, labeled them with a skull and crossbones, and made outlaws of those who possess, use, import, and sell them. You may be thinking, steroids are illegal because they 're dangerous! Really? Compared to what? Swallow a bottle of Tylenol and see what happens. Swallow a bottle of Vitamin C and see what happens. Drink three gallons of water in a single sitting and see what happens. Inject an entire 10 cc bottle of testosterone and you know what 'll happen? You might get a headache. MIGHT. Inject an entire bottle of testosterone every day for a week and you know what will happen? You 'll probably add 15 pounds to your bench, your bad cholesterol might go up a little, and you 'll probably hold a little water. Continue this insane dosing for a month, and your bench might go up 50 pounds, your testes will stop producing endogenous testosterone and atrophy slightly, and you might get some acne on your shoulders and back. MIGHT. Stop taking testosterone and you know what happens? In time, everything goes back to normal – with or without a PCT (post–cycle therapy). You can 't say that after weeks of benders on full bottles of Tylenol and Vitamin C. The acetaminophen will probably have permanently damaged your liver or even killed you, and the vitamin C will have burned a hole in your stomach. But steroids are illegal and Tylenol and vitamin C can be purchased over ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30. Essay about The Debate over the Legalization of Marijuana The debate over whether or not marijuana should be legalized has been active throughout the United States for nearly a century with arguments from both sides, pro and con, posing quite valid points. Research has proven that cannabis, in various forms, has been used for hundreds of years for recreational, medicinal and industrial purposes. Contrary to common misconception, cannabis, or marijuana, is not smoked in all forms. Only the flowers, or buds, and leaves are harvested for recreational use. Some believe that the legalization of marijuana could save the economy and would lower crime rates in certain areas. Marijuana can also be prescribed medically in certain states across the U.S. and is a Schedule I controlled substance, but THC, the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... There are over 25,000 other economically feasible and environmentally friendly uses for marijuana including diesel fuel, insulation, paper, paint, beauty products and even food as its protein content is second only to soy (Mehling 11). With all of these environmentally friendly uses for hemp it seems almost irresponsible to not take advantage of its many advantages. It should seem odd to most that a plant with so many resources is also classified as a Schedule 1 drug. Drugs are classified within five different categories that are based on the drugs acceptable medical use and its potential for abuse or dependency (www.justice.gov). The official DEA website defines Schedule 1 drugs as, "The most dangerous class of drugs with a high potential for abuse and potentially severe psychological and/or physical dependence (www.justice.gov)." Schedule 2 drugs are defined as, "Drugs with a high potential for abuse, less abuse potential than Schedule I drugs, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence. These drugs are also considered dangerous (www.justice.gov)" Schedule 2 drugs include substances such as: cocaine, methamphetamine, methadone, hydromorphone (Dilaudid), meperidine (Demerol), oxycodone (OxyContin), fentanyl, Dexedrine, Adderall, and Ritalin (www.justice.gov). Each of the drugs listed above are responsible for overdoses daily and have some of the highest death tolls that are drug–related. With this being said there has not ever been ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31. Psychedelic Substance Abuse Drugs have been used for centuries. Many are legal and many are illegal. The negative stigma that is frequently associated with psychedelic substances is not necessarily true. In this study, I identified the effects of the short–term use of alcohol, nicotine, opioid analgesics, psilocybin, LSD, and MDMA. These effects were determined to be adverse, neutral, or beneficial. Then, I identified the punishments that the possession of these substances could result in. These punishments were determined to result in imprisonment, potentially result in imprisonment, or not result in imprisonment. It was discovered that the short–term use of these substances do not differ greatly in regard to their adverse, neutral, and beneficial effects. Additionally,... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Short–term MDMA use commonly lead to the beneficial psychological effects of euphoria and increased empathy (Meyer 2013). The Neutral effects of hallucinations and enhanced sensations were also common (Greene, Kerr, Braitberg 2008). Physically, increased heart rate and increased blood pressure (Keane 2014) and dehydration, and hyperthermia (Carvalho, Carmo, Costa, Capela, Pontes, Remiao, Carvalho, Bastos 2012) were typical effects. These were all assigned the category of adverse. Increased perspiration was the final typical physical side effect (Keane 2014). It was assigned the category of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32. Decriminalization Of Marijuana The decriminalization of marijuana has been increasing in popularity on voting ballots in recent years, and for good reason. Marijuana has been used to treat an array of symptoms associated with a variety of diseases and has many beneficial properties for prescription use. The criminalization of marijuana in the United States has a profoundly negative impact socially, environmentally, and economically. Attempts to rectify these issues through regulatory laws and ballot measures have created confusion among voters, law enforcement, and government branches on both a state and federal level. This paper will discuss specifically Colorado's Amendment 64 (2012), Arizona's Proposition 205 (2016) and California's Proposition 64 (2016), three of the most recent decriminalization policies. Included in the discussion will be an examination of their individual strengths and weaknesses in addition to their implementation success and the observed effects (if any) of these policies. Lastly, I will explain my personal stance on the success of government involvement attempts and the overall impact of the criminalization of marijuana. For centuries marijuana has been cultivated for multiple purposes, most notably for medicinal uses to treat a variety of conditions and alleviate symptoms of diseases and side effects of modern treatments. Since the legal prohibition of marijuana beginning in 1937, marijuana has increased in usage and popularity among Americans. In 1970 The Controlled ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. It's Time to Legalize Drugs Essay No one can honestly claim that current American drug policies have been a success. To the contrary, the current policy of drug prohibition, aside from being ineffective and costly, has created a set of unwanted consequences including: a high prison population of non–violent offenders, corruption within law enforcement, health issues, and an erosion of civil liberties . Albert Einstein said, "Insanity is doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results." Yet despite the failures of the current policy in deterringdrug use that is just what the government is choosing to do. It's time to consider a different approach to the drug issue. An approach that will address drug use in an innovative way while solving the... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... (Office of National Drug Control Policy) With numbers like these it's clear that the current drug policy is not only costly, but ineffective at preventing drug use. The high number of drug users combined with the nation's tough drug laws has helped make the US the world's leading jailer. By the end of 2008 2,304,115 people were incarcerated according to a December 2009 report by the US Bureau of Justice Statistics. Drug offenders accounting for 22% of the US prison population according to an article titled "Incarcerated in America" on the Human Rights Watch Website. The cost to house an inmate averages about $35,000 a year, according to a New York Times article by Jennifer Steinhauer. When all that money is added up that's a lot of money which could very easily be used in better ways instead of pursuing and jailing non–violent drug offenders. In countries with more liberal drug policies such as the Netherlands, where cannabis has been decriminalized and where drug use is seen not as a criminal issue but as a health issue, drug use is actually much lower than the US. According to the United Nations only 5.2% of those 12 and over in the Netherlands have used drugs in the past year. (Martin) Thanks in large part to the Netherlands' approach to drug education , which sees drug experimentation as part of normal growing up and thus aims at providing the youth with "the most accurate information possible so they will know what they're getting into." ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34. Should People Who Receive Government Assistance Undergo... Meth, marijuana, cocaine, and heroin are among the top drugs that many people use and utilized as money making tactics. As we all know, drugs are found and they are heavily used in low income areas, not only do they pose a significant effect on one's health but they pose a significant effect on our economy. Generally it is perceived that those who reside in low income areas are the ones who resort to drugs, evidently they are. Likewise, they are also the ones who are utilizing government assistance programs. Some of these programs include; health care, child care, ebt benefits, and even housing assistance programs. So the big question is "Should people who receive government assistance undergo drug tests?" Although the government may have their suspicions on testing individuals who they give assistance to, I feel that they shouldn't drug test the individuals who are receiving assistance. Though, drug testing the individual seems as it would be a quaint idea, the cost of the tests are quite expensive. Rosenfeld discusses in his article that most drugs can leave a person's system in about two to three days. On the contrary, it has become quite common today that most drugs that people utilize stay in a person's systems for a few weeks to a few months (i.e. marijuana).While taking this thought into mind; it also shows how the drugs tests won't be accurate if this happens. Simply because, many people will try to beat the test by attempting to cleanse their ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. What Will Happen After The War On Drugs Drugs first surfaced in the United States in the 1800s. After the Civil War opium become very popular and was used medicinally. Following opium was cocaine which was also used as a health remedy but near the end of the 19th century opium and cocaine abuse peaked and local governments began to prohibit opium dens and importation. In 1914 the first federal drug policy, the Harrison Narcotics act, is passed and drugs are no longer seen as harmless remedies. The act aggressively regulated the manufacturing of marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and morphine. During the 50's more federal drug policies were passed and drugs began to become more criminalized. The 60's saw a rise in counter–culture and substances such as marijuana and LSD saw widespread use. The demand for drugs skyrocketed in the 1960s. In 1971 President Nixon declared drug abuse America 's number one enemy and proclaimed that we must wave a all out offensive. After President Nixon declared the War on Drugs in 1971, the United States has spent more than a trillion dollars on this failing policy that not only has had no effect on the amount of drugs being used in the United States and has increased the number of people incarcerated on drug charges from just 50,000 to over half a million, but also has helped fuel drug cartels and foment violence and death through overdoses from uncontrolled drug potency and turf wars between street gangs. The War on Drugs has an annual cost of $51 billion("Drug War Statistics." Drug Policy. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36. Drug Abuse And Gender Research There are many reasons why individuals today use drugs, but can gender and race help narrow it down? The main reasoning behind this research is to see where the main issues arise between Drug Abuse and Gender/Race. Whether these drugs be illegal or prescription, a majority of the use is illegal. The use of illicit drugs that is detrimental to the body could cause harm to an individual. Personally, there has been family issues of drug abuse and is another reason as to why this topic is interesting. The news the past few months has shown many different overdoses from multiple different drugs, although heroin seems to be more common. In reflection of trying to find a reason as to why the amount of drugs are on the streets and who is reportedly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In accordance to Balhara (n.d), Schedule I drugs would be ecstasy, heroin, and LSD, Schedule II cocaine, fentanyl, and hydrocodone, Schedule III steroids and ketamine, Schedule IV benzodiazepines, modafinil, and tramadol, and Schedule V diphenoxylate, lacosamide, and pregabalin. While these classifications may be reasonably similar to the controlled substances, they are classified by their ability for one to become addicted or begin to abuse. This classification may be one of the smartest moves the DEA has made. This allows doctors to be able to look at the classifications and see if a drug they are looking to prescribe will result into harm. In instances before, the author of this paper has seen loved ones prescribed medications that the doctor knowingly knew would later have that individual addicted. As they make a profit off the prescription, the Dr. was unaware that his prescribing of fentanyl (enough to kill a horse) would result in his physician's license being under ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. Social Drugs & Medicines 1. Explain the terms social drugs and medicines. People take social drugs to help them relax or occasionally give themselves the feeling of having more energy (BBC 2013). Social drugs are also known as recreational or non medicinal drugs. These types of drugs are used for recreational purposes and without medical justification. There are two types of social drugs, illegal and socially acceptable drugs. Illegal social drugs include heroin, cocaine, cannabis and LSD. Examples of socially acceptable drugs are caffeine, nicotine and alcohol. However, unlike social drugs, medicinal drugs are taken for the purpose of treating, preventing and diagnosing a disease (Taylor and Reide 1998 p3). Examples of medicinal drugs include amitriptyline – an ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Some stores have a limit as to how many packs of medicines you can buy off the shelf to reinforce this. Certain drugs are classed as prescription only medicines as they have more harmful effects on an individual's body. They are not available over the counter so to prevent the misuse of these drugs as they can lead to more serious consequences if taken incorrectly. Although, general sales list medicines can also harm an individual when taken in higher quantities, they do not run the same risk of misuse as prescription only medicines and can be self–medicated. General sales list medicines, such as Paracetamol and Ibuprofen, in higher quantities are classed as pharmacy medicines. 4. Outline the purpose of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. "An Act to make new provision with respect to dangerous or otherwise harmful drugs and related matters, and for purposes connected therewith." (Legislation.gov.uk 2013) The act is aimed to prevent the non–medical use of drugs, such as Amphetamines – a stimulant and Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) – a hallucinogen. The act was introduced to criminalise the production, unlawful supply and possession of controlled drugs and also the exporting or importing of these drugs. It has given police the authority to stop, detain and search people on "reasonable suspicion" that they are carrying a controlled drug. The act controls social drugs that are illegal, these differ from medicinal drugs as they are not taken to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38. Essay about Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace Use of Drugs and Alcohol in the Workplace {draw:frame} {draw:frame} Figure 2 79% of binge drinkers are members of the workforce (Drug–Free Workplace) {draw:frame} {draw:frame} Drug and/or Alcohol Use Seriously Threatens Organizations {draw:frame} Excessive absenteeism, which holds a significantly percentage of occurrences of drug users as cited above, costs an organization lower productivity, damaged moral and consequently lower product quality. The US Dept of Labor reports that annually, 500 million work days are lost solely due to alcoholism. In addition to absenteeism lowering moral, workplace theft is an experienced and related problem. Approximately 18% of cocaine users steal at work, from either the employer ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... These are guys who you might find at the end of a bar any given night, or might be a once occasional drug user who went bad. What is the financial impact to this industry–wide problem? Most of all, we are saddled with high insurance rates, specifically liability and Workers Compensation rates. There is a formula for determining rates, and those rates are based on experience modifiers, among other things. Guys who use at work in our industry are an accident waiting to happen. You can't be safe on a construction site while you are intoxicated or high. Is the problem rampant in your company? We are pretty lucky. We haven't had much of a problem in our company. Most of the men we have with us are family men, more concerned with going home after work and spending time with their families. They may enjoy a beer or two from time to time, but are not the kind of group who gets their paycheck and disappears for a few days. _Being in this vulnerable industry, how do you combat the potential employee use of drugs and/or alcohol in your workplace?_ Like I said, we have a good group of guys working for us. But we hire smart. We screen our guys through a drug test and extensive referrals. A lot of our workforce recommends their family or friends to us as well. Are you contractually obligated to drug test? In some cases, yes. Several of the big ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. Cesare Lombroso 's The Modern Criminal Justice System "A drug is any chemical entity or mixture of entities, other than those required for the maintenance of normal health, the administration of which alters biological function and possibly structure" World health organisation (1981). Cesare Lombroso's (1835) proposed that people were "born criminals" through human development and that criminals could be identified by features such as large ears or slopping foreheads. Although this theory is not used anymore in modern society, Cesare Lombroso's (1835) is still recognised and credited for positivism and the scientific study of crime. Cesare Beccaria (1738) believed that criminal offences could be deterred by a form of punishment such as deterrence, and that people possessed a free will. Cesare Beccaria (1738) "theory is the foundation of the modern criminal justice systems" (page 260). "More people are arrested each year for drug –related offenses than any other type of crime, and taxpayers spend tens of billions on arresting, prosecuting and jailing offenders for drug crimes" In this essay, I, will be discussing how the criminal justice system responds to drug offenders. Offences under the misuse of drugs act can include: "possession of a controlled drug, possession with intent to supply to another person, production, cultivation or manufacture of controlled drugs, offering to supply another person with a controlled drug, import or export of controlled drugs and allowing premises you occupy or manage to be used for the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...